This Day, July 11, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

July 11

1174: Amalric I who had been King of Jerusalem since 1162 passed away.  During his reign most of the Jews were expelled from Jerusalem; a ban that would last until 1175.

1244:Khorezmian Turkish horsemen launch an attack on Jerusalem, sacking the city and killing most of the Christians and driving out the Jews. The Khorezmian Turks then move on to Egypt. Khwarezmia is at this time a state located around the Aral Salt Flats near the Caspian Sea. It has allied itself with the Ayyub sultan of Egypt against the Muslims in Damascus.”

1346: Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire which included the Bohemian city of Prague. According to the descendant of Moses ben Israel Naphtaly Hirsch Porges, “The long reign of Emperor Charles IV brought the Prague Jews new privileges and relative calm even though the Luxembourg rulers - the reigning local dynasty - treated Jewish property as though it were their own. They put it in pawn, sold it, or used it as backing for guarantees. But the king ensured protection and, among others, offered a chance for them to settle inside the walls of the arising New Town. A sign of the status of the Jewish community is a banner that has survived, given to the Jews of Prague by Charles IV in 1375.From that year on the Jews would, over the centuries, come to the gates of the ghetto to welcome the kings of Bohemia in Prague.”

1533: Clement VII excommunicated Henry VIII for divorcing Catherine of Aragon, and afterward marrying Anne Boleyn. Henry VIII had relied on the Book of Leviticus when he sought to marry Catherine, the widow of his brother.  Nobody was going to hit him with a sandal.  When it came time to shed Mary, Henry sought support from Rabbis, hoping that their interpretation of Biblical law would somehow sway the Pope.  The Rabbis, who were living in Italy, stayed out of the conflict. They had no reason to trust Henry, who had promised to keep the Jews out of England, when he got married. 

1578: In Emden, Moses Uri (Philip Joosten) Halevie, the “founder and first ḥakam (Rabbi) of the Spanish-Portuguese congregation in Amsterdam in 1596/97” and Bele Halevi gave birth to Aaron Halevie

1657:  Birthdate of King Frederick I of Prussia whose greatest claim to fame is the fact that he was the father of King Frederick II also known as Frederick the Great.  Father and son quarreled about many things but they did agree on at least one thing.  They both abhorred their Jewish subjects, viewing them as aliens in their Germanic kingdom.

1715: During the War of the Spanish Succession which came to an end today, Samson Wertheimer, “the chief rabbi of Hungary and Moravia” who was “also an Austrian financier, court Jew and Shtadlan to Austrian Emperor Leopold I” and Samuel Oppenheimer procured “the money necessary” to equip and supply the victorious Austrian imperial army

1720(5th of Tammuz, 5480): Ahron Lwow passed away in Vienna.

1733: A month after the founding of the colony of Georgia by James Oglethorpe, Jewish settlers arrived in Savannah. The group of forty Sephardic Jews was joined within a year by a group of Ashkenazi Jews. The Sephardic Jews had brought a Torah and other religious items with them and quickly founded a congregation called Mikveh Israel (Hope of Israel). One of the reasons given for the lack of European-styled anti-Semitism in America was that the Jews arrived in the New World at the same time everybody else did.

1734: Birthdate of Philip (Uri) Minis, the Jewish infant who was also the first male white child born in Georgia.

1740: Czarina Anne ordered the Jews expelled from Little Russia. Little Russia is another term for an area that includes the Ukraine.

1752: Birthdate of Easthampton, Long Island naïve Aaron Isaacs who “was reared as a Christian” and was married to Esther Mulford who is not be confused with an older woman of the same named who was the daughter of Captain Matthew Mulford.

1767:  Birthdate John Quincy Adams, Sixth President of the United States. Like his father, John Quincy had a positive attitude towards the Jewish people.  In a letter to Major Mordecai Manuel Noah, he wrote, “[I believe in the] rebuilding of Judea as an independent nation.”  Of course, this could have been one the earliest attempt to secure Jewish political support by espousing the cause of the Jewish homeland. More than likely, it was an expression of popular Protestant belief of the time that Jews returning to the Promised Land was a necessary precursor for the ultimate Second Coming.  While many Jews know Noah as the founder of the utopian Jewish community of Ararat, he was a major diplomatic and political figure who was the leader of the Tammany Hall political machine during the 1820’s.

1775(13th of Tammuz, 5535): Abraham Seligman, the patriarch of the family that included American financiers Joseph and Jacob Seligman passed away today.

1797(17th of Tammuz, 5557): Tzom Tammuz

1797: Charles Macklin, the famous Anglo-Irish actor whose greatest claim to fame was his portrayal of Shylock in a completely new manner, passed away.

1797: The gates of the Jewish ghetto in Venice were torn down. This was a direct result of the victories of the French armies led by Napoleon.

1782: Following the British departure from Savannah today, Mordecai Sheftall, the Georgia merchant and highest ranking Jew to serve in the Colonial Army and whom the British threatened with the forced feeding of Pork and his family returned to the city in much reduced circumstances.

1798(27th of Tammuz, 5558): Breina Jaffe the daughter of Mordechai Jaffe passed away today.

1804:  Vice President Aaron Burr and Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton fought a duel.  Hamilton fell mortally wounded. Hamilton had been born on the British controlled island of Nevis in the West Indies in 1755.  His mother was Jewish.  His father was a prominent citizen.  Hamilton’s mother was married, but not to Hamilton’s father. Hamilton attended a Jewish school which was housed in a synagogue in the island’s capital city.  After finishing his school he made his way to North America where he would eventually become a favorite of George Washington and was one of the authors of the famous Federalist Papers.  Hamilton never identified himself as a Jew and lived the life of a prominent Protestant political and financial leader.

1810: Today, Sarah Isaacs, the daughter of Abraham Isaacs, Jr. married Abraham L. Phillips less than a year before she died in New York City.

1814: In “Bunhill Row, London,” Solomon Jones and Sara Rebecca Daniels gave birth today to Daniel Jones.

1817: Eight year old Ralph Disraeli, the son of Maria and Isaac Disraeli, and the brother of Benjamin Disraeli was christened today at St. Andrew’s in a ceremony that would change the history of the United Kingdom.

1821: Issachar Ber ben Eliezer Jacob married Yetta bat Aaron at the Western Synagogue today.

1821: James Samuel married Elizabeth Davis at the Great Synagogue today.

1824: In Frankfurt, Germany, James de Rothschild married his niece Betty Salomon von Rothschild the daughter of his brother, Salomon Mayer von Rothschild

1826(6th of Tammuz,5686): Fifty-seven-year old composed Karl Bernhard Wessely, the son of scholar Naphtali Hirz Wessley whose works included “a cantata mourning the death of Moses Mendelssohn” passed away today in Potsdam.

1827: Rabbi S.C. Peixotto officiated at the wedding of Nathan A. Cohen and Clara Harris, the third daughter of Jacob Harris, Jr. of Charleston, SC.

1827: Lewis Lyon married Mary Phillips at the Western Synagogue today.

1827: Solomon Worms married Henrietta Samuel at the Great Synagogue today.

1827: In “Lancaster Court, Strand, Westminster, London,” Victor Abraham and Rebecca Levy gave birth today to Samuel Victor Abraham.

1831: Birthdate of Mark Blumenthal, the Bavarian born American graduate of College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University who “was president of and physician to the Institution for the Improved Instruction of Deaf Mutes, founded and supported by Jews for the benefit of Jewish and other children” from 1862 to 1894.

1832: Reuben Salomons married Sarah Hurwitz today.

1835: In Charleston, SC, Isabella Cowen and Isaac Tobias who were married in 1824 gave birth to Marion J. Tobias who would die a year later.

1838: Hannah Abrahams, the daughter of Abraham Isaac Abrahams who was born in 1774 passed away tododay.

1841: Birthdate of Amsterdam native Levy Duis, the husband of Phoebe Neuburger.

1849: Today, The Constituent Assembly enacted the Constitution of the Free State of Hamburg  confirming the equal rights to all citizens which was the start for widespread integration and “unlike some other states in the German Confederation the city-state did not revoke the Jewish emancipation in the following years in the restorative Concert of Europe.”

1857: In “Clapham, Surrey, England,” Maurice Moses Beddington, the son of Esther and Henry Moses, and his was wife “Hannah Maria Beddington: gave birth to Ada Rachel Beddington who became Ada Rachael Micholls when she married Edward Montefiore Michools.

1858: In Philadelphia, Leopold and Sophia Sulzberger gave birth to Cyrus L. Sulzberger, who “went to New York in 1877 as bookkeeper for the firm of Erlanger, Blumgart & Co., of which he later became the head. An active participant in movements to reform New York City’s corrupt political environment, he was a candidate on the Fusion ticket for president of the borough of Manhattan, New York in 1904. Sulzberger was also active in Jewish communal affairs serving for many years as treasurer of the United Hebrew, vice president of the American Zionist Federation and, in 1905, as president of the Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society.

1859: Birthdate of John Grenfell Maxwell, who as a Lt. Col in his majesty’s army served as commander of the Zion Mule Corps which is considered to be the first “Jewish fighting force” since the end of the Bar Kochba Revolt.

1860: “A meeting of residents in the new suburb of Bayswater was held, and an agreement reached as to the desirability of establishing a new congregation in the neighborhood.”

1861: Jules Mires, the Franco-Jewish banker, was condemned to five years in prison and order to pay a fine of 3,000 francs by the Correctional Tribunal of Paris.

1861 In London Assur Henry Moses and Henrietta Moses gave birth to Marianna Floretta Raphael the wife of Arthur Lewis Raphael.

1865(17th of Tammuz, 5625):Tzom Tammuz

1865(17th of Tammuz, 5625): Author and historian Elias Chaim Lindo, the native of St. Thomas who settled in London in 1832 where he published several works including History of the Jews of Spain and Portugal passed away today.

1866: Upon recurrence of blood libel accusations, Sultan Aziz issued a firman taking the Jews under his protection. Thanks to this firman the Greek Orthodox patriarchate had to issue encyclicals to all churches, forbidding such practices.

1868: Birthdate of German born, and University of Bonn trained medical doctor, Gustave Lippman the husband of Alice Drey Lippmann and son-in-law of Albert and Marie Drey who in 1894 moved to St. Louis where he practiced pediatrics and served on the faculty of St. Louis University.

1869: Birthdate of Elyakum Heinrich or in German Heinrich Loewe, the German intellectual who attended the first Zionist Congress in Basel and as an orientalist was appointed to a professorship at the University of Berlin in 1915.

1870: Birthdate of Brooklyn native Mitchell May, the graduate of Brooklyn Polytechnic and Columbia University Law school whose political career including serving one term as a member of the U.S. House Representatives and 18 years as justice of the New York State Supreme Court.

1877(1st of Av, 5637): Rosh Chodesh Av

1877: Reports published today described conditions in Eastern Europe as the Russian Army continues its advance against the forces of Romania including the execution of two spies by the Russians.  According to the reporter, one stood tall and faced his executioners with a sneer before being shot.  The other, a Jew, groveled in front of his captors invoking his forefathers and expressing a willingness to convert if they would spare his life.  He was shot where he lay.  The reporter also included a description of Galician Jews whom he said were “so disgusting that even their co-religionists in Europe and America would refuse them all sympathy if they could see them.”

1877: In Philadelphia, PA, Simon Benjamin Fleisher and Cecilia Hofheimer Fleisher gave birth to Dr. Edwin Adler Fleischer, “one of the most influential and important musical philanthropists of the 20th century” who established the Symphony Club in 1909.

1877: The Fourth Council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations met for a second day in Philadelphia, PA.

1878: Chester A. Arthur, who as President would champion the rights of American Jews visiting Russia and who appointed Adolphus Simon to serve as one of the first two American delegates to the International Congress of the Red Cross completed his service today as Collector of the Port Of New York.

1879: In Moore’s Landing Mississippi, Hannah Goldsmith and Uria Simon gave birth to U of Tx. alum and University of Denver trained attorney Uriah Myer Simon, who married Hattie Weltman in Ft. Worth where he had been practicing law since 1904 and where he served as the chairman of the United Jewish Campaign.

1879: In Cleveland, Ohio, Emanuel and Sarah Ullman gave birth to Solomon Emanuel Ullman the “husband of Belle May Lowenstein

1879: Delegates to the Sixth Council of the Union of American and Hebrew Congregations visited various public institutions controlled by the Commissioner of Charities and Corrections followed by visits to various institutions supported by Jewish charities.

1879; In Cincinnati, Ohio, “Louis and Rose (Winkler) Amerberg gave birth to Constance Amberg, the University of Cincinnati graduate who worked as a volunteer in New York settlement houses before marrying attorney William Dick Sporborg and becoming Constance Amberg Sporborg, the mother of Elizabeth and William Dick Sporborg, Jr.

1879: Delegates to the Sixth Council of the Union of American and Hebrew attended a banquet at Delmonico’s

1879: In “Moores Landing, Mississippi, “Uriah and Hannah (Goldsmith) Simon gave birth to U.T. undergrad and U of Denver Law School trained attorney Uriah Myer Simon, the husband of Hattie Weltman with whom he had three children – Richard, Ruth and Henry – whom they raised in Ft. Worth, TX where he practiced law, served as President of the Isador Strauss Lodge of the I.O.B.B. and Congregation Bethel.

1879: Rabbi Isaac Meyer Wise of Cincinnati delivered a lecture at Temple Emanu-El based on the renewal of the covenant at Gilgal in the days of the prophet Samuel

1881: “The Bible and Science” published today provides a detailed review of Hours With the Bible: Volume II by Cunningham Geikie.  In this second of what will become a multi-volume work, Geike provides an in depth study of the period from Moses to the Judges.

1881: Arnold Bogumil Ehrlich, the native of Wlodawa, Poland who came to New York from Hamburg in 1874 to teach at the Emanu-El Theological School became a naturalized U.S. citizen today, listing as “his occupation ‘Teacher of Languages.’”

1881: In Chicago, Dr. Ellinger read a paper tonight on “Ancient and Modern Rabbis” at a meeting of the Rabbinical Literary Society.  The society is a national organization that draws it membership from Jewish theologians throughout the United States.

1881: In Selma, Alabama, “Edward and Elizabeth (Long) Bloch gave birth to composer violinist Alexander Bloch, the husband of Blanche Bloch.

1882: In Cracow, Anna and Baum gave birth to City College graduate and Columbia trained electrical engineer Harry Baum the husband of Cecilia Bernstein and U.S. Signal Corps instructor who worked for General Electric from 1902 to 1907.

1882: As the Freight Handlers’ strike turned violent, Levi Cossowtich, a Russian-Jewish peddler was assaulted this morning at Henderson and 11th Streets by person or persons unknown. At noon, as he went to dinner, Louise Marble, one of the Jewish freight handlers working at the Erie depot, was assaulted and robbed.

1882: In Chicago, “Simeon and Adelaide (Eisendrath) Straus gave birth to Rush Medical College trained surgeon, Dr. David C. Straus, the “clinical professor of surgery at Rush Medical College, attending surgeon at Michael Reese and Cook County General and Member of the AEF who rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel after having served in France for a year.

1882: Birthdate of German mathematician Leonard Nelson who was the co-founder of The Internationaler Sozialistischer Kampfbund ("International Socialist Militant League")

1883: “Current Foreign Topics” published today described events at the trial in Hungary where Jews who were charged with murdering a Christian girl lost an important witness when a local coachman committed suicide.

1883:  The Hebrew Union Council met for a second day in Cincinnati, Ohio. The Committee on Circuit Preaching reported favorably on a proposal of engaging circuit rabbis to service those areas where the Jewish population is too scattered to support full-time ministers.  The Rabbinical Association asked that the Union provided a fund for “the support of enfeebled ministers in their old age.”

1883: Today’s commencement exercises of the Hebrew Union College are scheduled to be held at the Plum Street Temple in Cincinnati, Ohio followed by a banquet at the Highland House and a reception at the Zoological Garden.  The high point of the event will be the consecration of seven new rabbis, the first such class to be produced by the school and the first rabbis to be trained solely in the United States.[Note HUC would become the flagship institution for the Reform Movement.  While there is a popular misconception of American Jewry being a New York centric culture, in this a city in eastern Ohio, at the entry to the American heartland was the focal point of this significant segment of American Jewry.]

1883: In Cincinnati, Ohio, a banquet was held “in honor of the first graduating class of HUC” and the delegates attending “the Hebrew Union Council” where shell fish were served and other aspects of the Jews dietary laws were violated earning the event the title of “The Trefa Banquet” which marked an irreparable break between the Reform movement and the Orthodox and Conservative branches of Judaism

1883: County Coroner A.F Park came to the Oakdale, Connecticut to examine the body of a 24 year old Russian Jew, Moses Sadock.  Sadock’s body was found in the woods, lying on his back “with his throat cut from ear to ear.” Sadock was the center of a developing scandal involving accusations that he was a bigamist.

1884: As word reached Albany, New York that Governor Grover Cleveland had been selected as the Presidential nominee of the Democrat Party, the Jewish “banking firm of Wormser & Co in New York sent hearty congratulations…”

1884: It was reported today that in Brooklyn, Beth Elohim has hired William Sparger to serve as its rabbi.  The 26 year old Sparger was born in Hungary graduated from Prince Rudolph University of Vienna.  A member of the reforming movement, Sparger replaces Rabbi Mosher who left the pulpit 6 months ago due to illness.

1885: In an attempt to put an end to the disputes with Rabbi Kauffman Kohler of Temple Beth-El, Rabbi Alexander of Kohut of Ahavath Chesed said today, “I desire that it should be understood that as far as I am concerned the pulpit controversy that has been carried out between myself and Dr. Kohler… is declared at end.  I will make no more responses to any of Dr. Kohler’s sermons and expect a reciprocation from in this matter…In the interest of my religion and for the sake of harmony…I wish to avoid controversy in the pulpit.”  This was an attempt to bring an end to the public dispute between these leaders of traditional and liberal Judaism.

1885: In Baltimore, MD, Judge Phelps rendered a decision in the case of the District Grand Lodge of B’nai B’rith v the Jedijah Lodge.  The District had revoked the chapter’s charter and was seeking to recover funds that the lodge had collected.  The judge decided that under the rules of equity, the District Grand Lodge had no right to the funds.

1886: It was reported today that the lady managers of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society have accepted the offer of boats from the New York Towing Company to be used for upcoming summer-time excursions.

1889: It was reported today that the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio is in desperate need of funds.  The school is $9,000 in debt and needs an additional $15,500 to maintain operations. (More to added next year)

1889: The Trustees of the Harlem Club met this evening to consider the application for membership of New York State Senator Jacob A. Cantor.  Robert Bonynge nominated him and David F. Porter seconded the nomination.  However, there was enough opposition that it was obvious that the Senator would be “blackballed.”  At the end of the meeting the Trustees refused to announce their decision saying that they would send a letter with the information to Cantor within the next ten days

1889: The cornerstone for a new synagogue to be used by New York’s Sephardic Jews was laid today at the corner of 160 East One Hundred and Sixteenth Street.  This is the second synagogue in New York designed to meet the needs of the Spanish-Portuguese Community.

1889: Joseph Davis, “a junior member of…S&J Davis” a catering firm serving Orange and Newark, NJ, rented a summer cottage for his wife and their children at Ocean Beach after they had been forced to leave the Brunswick Hotel because the proprietor found out that they were Jewish.

1890: Birthdate of Captain Koreshige Inuzuka the native of Tokyo who “was the head of the Japanese Imperial Navy's Advisory Bureau on Jewish Affairs from March 1939 until April 1942” and who in 1941 was granted a silver cigarette case by the Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States” for his role in rescuing Jews from Nazi Germany. (Yes history can be convoluted and complicated)

1890: Theatrical manager Daniel Frohman described some of the plays he acquired on his recent trip to London and Paris that will be produced in the coming season. Among them are two French comedies – “Fen Toupinel” and La Femme Nervevie” – and two English comedies – “The Idler” and “The Solicitor.”

1891(5th of Tammuz, 5651): Parashat Korach

1891(5th of Tammuz, 5651: Seventy-three-year-old Amsterdam native Catherine de Castor, the wife of Jacob Exekiel and the mother of Cincinnati auctioneer Henry Clay Ezekiel passed away today in Old Point Comfort, VA.

1891: “The Expatriated Jews” published today described a letter the Assistant Secretary sent to the Acting Superintendent of Immigration at New York to question Russian Jews arriving at his port to see if any of them “had been diverted from their original destination to this country by foreign officials”, to record any such incidents in detail and send the report to Washington.

1891: On New York’s Lower East Side, Dr. Samuel Clurman and his wife Bertha gave birth to World War I veteran Albert Clurman, the graduate of Cornell who earned an LL.B from NYU and went on to practice in his home town.

1891: Birthdate of Otto Armster a German intelligence officer who was one of the few participants in the July 20 plot to assassinate Hitler who survived WW II.

1891: Israel Pimkus a sixty year old Russian Jew was among the passengers who arrived at New York’s Barge Office aboard the SS Fürst Bismarck. When asked if he would become a public charge he opened a satchel containing $17,500 which he said he was planning on using to buy land in the “West” before sending for his brothers.

1892: Birthdate of Hungarian born Dr. Joseph Shick, a chaplain in the Hungarian Army during WW I who came to the United States in 1922 where he served as the Rabbi of the West Side Jewish Center and the principal of the West Side Hebrew School.

1892: “Close of the Rabbis’ Convention” published today described the final session of “the annual convention of American rabbis that ended last night at a well-attended meeting at Temple Israel on 125th Street and Fifth Avenue.

1892: In Little Rock AR, eighty-two year old Samuel Bloch, a well-known writer who had lived in Cincinnati and Chicago passed away today.

1893(27th of Tammuz, 5653): Israel Joshua Trunk, the rabbi at Kutno, passed away today.

1894: In San Francisco, Stella (Stettheimer) and Sigmund Feuchtwanger gave birth to Walter Feuchtwanger who gained fame as movie producer Walter Wagner.

1894: “Aid For The Workingman” published today describes the success of the Order of Round Robins a fraternal and welfare organization designed to benefits workers and employers originally conceived by Colonel Jacob Bloom, the manager of the Baron de Hirsch Trade School located in New York City.

1894: The representatives of the United Hebrew Trades Union, the Socialist Party and the Knights of Labor met tonight at the Labor Lyceum to finalize plans for the upcoming mass meeting in Union Square.

1894: A list of the amount of annual appropriations of state moneys to be paid to different New York institutions and the year the appropriation was first approved included the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum $110 per head by law of 1874, Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society $104 per head by law of 1889 and the Sanitarium for Hebrew Children $5,000 a year by law of

1894: In Albany, during the Constitutional Convention’s Committees on Legislate Powers, Education, Taxation and Charities hearing “on the question of abolishing sectarian appropriations Elbridge T. Gerry expressed his fear that adoption “would cripple the great Hebrew Guardian Society.”

1894: Samuel Gompers will chair the meeting of the Executive Council of the American Federation of Labor in Chicago where they will discuss the possibility of a general strike if the current strike against Pullman fails.

1895: In Rochester, NY, the annual Central Conference of American Rabbis continues to meet for a second day.

1895: A list of the bequests of the late Moses Heidelbach published today included $500 to Mount Sinai Hospital; a one thousand dollar bond to the Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum of New York City; $500 to Abraham Friedlander which he is to contribute charities in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1895: According to figures published today during the month of June, the Employment Bureau of the United Hebrew Charities of New York found employment for 667 of its 748 applicants

1896: Herzl achieves the agreement of Sir Samuel Montagu and Colonel Goldsmid to work with him for a vassal Jewish state under Turkish rule. Goldsmid promises to write a letter to Baron Rothschild.

1896: Luigi Luzzatti, the second Jew to serve as Prime Minister of Italy, began serving the first of three terms as Minister of the Treasury.

1897: Forty Jewish families from Poland who had arrived in New York aboard the steamships Veendam and Scilia were turned over to the Immigration Bureau on the suspicion that they were destitute and therefore not eligible to enter the United States.

1897: Birthdate of New York native Oscar Tobler, the lightweight boxer who fought under the name of Willie Jackson or Young Willie Jackson.

1897: It was reported today that “Yemen’s Arabian Jews have Negus Menelek for permission to settle in the towns of Abyssinia on the ground that Menelek is one of the chosen people being descended from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba”

1898: “Restlessness Among Children: Its Causes; Its Effects; Its Treatment” a presentation by Miss Carrie W. Kearns of New York City will be the feature of today’s session of the Teachers’ Institute

1898: The Hebrew Bath House Society, whose members include S.D. Solomon, Charles Serling and Israel Kaplan was founded today in Syracuse, NY.

1898: During the Spanish-American War, Sergeant Philips S. Golderman began serving as the Color Sergeant in Company I, of the 203rd New York Infantry.

1899: Nathan Israel, the founder of Israel’s Department Store which was “one of the largest and oldest stores in pre-World War II Germany” and his wife gave birth to Wilfrid Israel “an Anglo-German businessman who was active in the rescue of Jews from Nazi Germany.

1899: “To Punish Dreyfus’s Foes” published today reported that “it is rumored that as a result of the revelation of the inhuman cruelty practice upon Dreyfus while on Devil’s Island, M. Lebon, the Minister who was responsible for the orders sent to M. Deniel while in charge of the pean settlement where Dreyfus was confined will be proceeded against.” (Editor’s note – M. Lebon is Andre Lebon who was Minister of Colonies.

1899: “The papers print columns describing the tortures of Dreyfus on Devil’s Island” and what The Figaro calls his persecutors vipers…”

1899: In Poughkeepsie, NY, the leaders of the Y.M.C.A. who have been conducting a crusade to enforce the Sunday closing laws, have asked that the fines of the merchants convicted of violating the law, including Louis Grossman and Aaron Friedman be remitted because they only wished to have their stores closed on Sunday and not to have the merchants punished.

1899: The American Jews wishing to present a jeweled sword to Captain Dreyfus to mark his successfully overcoming the charges of treason received a telegram from Emile Zola stating “Dreyfus family consulted.  Thank you, but impossible to accept.”

1900(14th of Tammuz, 5660): On the Jewish calendar Yahrzeit of the 250 Jews killed in Rothenberg, Germany (5058).

1901: Grossherzog Friedrich of Baden informs Herzl that the Czar will not receive him.

1902: In The Hague, Isaac Goudsmit, a manufacturer of water-closets, and Marianne Goudsmit-Gompers who ran a millinery shop who were murdered by the Nazis in 1943 gave birth to Dutch-American physicist Samuel Goudsmit.,+Samuel+

1903: Birthdate of Sidney Frumkin who gained fame as Sidney Franklin the first famous bullfighter from north of the Rio Grande.

1904: Birthdate of London native Joshua Trachtenberg who at the age of three came to the United States where he was ordained at Hebrew Union College, served as a congregational rabbi and became “an ardent Zionist while authoring several works including Jewish Magic and Superstition.

1904: The Eight Annual meeting of the Board of Governors of The Education League for Higher Education led by its President, Rabbi Moses J. Gries was held today in Cleveland, Ohio.

1905: The Ninth Summer Assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society continued for a fourth day in Atlantic City, NJ.

1906: Thousands of Jews have fled Warsaw following rumors that an outbursts of anti-Jewish violence is expected to take place tomorrow.

1907: It was reported today that Miss Florence Levy will hold her second “art exhibition and talk” designed to “create a taste for art” on July 10 where students from the Hebrew Technical School Girls will bring sketches of St. Mark’s Church.

1908(12th of Tammuz, 5668): Parashat Chukat-Balak

1908: “Russia to Placate Jews” published today said that “the British Foreign Office has received a report from the British Ambassador at St. Petersburg to the effect that Russia is willing to enter into a treaty with England regard the rights of British subjects of the Jewish faith to sojourn and do business in Russia…”

1909: “Tribute to Zion’s Founder” published today described the “dozens of meetings” held in New York last night to mark the commemoration of the fifth anniversary of the death of “Dr. Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist movement.”

1910: Max Rindskopf was chosen to served as president of the Associate Manufacturers of Ladies and Misses’ Garments of New York which formed to fight The Cloakmakers’ Union, an organization with a large Jewish membership.

1910: Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor and President Rosenberg of the International Women’s Garment Workers “visited several halls” where striking members of the Cloakmakers’ Union were meeting, including the Manhattan Lyceum where Gompers “spoke in Yiddish and English.”

1911: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the 15th annual summer assembly of the Jewish Chautauqua Society led by Chancellor Henry Berkowitz continued for a fifth day.

1911: A strong protest was provided by Moses Gaster when the London Times published an article from Vienna stating that Jews are influencing the Salonica Committee which is bringing harsh measures to bear against the Albanians.

1912: Sarah Sophia Bensaude Abecassis “married her cousin Salomão Abecassis Seruya in the Great Synagogue, Cape Town, South Africa. He was the son of Mark (Mojluf) Seruya and Esther Conquy Abecassis. Born in Lisbon 1883, she was the daughter of Isaac Conquy Abecassis and Helena Nathan Bensaude

1913: In Seattle, WA, penultimate meeting of National Charities and Correction which Hermann Wollenberger has been attending as a delegate from Chicago, Illinois.

1913: Birthdate of Ostrov, Poland native Nathan Maidenbaum, the husband of “the former Esther Roserunan” with whom he had “four daughters, Hadassah Schreiber, Rachel Gober, Tamar Petersiel and Ora Ramat” and “two sons, Yehuda Aryeh and Sholom” and the president of Associated. Food Stores who was “a Jewish’ community leader long connected with Yeshiva University”

1914(17th of Tammuz, 5674): Parashat Balak

1914: Mr. Abraham Holtzberg of the Hebrew Union College is scheduled to lead services this morning at Isaiah Temple in Chicago.

1914: Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels who in 1942 re-enforced his commitment for the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine and Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. attended today’s launching of the USS Nevada, the Navy’s first modern battlemship.

1914: It was reported today that “Bernard Alexander, a professor of philosophy at the Budapest University” and the author of several texts on the subject “has been appointed Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy at the University.”

1914: It was reported today that Rabbi George Solomon of Savannah, GA plans on making a second visit to Brunswick, GA where he plans on “assisting the re-organized congregation in their quest for a” rabbi.

1914: It was reported today that “Temple Israel of Far Rockaway, NY,” led by Rabbi Ephraim Frisch “has just become a member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.”

1914(17th of Tammuz,5674): Seventy-three year old Julius Rodenberg, (born Julius Levy) who “wrote the libretto to Anton Rubinstein's opera, “Feramors” and who founded the political journal Deutsche Rundschau in 1874 passed away today.,_1889,_von_C.W.Allers.jpg

1915: Dr. Cyrus Adler addressed the opening session of the convention of the United Synagogue of America today.

1915: Funeral services are scheduled to take place today for fifty-four-year old vintner Henry Lachman, the Weaverville, CA born son of Henrietta and Samuel Lachman and founder of the California Wine Association who passed away yesterday.

1915: As of today, The Red Cross European Fund in New York City of which Jacob H. Schiff is the treasurer has raised $511,185.56

1916: Birthdate of Mortimer Caplan the New York attorney who was a founding member of Caplin & Drysdale and who was appointed IRS Commissioner by President Kennedy

1916: British businessman and cricket enthusiast Sir Julien Cahn married Phyllis Muriel Wolfe with whom he had three children – Patience, Albert Jonas who assumed the baronetcy when his father passed away and Albert Jonas Cahn.

1916: Chicago Law School trained attorney, Joseph Sabath, the Bohemia born son of Joachim and Barbara Sabath and the husband of Regina Mayer resigned as a Municipal Judge in Chicago, a position he had been elected to in November of 1910.

1917: Samuel Katzprowsky, a native of Russia now residing in Berkeley, CA applied for a patent on “a certain news and useful Process of Treating Dried Fruit” which “relates to a processing of treating raisings, prunes, figs and other fruits which are dried.”

1918: “At the semi-annual convention of the Orthodox Rabbis of America” led by its President, Rabbi Margolies of New York, being held at the Broadway Central Hotel, “resolutions were adopted thanks Great Britain and the Allies for their formal declarations favoring the establishment of a national Jewish homeland in Palestine.”

1919(10th of Shevat, 5679): Parashat Bo

1919: Birthdate of Russian born Israeli artist and author Benjamin Tammuz.

1919: In Chicago, at B’nai Sholom Temple Israel services, led by Dr. Gerson Levin at are scheduled to begin at 10:00

1919: In Chicago, at Temple Sholom, services led by Rabbi Abram Hirschberg are scheduled to begin at 10:30

1919: In Chicago, at Temple Israel on Lawrence Avenue, services led by Rabbi Julius Gussfeld at scheduled to begin at 10:00 as they do every Saturday morning.

1920: For a second day in row there were no business meetings of Zionist International Conference which will resume deliberations tomorrow, Monday.

1920: Olga Ginsburg initiated the founding of the Women’s International Zionist Organization (WIZO), together with representatives from organizations in Palestine, England, Germany, Poland, The Netherlands, Russia and South Africa. It was decided to establish the central office in Palestine and to divide the work between the world center and London. (As reported by Esther Carmel-Hakim)

1921: Former US President William Howard Taft was sworn in as 10th Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, becoming the only person to ever be both President and Chief Justice.  Unlike the Associate Justices, the Chief Justice has major administrative responsibility for both the High Court and the Federal judiciary system.  It was in this latter arena that both Louis Brandies and Felix Frankfurter reported that Taft excelled.

1921(5th of Tammuz, 5681): Sixty-nine year old Hungarian native Rabbi Joseph Zeisler, the son Edouard and Josefine Zeisler, the “husband of Mrs. Hermaine Kafka Zeisler and father of Eugene, Cornelius, Pauline and Florance Zeisle” who had lead several congreagations including San Bernardino’s Congregation Emanu El and Beth Ha-Tefilah in Ashville, NC, passed away today in Brooklyn.

1921: The Irish War of Independence in which Robert “Bob” Briscoe, the second Jewish Lord Mayor of Dublin, served in the Irish Republican Army and Sinn Fein, came to an end.

1922: In Minneapolis, MN, Rabbi Calman David Matt and Lena Matt gave birth to U of Pennsylvania Phi Beta Kappa graduate Hershel Johan Matt, who after earning a MHL from JTS and receiving Semicha at JTS went to lead several congregations while raising four children – Jonathan, Daniel, David and Deborah—with his wife Gustine.

1923: Birthdate of Helen Wasser, the native of the Lower East Side who gained fame as the “matriarch” of Kutsher’s Country Club, the last of great borscht belt hostelries. (As reported by Joseph Berger)

1923: Albert Einstein delivers his Nobel Lecture in Gothenburg, Sweden

1923: In Cieszyn, Poland, “Marek Pipes who ran a chocolate factory” and “homemaker Sara Sofia (Haskelberg) Pipes, who went by Zosia” gave birth to Ryszard Edgar Pipes who gained fame as Richard Pipes, the American historian who specialized in Russian affairs.

1924: It was reported today that the Counsel for Fanny Brice’s husband Nicky Arnstein, who had entered Leavenworth in May, “sought before General Sessions Judge Koenig to have the charges against him relating to having received $5,000,000 of securities stolen by messengers of Wall Street brokers five years ago dismissed.

1925(19th of Tammuz, 5685): Parashat Pinchas

1925(19th of Tammuz, 5685): It was announced today that David A. Brown, President of the General Necessities Corporation of Detroit, who recently returned to the United States after a tour of the Ukraine and Crimea gave a report to the Joint Distribution Committee “of an interview with Peter Smidovitch , Vice President of the Federation of the Soviet Republics and the President of the Government department whose function is to facilitate the settlement of the Jews on the land, explaining the Government’s policy toward the Jews” which included the Russian Government’s decision to settle 100,000 Jews as farmers in the Ukraine before the end of 1926.” (Editor’s note: None of the so-called policies of the Soviets about the Jews can be trusted since the policy led to the great famine of the 1930’s)

1926: The first international conference of representatives of Liberal Judaism will open in London today. Delegates from the reform congregations of the United States and several European countries, ministers and laymen, are expected to participate. The majority of the papers to be read at the conference will deal with the fundamental aspects of Liberal Judaism today.

1927: Birthdate of Holocaust survivor Vera Lindeblit, the Berlin native  whose father was murdered at Auschwitz and who gained fame as Vera Stern, the one-time wife of Isaac Stern with whom she helped to save Carnegie Hall from the wrecking ball.

1927: The Hadassah offices in New York City received a cable from Dr. E.M. Bluestone, director of the Hadassah Medical Organization in Palestine stating that “the earthquake situation ‘is well in hand.’” (As reported by William Grimes)

1927: In Los Angeles, CA, electrical engineer Abraham “Abe” Maiman and inventor Rose Abramson gave birth to Theodore Harold "Ted" Maiman the “American engineer and physicist credited with the invention of the first working laser.”

1928 In Cardiff, Wales, Litvaks “Barnett Janner and Elsie Sybil, née Cohen” gave birth to Granville Janner, the Member of Parliament and future Baron Janner of Braunstone whose sister Ruth became Lady Morris of Kenwood.

1929: Critic and producer Mark Helleinger and Gladys Glad got married today.

1929: Birthdate of Juergen Corleis whose mother was Jewish which did not keep him from hiding as a student in an elite SS training school. A 1985 film produced by Corleis is a permanent feature at the Bergen-Belsen memorial, where it has been seen by millions of visitors.

1930: Birthdate of literary critic Harold Bloom. Bloom is the Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale.  The Bronx born Bloom is reputed to have learned Yiddish and literary Hebrew before he learned English.

1930: In Delaware, OH, Joe Vogel, who “ran a men’s and boy’s clothing store” and the former Edith Nachman gave birth to Ezra Feivel Vogel, “an eminent scholar of East Asia at Harvard University whose writings about modern politics and society in China and Japan helped shape how the world understood the rise of those two Asian powers…” (As reported by Amy Qin)

1931: “Smart Money” a gangster movie starring Edward G. Robinson (Emanuel Goldenberg) was released in the United States today.

1931: In New York City Charles Kelm, who was Jewish and the former Gertrud Gelien was not gave birth to Arthur Andrew Klem who gained fame as Tab Hunter, the teenage heartthrob who was raised by his mother after his parent’s divorce

1932: The Jewish Telegraphic Agency was informed today in Bucharest that “disciplinary action” has been taken “against Captain Panisoara and the gendarmes responsible for the torture of Samson Bronstein, the Zionist leader” in Bessarabia.

1933: Birthdate of George R Whyte, a British national who had been born in Budapest and whose greatest claim to fame is his recognition as a “world authority on the Dreyfus Affair.”

1933: In Floral Park, NY, Dr. Abraham and Mrs. Phyllis Neuwirth gave birth to Robert Samuels Neuwirth, “a prominent gynecologist who developed minimally invasive techniques that helped many women avoid hysterectomies.” (As reported by William Yardley.)

1934: “In an effort to keep racketeers posing as rabbis from defrauding Jews in the Bronx, District Attorney Samuel J. Foley issued a warning today against ‘mushroom synagogues’ what are opened by r racketeers as the Jewish holidays approach.”

1935: “The health resort officials at Bad Duerckehim have places signs readings ‘Jews are forbidden to enter the gardens’ at all entrances which a stronger statement ‘Jews are not wanted’” which has been used up until now.

1935: Dr. William B. Peck, the managing director of the Post-Graduate Medical Association of North America said that his “tour in Europe had convinced him that the condition of Jewish doctors and scientists in German…had improved definitely in the last two years.”  (Editor’s note: Does this qualify for one of the ten dumbest statements made during the Hitler period)

1936: A review of What I Left Unsaid by Daisy, Princess of Pless (yes that is the name of a real person) included her observation that “in Soviet Russia Jews ‘are crucifying the Russian peoples as their ancestors crucified Christ.”  Furthermore “for twenty-five years the ‘low, base Jewish profiteers’ who run the moving picture industry have ‘mentally posed the people of the British Empire and have ‘almost destroyed the immense prestige England once enjoyed’ throughout the world” and her solution is that “Great Britain and Germany must unite for the good of mankind.”

1936: To the surprise of everybody, Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg delivered a speech over the radio tonight announcing, “the conclusion of an agreement between Austria and Nazi Germany” which has left “the Jewish population fearful” because “it sees the door opening to rapid Nazification of Austria and the introduction of German methods of anti-Semitism.”

1937(3rd of Av, 5697): Composer George Gershwin passed away. Born in 1898, Gershwin made musical history during his very short lifetime. Among his most famous productions was "Porgy and Bess" a classic whose music is still sung today.

1937: “In Jerusalem, the Arab National Defense issued a manifesto severely condemn the recommendation of the British Royal Commission for splitting Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states and the creation of a new British mandate controlling the holy cities of Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Nazareth.”

1937: George Srausser Messersmith who as head of the US Consulate in Germany during the Nazi rise to power granted a life-saving visa to Albert Einstein completed his service as U.S. Ambassador to Austria today.

1938: During an appearance in the House of Commons, Colonial Secretary Malcolm MacDonald refused to respond to an inquiry about whether he would ask the French to expel the Grand Mufti from Syria, the base from which he is directing the on-going campaign of violence gripping Palestine.

1939: In London, “the War Office announced tonight that because of ‘improved conditions’ in Palestine one brigade of British infantry would be transferred shortly from there to Egypt.”

1940: Admiral Raeder met with Hitler today where he persuaded the Nazi leader that a combined massive bombing attack and aggressive submarine attacks would be the best way to bring England to her knees with all that this would mean for the implementation of the Final Solution in the British Isles.

1941In Liepāja, Latvia, SS-Untersturmführer (Second Lieutenant) Wolfgang Kügler replaced Erhard Grauel, as commander of Einsatzkommando 2 today and continued shooting “small groups of Jews’ every evening.

1941(16th of Tammuz, 5701): Forty-four year old  bond broker, Monroe Mayhoff, who had risen to the rank of Captain while serving in the New York National Guard passed away today. He was the son of Charles Mayhoff and Ameilia Levy Mayhoff who survived both her husband and son.

1941:  Following the murder of most of the Jews at Jedwabne, Poland by the Polish population on the previous days, the Germans reasserted their authority and forbade the Poles from killing any more Jews on their own.

1941: The Gestapo officially took control of the prisons in Riga where “Latvian gangs had already killed a number of Jewish inmates.”

1942: Sixty-four year old artist and designer Friedrich Adler, the native of Laupeheim whose”birthplace is now the Café Hermes, was shipped to Auschwitz today and was killed soon after because he was “judged too old to work.”

1942: This day was called the "Black Sabbath" in Salonica, Greece. Ten thousand men were assembled for forced labor registration by the Germans. Surrounded by machine gun carrying Germans, 7,000 Jews had to stand erect, and sometimes in a squatting position in the 100 degree sun under threat of death nearly all day. An untold number of Jews died because they were beaten, tortured, and deprived of both food and water. Nine thousand of them are assigned to the Organisation Todt labor battalions.

1943: In the early morning hours, airborne troops drop onto Sicily followed by a seaborne assault by troops under the command of Patton and Montgomery in what was known as Operation Husky.  At that time Operation Husky was the largest amphibious assault ever attempted and its success depended on fooling the enemy as to where the landings would take place.  Thanks to Operation Mincemeat, which has been described as the Allies’ most successful act of deception during the war, the Axis forces were taken by surprise.  Operation Mincemeat was masterminded by Captain Ewen Montagu, a member of a prominent British Jewish family who would serve as President of the United Synagogue and Vice President of the Anglo-Jewish Association.  [For more about this fascinating act of deception see a movie called The Man Who Never Was or read Operation Mincemeat.]

1943: Martin Bormann, head of the Nazi Party secretariat, issued a circular on the instructions of Hitler. "Whenever the Jewish question was brought up in public, there may be no discussion of a future overall solution. It may however be mentioned that the Jews are taken in groups for appropriate labor purposes."

1944: “Prime Minister Winston Churchill put an end to the proposal to swap Jews for trucks and other goods with a memo that there should be ‘no negotiations of any kind on this subject.’”

1944: Birthdate of Michael Abraham Levy, “a Labour member of the House of Lords, President of Jewish Care and the Jewish Free School, and formerly the chief fundraiser for the Labour Party and several charities.”

1944: The Nazis liquidated the Kovno Ghetto.

1945: The British High Commissioner caves in to Arab pressure and issues a decree ending the Jerusalem municipality.  He imposed a system of six British officials to administer the city, a system that ended the democratically elected government of Jerusalem.

1945: During WW II, at Pearl Harbor, Dr. Abraham Koransky who was awarded the Silver Start for his role at the Battle of Attu in 1943, married “Lt. Pauline Setnetsky, an Army nurse” in a marriage that lasted until he passed away in 1999.

1946: A Polish primate, Cardinal August Hlond, blames the Jews of Kielce, Poland, for the murderous pogrom that had taken place on July 4.

1947: Today, the SS Exodus with 23 year old Yitzhak Ahronovitch at the helm,a dilapidated American coastal steamer, left Sete, France filled with Jewish refugees who planning on defying the British ban on Jewish immigration to Palestine.  The events surrounding the real SS Exodus would form the nucleus of Exodus by Leon Uris, a novel (and later movie) that provided a sympathetic description of events surrounding the birth of the modern state of Israel.

1947: George Srausser Messersmith who as head of the US Consulate in Germany during the Nazi rise to power granted a life-saving visa to Albert Einstein completed his service as U.S. Ambassador to Argentina today.

1948: During “Operation Danny,” Israeli forces captured Lydda.

1948: In London, Marguerite and Soloman Lebrect  gave birth Bar Illan University and Hebrew University alum of Norman Lebrecht known as a controversial music and cultural affairs critic who was the author of the novel The Song of Names, which was turned into a unique “Holoaust” movies of the same name.

1949: United Nations officials led by Brig. Gen. William E. Riley of the United States Marine Corps hope that the disagreement between the Syrians and Israelis over “the demilitarization of a small strip of territory three miles long around Samakh on the southeast shore of Lake Tiberias” can be “ironed out” before tomorrow’s scheduled armistice talks.

1950: The New York Times reports that Crown Publishers will distribute “an American edition of Ari Ibn-Zahav’s second novel, David and Bathsheba in 1951.  “The book, on which the author worked nearly seven years covering those places in Israel where the incidents took place was published in Hebrew in Jerusalem in 1929.”  Jessica My Daughter was the name of Ibn-Zahav’s first novel.

1950: Two British planes which had landed at Lydda Airport without permission last week have been released by Israeli and are scheduled to leave Lydda Airport today. The two planes had landed in Israel on July 9 carrying more than 100 Iraqi Jews who had fled to Teheran where they had chartered these two British aircraft.  The planes had been detained because landing rights had been obtained for only one plane.

1951: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel had been allocated $23.5m. grant-in-aid under the economic part of the US Mutual Security Program for the Middle East. The size of the no-man's-land in Jerusalem had been reduced by marking of the border houses by the joint Israel-Jordan Mixed Armistice Commission. Syria asked Iraq to withdraw all its troops which had been sent to reinforce the Syrian forces during the Hula conflict with Israel.

1951: In in Winthrop, Massachusetts, Rabbi and psychologist Dr. Simon "Sy" Eckstein and his wife Belle Eckstein (née Hirschman] of Tampa, Florida, gave birth to Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein.

1951: Today, W.H. Young, a deputy undersecretary of state, “sent a secret cablegram to the American consul in Haifa, directing that the passport of Paul Shulman” the man described a Israel’s Vounteer Admiral “be canceled except for travel to the United States.

1952: The Republican National Convention which Walter A Hass, the President of Levi Strauss attended as an alternate, ended today in Chicago.

1952: In New York, Theresa (née Volmer) Lang and Eugene Lang, a prominent entrepreneur and philanthropist gave birth to actor and playwright Stephen Lang, the youngest brother of Jane and David Lang.

1952: “Speaking at a reception given by Labour MPs in honour of a Histadrut delegation of 62 American and Canadian Jews en route to Israel,” “Labour Party leaders praised the courage and enthusiasm of the new State of Israel and said that it would overcome the great odds which it faces.

1953(28th of Tammuz, 5713): Parashat Matot-Masei

1953(28th of Tammuz, 5713): Seventy-one year old Konigsburg native and NYU trained attorney Harry Zirn, the chess champion and co-founder of the Brooklyn Jewish Center on Eastern Parkway who was the husband of Fanny Zirn with whom he had three daughters pp Hilda, Sylvia and Ruth – passed away today.

1955: Susan Strasberg, who was nominated for a Tony for her portrayal of Anne Frank, appeared on the cover of Life Magazine.

1955: Funeral services are scheduled to be held in the Bronx, for Anna Thaler, the “daughter of the late Aaron and Gertrude Thaler.”

1956: Seventy-four year old Vienna born banker Felix Somary who before the Anschluss repeatedly tried to get Baron Louis Nathaniel de Rothschild to leave Austria passed away today.

1957: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today in the Bronx, Samuel Cohen the father of Jack Cohen and Pauline Gluckow and the brother of Sadie Garson.

1957: Funeral services were held today for  Maxell Abbell, Lodz born son of Morris and Freida (Alpert) Abbell,  who 1905 came to the United States where he graduated magna cum laude from Harvard, earned an MBA from Northwestern and after a career in social work developed the a real estate empire that included the Abell Hotel Chain while serving as the president of the United Synagogue of American, the Vice President of the American Palestine Trading Corporation and raising a family of five children with his wife Fannie.

1958: In Tunisia, one of the last vestiges of this venerable community, The Jewish Community Council in Tunisia was dissolved. The Jewish Community Council was one of the last vestiges of the venerable Tunisian Jewish Community. The Jewish Community in Tunisia traced its roots to the days of the Second Temple. The community began in Carthage, the rival to Rome that you may remember as the homeland of the great general, Hannibal. Soon after the council was dissolved, the Hara, (Jewish quarter) together with the oldest synagogue was destroyed as part of a slum-clearance project.

1958(23rd of Tammuz, 5718): Seventy-six year old Sir Eric Miller the Chairman of the Board of Harrisons and Crosfield who was lifelong champion of the rubber industry passed away today.

1959: Birthdate of New York comedian, comic actor and scriptwriter Barry Sobel

1961(27th of Tammuz, 5721): Thirty one year old Sidney Cole, who had ridden his first victory in 1950 “died today after being thrown from the saddle of a 2 year old filly and into a guard rail at Aqueduct.”

1961: Birthdate of Ophir Pines-Paz, the native of Rishon LeZion who served as an MK and filled several ministerial posts.

1962(9th of Tammuz, 5722): Today, a day after his 57th birthday Polish native Maurice B. Pekarsky who came to the United States in 1921 and was ordained in 1933 by Hebrew Union College after which he began a lifetime of service to Hillel including serving as Director of the Jewish College youth organization at the University of Chicago starting in 1940 passed away.

1963: Arthur Goldreich, a South African Jew, who helped lead the armed struggle against apartheid in South Africa was among the top 16 ANC leaders who were arrested today at Liliesleaf.  This was the farm where Goldreich posed as the manager while Nelson Mandel masqueraded as his houseboy in their fight against the apartheid government of South Africa.

1964: One day after he had passed away, funeral services were scheduled to be held today in New York for eighty year old Chicago born University of Michigan alum and advertising executive Louis H. Hartman who began his career with Lord and Thomas in 1922 and who raised bees while raising his son Robert with his wife Ann Hoffman Hartman.

1966(23rd of Tammuz, 5726): Poet Delmore Schwartz, the son of Jewish immigrants from Romania passed away.

1966: In Los Angeles, Sandy (née Klein) and Gerry Grunberg gave birth to American television actor Gregory Phillip Grunberg,

1967: The Battle of Rumani a naval engagement that took place tonight between Israeli and Egyptian naval forces, near the vicinity of Rumani. Two Egyptian torpedo boats were sunk in the action for no Israeli losses.

1969: As “open warfare” appeared to have opened along the Suez Canal, today “Israel charged the cease-fire had been broken because of recurrent armed attacks from the Arab side” such as the Egyptian commando raid across the Suez Canal last night in which four Israelis were killed and four were wounded.

1969: Eighty-fifth anniversary of the birth of to “calligrapher, designer and artist Joseph B. Abrahams, the husband of “the former Mrs. Lillian Manning” whose creations included “the bronze doors of Temple Emanu-El” in New York and “the interior décor for the Ziegfeld Follies” and whose communal efforts included serving as the “head of the Overseas Depart of the Jewish Welfare Board” and “Secretary of the Jewish Theological Seminary” starting in 1902 who passed away on July 1, 1969.

1971(18th of Tammuz, 5731): Tzom Tammuz is observed because the 17th fell on Shabbat.

1971(18th of Tammuz, 5731): Seventy-six year old Albany Law School trained attorney Reuben Lazarus, the New York born son of Isaac Lazarus, the husband of “the former Freedman” and the father of Andrew J. Lazarus who was a closed aid to Mayor Fiorello La Guardia passed away today.

1972: Second day of The Democratic National Convention which Robert Abrams, the 9th Borough President of the Bronx attended as a delegate from New York.

1972:  Birthdate of actor Michael Rosenbaum whose current claim to fame is his portrayal of Superman’s evil opponent - Lex Luthor.

1973(11th of Tammuz, 5733): Seventy-eight year old jurist Simon Sobeloff who served as Solicitor General passed away today.

1975: “Cleopatra Jones and the Casino of Gold,” a sequel to “Cleopatra Jones” starring Norman Fell was released today in the United States.

1976: The Jerusalem Post reported that Israel told the UN Security Council that the entire Entebbe hijack affair was one of collusion, from beginning to end, on the part of the Ugandan government and Palestinian terrorists. Israeli envoy Chaim Herzog challenged Uganda to produce Mrs. Dora Bloch, who was both a British and Israeli national and was hospitalized in Entebbe the day before the raid. The British official who visited her a day after the raid reported that she was guarded by two plainclothes men and that he was denied access after he returned to meet her again an hour later. The British Foreign Office recalled its high commissioner from Kampala after he received a "totally unacceptable" reply from Idi Amin on the fate of Mrs. Bloch.

1976: In a pre-recorded interview broadcast today on the CBS news program Face the Nation, “Prime Minister Rabin denounced President Amin. ‘For years he has given refuge, assistance, training, support of all kinds to Palestinian terror organizations that worked against Israel.’” He went on to say “that President Amin was a full partner to the hijacking, if not when it began, then certainly in the later stage.” [Note – Rabin’s comments came in the wake of attacks by Uganda, and other nations of sub-Saharan Africa on Israel and implied, if not stated, support for the hijackers. Thirty years later, some of these same states would get a taste of what Israel was dealing with when they began to deal with Al Qaeda and other Moslem terrorists operating in their countries.]

1976: “An all-black cast staged the first Broadway review” of “Guys and Dolls a musical with music and lyrics by Frank Loesser and book by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows” which  opened with a preview performance today at the Broadway Theatre.

1977(25th of Tammuz, 5737): Sixty-one-year-old Berlin born Israeli sculptor  Yitzhak Danziger “one of the pioneer sculptors of the Canaanite Movement” and creator of the controversial sculptor “Nimrod” passed away today near Ramala.

1978(6th of Tammuz, 5738): Seventy-two year old “art historian and critic” Harold Rosenberg passed away today.

1978(6th of Tammuz, 5738): Fifty-four year old New York native Dr. Irving Geschwind, “a member of the faculty in the Department of Animal Husbandry at UC Davis” passed away today.

1978: The trial of Anatoly Sharansky continued for a second day.

1981(9th of Tammuz, 5741): Shabbat Balak observed during the 11th Maccabiah Games which began on July 6.

1981(9th of Tammuz, 5741): Seventy-four-year-old Austrian born Murray Gross, a retired vice president of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, a member of New York City's Human Rights Commission from 1962 through 1978 and the husband of “the former Anne Rahal-Kouri  passed away today at his home in Manhattan.

1983(1st of Av, 5743): Rosh Chodesh Av

1983: Fifty year old Brooklyn born Harvard undergrad and Yale trained “Dr. Richard K. Gershon, professor of pathology, immunology and biology at the Yale University School of Medicine and a leader in the exploration of the immune system” who was the husband of “the former Robyn Mione” and the father of one daughter, Alexandra, passed away.

1986:”Two Israeli soldiers were killed and nine wounded today in a three-hour battle with four Palestinian guerrillas on the coast just north of Israel's border with Lebanon.”

1986: In Los Angles “Lee Schwartz, a business consultant to manufacturing companies, and Olivia Goodkin, an attorney” gave birth to Offensive Tackle Geoff Schwartz

1986: As part of the celebrations of the centennial of the Statue of Liberty, Liz Lerman's Still Crossing was performed in Manhattan.

1987(14th of Tamuz, 5747): Avi Ran, Israeli goalkeeper for Maccabia Haifa died in a boating accident.

1987(14th of Tammuz, 5747): Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchok Ruderman passed away. Born in 1901 at Daŭhinava he “was a prominent Talmudic scholar… who founded and served as Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Ner Yisroel in Baltimore.

1988: Today, Economics Minister Gad Yaacobi said the 7-month Arab uprising has cost Israel more than $600 million, including losses in tourism, exports and production revenues. Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin said Israel has spent about $160 million to quell the unrest.

1990(18th of Tammuz, 5750): Eighty-six-year-old Jacob J. Alpern,  the owner of Grand Iron Works, fabricator and erector of Structural Steel, the son of Kiev émigré Emil Alpern  who was “a founder of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and who married the former Gertrude Silverman after the death of his first wife passed away today in Manhattan.

1994: The second round of family tours of Israel sponsored by the American Jewish Congress are scheduled to begin today.

1995: Today the “decoded Venona cables indicating Julius Rosenberg's involvement in espionage were released by NSA and CIA.

1997: The Mall at Tuttle Crossing which had been developed by Taubman Centers, a real estate development firm founded by A. Alfred Taubman and which included Lazarus as one of its anchor department stores opened today.

1997(6th of Tammuz, 5757): Eighty-five year old Edward Lasker, the son of Albert Davis Lasker and his first wife Flora, who was a movie producer, thoroughbred racehorse owner and businessman passed away today.

1999: Roman Bronfman and Alexander Tzinker left Yisrael BaAliyah and formed the Democratic Choice faction.

1999(27th of Tammuz, 5759): Seventy-nine year old Everett Greenbaum, the native of Buffalo, NY, who wrote scripts for several movies starring Don Knotts and who wrote script for numerous popular television shows including “Mr. Peepers” and “MASH” passed away today.

1999: The New York Times reviews books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including recently release paperback editions of Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil” by Ron Rosenbaum and “Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany”, by Marion A. Kaplan.

2000; Talks opened at Camp David between Yasser Arafat and Ehud Barak under the auspices of Bill Clinton.

2000: Yithak Vankin ended his service as Deputy Minister of Communications when Shas resigned from the government today.

2000: Haim Ramon succeeded Natan Sharansky as Internal Affairs Minister.

2000: Eli Suissa completed his service as Minister of Energy and Water Resources

2000: Starting today, President Clinton hosted negotiations between Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Chairman Yassar Arafat aimed at creating “an agreement on permanent status.”

2001: Today Israeli Army bulldozers levelled houses and shops at Rafah “on the Gaza Strip’s border with Egypt” which the army said “had been used by Palestinian gunmen as cover for attacks on Israeli troops.”

2001: “Sixty years after as many as 1,600 Jews were killed in eight hours in a village in northeast Poland, the nation's president offered a strong apology today: it was not Nazi soldiers, he affirmed, but ordinary Poles who beat, stabbed and, finally, burned their fellow villagers alive in a barn.” (As reported by Ian Fisher)

2002: An exhibition entitled “Michael Rovner: The Space Between” opened at the Whitney Museum in New York City.

2002: In Helena, Montana, the building that housed Temple Emanu-El which had been dedicated in 1891 “was placed on the National Register of Historic Places” today.,_Montana)#/media/File:Temple_Emanu-El_02.jpg

2003: Kate Remembered by A. Scott Berg “a biography-cum-memoir detailing his 20-year friendship with the Hollywood actress Katharine Hepburn was published today, 12 days before her death.

2004(22nd of Tammuz, 5764): “Sgt. Ma'ayan Na'im, 19, of Bat Yam, was murdered and 33 others were wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m. One person was critically wounded, four were moderately wounded, and the rest were lightly hurt.”

2004(22nd of Tammuz, 5764): Eighty-two year old fitness guru Joe Gold, the creator of the ubiquitous Gold’s Gyms, passed away today. (As reported by Wolfgang Saxon)

2005: Opening ceremonies for the 17th Maccabiah.

2005: The second version of “The Woman White” opened with Alexandra Silber in the role of Laura.

2006: “Grilled” featuring Lisa Edelstein, Michael Rapaport and Barry Newman “was released direct-to-video in the United States today.

2007: Ninety­-two year old American born Canadian businessman, philanthropist and theatrical impresario Ed Mirvish, the owner of Hones Ed’s discount store passed away today.

2007: In Sydney, Australia, the International Conference of Christian and Jews comes to an end.

2008: US Ambassador to Israel Richard Jones leave his post, some three years after taking up the position. He will be replaced by James Cunningham, whose appointment has already been confirmed by the US Senate.

2008: U.S. premiere of “Hellboy II: The Golden Army” produced by Lloyd Levin and Joe Roth, co-starring Ron Perlman, Selma Blair and Jeffrey Tambor and with music by Danny Elfman.

2008: At a conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls at the Orion Center held by the Hebrew University's Mandel Institute of Jewish Studies and the Israel Museum Professor Israel Knohl from the Department of Bible Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem presented a new and surprising interpretation to a text found on a stone tablet that has been called the ''Vision of Gabriel''.

2009: In Tel Aviv, Israel faces Russia in Day 2 of the Davis Cup Quarterfinals.

2009: At the Jerusalem Film Festival, a screening of “Camera Obscura” a film based on a novel by Angélica Gorodisher set at the end of the 19th century, in a colony of Jewish immigrants living in Entre Ríos Province, Argentina.

2010: The final performance of the World Premiere engagement of The Socialization of Ruthie Shapiro is scheduled to take place at Theatre West in Los Angeles.

2010: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Council of Dads: My Daughters, My Illness, and the Men Who Could Be Me by Bruce Feiler and The Men Who Would Be King by Nicole LaPorte which chronicles how Jewish showbiz veterans Steven Spielberg, David Geffen and Jeffrey Katzenberg banded together to form DreamWorks SKG, their own custom-­designed production studio and the first new Hollywood studio in 60 years.

2010: The 70th yahrzeit of Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky was marked today, at Mount Herzl cemetery in Jerusalem, by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Shimon Peres

2011: Nirvana, a dance show from Korea, based on ancient ritual Buddhist dances, is scheduled to performed at the Performing Arts Center in Herzliya

2011: The "Boycott Bill" was approved in its final reading in the Knesset tonight, after a plenum discussion that lasted nearly six hours and uncertainty throughout the day as to whether a vote would take place.

2011: Argentinean Rabbi Sergio Bergman won a seat on the Buenos Aires municipal legislature today, leading the vote tally with 45 percent of the votes.  Bergman garnered triple the number of votes of the candidate who came in second place, Juan Cabandié of the Victory Front Party,  who won 14 percent of the vote.

2011: A leading rabbi and halachic authority in Israel has recognized the Chuetas of Palma de Majorca as Jewish, the Shavei Israel organization announced today.

2011: A four-alarm fire broke out tonight at an Upper East Side synagogue, Congregation Kehilath Jeshurun, which was being renovated, spitting flames through stained-glass windows, destroying the roof and heavily damaging the upper floors, the Fire Department said.

2011: Aaron “Swartz was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of wire fraud, computer fraud, unlawfully obtaining information from a protected computer and recklessly damaging a protected computer.”

2012: While it is said that “wine gladdens the hear” the Historic 6th & I Synagogue in Washington, DC turns its attention to another form of fermented refreshment tonight when it is scheduled to host “Summer Brews: A Season Tasting with The Beer Activist.”

2012: The 92nd Street Y is scheduled to present “Saving America’s Working Class” – a discussion with James Carville and Stan Greenberg.”  (Guess which one is not Jewish)

2012: In Jerusalem, Dalik Voloniz is scheduled to moderate “Destruction and Hope,” a pre–Tisha B’Av event that combines discussion, song, and music.

2012: Former US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice today confirmed the accuracy of her account of a 2008 meeting with Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas in which he had told her why he couldn’t accept then-Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert’s terms for a permanent Israeli-Palestinian peace accord.

2012(21st of Tammuz, 5772): Eighty-seven year old author Donald J. Sobol passed away today.(As reported by Denise Grady)

2012: A meeting between Vice Prime Minister Moshe Ya’alon and MK Yohanan Plesner focused on drafting universal conscription legislation ended today with the two sides unable to come together, and with Plesner storming out.

2012(21st of Tammuz, 5772):Eighty-seven year old ” Marvin S. Traub, the retailing impresario who transformed Bloomingdale’s from a stodgy Upper East Side family department store into a trendsetting international showcase of style and showmanship in the 1970s and ’80s” passed away today. (As reported by Robert D McFadden)

2013: “The Longest Journey – The Last Days of the Jews of Rhodes” is scheduled to be shown at the 30th Jerusalem Film Festival.

2013: In San Francisco, the Contemporary Jewish Museum is scheduled to host an examination of the life of Allen Ginsberg entitled “The Beat Generation with Biographer Bill Morgan and Poet David Meltzer”

2013: The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide and the International Study Group for Education and Research on Anti-Semitism are scheduled to sponsor a workshop that seeks to analyze “the University and College Union, Anti-Semitism and the boycotts campaigns against Israel”

2013: The UKJF is scheduled to sponsor a screening of “Salsa Tel Aviv” preceded by a free salsa class.

2013: In the second such attack in two days, this evening a uniformed soldier was assaulted in the capital by fellow haredim opposed to ultra- Orthodox army service. According to Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld, around 6:30 p.m., while the soldier was walking alone on Shmuel Hanavi Street, the assailants drove up and began cursing him and throwing objects at him without provocation. (As reported by Daniel K. Eisenbud and Jeremy Sharon)

2013: Today, Nicholas Brooks, the second of Joseph Brook’s (Joseph Kaplan) children was found guilty of murdering his girlfriend, a crime for which he was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison.

2013: The Dallas Mavericks signed Gal Mekel a native of Ramat HaSharon to a three-year minimum fully guaranteed contract, and he became the second Israeli to join the NBA

2013: Egypt is reported to be prepared to ask Israel for permission, under the terms of their decade’s long peace treaty, to enter the Sinai with such sufficient forces “to launch a broad campaign to root out Islamic extremists in the largely wild peninsula.” (As reported by Asher Zeiger)

2013(4th of Av, 5773): Eighty-six year old Reuven Helman, a Weightlifting Champion, hero of the 1948 War for Independence and follower of the Lubavitcher Rebbe passed away today.

2014: Members of SHINDC (Sephardic Heritage in DC) are scheduled to lead a service spiced with Sephardi traditions, melodies, and practices, followed by a Persian (Iranian) dinner at the Historic 6th & I Synagogue.

2014: John and Susan Nicholson are scheduled to play at the Summer Kaleidoscope Music Series in Milwaukee which begins after Shabbat eve services.

2014: A group of anti-Israel hackers who support the Palestinian terrorists are scheduled to launch a large-scale cyber-attack on Israel with a denial of service (DDOS) Attack. (As reported by David Shamah)

2014: “At least one rocket fired from southern Lebanon exploded early this morning in an open area near Metula, Israel's most northern town sitting on the Lebanese border.” (As reported by Roi Kais and Itay Blumenthal)

2014: “Rocket fire on Israel from Gaza continued tonight as Israel went into the Sabbath.

2014: “The Israel Air Force targeted a meeting of senior terrorists in the Gaza Strip, the IDF said tonight, after a day of Israeli air strikes in Gaza and Gazan rockets on Israel.”

2015: The new documentary about Amy Winehouse which was first shown at the Cannes Film Festival is scheduled to be shown today at the Jerusalem Film Festival.

2015: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host the Ensemble Concertante.

2015: Larry and Mindy are scheduled to perform at Ornament Harmonya Gallery in Jaffa.

2016: Maxwell Wiley of State Supreme Court in Manhattan, is to rule on a series of evidentiary issues in the case in which Pedro Hernandez is charged with killing of Etan Patz, the 6 year old Jewish boy who vanished in 1979.

2016: “Weiner” a documentary about the disgraced New York Congressman whose wife is a close confidante of Hillary Clinton is scheduled to be shown at the Jerusalem Film Festival.

2017: Russ and Daughters is scheduled to celebrate the New Catch Holland Herring Season which includes New Catch Holland trays certified as kosher by the Chief Rabbinate of Holland at the Astor Center today, a month after holding such a celebration at the Jewish Museum.

2017: “Tribe is scheduled to come together to practice mindfulness in a session that will include mindfulness readings, guided meditation, and discussion for the purpose of being present in the moment as a community” at Congregation Rodeph Sholom in NYC.

2017: “A tournament named after” Holocaust survivor and wrestler Josef Roytman “who can be credit with the Russian martial art Sambo to Israel” “in honor of the 20th Maccabiah Games is scheduled to take place in Bat Yam today “with participants from the world Sambo team, Maccabi Russia, and the Israeli team all competing for the Josef Roytman medal.”

2017: “Several hundred Bostonians gathered to rededicate the New England Holocaust Memorial today following an act of vandalism committed two weeks ago.” (As reported by Matt Lebovic)

2017: The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host a screening of “The Muses of Bashevis Singer” followed by a Question and Answer session with Director Asaf Galay.

2017(17th of Tammuz, 5777): Tzom Tammuz

2017: Today placed “Maj-Gen. (res.) Eli Marom the former commander of the Israeli Navy under house arrest after question him for hours on suspicion of receiving bribes in the multi-million dollar purchase of naval vessels from Germany” (As reported by TOI)

2018: “The Cakemaker” is scheduled to be shown at The 9th Annual AXELROD Israel Jewish Film Festival.

2018: JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of episodes four through six of “Your Honor” the Israeli series directed by Ron Ninio in London today.

2018: “With the opening of the 2018 FIFA World Cup games, “Kulna Jerusalem” and the Tower of David Museum” are scheduled to present “a penalty-kick contest for the general public at the Tower of David Museum garden exit” after which “when Jerusalem discovers who the penalty-kick champions are, the second game of the semi-finals will be screened both at the Tower of David and Jaffa Gate in Hebrew and Arabic.

2019: In California, the Oshman Family Jewish Center is scheduled to host a conversation with Anne Kornblut and former Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano who will discuss her book How Safe Are We?

2019: The American Sephardi Federation is scheduled to present the first night-time performance of “The Marriage of Figaro” adapted and directed by David Serero who stars as Figaro.

2019: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host the final two screenings of “Tel Aviv on Fire.”

2019: As part of the Yiddish Civilization Lecture Series, The YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to host an English language lecture on “Myth and History in the Russian Past”

2020: “B’nai Jeshurun Congregation is scheduled to host “Starbucks, Bread & Torah Online.”

2020: Temple Israel of Boston is scheduled to host on line “Clergy Havdalah, Cocktails and Mocktails.”

2020: The Eden Tamir Center is scheduled host “The Best of Chamber Music” with cellist Simcha Heled and pianist Michael Zartsekel

2020(9th of Tammuz, 5741): Eighty-four-year old Rabbi Joel Matthew Chazin, who retired in 2018 after 53 years in the pulpit, passed away today from COVID-19 at Hillcrest Hospital in Mayfield.

2020: In Cedar Rapids, Temple Judah is scheduled to host Saturday Morning Shabbat Service Live Online where congregants will offer  comfort to Carolyn Simon over the loss of her cousin Dr. Daniel Kaufer best known for his work “on Lewy Body Dementia and Primary Progressive Aphasia.

2020(9th of Tammuz, 5741): Parashat Pinchas;

2020: As they prepare to continue with their Shabbat observance Israelis are working “to continue to respond to a once-in-a-century health crisis involving individual citizens and many layers of bureaucracy, yet because government guidelines change frequently, there is confusion about what to do.”

2021: The New York Times publishes reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Hirschfeld: The Biography by Ellen Stern, Ravenous: Otto Warburg, the Nazis, and the Search for the Cancer-Diet Connection by Sam Apple, Everyone Knows Your Mother Is A Witch by Rivka Galchen and The Netanyahus: An Account of a Minor and Ultimately Even Negligible Episode in the History of a Very Famous Family by Joshua Cohen.

2021: The American Sephardi Federation in partnership with the National Museum of American Jewish History is scheduled to present another session of “Sephardic Culinary History with Chef and Scholar Helene Jawhara-Piner.”

2021: The Jewish Museum of London is scheduled to open its doors to the public today.

2021: The London School of Jewish Studies is scheduled to host a brand new tour with Lindsey Taylor-Guthartz that will tract the history of the Jews of Ancient Rome.

2021: In Atlanta, at the Bremen Museum, Jeremy Katz, Director of Archives and author of The Jewish Community of Atlanta is scheduled to lead the last tour of the exhibition “Eighteen Artifacts.”

2021: The Noga Band, featuring “NY music legend Avram Pengas who was raised in Jaffa is scheduled to perform at the Museum of Jewish Heritage this afternoon.

2021: In New Orleans, attendees at the Limmud Board Meeting are scheduled “to discuss strategy and future community programming.

2022: JCC Rochester is scheduled to host a screening of “Rise,” a new musical Joshua Daniel Hershfield.

2022: The London School of Jewish Studies is scheduled to the second session of “A Tale of Two Trucks: The Problem of Moral Luck” during which Rabbi Michael Harris delivers a lecture on “Which Matters more intentions or results?”

2022: “Defense Minister Benny Gantz’s Blue and White party and Justice Minister Gideon Sa’ar’s New Hope party are reportedly in advanced negotiations to run as a joint slate in the upcoming election.”

2023: The Knesset’s Constitution, Law and Justice Committee is scheduled to begin deliberations on a bill to curtail judicial review of government policies by depriving the Supreme Court of its “reasonableness” yardstick today.

2023: YIVO is scheduled to present a lecture by Dr. Glenn Dynner on “The Hasidic Revival on the Eve of the Holocaust.”

2023: Protest organizers are scheduled to hold  a major day of protests today if the “reasonableness” bill passes its first reading. (Michael Horovitz)