This Day, November 19, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

November 19

1095: The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins. The Crusades ushered in one of the darkest periods in Jewish history.  In the name of Christianity, the Crusaders would leave a path of death and destruction for the Jewish people that stretched from the Rhineland to the streets of Jerusalem.

1190: Baldwin of Forde, the Archbishop of Canterbury who expressed his displeasure with King Richard’s decision to allow a Jew who had been forcibly converted to return to the faith of his fathers by saying “If the King is not God’s man, he had better be the devil’s” passed away today while with serving with the Crusaders in Palestine.

1557: Sixty-three year old Polish Queen Bon Sforza who modified and defined the “rights of the Jewish community in 1549” by requiring them “to pay 17 percent of the taxes the government assessed against the city,” freeing them “from some special taxes paid in kind” and required citizens to get “royal permission” before selling a house to a Jew, passed away today.

1600: Birthdate of King Charles I. The English monarch who would be defeated by the Puritan forces commanded by Cromwell and eventually be executed in 1649. The death of Charles and the rise of the Puritans helped encourage Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel to approach Cromwell about allowing the Jewish people to return to England. 

1621:  Rabbi Isaiah ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz, known as the Shlah after the title of one of his major works Shnei Luchos Ha-Bris arrived in Jerusalem.  The Shlah was a renowned Halachist, kabbalist and communal leader.  He was born in Prague in 1656 and eventually became head of the Jewish community in Frankfort.  He moved to Jerusalem after the death of his wife.  The Shlah was a wealthy philanthropist who stressed man’s ability to overcome the evil inclination and turn it into the good inclination.  He passed away in 1650 and was buried in Tiberias near the tomb of the Rambam.

1751: “The Shepherd’s Lottery” a play by English dramatist Moses Mendes was unsuccessfully performed at Drury Lane today.

1756(26th of Cheshvan, 5517 ): Moses Hart, the Breslau born son of a Rabbi who came to London in 1697 where he became one of the “Twelve Jew Brokers on the Royal Exchange and who “funded the construction of the Great Synagogue which opened in 1722 with his brother Aaron serving as the Rabbi passed away today.

1775: In Charleston, SC, Rachel Andrews and Myer Moses, the English born merchants who was an ardent supporter of the Revolutionary cause, gave birth to Priscilla Moses, the husband of Newport, RI native David Lopez who settled in his wife’s hometown where they had eleven children.

1793: The will of Amsterdam native David Lion Arons, the brother of Abraham Lion Arons, was probated today.

1815: Joseph Levy married Hannah Isaacs at the Western Synagogue today.

1815(16th of Cheshvan, 5576): Mrs. Judith Lyon, the wife of Mordecai Lyon passed away today.

1816: Warsaw University is established in the part of Poland that was incorporated into the Russian Empire as part of the partitions that had taken place in the waning decades of the 18th century.  The fortunes of the university would follow the ebb and flow of political and cultural events in Poland as it sought to regain and then maintain its independence. In 1968, the government would conduct and anit-Semitic and anti-democrat campaign at the university that would touch off a wave of student unrest. During the subsequent government crackdown professors of Jewish descent were removed from their positions and many of them were forced to emigrate. 

1829: In Frankfurt am Main, Zerline(Worms) Beyfus and Meyer Levin Beyfus gave birth to Mathilda Emma Beyfus

1835(27th of Cheshvan, 5596): Fifty-nine year old Abraham Mendelssohn, the second son of Moses Mendelssohn, the co-founder of the Berlin banking firm of Mendelssohn & Co and who with his wife Leah Solomon gave birth to Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy passed away today.

1836: In London, Rachel Mocatta and Lewis Raphael gave birth to banker George Charles Raphael, the huasband of Charlotte Raphael with whom he had ten children.

1843: In New York City, a group of Jews including Levy Philip, Wolf Felsenheld, Marx Neuburg, Emanuel Stoffman, Jacob Blumenthal, Julius Meyer and Kalman Jacobs founded a society dedicated to forming a new congregation which would follow a more liberal or reform minchag.

1847: Caroline Samuel and Frederick Goldsmid gave birth to Francis Arthur Goldsmid.

1849: In Amsterdam, Lea Nabarro and David Zacharias Baruch gave birth to Clara David Baruch.

1849: As of today, in Amsterdam out of a total population of 224,949, 25,173 were Jews who divided into 22,426 Ashkenazim and 2,747 Portuguese (Sephardim).

1850: Birthdate of Benzion Liber’s father Yitskhok Libresko (Liber) who dramatized Ayzik-Meyer Dik’s story “Di tsvey kleyne katerintshkes” (The two little organ grinders) into a play with four acts and titled Di derfilte libe (Love fulfilled)

1850(14th of Kislev, 5611): Sarah M. Cohen, the daughter of Solomon Cohen passed away today.

1853(17th of Tishrei, 5614): Third day of Sukkoth

1853: “Natty,” “the eldest son of Baron de Rothschild M.P. having attained the age of thirteen years was called to the reading-desk during the Reading of the Holy Law and read a portion according to the custom on such occasions.

1857: In the Czech Republic, Helene and Daniel Low gave birth to Karl Low, the husband of Rosa Law.

1860: Birthdate of Landstuhl, Germany native Ferdinand Ehrmann.

1862: During the Civil War, Jacob Cohen of the 27th Ohio Infantry wrote to the Jewish Messenger from Davis’ Mill, MS where the Union Army had gone into camp describing the victories at Iuka and Corinth.

1862(26th of Cheshvan, 5623): In Jamaica, Rebecca Nunes the wife of Robert Nunes who was in her 41st year passed away today.

1863: President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the military cemetery dedication ceremony in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. One of the more interesting stories, if it is true involves Dr. M.L. Rossvally, a Jewish surgeon who saved the life of a Christian drummer boy.  Rossvally went on to become the Surgeon General of the United States.

1868: Two days after she had passed away, Rebecca Levy, the wife of Goodman Levy with whom she had four children, was buried today at the West Ham Jewish Cemetery.

1869: It was reported today that in a manner similar houses of worship of other denominations, Congregation B’nai Jeshurun hosted a Thanksgiving Service where Rabbi Henry Vidaver delivered a sermon based on the words of Zechariah.

1869: In Indianapolis, Rabbi Mayer Messing and Rika Messing gave birth to future California resident Dora Messing Meyberg, the wife of attorney Mitchel S. Meyberg whom she married in 1888 and the mother of Dorothy, Leonard and James Meyberg who “was the first President of Hadassah” and “a member of the National Council of Jewish Women.”

1870: Deborah Lenore Cohn, the daughter of Dr. Marcus Mosse and Ulrike Mosse and Emil Cohn gave birth to Bianca Israel

1871: Four days after he had passed away, Nathan Solomon was buried today at the Balls Pond Jewish Cemetery.

1872: A meeting was held tonight at the Thirty-fourth Street Synagogue in New York City to deal with impending immigration of Romanian Jews to the United States who were seeking refuge from the persecution in their native land.  A twenty-five man Executive Committee was established that will contact various European Jewish Committees involved with this issue to ensure that the emigrants come from the “industrial classes” and to arrange for their transportation. Several hundred families are expected to arrive in the Spring and the committee will set the mechanism to provide them with employment and support.

1873(29th of Cheshvan, 5634): Sixty-three Year old Adeline Moses, the wife of Columbia, SC native Levy I. Moses with whom she had nine children passed away today in Charleston, SC.

1874: Nathan Aaronson, a wealthy Jew is spending tonight in the Tombs after having been arrested and charged with numerous counts of grand larceny, obtaining goods under false pretenses and other crimes related to a series of swindles. Aaronson was arrested after having posted bail on similar charges in New Jersey as he attempted to sail to Europe.

1874: Chief Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler attended the start of the construction of the Middle Street Synagogue which designed by architect Thomas Lainson.

1875(21st Cheshvan, 5636): Sixty-three year old Emanuel Sheftall, the husband of Jane L. Theiss Sheftall with whom he had ten children passed away after which he was buried at Laurel Grove Cemetery North in Savannah, GA.

1876: The New York Times published a review of The Ethics of Benedict De Spinoza: From the Latin with an Introductory Sketch of his Life and his Writings published in New York by D. Van Nostrand. According to the review, this is believed to be the first translation of any of the writings that has appeared in the United States.

1876: A report published today attributed the change in the writing style of George Eliot( Mary Anne Evans) that resulted in Daniel Deronda was a product of a collaboration with her consort, George Henry Lewes.  Lewes claims that “he wrote every line of the chapter which describes the discussion at the club to which Mordecai introduced Daniel. Such a club as this really had an existence in London under the presidency of a Jew upon whom Mr. and Mrs. Lewes modeled Mordecai.”  The report concluded that many of Eliot’s admirers are not pleased with the new novel feeling that literary partnership “has destroyed the classic purity of the lady’s English.”  Despite this, the novel is selling quite briskly.

1878(23rd of Cheshvan): Poet Abraham Dov Levenson (Adam ha-Kohen) and father-in -law of Jewish author Joshua Steinberg, passed away

1879: Miriam Maduro Davis, the New York born daughter Daugof Dr. Daniel Moses Levy Maduro Peixotto and Rachel Lopes Mendes Peixotto and her husband Michael Marks Davis gave birth toColumbia trained “medical economist, Dr. Michael Marks Davis, the husband of “the former Alice Taylor” with whom he had two sons.

1880: The Jewish Chronicle reported that a “North German young lady who is able to teach German, French, drawing, drilling and needlework wants a situation in a family or in a school” in the Jersey, Channel Islands.

1880: Birthdate of Hugo Gutmann, the German Jewish officer who was Adolph Hitler’s commanding officer during 1918 and who saw to it that the Austrian corporal received the Iron Cross First Class.

1880: Based on information that first appeared in the Boersen Zeitung, “public quarrels and duels have taken place between Jews and Germans.”

1881: In Kief, Bessie Pockriss and William Hussakof gave birth to CCNY and Columbia trained biologist, Dr. Louis Hussakof, the Curator of the Department of Ichthyology at the American Museum of Natural History who led expeditions for the museum to the Middle West, Canada, Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico .

1881: “The Hebrew Union College” published today summarized plans to upgrade HUC, the Cincinnati educational institution that is only place in the United States dedicated to providing formal education for rabbis in the United States. The plan is to create a million dollar endowment by selling 200,000 “subscription certificates at $5 each.”  (The rabbis trained here will be Reform and will not be able to address the needs of the traditional movements of Judaism)

1882: It was a reported today that the Public Prosecutor has applied to the court at Nyireghyhasa, for an order to disinter and re-examine the body of a Christian girl, who it is alleged, was by the Jews at Tiszaeszlar” in order to sift through the evidence “and put an end to a scandal which has lasted six months.” (This is a reference to The Tiszaeszlár Affair, a blood libel that began in April of 1882 and would actually resurface  in the world of Hungarian politics in the 21st century.)

1882: It was reported today that a radical newspaper editor has fought a duel with a member of the parliament who defended Jews against charges in The Tiszaeszlár Affair.

1883: Birthdate of Chicago and University of Michigan trained attorney Hugo Sonnenschein, “a founder of the North Shore Temple Israel and a member of the board of Allstate Insurance who was the husband of Irene Plaut Sonnenschein with whom he had two sons and a daughter.

1884: In Minneapolis, MN, Charlotte and John Gruenberg gave birth to Frederick Paul Gruenberg, the husband of Bertha Gruenberg.

1884(1st of Kislev, 5645): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1885: Upon his return to Cincinnati from the national of Reform Rabbis in Pittsburgh, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise said, “The meeting was an official expression and confirmation of principles which have been advanced and advocated by progressive Jews for a decade past.”

1885: It was reported today that the Reform movement has adopted a resolution that would effectively allow the substitution of Sunday morning services to replace the traditional Saturday morning Shabbat services. 

1885: “The Hebrew Asylum Ball” published today provided a description of the fundraiser hosted for the Hebrew Orphan Asylum” which was attended a large segment of notables including Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Wechsler, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Wechsler and Mr. and Mrs. Ferdinand Oppenheimer.

1886: In Prague,Jakob and Barbara Bondy gave birth to Rudolf Bondy

1886: It was reported today that based on information that first appeared in the Vossische Zeitung, Jews make up the largest contingent of the Hungarian immigrants crossing Germany on their way to the United States.

1887(3rd of Kislev, 5648): Emma Lazarus passed away.  Born in 1849, Lazarus is remembered as the poet who wrote the poem at the base of the Statue of Liberty. When Emma Lazarus died on November 19, 1887 at the age of 38, the obituary published in the New York Times referred to her as "an American Poet of Uncommon talent," but did not mention her poem, "The New Colossus," which today is indelibly associated with The Statue of Liberty. One of the first successful Jewish American authors, Lazarus was part of the late nineteenth century New York literary elite, and was celebrated in her day as an important American poet. In her later years, she wrote bold, powerful poetry and essays protesting the rise of anti-Semitism and arguing for Russian immigrants' rights. She called on Jews to unite and create a homeland in Palestine before the title Zionist had even been coined. She is best known today for her poem, "The New Colossus," which was written in 1883 as part of the effort to raise money for a pedestal to the Statue of Liberty. France was donating the statue to the United States, but Americans had to raise the funds for the pedestal. Her untimely death, probably from cancer, was mourned in both the Jewish and broader communities. It was only, however, after Lazarus's friend Georgina Schuyler installed a bronze memorial tablet inside the entrance to the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty in 1903, inscribed with the lines from the "New Colossus," including "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free," that Lazarus's memory became forever associated with her powerful vision of America as a symbol of hope for the down-trodden.

1887: In Cleveland, OH, Herman and Sarah Fox Bubis gave birth to Samuel S. Bubis.

1888: Birthdate of Samuel “Sam” Melitzer, the native of New York’s Lower East Side and Columbia University who experienced anti-Semitism when southern crowds would shout “Get the Jew” and who after coaching at NYU traveled the world as mining engineer before becoming a high school Phys Ed and math teacher.

1888: In the Czech Republic , Rosa and Karl Low gave birth to Ernst Low, the husband of Rosa Low and the father of Herbert Gertrude Low.

1890(7th of Kislev, 5651): Thirty-nine year old Hannah Primrose, Countess of Rosebery, the daughter of Juliana and Mayer de Rothschild, who was rumored to be the richest woman in Britain, passed away. (There is no way that we can do justice to the life of this woman. She is far more fascinating than any fictional character created by Bronte sisters and those other writers of 19th century romance novels)

1890: The Citizens’ Savings Bank paid out $113,000 to depositors as a run on the bank began following a story “in an east side Hebrew Newspaper.”

1891: The more than four hundred pupils attending the Louis Down-Town Sabbath and Daily School are the beneficiaries of the Palestine Bazaar which is being held for a second day at Carnegie Hall.

1891: Montague Daniel Jacobs, the “son of Samuel and Julia Ann Jacobs” and his wife Flora Jacobs gave birth to Ivan Albert Jacobs.

1892: “Prussians Jealous of Hebrews” published today, relying on information that first appeared in the London Daily News described a debated taking place among “Prussian Conservatives” on the “ways and means of decreasing the influence of Jews in public life.”  The Conservatives are especially upset because the Jews “get themselves better educated than their neighbors and so win their way to professorial chairs.”

1892(29th of Cheshvan, 5653): Fifty two year old Jacques de Reinach, the French banker who successfully invested in the Canadian Pacific Railway before becoming embroiled in the scandals surrounding the building of the Panama Canal passed away today.

1892: During an interview Otto Von Bismarck warned “the anti-Semites that ‘in trying to obtain State legislation against the Jews, they got hold of the wrong insect powder. (The term used was Wanzenpulver which has a contation that is even more insulting than the English translation and gives one the idea of the low esteem in which the Iron Chancellor held the Jewish people)

1893: According to a rumor published today, the Jews are fleeing Melilla because they fear what “the inquiry into the illicit trade firearms’ might reveal. (The implication is that the Jews are guilty of selling guns to the Berbers who are revolting against their Spanish colonial masters)

1893: In Bialystok, Harris and Amelia (Malinsky) Bloom gave birth to Julius Harry Bloom who in 1905 came to the United States where he became a merchant in Greenville, SC, served as President of Congregation Beth Israel and served in combat with the A.E.F. during WW I after which he married Leonora Shatenstein.

1893: Today’s review of “The Bells” praises Henry Irving’s performance of Mathias whom he plays as “a large, spectacular figure” who is a victim of remorse; a portrayal that is not consistent with that found in the translation of Leopold Lewis. The reviewer concludes his portrayal of this Jewish figure is “always worth seeing once” and then worth seeing a second time because Irving’s “Mathias is to be remembered because of its historical importance.”

1894: In Germany Elizabeth (nee Kirchner) and Wilhelm Hopf a Jew who converted gave birth to mathematician Heinz Hopf.

1894: Three days after he had passed away, 70 year old Montague Durlacher, who married Annie Durlacher after the death of his first wife, the former Deborah Benjamin, was buried today at the Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.

1894: In Newburgh, NY, Russian immigrants Lena Friedland and Simon Silverman gave birth to Morris Silverman, the long-time Rabbi at The Emanuel Synagogue, editor the classic Sabbath and Festival Prayer Book which was the standard prayer book for the Conservative movement for decades and the husband of author Althea H. Osber.

1894: Birthdate of Columbia trained pediatrician and WW I Army Medical Corps veteran Dr. Harry Bakwin the husband of Dr. Ruth Morris who joined together to become major art collectors.

1894: In Bialystok, “Harris and Amelia (Malinsky) Bloom gave birth to Julius Henry Bloom who in 1910 settled in Greenville SC with his family, served in combat on the Western Front during WW I after which he married Leonara Shatenstein in Washington D.C with whom he had three children serving as President of Congregation Beth Israel and running Bloom’s Department Store which his father had founded.

1894: “Not Antagonistic To Christianity” published today provided Dr. Joseph Silverman’s views on the attitude to of Judaism to non-Judaic religions.  Among other things, he said that Judaism’s view on this has always been represented; that Judaism is neither “tribal, narrow nor exclusive” but universal.  While Christianity claims that only those who believe in its doctrine can be saved, “Judaism has never claimed that universal salvation depends on universal conversion to Judaism.”

1894: “Linguistic Pundits of Glasgow” published today

1895: While visiting Paris and London trying to gain Jewish support for a Jewish homeland, Herzl gained one “convert’ - Max Nordeau

1896: The Young Men’s Hebrew Association of New York and the Hebrew Technical Institute were reported today to be among the institutions willing to host a “series of popular lectures on the affairs of the City” which will lead to greater civic participation.

1896: The first national convention of the National Council of Jewish Women which was held at Tuxedo Hall in New York City between came to an end. Founded at the conclusion of the Jewish Women's Congress held at Chicago's World Columbian Exposition in November 1893, the National Council of Jewish Women was the first national open-membership organization for American Jewish women. Addressed by the leaders of the nation's leading women's organizations and numerous prominent rabbis, it was clear that the Council was helping to establish the legitimacy of Jewish women's presence on a public stage. The convention received extensive coverage in the New York Times and other papers. During its first three years, Council sections around the country had focused on diverse activities ranging from Bible study to education for children to active philanthropy in the interest of immigrant women and children. Representatives at the first convention summarized these achievements, established a clear institutional structure and sought to offer guidance to local sections. Conflict emerged in relation to the Jewish character of the Council. Hannah Solomon of Chicago presided over the convention, but some members objected to her advocacy of Sunday as the Jewish Sabbath. Solomon memorably responded "I consecrate every day in the week." As the New York Times reported, "Pandemonium reigned for five minutes, and then Mrs. Solomon was re-elected." In its first few decades, NCJW transcended these religious divisions by focusing especially on aid to newly arrived Jewish immigrants. In sections across the country, NCJW provided an early training ground for Jewish women leaders and a forum for Jewish women's concerns within and outside the Jewish community.

1897: It was reported today that in London, “the alterations at the Talmud Torah on Brick Lane have been completed.

1897: It was reported today that plans are being made for a larger synagogue to meet the needs of the Stepney Orthodox Congregation whose numbers “have greatly increased and whose “affairs are flourishing.

1897: Birthdate of Russian native and Brown University alum Samuel Temkin, the Georgetown U. trained attorney

1897: Herzl publishes his article "Die jüdische Kolonialbank" -"The Jewish Colonial Bank" in Die Welt.

1897: “Dreyfus May Be A Victim” published today offers the unique theory that the French Captain was actually the victim of a blackmail plot gone awry.  Taking advantage of the “wave of Jew-baiting” that was sweeping Europe in 1893, these conspirators forged the documents that would lead to the conviction of Dreyfus.  The conspirators had used “a beautiful woman whose house” was a refuge to many French officers and foreign diplomats as a go between to try and extort money from Mrs. Dreyfus who was wealthy in her own right in exchange for the document.  When the Dreyfus family refused to be involved, members of the press who were part of the plot helped to incite the public in such a way that the conviction of Dreyfus was inevitable.

1898: “Dr. Gottheil’s 25 Years” published today included a summary of the accomplishments of the Rabbi at Temple Emanu-El who according to some stem the tide of assimilation while raising his voice for “justice and the down-trodden of his race’  “when anti-Semitism raised the black flag of intolerance in Germany, Austria and other European countries.”

1899: In San Francisco, Samuel and Beatrice Dinkelspiel gave birth to Stanford alum and Harvard trained attorney Lloyd William Dinkelspiel who rose to the rank of Lt. Col in the U.S. Army Air Force during WW II and raised two children with his wife Florence.

1900:In Mainz, “antiquarian and art dealer” Isidor Reiling and Hedwig Fuld gave birth to Anna (Netty) Reiling, who gained fame as the author Anna Seghers.

1900: It was reported today that “an entertainment and reception by the Young Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Leagues of the Montefiore Home will be held at the Waldorf-Astoria on November 22 in an attempt to raise funds for this worthy organization.

1901: It was reported today that Jacob Schiff, an ally of E.H. Harriman has been re-elected to serve as a director of the Chicago, Burlington Quincy Railroad Company.

1901: In Wien, Austria, Juris Doctor Marcus Ettinger, the Tarnow born son of Isaak Ettinger and Rebecca Schapiro  and his wife Adele Ettinger gave birth to Curtis Thomas Marie Erich Ettinger.

1902: Twenty-one year old Aline Frankau, the daughter of Rebecca and Joseph Frankau became Aline Bernstein today when she married “Wall Street broker, Theodore Bernstein” with whom she “had two children – Theodore and Edna – while pursuing a career as stage and film set designer.

1903: Judge Davidoff is scheduled to preside over the special court opening today where four hundred prisoners who have obtained 100 attorneys are going on trial for their in the riots at Kishineff that will also consume the time of judges in the criminal courts as well since 3,000 witnesses have been called on to testify.

1904: Birthdate of New Haven, CT native Beatrice Hahn, “the director of finance of the National Council of Jewish Women” and “former national president of the Council of Jewish Juniors.”

1904(11th of Kislev, 5665): Parashat Vayetzei

1904:  Birthdate of Nathan Leopold.  Leopold and Loeb, sons of wealthy Chicago families, saw themselves as a superior intellects not bound by the rules.  Their murder of Bobby Franks and the trial that followed (where they were defended by Clarence Darrow) forever marked both of them as venal, vile killers.  Leopold died in 1971. 

1904: “Jewish Encyclopedia” published today described ‘the eighth volume of the Jewish Encyclopedia published by Funk Wagnall’s with a sale price of six dollars that is nearing completion so rapidly under the editorship of Dr. Isidore Singer and a distinguished board of associates, which includes 1,644 topics between "Leon" and "Moravia." with nearly 100 monographs on the study of the Bible, Talmud, and Post-Talmudic literature, history, theology, and biography.

1905:  As the killing of Jews in Odessa, Kiev and Kishinev was addressed, “In his address in the Great Synagogue” today, Chief Rabbi Hermann Adler declared ‘How can you live in safety and happiness in this dear England, how can you endure to see the tribulation of your brethren without try to effectually to help them.’” (As described by Martin Gilbert)

1905: Tonight, in Boston, “at a special service in the Warren Avenue Baptist Church Rabbi Charles Fleischer urged President Roosevelt to warn Russia against further persecution of the Jews and declared that the Jews in Russia should be armed for self-defense.”

1905: Birthdate of “Isaac Kashdan, an international grandmaster chess player and chess editor for The Times” (As reported by Michael Seiler)

1905: As the Zemstvo Congress is scheduled to open today, “we are witnessing a series of massacres of Jews carried out by the rabble, thanks to the criminal tolerance of the authorities.

1905: In his address today in the Great Synagogue, Chief Rabbi Hermann Adler declared “How can you live in safety and happiness in thes dear England, how can you endure to see the tribulation of your brethren” in Odessa, Kiev and Kishinev “without trying effectually to help them.” (As reported by Martin Gilbert)

1905: Rabbi Harris of Temple Israel and Frank Moss, an attorney, addressed the congregation in the Methodist Episcopal Church of Our Savior tonight at a service, “the proceeds of which are for the benefit of the Jews in Russia.”

1905: In London, “the Evangelical Alliance, which is composed of representatives of several denominations of Christians decided at a meeting at Exeter Hall to open a fund for the relief of the Russian Jews” which it is hoped “will touch broader circles of Christians life than any other appeal having the same purpose.”

1905: “Several hundred men, women and children attended a mass meeting” today “at Temple Adath Israel…to protest against the massacre of Jews in Russia and to raise subscriptions for the relief fund.

1905: Miss Sadie American presided over a memorial meeting in honor of Emma Lazarus which was held tonight at Temple Beth-El under the auspices of the New York Section of the Council Jewish Women at which Adele Szold read a biography of the Jewish poetess.

1905: “Boiled Jewish Children” published today described the murder of approximately 1,500 Jews in one quarter of” Odessa” which was as large La Chapelle in Paris” by “the police and Cossacks” who “poured boiling water on the children and threw the old men out of the windows.

1906: Birthdate of Henri Temianka, a native of Scotland who was the son of Polish-Jewish immigrants.  Among his accomplishments was a performance of the Bach Double Violin Concerto with four other Jewish violinists – David Oistrakh, Yehudi Menuhin, Henryk Szeryng and Jack Benny.

1906: “Big Crowd Attends Funeral” published today in the Brooklyn Standard Union describes the funeral of Rabbi Raphael Benjamin at Congregation Beth Elohim which was so well attended “that hundreds of men and women were unable to gain admittance..”

1907: The Board of Pharmacy where Leo W. Chulock was pass his exam for Assistant Pharmacist began today in Chicago.

1907: In Philadelphia, Meir Bayuk, the Polish born son of Feiga and J. Moses Bayuk, and his wife Julia Bayuk gave birth to Sylvia Bayuk whom became Sylvia Bayuk Kaplan when she married Albert Joseph Kaplan.

1907: Actress Rose Greenfield, the Galicia born daughter of Charles and Taube Treitler got married today.

1908: Heilner Wolf and the Realty Mortgage Company have sold, through L.J. Phillips Co., to Adolph Lewisohn, the plot of four lots on the south side of 151st Street, 125 feet west of Broadway.

1908: It was reported today that “the newspapers of St. Petersburg have announced the institution of a special railroad passenger traffic for Jews emigrating to America or other countries not in Europe as laborers.”

1909: In Russia, “ Fishel and Sosel (Shimshilevitch) AvRutick gave birth to Yeshiva University rabbi Abraham Noah Avrutick, thw husband of Frances Ruth Feldman with whom he had three children – Naomi, Rena and Judith – who in 1921 came to Canada and then moved to the United States where he held pulpits  at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 1936-1938, Newburgh, New York, 1938-1946. Rabbi Agudas Achim Synagogue, Hartford, Connecticut, from 1946 while successively serving as secretary, treasurer, vice president Rabbinical Council American, president, 1962-1964, honorary president, 1965.

1909: “Alma Gluck first appeared on stage with the Metropolitan Opera today in the role of Sophie in Massenet's Werther. (JWA)

1909: At the request of the Hahambashi, the Grand Vizier of Turkey directs the Minister of War to appoint Jewish chaplains to battalions where Jews serve, to grant soldiers the ability to observe the high holidays and to facilitate they be provided with kosher food. The Hahambashi also requested that all teachers in Jewish school and rabbinical students be granted an exemption from military service.

1910: Birthdate of Yeshiva University rabbi Abraham Noah Avrutick, the Russian born son of “ Fishel and Sosel (Shimshilevitch) AvRutick, and husband of Frances Ruth Feldman with whom he had three children – Naomi, Rena and Judith – who in 1921 came to Canada and then moved to the United States where he held pulpits  at Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 1936-1938, Newburgh, New York, 1938-1946. Rabbi Agudas Achim Synagogue, Hartford, Connecticut, from 1946 while successively serving as secretary, treasurer, vice president Rabbinical Council American, president, 1962-1964, and honorary president, 1965.

1910(17th of Cheshvan, 5671): Parashat Vayera

1910: Despite the best effort of a team led by Center Albert Lorch “Al” Loe, known as the Yiddish Wildcat, George Tech lost to archrival Georgia today.

1911: In London, the “vote of censure for the President of the Board of Deputies” was defeated today.

1911: David Lindo Alexander upheld the action of the Board of Deputies “in regard to the recent” riots in South Wales.

1911: Birthdate of Zagreb native Zdenka Buchler, the “operatic soprano” who gained fame as Zdenka Rubinstein, when she married Bartold Rubinstein who had his wife and daughter Mira convert, along with him, to Catholicism in an attempt to avoid the anti-Semitism that was sweeping Europe in the 1930’s.

1911: The First Hebrew Congress opened today in Lemberg, Galicia.

1911: In Jersey City, NJ, the Young Men’s Hebrew Association “adopted a “resolution protesting against discriminated by the Russian Government against American citizens.

1911: Herman Bernstein, who has written for such publications as The Nation and The New York Evening Post delivered an address to the Mikve Israel Association in Philadelphia, PA, entitled “Anti-Semitism in Russia, Germany and Elsewhere.”  According to Bernstein, while political and social progress has been made “in every part of the world” anti-Semitism is the one age-old evil “for which no remedy has been found.” [Bernstein would go to a distinguished career as a foreign correspondent with the New York Times and as U.S. Ambassador to Albania.  His History of a Lie provides an account of the history of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.]

1912: The New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections which was attended by delegates Samuel Gompers and Lee Frankel of New York City opened in Syracuse, NY.

1912: In Hesse, Germany, Rabbi Joseph Bruer, the Hungarian born son of Rabbi Solomon Breuer and Sophie Bruer and his wife Rika Breuer gave birth to Marc Bruer whose maternal grandfather was Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch.

1913: Serbian troops enter and loot Monastir. As part of the violence, Jewish shops were burned and robbed.

1913: Professor Israel Friedlander of the Jewish Theological Seminary, Rabbi Joel Magnes, Rabbi David de sola Pool and Cecil B. Ruskay are scheduled to be the to the speakers at mass meeting in the auditorium of the Educational Alliance where Young Israel will outline its upcoming course of 25 public lectures that enjoy the support of many “prominent Jewish citizens” including Jacob H Schiff, Louis Marshall, Justice Samuel Greenbaum and Dr. Solomon Schechter.

1913: Today The Daly Mails Odessa correspondent sent telegraph that read “It is reported on good authority from Kieff that the police have found an important clue in the Yushinksy murder case which will not improbably lead to the arrest of the actual of the crime for which Mendel Bellis was recently tried.”

1913: Birthdate of Morris Ziff, the Brooklyn native, who was an award winning expert in rheumatic diseases and  who investigated how the body sometimes turns on itself to cause such illnesses (As reported by Jeremy Pearce)

1914(1st of Kislev, 5675): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1914(1st of Kislev, 5675): Forty-nine year old Frannie Bernstine passed away today after which she buried at the Temple Beth-El Cemetery in Pensacola, FL.

1914: “Jews Raise Relief Fund” published today described a fund raiser to provide relief for the Jews of Palestine where the attendees heard from Professor R.J.H. Gotteheil of Columbia University, Rabbi Ephraim Frisch and Rabbi Jacob Lichter of Far Rockaway, NY.

1914: “Forced Czernowitz To Raise Ransom” published today described the “how humble Hebrews sacrificed their ritual candelabra” to help meet demands made by General Arintinoff when his Russian Army entered the Austrian city that the citizens pay “a levy of 600,000 rubles in gold or silver.

1914: “For Relief of Jews” published today provides a list of those who have contributed to the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War including Ike Scher of Richmond, VA, Congregation Shaarey Tzedek of Windsor, Ontario, Congregation Tree of Life, Oil City, PA, Rebecca Bender of Ashly, ND and Congregation B’nai Jacob of Vineland, NJ.

1915: “The Jewish News learns from Warsaw that a fund of $125,000 raised by an American committee for the relief of Jews in Poland, has just been transmitted to a joint committee representing the Jewish population of Poland.”

1915 (12th of Kislev, 5676): A wide variety of Jewish and gentile leaders including Louis Marshall, Jacob Schiff, John H. Finley, President University of the State of New York at Albany and Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia, expressed their sense of sorrow and deep admiration for Dr. Solomon Schechter who passed away today in New York. Schechter’s original fame rested on his work with the Cairo Geniza. As President of the United Synagogue of America, President of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, he was the driving force behind Conservative Judaism.  He was an early Zionist who played an active role in the work of the Jewish Publication Society.  This brief entry cannot do justice to his impact on the world at large or the Jewish community in particular.

1915: In speaking today about the death of Dr. Solomon Schechter, Dr. Cyrus Adler, the President of Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning said that they “were friends for twenty-five years” and that he considered Schechter “the greatest Jewish scholar of his generation and the on towering personality among all the Jews no resident in America” – “a great thinker, a great scholar, a great leader and the most lovable of all men.”

1915: Jewish opera singer David Kronland was “appointed professor of singing at Lemberg Conservatory of Music” today.

1915: In Vienna, formation of the “Committee for the Enlightenment of Eastern Jewish Question.”

1915: Birthdate of Gyoengyoes, Hungary, native and Holocaust survivor, Stephen Jeffrey Roth, the British based Director of the Institute of Jewish Affairs and the husband of Eva Gandos.

1916: Today, twenty year old Russian born David Alper married his first wife Frieda Alper.

1916: Samuel Goldfish (later renamed Samuel Goldwyn) and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Company which would become one of the most successful independent filmmakers.

1916: Approximately 3,000 people “representing membership in thirty affiliated Zionist societies” attended “the annual reception and ball” sponsored by “the Zionist Council of New York” which “was held” tonight “at the Central Opera House on East 67th Street.”

1916: “During the laying of the cornerstone of the building for the Young Men/s and the Young Women’s Hebrew Association” today at Borough Park in London” a telegram was read from President Wood Woodrow Wilson that said, “My warmest greetings and good wishes.  I hope the building of which the cornerstone is now being laid will contribute in every way to the promotion of the admirable purpose of the Y.M.H.A. and Y.W.H.A.”

1916: “Not a single child under the age of 5 years can be found in large areas of Poland according to a report presented to the People’s Relief Committee for Jewish War Sufferers which opened its national convention” today in Boston.

1916: While speaking this afternoon at the graduation exercises of the Schools for Jewish Girls of the Kehillah at Stuyvesant High School Louis Marshall said, “America is the logical new center of the Jewish faith and the Jewish population of the world.”

1917: David A. Brown announced tonight that “Jacob H. Schiff has given $200,000 to start the $5,000,000 New York campaign for Jewish War Relief and for the Jewish Welfare Board in the United States Army and Navy.

1917: In “Jews Against Bolsheviki,” published today Herman Bernstein “who had spent three months in Petrograd after the revolution” said that from the point of view the Jews in Russia men like Trotsky “are not Jews in the real sense of the word,” “are not sympathetic to Jewish culture or Jewish ideals” and are the enemies of the Jewish people.

1917(4th of Kislev, 5678): Sixty-seven year old “communal worker” Max Tapolsky, the Russian born son of Harris Tapolsky and the husband of Sara Barton with whom he had one child, Harry, passed away today in Pittsburgh, PA.

1917(4th of Kislev, 5670): Forty-one year old Dr. Richard Weil Sr, the New York born son of Matilda and Leopold Weil and the husband of Minnie Weil who was a major in the U.S. Army passed away today at Camp Wheeler in Georgia.

1917: “Against War Time Wealth” published today included the views of Jacob Schiff who said that “No man should seek to increase his personal fortune for the period of the war” since it is “the duty of every American at this time to devote his whole thought and effort to the needs of the Government and to the needs of those who have been made to suffer through the war.”

1917: This evening, as British forces were fighting their way to Jerusalem a thunderstorm followed by a drenching downpour broke over the opposing armies leaving every wadi in the foothills and on the plain in a flood making it almost impassable for wheeled vehicles,

1918: According to a cablegram received in New York today by the ZOA, “Jewish and Zionist brigades…are being organized throughout Austria, Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia” to fight agains those responsible for “the anti-Semitic disturbances in Galicia and Poland” that have been going on since the first of the month.

1919: The U.S. Senate, under the leadership of the Republicans, fails to ratify the Versailles Treaty.  This meant that the United States would not be joining the League of Nations which meant that the League was DOA.  It also signaled America’s return to isolationism.  The rejection of the Versailles Treaty was a contributing cause to the rise of Hitler, World War II and the Holocaust.

1919: Birthdate of Pisa native Gillo Pontecorvo the Italian filmmaker and during WWII anti-fascist resistance fighter who won “the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 1966” for “The Battle of Algiers.”

1919: Twenty-three-year old Avoyles Parish native Lucielle Weil Levy married Dr. Jacob Mahne Bodenheimer today in New Orleans after which they moved to Shreveport where he practiced medicine and they had two children – Berth and Elias.

1919: Birthdate of Judge Wapner of People’s Court Fame.  Considering the Torah’s injunctions about Judges, what do we make of the fact that both Judge Judy and Judge Wapner are Jewish?

1920: “Free Synagogue Institute Arranges Courses” published described the establishment of a Teacher’s Institute by the Free Synagogue in New York “to meet the need for trained teachers in the field of Jewish Religious Education.”

1920: It was reported today that in Cheyenne, Wyoming, the Temple Emanuel Sisterhood “plans to erect: a building “which will serve as a center for all Jews regardless of the form of worship to which they adhere.”

1921: Today Joseph Missrahi Orpahli, an Oriental Jew, became the first Jew to receive the death penalty for murder in connection with the August riots.  “Orphali was accused of firing from a rooftop into a mob of Jaffa Arabs who had congregated supposedly for an attack on Tel Aviv.”  Three British police officers Dixon had testified that “they had heard no shots besides those of the police who fired on the mob, but relatives of Arabs killed declared the accused had killed on Arab purposely and another unintentionally.”

1921: “Thirty-seven Arabs of the Tireh village, near Haifa who had previously been sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, had their sentences reduced on appeal today to three months.  They had been accused of participating in an attack on Bath Gilim, a suburb of Haifa.”

1921: Pinchas Ruthenberg, director of the Palestine Electric Corporation and chairman of the Palestine National council, told the commission of inquiry” sent from London to find the reasons for the Arab August riots and the lack of preparation on the part of the police, “how he had warned H.C. Luke, acting High Commissioner, of the gravity of the situation developing over the Wailing Wall, and was told by Mrs. Luke that he was exaggerating the danger.  Mr. Rutenberg’s suggestions for precautions were not followed.”

1922: At the Hotel Astor, Dr. Samuel Buchler presided over a meeting this afternoon of a conference of the American Cantors’ Association where plans were discussed for the creation in New York City “for an institution for training in traditional Jewish music and for the creation of a home for retired and infirmed chief singers in the synagogues.

1922: In “Oscar Straus and Four Presidents” published today, Newton Fuessle provided a lengthy review of Under Four Administrations by Oscar Straus.

1923: In Charleston, SC, Louis D. Rubin, Sr. and Jeanette Weinstein Rubin gave birth Louis D. Rubin, Jr. “a teacher, novelist, essayist, editor and publisher, among other things —who was devoted to the practice and promotion of American Southern writing.” (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1924: Twenty-one-year-old Anne Elzabeth Whelan, the Essex, NJ born daughter of Sarah Louis Du Plessis and Charles Augustus Whelan married Gilbert Wolf Kahn  son of Otto Hermann Kahn.

1924: At a meeting at the Waldorf-Astoria Herbert N. Straus, the secretary and treasurer of R.H. Macy &Co. and the individual who “had charge of the notion merchandising at Macy’s for years “told members of the National Association” that “it is a mistake to regard the notions department of a retail store as unimportant.”

1925: Birthdate of Zygmunt Bauman the Polish born sociologist who was forced to take refuge in England in 1970 following an anti-Semitic purge orchestrated by the Polish Communist Party.  Bauman “has made some of the most important observations about the Holocaust and modernity.”

1926: Birthdate of Newark, NJ, native Herbert “Herb” Krautblatt, the left-handed shooting guard for Rider University who was drafted by the Baltimore Bullets for whom he played in 1948.

1927(24th of Cheshvan, 5688): Parashat Chayei Sara

1927: A mass meeting at Oham Zedek Synagogue tonight marked the opening session of the three-day convention of the Union Orthodox Jewish Congregations.

1927: In Vienna, sports physical therapist and soccer referee Arnold Steiner and Katrina Steiner gave birth to Elise “Lisl” Steiner “a flamboyant photojournalist who was celebrated for her intimate, emotive images of history-tilting figures like Fidel Castro, John F. Kennedy and the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., as well as luminaries of music, stage and sports…” (As reported by Alex Williams)

1928: “The New York State Law of 1923 aimed at the rules of secrecy adopted by the Ku Klux Klan” which hearings at a House Committee had established “was conducting a crusade against Catholics Jews and negroes and stimulating hurtful religious and race prejudices” “was upheld as constitutional today by the Supreme Court of the United States.”

1928: A concert featuring Alexander Baerwald and Thelma Yellin was held in Jerusalem as the European born Jews of Jerusalem celebrated the centenary of the death of Schubert.

1929: Birthdate historian Norman F, Cantor, the native of Winnipeg who specialized in the medieval period and whose sound scholarship was embodied in an accessible style with narrative drive, which made his major textbook, The Civilization of the Middle Ages the most widely-read overview of medieval history.

1929: U.S. premiere of “The Love Parade,” a musical comedy directed and produced by Ernst Lubitsch co-starring Lillian Roth.

1930: “Expressing condemnation of the White Paper and the British policy in Palestine, the National Council of Palestine Jews, which is the supreme body of local Jewry, tonight issued a statement calling the new policy an endeavor to undo all Jewish work in Palestine and announcing a lack of faith in the British government.”

1931: “The Office Manager “ a comedy directed by Hans Behrendt, who died at Auschwitz in 1942 and starring Felix Bressart, the Jewish actor who escaped to the United States before WW II, was released today in Germany.

1932: In Brooklyn, “Alfred Pomeroy, a furniture designer who own a store on Flatbush Avenue” and “the former Florence Greenberg gave birth to architect Lee Harris Pomeroy.

1932: ‘The White Demon” a German language film that looks at the drug culture starring Peter Lorre was released today in Germany by UFA.

1932: Birthdate of Avner Friedman, who earned his doctorate from Hebrew University in 1956 and became Distinguished Professor of Mathematics and Physical Sciences at Ohio State University.

1933(1st of Kislev, 5694): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1933: Birthdate of Gerald "Jerry" Sheindlin who served as a judge on the television show The People’s Court and is married to Judith Sheindlin, known as television’s Judge Judy.

1933(1st of Kislev, 5694): “Samuel Leib Gordon, noted Hebraist, teacher and scholar who translated Shakespeare’s ‘King Lear’ and Zangwill’s ‘Children of the Ghetto died’ in Tel Aviv today.” The sixty-six year old intellectual had lived in Tel Aviv since 1924.  “Mr. Gordon was born in Lida, Lithuania in 1890.  He taught Hebrew in Jaffa from 1898 to 1910 and wrote and edited many textbooks in Hebrew.  For a time he edited Olam Kata, a Hebrew magazine for Jewish youth, published in Warsaw.  Several volumes of a scientific commentary on the Bible which he began in 1903 have also been published. His son, Moses Gordon, has followed in his father footsteps by serving as general secretary of Tarbuth, the Hebrew education movement.

1933: In Brooklyn, Jennie (Gitlitz) and Edward Jonaton Zeiger gave birth to Lawrence Leibel Harvey Zeiger who gained fame as radio and television personality Larry King.

1934: As the Nazis worked to revamp German culture, today “German Labour Front leader Robert Ley decreed that time clock punching would be abolished and replaced with bugle calls.”

 1934: Birthdate of French artist Sam Szafran.

1935(23rd of Cheshvan, 5696): Eighty-five year old Arthur Eloesser, the Brandenburg, Germany born son of Leo and Ida Eloesser, and husband of “Molly Helen Eloesser” passed away today in San Francisco.

1935: “The University of Budapest closed for a day due to anti-Semitic rioting.”

1936: “Johnny Johnson,” a Kurt Weill musical directed by Less Strasburg and a cast that included Luther Adler, Lee J. Cobb, John Garfield and Sandy Meisner had its Broadway premiere at the 44th Street Theatre.

1936: As Hitler seeks to gain support from the Catholic Church by creating an alliance based on the anti-Communism of the Nazis and the Church, “Pius XI announced that communism had moved to the head of the list of ‘errors/’”

1936: One of the reasons for the issuance today of a “decree compelling the owners of certain foreign securities to deposit them with the Reichsbank or its designated agents bank” was “revealed by the newspaper Angriff which charges that foreign securities are in Jewish hands.”

1936: “The occupants of the leading history chairs in Reich universities were forced to drop their lectures and seminars for the latter part of this week and come” to Munich “for the opening tody of the Jewish research section of the Institute for the History of New Germany” which “is in reality a propaganda institution devoted almost exclusively to anti-Semitism and other National Socialist doctrines.”                                                             

1936: Dr. Samuel H. Goldenson, the rabbi at Congregation Emanu-El made “a please for strong self-respect by the Jewish people” in address he gave “at a testimonial luncheon at the Astor Hotel” in honor of “Mrs. David E. Goldfarb who has completed twenty-four years as president of the Mount Neboh Sisterhood” which was attended by more than one thousand members of the sisterhood.

1936: “Evidence that that there is not and never has been unemployment among the Arabs of Palestine since the start of the British occupation was given by E. Mills, Director of Migration and Statistic of the Palestine Government before the first public session of the Royal Inquiry Commission” meeting today in Jerusalem.

1937: Today marked the end of the first of a four week London Season for the Habima Players.  They had demonstrated what is known as the "Habima Method" in their performances of the Dybbuk.

1937: The Palestine Post reported that the country was generally quiet, but the Jerusalem curfew continued for the eighth day in succession. Telephone lines were cut between Hebron and Beersheba and Beersheba and Gaza.

1937: “Damsel in Distress,” a musical produced by Pandro S. Berman, co-starring George Burn and featuring music and lyrics by Ira and George Gershwin was released today in the United States.

1937: In an article critical of the Jewish development of Galilee The Post pointed out that the Jewish settlement of Mahanayim had been completely deserted since the riots of 1929. Mishmar Hayarden, "The Watch Over the Jordan," was almost a dead village ­with many of the farmyards burned to the ground. The Post demanded rapid development of this area, with particular attention given to the settlement of those Jewish lands which belonged to persons who did not live in Palestine.

1938: “Nuremberg Ousts Jews” published today described how “uniformed storm troops rounded up the Jewish population of Nuremberg and marched them to the Labor Front office” where “they were ‘persuaded to accept a plan for released their property under which the Labor Front retains 90 per cent of the realizable value.” (Editor’s Note – Once again we see that anti-Semitism is a profitable business.)

1938(25th of Cheshvan, 5699): Seventy-two year old existentialist philosopher Lev Isaakovich Shestov passed away.  Born in Czarist Russia in 1886, he fled from the Bolshevicks in 1921 and settled in France where he continued to work until his death. While not well-known today, Shestov influenced many more famous philosophers and writers including Albert Camus.

1939: “Barricades patrolled by armed guards cut off Warsaw's ghetto from the rest of the city today, all Jews being strictly confined to this district.”

1939: “Anti-Semitism is not solely a Jewish problem, but one that Protestants, Catholics and Jews must study and solve together for their mutual security, the Rev. Dr. Everett R. Clinchy, executive director of the National Conference of Christians and Jews, declared in an address today.”

1940: William King, the Senator from Utah who in 1927 “declared…that he favored the United States severing diplomatic relations with any country which failed because of anti-Semitism to protect its Jewish nationals” and “expressed the belief that eventually Palestine would be able to support a population of a million Jews” began serving as “President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate” today.

1940: A Christian is killed by German soldiers for throwing bread into the Warsaw ghetto. Close to 400,000 Jews would be contained within approximately 37,200 apartments.

1941: In the West, gassing has become the popular method of exterminating the Jews. Eichmann moved forward on his plans for the deportation of Jews.

1941: In Brno, during the reign of Heydrich, a round up and massacre that had begun in September during which “239 were killed outright” and at least one thousand more met their deaths came to an end today.

1941: Friedrich Jeckeln decided that Rumbula was the best site to murder the Jews imprisoned in the Riga Ghetto.

1942: Birthdate of Calvin Klein, the Bronx born son of Jewish-Hungarian immigrants who went on to became a leading figure in the American fashion industry.

1942: Birthdate of Congressman Gary Ackerman who represents New York’s Fifth District.

1942(10th of Kislev, 5703): The Germans shot 100 Jews from Potrkow outside of the town.

1942: Germans in Debica, Poland, announce that as of December 1, any Pole who assists Jews "will be punished by death."

1942: The Forverts (The Forward) published "A soycher fun fel" (A fur merchant), by Galician born American Yiddish author and poet Fradle Shtok.

1942(10th of Kislev, 5703): In the Drohobycz Ghetto, the Nazis gunned down, at random, 250 Jews on what was known as “Black Thursday.”

1942(10th of Kislev, 5703): Bruno Schulz, the brilliant Polish Jewish author and artist, was gunned down by a Nazi officer in the Drohobycz ghetto.

1943: Jewish prisoners at Janowska, a labor and extermination camp, revolted against their captors. The revolt failed and the camp was liquidated.  One thousand of the survivors were taken to the town of Sandomierz

1943: One thousand Jews are shot at the Jewish cemetery outside Sandomierz, Poland.

1944: The Minnesota Starvation Experiment in which Max Kampelman was one of the 36 participants began today.

1945: Five months after World War II ended in Europe, Anti-Jewish riots erupt in Lublin, Poland. Jan T. Gross would document post Holocaust anti-Semitism in Poland in Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz published in 2006.

1945: It was announced today that the curfew imposed on Tel Aviv after rioting last week will lifted effective tomorrow.

1945: “Five thousand officers and men of a Jewish brigade in the British Army of the Rhine began a hunger strike today in protest against Foreign Minister Bevin’s declaration on Palestine.”  Some did not go to the mess hall “while others sat idly before full plates.  The Jewish brigade is deployed in a swath of territory from northwest Belgium and through southwest Netherlands

1945: In London members of the American League for a Free Palestine called on Great Britain to immediately allow 100,000 Jews to settle in Palestine.  Guy Gillette, a former U.S. Senator from Iowa and head of the league warned the British that any delay would be unpopular with the citizenry of the United States.

1945: Secretary of State James F. Byrnes and members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee met twice today to discuss the situation in Palestine. Among the attendees were Robert F. Wagner the Democratic Senator from New York and Robert A. Taft the Republican Senator from Ohio “co-authors of a proposed Senate resolution favoring immediate unlimited Jewish immigration to Palestine.” [Wagner, who was a Liberal and Taft, who was a Conservative, were polar opposite on most issues.  Dealing with the DP Jews of Europe and Palestine brought them together in common cause.]

1946: Inky Lautman and Sol Schwartz are among the members of the Philadelphia Sphas, “the runner-up to Baltimore in the American Basketball League playoffs” who, it was reported today, will take the court against the Brooklyn Gothams on November 24.

1947(12th of Kislev, 5752): Sixty-six year old Lodz born and European trained surgeon Dr. Arthur Abram Salvin who had come to New York in 1923 after working in Russian hospitals passed away today.

1947:  Chaim Weizmann “rose from his sickbed” and went to Washington to meet with President Truman to talk about the creation of a Jewish state that included the Negev.

1947: A British government “spokesman said today that by the end of November, the army already would have re-requisitioned 5,000 acres” which Zionist leaders in Palestine are worried that the British would sell thus limiting the size of any future Jewish state.

1947: “Two new colonies were established today within twenty-five miles of the Egyptian border, bring the total number of Jewish settlements in the Negev to 19 and the number of” settlers to 1,900.

1947: Lessing J. Rosenwald, the President of the American Council for Judaism expressed his opposition for “plans to establish the American Jewish Conference on a permanent basis to coordinate all Jewish activities” in the United States.

1947(6th of Kislev, 5708): Sixty-six University of Zurich trained physician Arthur A. Salvin, the Lodz, Poland born son of “Zelman Salmonowicz and the former Hinda who in 1923 came to the United States where he later became an attending surgeon at Sydenham Hospital in New York passed away today.

1948(16th of Cheshvan, 5709): Seventy-one year old Columbia, PA born dermatologist Dr. Ralph Bernstein, a “veteran member of the Hahnemann Medical College faculty” passed away today.

1948: UN mediator Ralph Bunche accepts Israel's proposal made yesterday that included the Jewish state’s stated readiness to begin an armistice with the Arabs.

1948: In an unprecedented move that would have serious consequences for the region th UN General Assembly approves $30 million fund for relief of Palestinian refugees forming the UNRPR. Assembly asks UN member countries for contributions. No money would be provided for Jewish citizens forced to flee from their homes in Arab and/or Moslem countries.  These funds would create a permanent and ever-growing refugee population on Israel’s borders and would keep the Arab and Moslem states of the region of offering a home to their Palestinian brethren.

1949(27th of Cheshvan, 5710): Parashat Chayei Sara

1949: In Brooklyn, Beatrice Gutman and Holocaust survivor gave birth to Radcliff, London School of Economics and Harvard Ph.D Amy Gutman, the wife of Michael Doyle and mother of Abigail Doyle whose varied and distinguished  career has included serving as the President of the University of Pennsylvania and U.S. Ambassador to Germany.

1949: It was reported today that “Moshe Sharett, the Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs” has arrived in the United States “to take part in the final session of the U.N. General Assembly” where he will oppose the “plan to internationalize Jerusalem.”

1950: “Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Shapiro of Baltimore, MD announce the engagement of their daughter Florence to Alan Kruger to Mrs. Ida Kluger and Mr. David Kluger of New York City.”

1950: Birthdate of Haifa native and University of Haifa graduate Avron Kantor the author and husband of Hagar Feinmesser with whom he had four children – Mierav, Matan, Eitay and Neta.

1950: Two days after he had passed away funeral service were held in Montreal for Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Cohen, dean of the Canadian Rabbinate and president of the Montreal Council of Orthodox Rabbis”

1951(20th of Cheshvan, 5712): Seventy four year old Cleveland, OH businessman Abraham J. Bialosky “the last of three brothers who gave the nursery wing to Mt. Sinai Hospital in 1918 and one of the foundrs of the old Cleveland Jewish Center” passed away today.

1951: “Tillie’s Unpunctured Romance” published today described the love affair between Tillie Louse (born Myrtle Ehrlich) with the tomato.,33009,857087-1,00.html

1952(1st of Kislev, 5713): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1952: “The Road to Bali” a comedy with a script co-authored by Hal Kanter and featuring Leon Askin as “King Ramayana” was released today in the United States.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that Albert Einstein had declined to accept the offer of the Israeli Presidency. Einstein said that while he was deeply touched by the offer, he felt unsuited for such an office.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the minister of social affairs, Mrs. Golda Myerson, promised that the new immigrants’ tent cities would completely disappear within the next half year.  Mrs. Myerson was a former schoolteacher from Milwaukee who would change her name to Meir and go to serve as Foreign Minister and Prime Minister.

1953(12 of Kislev, 5714): Eighty-nine-year-old Leo Siegmund Levy, the Buffalo born son of Siegmund Nathan Levy and Marie Emilie Ulrike Levy and the brother of Hannah Von Hofe and Otto D. Merpall passed away today in Little Rock, AR.

1953: As tensions mounted between Israel and Jordan because Palestinian terrorists repeatedly crossed from Jordan into Israel, Prime Minister Churchill cautioned against sending British troops to support the Jordanians lest they be caught in a cross-fire between Israeli and Arab forces.

1954: Entertainer Sammy Davis, Jr. loses his left eye in an automobile accident.

1955(4th of Kislev, 5716): Parashat Toldot

1956(15th of Kislev, 5717): Lillian Friedman Stone passed away today after which was buried at the Home of Peace Cemetery and Emanu-El Mausoleum in Colma, CA

1958: U.S. premiere “Houseboat,” a romantic comedy produced by Jack Rose who also co-authored the script.

1958: In New York City, Helen and Myron Kaufman gave birth to NYU grad and award winning film maker Charlie Kaufman whose best known film may be “Being John Malkovich and who has had one child with his wife Denise.

1959: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle and Friends” for which Hans Conried provided the voices of “Snidely Whiplash” and “Dudley Do-Right.”

1959: David Susskind produced an adaptation of “The Power and the Glory” for tonight’s broadcast of the Play of the Week.

1961(11th of Kislev, 5722): Seventy-five year old Lithuania born Harvard trained attorney Henry Hurwitz, the Editor-in-Chief of the Menorah Journal and the husband of Ruth Sapinsky who used the pen name Ruth Sapin with whom he had two sons, David and Harry, Jr., passed away today in New York City.

1962: S(amuel) N(athaniel) Behrman’s "Lord Pengo," premiered in New York City

1965: In New Orleans, Benjamin and Richard Swig acquired the Roosevelt Hotel from Seymour Weiss, renaming it the Fairmont-Roosevelt before finally changing the name to the Fairmont New Orleans.

1963: It was announced today at the 47th biennal General Assembly in Chicago, that a “survey to determine the attitudes of Reform Jews towards worship practices in the synagogue has been initiated by the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.”

1967: “The Happy Time,” “a musical with music by John Kander, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and a book by N. Richard Nash” premiered today in Los Angeles.

1968: During the pre-Broadway tryout of “Dear World” a musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman, the NYT reported today that Producer Alexander Cohen had denied reports of backstage friction.

1969: “The Comic” directed by Carl Reiner who co-produced and co-wrote the film with Aaron Ruben was released in the United States today.

1969(9th of Kislev, 5730): Morris Garfinkle, the “husband of Eva Rivka Garfinklle” and the father of Cyril Harold Gary passed awe today.

1969(9th of Kislev, 5730): Sixty-three year old Harvard trained labor lawyer Lee Pressman, the husband of the former Sophia Platnik passed away today.

1971(1st of Kislev, 5732): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1971: Birthdate of Laurel, MD native and Oberlin College English major, Myla Goldberg, the musician whose instruments of choice are the banjo and the accordion and author of the Bee Season, which was the basis for the 2005 film of the same name.

1971 (1st of Kislev): Seventy-five year old Yiddish poet and essayist Jacob Glatstein passed away

1971(1st of Kislev, 5732): Sportscaster Bill Stern passed away at the age of 64.

1971: U.S. premiere of “Werewolves on Wheels” filmed by cinematographer Isidore Mankofsky.

1972(13th of Kislev, 5733): Eighty-seven year old Nathan M Orbach, the founder of the department store chain that bears his name passed away today.

1972: In Kent, NY. Rabbi Charles Roth officiated at the wedding of Rona Carol Lefkowitz, “the daughter of Nat Lefkowitz, the president of the William Marris Agency and Stephen Leon who works at the theatrical agency.

1974(5th of Kislev, 5735): Seventy-seven-year old Solomon Brachman, the Latvian born son of Marcus Mordechai Brachman and Chaya Mindel Brachman and the husband of Etta Brachman passed away today.

1975: Birthdate of New York native Lauren Grodsein, the Rutgers University professor and novelist whose works included the best-seller A Friend of the Family

1975: U.S. premiere of “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest: produced by Saul Zaentz with a screenplay co-authored by Bo Goldman filmed by cinematographer Haskell Wexler.

1976: “Mark Lutsker, who had recently completed a two year sentence for draft evasion” received “an exit visa” so he could go to Israel.

1976: “Dorothy Schiff, editor in chief and publisher of the New York Post announced that she had agreed to sell the afternoon daily to Rupert Murdoch, the Australian publisher.”

1977:  Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.

1977: Birthdate of gymnast Kerri Strug, the Tucson, AZ, native who was a member of the Magnificent Seven

1978: In Israel, four people were killed and thirty were injured as a result of bus bombing that was aimed at citizens of Belgium, Canada, Sweden and the UK.

1979: Thirteen people waiting at a bus stop were injured by a bomb that had been placed on a bus.

1979: A second bomb placed on a different bus exploded but there were no reports of casualties.

1980: CBS TV bans Calvin Klein's jeans ad featuring Brooke Shields. [He is Jewish; she is not.]

1980: “Taxi” starring Judd Hirsch and created by Ed Weinberger begins its third season.

1981(22nd of Cheshvan, 5742): Seventy-one year old Michigan State and CFL star and Detroit High School football coach Abe Eliowitz who was the husband of Gertrude Lipman and Ida Sara Lachman passed away today.,3277520&dq=frank+turville+award&hl=en

1982(3rd of Kislev, 5743): Sixty year old Canadian born Erving Groffman sociologist passed away today. (As reported by William Dicke

1983(13th of Kislev, 5744):  Fifty seven year old lyricist Carolyn Leigh passed away.(As reported by G. Gerald Fraser)

1984: The final entry of The Making of the President 1984, co-authored by Theodore White  titled “The Shaping of the Presidency, 1984” which was “a lengthy post-election analysis piece in TIME, in its special Ronald Reagan issue which was published today.

1985: Des Moines resident and Polish born Holocaust survivor Fred Badower was interviewed today.

1986(17th of Cheshvan, 5747): Seventy-six year old German born “Swiss musicologist” Harry Goldschmidt passed away today in Dresden.

1987(27th of Cheshvan, 5748): Eighty-nine year old Belarus born Simon Halkin, the Israeli “poet, novelist and teacher” who translated the works of Shelley, Shakespeare and Walt Whitman into Hebrew passed away today.

1988: A month before his death at the age of 79, Alter Mojze Goldman was elected to the Légion d'Honneur on for his role in the French Résistance today.

1991(12th of Kislev, 5752): Two days before his 92nd birthday, “Austrian-Swiss ophthalmologist and inventor Hans Goldmann passed away today.

1991: The Dallas Symphony Orchestra performed a rare Mavin Hamlisch classical symphonic suite titled Anatomy of Peace (Symphonic Suite in one Movement For Full Orchestra/Chorus/Child Vocal Soloist)

1992: Robert Strauss completed his tour as United States Ambassador to Russia.

1993: “Addams Family Values” a sequel to “The Adams Family” directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, produced by Scott Rudin and with a script by Paul Rudnick was released in the United States today.

1994: The Shagmar Commission which had been established to conduct to investigate the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin held its first meeting today.

1998: During the Mona Lewinsky scandal, The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

1997: “The Hunter” an 1833 painting by Danish painter David Moines was sold at Butterfield’s today.

1998(30th of Cheshvan, 5759): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1998(30th of Cheshvan, 5759): Seventy-seven year old American film producer, writer and director Alan J. Pakula the Yale educated son of Jewish parents from Poland passed away. Some of his more memorable efforts included “To Kill a Mockingbird,” “Sophie’s Choice,” “Klute” and “The Pelican Brief.”

1999(10th of Kislev, 5760): Eighty-seven year old publisher and editor Alexander Liberman passed away today.

1999: In Atlanta, GA, the General Assembly of the United Jewish Communities comes to an end.

2000:  The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including At Memory’s Edge:  After-Images of the Holocaust in Contemporary Art and Architecture by James E. Young, Highlanders: A Journey to the Caucasus in Quest of Memory by Yoav Karny, Lying Awake by Mark Saltzman and Louisa by by Simone Zelitch

2001: During the investigation of Jack Abramoff’s business dealings in Guam, U.S. Attorney Frederick A. Black, the chief prosecutor for Guam and the instigator of the indictment, was unexpectedly demoted and removed from the office he had held since 1991.

2002: Amram Mitzna “won the Labour's leadership elections today with 54% of the vote.”

2003(24TH of Cheshvan, 5764): Patricia Ter´n Navarrete, 33, of Ecuador was killed and four other tourists, pilgrims from Ecuador, were wounded when a terrorist entered the Israel-Jordan border crossing terminal north of Eilat from the Jordanian side and opened fire..

2003(24th of Cheshvan, 5764): Nineteen year old Sgt. Liron Siboni of Ramat Gan died today from the wounds suffered on September 9th when Hamas terrorist attacked the bus stop next to Tzrifin military base.

2004(6th of Kislev, 5765): Children’s book illustrator Trina Schart Hyman passes away.

2004: “National Treasure” an adventure movie directed by Jon Turteltabu who co-produced it along with Jerry Bruckheimer, with music by Trevor Rabin and co-starring Harvey Keitel was released today in the United States.

2004: “Palaces of Prayer,” sponsored by the Angel Orensanz Foundation, Eldridge Street Project and the Lower East Side Conservancy came to a close today at the Angel Orensanz Center.

2004: The Wall Street Journal publishes “They Call It Chrismukkah: ‘The O.C.’ launches a new interfaith holiday” in which columnist Jonathan Eig describes another response to the confluence of Christmas and Chanukah in America. "The O.C.," is a television show which traces the lives of some hip teens in Orange County, Calif. One of them is Seth Cohen, the fictional son of a Protestant mother and a Jewish father.

2005: The movement that was the first to welcome intermarried families into its synagogues nearly three decades ago now will focus on actively inviting non-Jews to convert to Judaism. That was one of the initiatives announced by Rabbi Eric Yoffie, president of the Union for Reform Judaism, during his Shabbat sermon at the movement’s 68th biennial in Houston.

2006: The New York Times book section featured reviews of Celebrate Myself: The Somewhat Private Life of Allen Ginsberg by Bill Morgan, Collected Poems:1947-1997 by Allen Ginsberg, and I, Goldstein: My Screwed Life  by A Goldstein and Josh Alan Friedman

2007: Eighty-eight year old André Bettencourt, who like so many Frenchmen of his generation had a checkered pass, as can be seen by his service as cabinet under President Pierre Mendès France after having written during the days of Vichy France that Jews were “hypocritical Pharisees whose race has been forever sullied by the blood of the righteous” for which “they will be cursed” passed away today.

2007: In Jerusalem, as part of the International Oud Festival, Dovid Broza and Yair Dalal present an evening of love songs in Spanish, Hebrew and Arabic.

2007(9th of Kislev, 5768): Ninety-one year old Wiera Gran passed away.

2007: In “Bad and Badder” published today described F. Murray Abraham’s reaction to playing Shylock in The Merchant of Venice and Barabas in Marlowe’s The Jew of Malta

2007(9th of Kislev, 5768): Ido Zuldan, a 29 year old resident of Shavei Shomron was killed by Palestinian gunman while traveling between two villages on the West Bank while in a separate incident, five Qassam rockets and 18 mortar shells struck the western Negev including at least one rocket that struck the city of Ashkelon.

2008: Barney Rosset receives a lifetime achievement award from the National Book Foundation in honor of his many contributions to American publishing, especially his groundbreaking legal battles to print uncensored versions of Lady Chatterley’s Lover and Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer. He is also the subject of “Obscene,” a documentary by Neil Ortenberg and Daniel O’Connor.

2008: In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Hadassah Book Club discusses The History of Love by Nicole Krauss at the home of Amy Barnum.

2008: On its final night the Ninth Annual Rutgers New Jersey Jewish Film Festival presents “Four Seasons Lodge”, a movie about a bungalow colony in New York’s Catskill Mountains, has provided idyllic refuge to a group of Holocaust survivors and their families for nearly three decades.

2008: Virginia Congressman Eric Cantor won his race to become the new minority whip today, becoming the second-ranking Republican in the US House of Representatives.

2008: Facing a tight economic crunch, the New York-based Anti-Defamation League has laid off nearly 10 percent of its staff at its national headquarters, the organization said today..

2008: Israeli archaeologists excavating what they believe is the tomb of biblical King Herod said today they have unearthed lavish Roman-style wall paintings of a kind previously unseen in the Middle East and signs of a regal two-story mausoleum, bolstering their conviction that the Jewish monarch was buried here

2008: Brigadier-General Eyal Eisenberg replaced Moshe Tamir as commander of The Israel Defense Forces Gaza Division (Territorial) which is subordinate to the Southern Regional Command.

2008: Today, following dozens of Qassam rockets and mortar rounds which exploded on Israeli soil, the plan for operation cast lead was brought for Barak's final approval.

2008: John Key assumed office as the 38th Prime Minister of Australia.

2009: Melvin Urofsky, a professor of law and public policy, discusses and signs "Louis D. Brandeis: A Life," his new biography of the Supreme Court justice, at the National Archives

2009: At the Trade Fair and Convention Center in Tel Aviv the Fifth International Water Technologies and Environmental Control Exhibition - WATEC Israel 2009 comes to an end.

2009: Moshe Holtzberg, son of Barvriel and Rivka Holztberg of blessed memory who were murdered by the terrorists in Mumbain in 2008, receives his first haircut at a ceremony called upshiren.

2009: The Iowa Department of Economic Development Board approved state incentivizes of more than $600,000 that will help kosher meatpacker Agri Star Meat & Poultry in Postville launch a $6.7 million expansion to add a line of oven-baked beef and poultry. 

2010: Israeli/International Folk Dance for Seniors is the scheduled activity for today at The Jewish Folk Arts Festival.

2010: An exhibition featuring the work of Ayala Gazit, the Haifa born photographer, entitled “Was It A Dream,” is scheduled to open in New York City.

2010: Following multiple rockets and mortar shells being fired into southern Israel from the Gaza Strip today, the IDF confirmed that IAF jets successfully struck three terror-related targets in Gaza in response.

2010(12th of Kislev, 5771): Children’s writer Betty Jean Kirschner, the wife of psychiatrist Robert Jay Lofton, the son of Harold A. Lofton and Ciel Roth, passed away today.

2010(12th of Kislev, 5771): Seventy six year old  Marvin Levin, a real estate developer who wore a wire in his cowboy boots during a major FBI anti-corruption sting of California’s state government in the 1980s, passed away today

2011: “Now I Am Talking, Memories of a Woman Partisan” a film that tells the story of Vitka Kovner, the Jewish resistance fighter who was the wife of Abba Kovner, is scheduled to be shown at the Jewish Eye World Jewish Film Festival.

2011: Adat Reyim is scheduled to host its annual Autumn Art Auction in Springfield, VA.

2011: Cellist Inbal Segev is scheduled to perform selected string trios as part of the Amerigo trio with Glenn Dicterow and Karen Dreyfus at the music for Youth Concert in New York.

2011: David “Amram was awarded the 1st Annual Bruce Ricker Lifetime Achievement Award under the auspices of The Paso Digital Film Festival.”

2011: Israel sees cracks in Syrian power structures amid increasingly violent unrest, and there are signs President Bashar Assad may not be in power for long, Defense Minister Ehud Barak said on today.

2011: Israel Police and the Communications Ministry cut off the broadcasts of Kol Hashalom radio station today, claiming that they are pirate broadcasts.

2011(22nd of Cheshvan, 5772): Eighty-one year old museum curator I. Michael Heyman passed away today.

2011(22nd of Cheshvan, 5772): Ninety-three year old “Sanford D. Garelik, a former New York City mayoral candidate and a City Council president who served the city amid the fiscal and criminal turmoil of the 1970s” passed away today. (As reported by Matt Flegenheimer)

2012: Jean-François Copé begins serving as President of the Union for a Popular Movement Group in the French National Assembly,

2012: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Jewish World in Action: Facing the Polish-Jewish Refugee Crisis, 1648-1683.”

2012(5th of Kislev, 5774): Eighty two year old Warren Rudman, the senator who led the fight for a balanced budget passed away today. (As reported by Adam Clymer)

2012: The Wiener Library and the University of London are scheduled to host "The Strongest Possible Terms": The Evolving Role of Parliamentary Condemnations of Atrocities Past and Present a debate marking the 70th Anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on the Persecution of the Jews.

2012: The Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia is scheduled to sponsor a musical evening celebrating 100 years of Woody Guthrie. 

2012: To date, since the start of the year, more than 1,700 rockets have been fired into Israel from Gaza.

2012: As Sunday gives way to Monday, Israel continues to defend itself during Operation Pillar of Defense.

2012: Two Katyusha missiles aimed at Israel from Lebanon were “discovered” today in the southern region.

2012: Israel’s operation to stem Palestinian rocket fire on southern Israel continued in its sixth day today. The Israel Air Force struck over 80 terrorist targets in Gaza, while Hamas and Islamic Jihad fired 130 rockets into Israel.

2013: “It’s Better To Jump” and “The Lesson” are scheduled to be shown at the Other Israel Film Festival.

2013: Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs warned today “that chances of peaceful end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may be ‘irreparably damaged’ unless steps are taken to prevent new Israeli settlement building and ‘other negative developments.’”  The U.N. official did not define what he meant by “other negative developments” but apparently, they do not include the murder of Israelis by Arab terrorists and the mortar and rocket attacks that have taken place since the talks began following Israel releasing dozens of terrorists.

2013: Terrorists in Gaza fired mortars at IDF soldiers on the Israel side of the border between the Palestinian “entity” and the Jewish state. 

2013: IAF destroyed a weapons factory and two tunnels used by terrorists this evening in response to Arab attacks which come on the first anniversary of Pillar of Defense.

2013(16th of Kislev, 5774): Ninety-eight year old children’s book author and editor Charlotte Zolotow passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host “The Rosenburg Files: The German Federal Ministry of Justice and the Nazi Past.”

2014: Center for Judaic Studies and Contemporary Jewish Life is scheduled to present Charles Asher Small speaking on “The Dimensions of Global Anti-Semitism: Will it spread to the U.S.?”

2014: “Dancing in Jaffa” is scheduled to be shown at the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education.

2014: The Tulane University Jewish Studies Department under the leadership of Dr. Brian Horowitz is scheduled to present Erga Atad speaking on “How News Becomes News: The Israeli Case.”

2014: Decent people everywhere mourn the loss of Rabbi Aryeh Kupinsky, 40, Rabbi Avraham Shmuel Goldberg, Rabbi Kalman Levine, 50, Rabbi Moshe Twersky, 59 and Police Officer Zidan Saif, 30 who were brutally murdered yesterday in Jerusalem’s Har Nof neighborhood by two Arab terrorists.

2014: “Members of Kehilat Bnei Torah Synagogue returned today for morning prayers (Shacharit), the first service held at the shul since the gruesome terror attack Tuesday that left five people dead.” (As reported by Marissa Newman)

2014: “Police set up checkpoints around some Arab neighborhoods and beefed up their presence across Jerusalem Wednesday as the city boosted security efforts a day after a deadly attack on a synagogue that left five people dead.”

2014(26th of Cheshvan, 5775): The multi-talented 83 year old Mike Nichols passed away today.

2015: “According to a new Weizmann Institute study by Professor Eran Segal and R. Eran Elinav” published in today’s issue of the journal “Cell,” the reason it may be “so hard for some people to lose weight” is “because different people’s bodies respond differently to the same meal, depending on their gut bacteria.”

2015: In Los Angeles, the 29th Israel Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end.

2015: “A major American Academic association, the American Anthropological Association, overwhelmingly approved a resolution to boycott Israeli academic institutions during the group's annual meeting in Denver, Colorado” today.

2015: Micah Goodman, a lecturer at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, a research fellow at the Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusalem and the director of Israel’s Ein Prat Midrasha is scheduled to discuss his latest work, Maimonides and the Book That Changed Judaism at the Skirball Center.

2015: “The Zionist Idea” and “The Kind Words” are scheduled to be shown in Melbourne during the Jewish International Film Festival.

2016(18th of Cheshvan, 5777): Shabbat Vayera

2016(18th of Cheshvan, 5777): Eighty-eight year old Oscar winning production designer Paul Sylbert passed away today.

2016(18th of Cheshvan, 5777): Ninety-five year old optometrist Irving Fradkin the creator of the Dollars for Scholars program passed away today.

2016: Today, “black paint was poured on a monument for Holocaust victims on Mogilev, a city in Belarus located 150 miles east of the capital of Minsk” which was just one more sign of an increase in anti-Semitism among Ukrainians

2016; “The Pickle Recipe” and “One Week and A Day” are scheduled to be shown in Brisbane, Australia as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.

2016; “The Wedding Date” and “The 90 Minute War” are scheduled to be shown at the 20th UK International Jewish Film Festival.

2016: After six months, “Sign from Iran” an exhibition of 60 original Iranian art posters on display at Jerusalem’s Museum for Islamic ‘Art is scheduled to come to an end today.

2017(1st of Kislev, 5777): Rosh Chodesh Kislev;

2017: The Jewish Historical Society of Greater Washington is scheduled to hold its annual meeting where attendees will discuss “Envisioning Our Future Museum.”

2017: Elisha Wiesel, son of the late Holocaust Survivor and Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, is scheduled to speak at Highland Park, Illinois High School Auditorium where he will reflect “on the indelible legacy his father left for him and the world, and how he works to advance his father's message today.”

2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Lioness: Golda Meir and the Nation of Israel by Francine Klagsbrun, An Odyssey: A Father, a Son and an Epic by Daniel Mendelsohn, Heather, The Totality by Matthew Weiner, The Age of Perpetual Light by Josh Weil, Paris in the Present Tense by Mark Helprin and Dead Girls and Other Stories by Emily Geminder as well as he audiobook The State of Affairs: Rethinking Infidelity by Esther Perel

2017: “The Algemeiner is scheduled to host a conversation with journalist and former Taliban captive Jere Van Dyk on “From Daniel Pearl to Steven Sotloff: Jews and Political Kidnapping.”

2017: “Ben-Gurion, Epilogue” and “Bye Bye Germany” are scheduled to be shown today in London at the 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival.

2017: As part of its series of Biblical trials series, the Streicker Center is scheduled to host “The People vs. Eve with Kelly Ayotte as prosecutor and Alan Dershowitz, the attorney who helped Kalus Von Bulow beat the charge of murder, serving as defense attorney.

2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Joan Nathan whose wide variety of cookbooks included The Jewish Holiday Baker and Jewish Cooking in America continues today.

2018: “Makeup and lifestyle persona, Ashley Waxman Bakshi” is scheduled to meet her fans at the Jerusalem Azrieli Mall.

2018: Three days after he had passed away, funeral services are scheduled to be held for 93 year old WW 2 U.S Navy Veteran and ISU electrical engineering graduate Arnold Bucksbaum, who worked on the Apollo Moon Landing Project at Collins and who was a long time member of Temple Judah following which he will be buried at Eben Israel Cemetery.

2018: “Steve Pinker Thinks the Future Is Looking Bright” published today provides a snapshot of the views of the iconoclastic Harvard psychologist and author of Enlightenment Now.

2018: “The Life of J. Robert Oppenheimer, Imagined Through His Collisions With Others” published today provided a review of Trinity by Louisa Hall.

2018: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host Dr. Diane Sharon lecturing on “The Secret Life of The Psalms” and Dr. David Kraemer lecturing on “Maimonides: The Man and His Genius.”

2018: The YIVO Institute is scheduled to host Harriet Jackson lecturing on “Political and Spiritual Resistance, From Russia to France: The Extraordinary Case of Rabbi Zalman Schneerson.”

2019: In San Francisco, the Jewish Community Federation is scheduled to a Day of Philanthropy that will include a luncheon featuring “keynote speaker Sander Weill” and honoring Alvin H. Baum, Jr.

2019: In New Orleans, the JCC is scheduled to host “SHUK: From Market to Table, the Heart of Israeli Home Cooking” which is part of The Cathy and Morris Bart Jewish Cultural Arts Series.

2019: In University City, MO, Kol Rinah Synagogue, in cooperation with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is schedule to host “American and the Holocaust: What Did Missourians Know?” presented by Dr. Edna Friedberg, the Director of Strategic Relationships at the USHMM.

2019: In Glasgow, the UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host a screening of “The Unorthodox.”

2019: Benny Ganz is down to his last two days to form a government

2019: The Petaluma, CA Community Center is scheduled to host Leon Malmed the “Holocaust survivor from France discussing his family’s harrowing experiences, with video presentation.”

2020: Dr. Michael Braffman, Chair of the Department of Medicine at Pennsylvania Hospital and an Infectious Disease Specialist, who has been on the front lines in the fight against COVID is scheduled to be honored this evening during the Center for Jewish History Virtual Gala.

2020: The Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to stream “The Sign Painter” and “The Shiva Baby.”

2020: Israelis awake to a world with new Covid rules which will “allow a maximum of 10 customers inside one store in an effort to combat overcrowding in open-air malls.”

2020: The Columbus Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host the final screening of “Breaking Bread” followed by a Q and A with director Beth Hawk.

2020: The Friends of the Israeli Defense Forces is scheduled to host online, David Friedman, the U.S. Ambassador to Israel discussing stories from the secret UAE Peace Treaty Negotiations.

2020: The Maine Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host the last screening “Every Mother’s Son.”

2021: A live broadcast is scheduled to take place on Kan Kol Muska of “Vocal Music in Ein Kerem.”

2021: Chabad of Oakland, CA is scheduled to host “YJP Friendsgiving Shabbat” where Young Jewish Professionals enjoy an evening that “includes kiddush, drinks, and a full dinner with homemade challah.”

2021: The Jewish Arts Collaborative is scheduled to present online “JLive With Mandy Silverman” during which Instagram challah guru Mandylicious’s Mandy Silverman will share “the secrets of her creative and exceptional challah-baking, which to date includes over 300 unique, original, kosher recipes, several of which have been enjoyed at JArts’s flagship food celebration, Beyond Bubbie’s Kitchen.”

2022: The Eden-Tamir Center is scheduled to host “A Viennese Morning,” a chamber music concert with the Ben Haim Trio.

2022: UK Jewish Film is scheduled to host screenings of “The Forger” and “The Man in the Basement.”

2022: In Putnam Valley, NY, the Eden Village Camp is scheduled to host a special Havdalah gather complete with a musical havdalah ceremony, fire-roasted snacks, DIY besamim (spice) bags and candles, and shmoozing!

2022 (25th of Cheshvan, 5783) Chayei Sarah (The Life of Sarah)

2023: The Illinois Holocaust Museum in partnership with the Consulate General of Ukraine in Chicago, is scheduled to host a live conversation in honor of the 90th anniversary of the Holodomor, one of the least known genocides of the 20th century, and how Russia’s current war of aggression and atrocity crimes has unearthed genocidal policies against Ukrainians today.

2023: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present  “Wham! Bam! Pow! Creating Comic Book Characters,” a unique workshop exploring the art of character development and illustration led by PJ Our Way author Dov Smiley.”

2023: The Museum at Eldridge Street is scheduled to host a panel discussion about what it truly means to reject ageism and age well in its historic Main Sanctuary.

2023: The Jewish Museum of Monmouth County is scheduled to host its “Hanukkah Menorah Painting.”

2023: In London, AJEX, the Jewish Military Association is scheduled to host a parade and ceremony at the Cenotaph “honoring the men and women who fought for use.

2023: UK Jewish Film is scheduled to host screenings of “The Camera of Doctor Morris,” “Queen of the Deuce,” “The Narrow Bridge” and “Revenge: Our Dad the Nazi Killer.”

2023: At the Weitzman National Museum of American Jewish History the museum store is scheduled to host a pre-Chanukah event.

2023: In Atlanta, The 32nd annual edition of the Book Festival of the MJCCA is scheduled to come to an end today.

2023: The New York Times features reviews books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including the audiobook Going Infinite: The Rise and Fall of a New Tycoon which tells the tale of Sam Bankman-Fred and The Manuscripts Club: The People Behind a Thousand Years of Medieval Manuscripts which includes a “chapter on David Oppenheim (“The Rabbi”), who, in late-17th-century Worms, began collecting manuscripts from “across the whole diaspora of international Judaism” and who “maintained an active relationship with the Hebrew printing industry while facing “Christian censorship and antisemitic destruction.”

2023: As November 19 begins in Israel, tensions on the northern border increase following yesterday’s launch of at 25 rockets that triggered sirens in several northern towns, Hamas continues to be threat as can be seen by yesterday’s rocket launches and  the Hamas held hostages begin day 44 in captivity.

(Editor’s note: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time)