This Day, April 2, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

This Day, April 2, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

April 2

742: Birthdate of Charlemagne. Charlemagne was both King of the Franks and the first Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Despite pressure from the Catholic Church and the mighty Pope Gregory, Charlemagne treated his Jewish subjects and they played a prominent part in his realm. Unfortunately, after his death in 814, his successors were unable to continue to his policies towards the Jews of Christian Europe.

1118: Baldwin I, who arrogantly styled himself King of Jerusalem.  For Jews nothing more be said then that he was a brother of Godfrey of Bouillon and a leader of the bloody First Crusade.

1279(Nisan, 5039): A number of London Jews were martyred following ritual charges. You will note that during the Easter Season there is a significant increase in these reports for several centuries in different parts of Europe.

1453: Mehmed II began his siege of Constantinople. The siege would lead to the downfall of the Byzantine capitol which would improve the lot of the Jews living in the city as well as opening it up to settlement by Jews living Crete, Transylvania and Slovakia.

1473: Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, under whose reign the condition of the Jews improved, and his mistress, Barbara Edelpöck gave birth to John Corvinus

1550: The Jews were expelled from of Genoa.

1608(26th of Nisan, 5368): Joseph Ben Samuel Ibn Rey, the Italian rabbi who was the author of a work entitled "Sefer Massoret," a treatise on the Masorah, in which he endeavored to prove that there are no reasonless or unjustified repetitions in the Bible passed away today. (As reported by Gotthard Deutsch, M. Seligsohn)

1646: English preacher and political leader Hugh Peters who supported the ideas of Roger Williams which included “writing on behalf of the toleration of Jews” and who in 1647 would “call for the readmission of the Jews to England, believing this would benefit the economy and hasten the Second Coming” preached “the thanksgiving sermon for the recovery of the west before the two houses of parliament” today.

1678(20th of Nisan5438):  Italian Rabbi Judah Ashael ben David del Bene author of Kisot le-Bet David and who “together with Menahem Recanati  signed a halakic decision on the remission of debts in the jubilee year, which decision is cited in "Paḥad Yiẓḥaḳ" by Isaac Lampronti, who counts Del Bene among the greatest Talmudical authorities of the time” passed away today.

1756: Benjamin D’Israeli, the Anglo-Jewish merchant who was grandfather of the British Prime Minister married his first wife, Rebecca Mendez Furtado.

1755(21st of Nisan, 5515): Aryeh Leib ben Saul Lowenstam passed away in Amsterdam. Born in Cracow this Polish rabbi was a member of long line of Jewish sages including his grandfather Rabbi Hoeschl of Cracow and his father Saul who served as rabbi of Cracow from 1700 to 1704.



1760(16th of Nisan, 5520): Second Day of Pesach observed the day before Great Britain and Prussia agreed to begin peace negotiations to end the Seven Years' War.

1763(19th of Nisan, 5523): Shabbat Shel Pesach

1768(15th of Nisan, 5528): First Day of Pesach and Shabbat

1770(7th of Nisan): Rabbi PInchas Zelig of Lask, author of Ateret Paz passed away

1771(18th of Nisan, 5531: Fourth Day of Pesach observed only a little more than three months after the trials growing out of the Boston Massacre ended, today “James Lovell delivered an oration at the request of the townspeople of Boston to mark the first anniversary of the “bloody tragedy.”





1774(21st of Nisan, 5534): Seventh Day of Pesach; Shabbat shel Pesach observed as Benjamin Franklin, the American agent in London wrote to Thomas Cushing describing plans being considered to punish the citizens of Boston for their “rebellious behavior.”

1779(16th of Nisan, 5539): During the American Revolution France, the ally of the United States, was ten days away from signing “a secret treaty with Spain to wage war against Great Britain” Jews observed the Second Day of Pesach; first day of the Omer

1782: In Essingen, Germany, Bunle Babetter Isaac and Emanuel Nathan Scharff gave birth to Lazarus Scharff.

1788: Demmelsdorf, Germany, Relia and Choshman Stix gave birth to Solomon Stix, the husband of Deborah Cohen whom he married in 1815 and with whom he had ten children, several of whom settled in Cincinnati, OH.

1787(14th of Nisan, 5547): Erev Pesach; Seder 

1787: Ephraim Hart “he was registered as an elector of the Shearith Israel congregation” in New York City.

1789(6th of Nisan, 5549): Seventy-one-year-old English merchant and leader of the Ashkenazi community in London, Moses Franks, the New York born son of Jacob and Bilhah Abigail Levy, the husband of Phila Franks and both the nephew and son-in-law of English merchant Aaron Franks, “the diamond merchant” who had reportedly lent jewelry to the princess of Wales passed away today.


1789(6th of Nisan, 5549): Seventy-one-year-old Moses Benjamin Franks, the New York born son of Benjamin and Rachel Franks, the husband of Sarah Franks and the father of three children including Colonel Isaac Franks and Rachel Ritzel Heilbron, the wife of Haym Moses Salomon, Sr and David Heilbron.

1790(18th of Nisan, 5550): Fourth day of Pesach

1791: Forty-two-year-old Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau (known simply as Count Mirabeau) a leader of the French Revolution who was an admirer of Moses Mendelssohn and whose support of Jewish emancipation can be seen in his statement “Confer upon” the Jews “the enjoyment of civil rights and they will enter the ranks of peaceful citizens, passed away today.

1801: Birthdate of Falk Jacobsen who passed away exactly one month before his 80th birthday after which he was buried in Denmark’s Horsens Jewish Cemetery.

1806: Birthdate of Gabriel Riesser, youngest son of Lazarus Jacob Riesser and the first Jewish judge in Germany who was also an advocate of the emancipation of the Jews in Germany.

1812: Catherine Williams and Hugh Morse gave birth to Alfred William Morse.

1816: In Charleston, SC, Grace Labatt and Isaac da Vega gave birth to Moses da Vega.

1817(16th of Nisan, 5577): Second Day of Pesach; 1st day of the Omer

1817: Birthdate of Sara Cohn, the wife of Meyer Abraham Heckscher.

1825(14th of Nisan, 5585): Shabbat HaGadol; Erev Pesach

1825: “The special privileges granted to the Portuguese Jewish citizens of Suriname were terminated by order of the Dutch crown. Thenceforth, Jews in the Dutch colonies were accorded the same rights as the other inhabitants, and all privileges, concessions and exceptions of whatever nature were abolished.” (As reported by the Suriname-Jewish Community)

1826: In Ancona, Italy, “Anna Costantini, a young girl, was torn from her family and forced into baptism.”

1827(5th of Nisan, 5587): Forty-five-year-old Rachel Mordecai Harby, the Charleston born wife of Isaac Harby whom she married in December, 1810 and mother of Solomon, Julian, Horace, Samuel, Armida and Octavia Harby passed away today after which she was buried in the Coming Street Cemetery at Charleston, S.C.

1827: Birthdate of English painter William Holman Hunt who moved to Palestine in the 1850’s to find inspirations for his painting and whose house at No. 64 Street of the Prophets in Jerusalem would be the future home of Hebrew language poet Rachel Bluwstein.

1833: Birthdate of Wolf Horn who passed away ten days before his 67th birthday after which he was buried in the Penang Jewish Cemetery which “is located on Jalan Zainal Abidin (previously called Jalan Yahudi or Jewish Street) in the heart of old Georgetown, on an island off the west coast of Malaysia. 1840: Birthdate of Émile Zola. This non-Jewish French author would become a leading player in the Dreyfus Affair. His J”Accuse would be an indictment of the French military establishment and the anti-Semitic forces that swirled around this entire act of injustice.

1842(22nd of Nisan, 5602): Eighth Day of Pesach and Shabbat

1844: "The building” housing the Great Synagogue in Sidney “was consecrated today with the music for the ceremony in the hands of Isaac Nathan, father of Australian music, who was also associated with the music at St Mary's Cathedral. For the occasion Nathan composed settings for Baruch Habba ("Blessed be he that cometh") and Halleluyah.

1844: In New Orleans, Henry Florance and Mary Levy Florance, the Charleston native who was buried in New Orleans’ Dispersed of Judah Cemetery, gave birth to Henry Clay Florance, the husband of Katie B. Beecher Florance whom he married in 1882 and the grandson of Netherland native Zachariah Florance whose birth name was Zahariah Florance.

1846: The last letter in the correspondence between Grace Aguilar and “the philanthropist Miriam Moses Cohen who acted as an agent for her publications in America” was sent today.

1848: Two days after he has passed away, Barnet Barnett was buried today at the “Brady Street Jewish Cemetery.”

1855(14th of Nisan, 5615): Fast of the First born was observed on the same day that future Congressman and ambassador “John Merce Langston was elected clerk of the township of Brownhelm, Ohio” making him the first African American elected to public office in the United States.”

1857(8th of Nisan, 5617): Sixty-year-old University of Heidelberg trained jurist Mortiz Wilhelm August Briedenbach, the Offenbah-on-Main born son of Wolf Breidebenbach who held a number of positions in the government of Hesse and served “as the principal author of its penal code” passed away today.

1859: In Russia, “Solomon and Hannah Wistinecki Markel gave birth to German educated American banker Jacob L. Markel, the husband of the former Mrs. Miriam Sivin whom he married after the death of Lillian Hecht with whom had three sons – Arnold, Howard and Lester Markel, the “Sunday editor of the NYT – and president of the Merchants Bank of New Yok who was the treasurer of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association of the Bronx, “a founder and the first president of the Montefiore Congregation of the Bronx and a charter member of the Congregation Kehilath Israel” who “was one of the Blizard Men of ’88, survivors of the great snow storm of March of that year.”

1861(22nd of 5621): Eighth Day of Pesach observed just ten days before the Confederates begin the bombardments of Fort Sumter.

1862: Abraham Crawcour married Catherine Rebecca Hart today.

1863: During the Civil War, food shortages cause hundreds of angry women to riot in Richmond, Virginia and demand that the Confederate government release emergency supplies, in what became known as the Richmond Bread Riots. In her honor’s thesis entitled The Richmond Bread Riot of 1863: Class, Race, and Gender in the Urban Confederacy, MIDN 1/C Katherine R. Titus wrote that while the rioters targeted speculators and government offices “Richmond citizens also targeted foreigners and Jews. The city had a tradition of blatant anti-Semitism. Once the War erupted, many Richmond citizens openly blamed the Jews and foreigners in the city for speculation and charged them with disloyalty. Sallie A. Putnam, for instance, believed that the Jews in Richmond profited from the war. She exhorted, “They were not found, as the more interested of the people, without the means to purchase food when the Confederate money became useless to us from the failure of our cause.” Major John W. Daniel contended that local stereotypes allowed the rioters to target Richmond Jews. After the War, he reminisced, “certain people down there were credited with great wealth. It was said that they had made barrels of money out of the Confederacy, and the female Communists went at them without a qualm of conscience.”

1863: Two days after he had passed away, Abraham Abraham the husband of Sarah Abraham was buried today in the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1864(25th Adar II, 5624): Parashat Shmini; Shabbat Chodesh is observed as General Grant prepares the Union Army for a campaign of national scope that will bring an end to the Civil War in the following Spring.

1865: Twenty Jewish men signed a constitution that became the framework that would guide the future of Reform Jews in Akron, Ohio.

1865: Founding of the Akron Hebrew Congregation which holds services on holidays and Friday evenings.

1865: In Montgomery, Alabama, “Abraham J. Schiff, the best Hebrew scholar in Wolosin” who served as rabbi in Montgomery until moving to New York where he became rabbi at Beth Hamedresh Hagodl  and Sheve Kapaln gave birth to I.O. Schiff who “opened his first dry goods store at 105 Essex Street” and married Stella Newmark with whom he had three children.

1866(17th of Nisan, 5626) Third Day of Pesach; second day of the Omer

1867(26th of Adar II, 5627): “Merchant, bill broker and director of both the Alliance Assurance Company and the San Paulo Railway Company,” Benjamin Cohen, the English born son of Levi Barnet Cohen, the husband of Justina Montefiore with whom he had two sons – Arthur and Nathanial – and the brother-in-law of Sir Moses Montefiore passed away today leaving an estate valued at 140,000 English Pounds.

1867: Birthdate of Mrs. Henry Gottdiener

1869(21st of Nisan, 5629): Seventh Day of Pesach

1869: Michael Henry became editor of The Jewish Chronicle – a position he would hold until his death in 1875.

1870(1st of Nisan, 5630): Rosh Chodesh Nisan/Shabbat Ha Chodesh

1871: In Buffalo, NY, Samuel and Marie (Weil) Desbecker gave birth to Harvard graduate and N.Y. Law School trained attorney Louis E. Desbecker, a partner in the Buffalo law firm of Desbecker, Fisk and Newman as well as the Corporation Counsel of Buffalo from 1895 to 1899 and a member of Temple Beth Zion.

1871 In Baltimore, MD founding of Congregation Chizuk Amunah whose members included by M.S. Levy, Joseph Levi, and Milton Fleischer and has been served by Rabbi Henry W. Schneeberger and Canto Herman Glass.

1874(15th of Nisan, 5634): Pesach

1874: In Elmira, NY, Simon and Jennie Levy gave birth to Cornell University trained attorney Benjamin Levy, the husband of Martha Bimberg and leader in the Jewish Community who was a director of the Y.M.H.A and President of the Children of Israel Congregation.

1877(19th of Nisan): Rabbi Chaim Bezalel of Bielitz, Poland, author of “Derekh Yivhar” passed away.

1878: In New York City, Austrian Jewish immigrants Fanny Ritterman and Bernard Kasner gave birth to their sixth child mathematician Edward Kasner.

1878: In Oswego, NY, Bernard and Pauline Bandler gave birth to Maurice Edward Bandler, a graduate of Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons.

1878: In Germany, Sophie and Seligman Lazarus Cohn gave birth to Gustav Cohn, the husband of Henriette Cohn and the father of Karlo Alfons Cohn; Max Cohn; Fritz Cohn and Margarethe de Tokayer.

1880(20th of Nisan, 5640): Sixth Day of Pesach observed on the same day that poet Walt Whitman wrote to attorney and leading agnostic Robert Ingersoll thanking him for a shipment of books.

1881: It was reported today that the population of Thessaly, which is moving from Turk to Greek rule includes 50,000 Jews and Muslims as well as 300,000 who are classified as Greeks.

1882: The New York Times reported that “the feast of Passover will commence tomorrow evening at sundown in accordance with the rabbinical ordinance which lays it down that it shall be celebrated from the evening of the 14th of Nisan and continues for eight days. It is regarded strictly as a feast of rejoicing and it’s a pleasant illustration of the liberalizing tendency of the age that many Jews make it a custom to send small presents of unleavened bread to the Christian friends.”

1882: In Louisville, KY, founding of Congregation B’nai Jacob which was led by Rabbi S.J. Scheinfield and held daily services at 6 a.m. and 5 p.m. and Saturday services at 8 a.m. while also providing a religious school for the young and a cemetery on Lucas Lane for the deceased.

1882: The New York Times publishes an excerpt from “Domestic and Artistic Life of Copely” by Martha Babcock Amory in which the author describes a dinner with Baroness Lionel Rothschild in 1857.

1882: Birthdate of Russian born American Yiddish journalist and playwright Alexander Seldin, editor of The Day and “founding member and President of the I.L. Peretz Yiddish Writers Union.

1883: In Łódź, Poland, Rabbi Adolph Moses Radin and his wife gave birth to anthropologist Paul Radin, the holder of a Ph.D. Columbia who studied the people called “Indians” and served as the chair of the Anthropology Department at Brandeis while married to his wife Doris.

1883: In Mitau, Russia, Chaim and Hannah (Lippmanowitz) Kahn gave birth to College of Physicians and Surgeons trained physician and resident of Baltimore, MD Max Kahn and husband of Devora Shrier who organized the departments of roentgenology at St. Agnes Hospital and Ben Secour Hospital while serving as member of Baltimore Medical Society and the Central Pennsylvania Roentgen-Ray Society.

1883: After telling him that it was customary for newly engaged couple to announce their intention to become man and wife before an official at City Hall, the relatives of Pauline Moses to David Holtz to City Hall where an alderman performed a marriage ceremony; a fact not understood by Holtz because of his limited knowledge of the English language.

1885: In Tarnow, Austria, Miriam Rosenfeld and Jacob Dintenfaas gave birth to University of Pennsylvania Ear Nose and Throat trained specialist Henry Dintenfass, an associate professor otolaryngology at the Graduate School of Medicine, the husband of Lillian Ditenfass and the father of Miriam Ditenfass who authored several works including “A Simple and Effective Method of Local Tonsillectomy” and member of Temple Keneseth in Philadlephia.

1886(26th of Adar): Rabbi Aryeh Leib Yellin, author of Yefeh Einayim passed away today

1887(8th of Nisan, 5647): Shabbat HaGadol

1887(8th of Nisan, 5647): Sixty-one-year-old Austrian mathematician Simon Spitzer who became a professor of analytic mechanics at the Vienna “Handelsschule” in 1870 passed away today.

1887(8th of Nisan, 5647): Lithuanian born Schachne Issacs, the husband of Reitza Tobias and the father of Genesha, Rachel and Abraham Isaacs passed away today in Cincinnati, OH after which he was buried in Beth Tefyla Schachnus Cemetery.

1888(21st of Nisan, 5648): Seventh Day of Pesach

1888(21st of Nisan, 5648): Twenty-eight-year-old Aizik Aronchik, the son of “Jewish trades from Gomel” and dropout from the St. Petersburg Institute of Railway of Engineers who was involved in an attempt to kill the Czar in 1881 and was sentenced to life imprison following the “Trial of Twenty” died in prison today passed away today four years after having been transferred to the Shlisselburg Fortress.

1890: The Passover Association distributed free matzoth to over four thousand poor Jews this evening at the Goodfellow’s Hall on Essex Street in New York.

1890: The New York Times reported that the American Hebrew will be publishing a special Passover edition this Friday.

1890: It was suggested at today’s meeting of the New York Board of Estimate and Apportionment that the old Hebrew Orphan and Asylum on 77th Street could be used for the proposed new offices of the city’s Board of Education.

1891: Birthdate of Max Ernst founder of surrealism who with his Jewish wife Luise Straus gave birth to painter Jimmy Straus and who was briefly married to Peggy Guggenheim at the end of 1941.

1892: Simon Schafer, M.H. Moses, Judge M.S. Isaacs and A.L. spoke at tonight’s meeting of the Purim Association which was held at the Hoffman House tonight.

1892: “Want To Hear Cleveland” published today described the ex-President’s popularity in New York as can be seen by warm reception his supporters receive when they address rallies of Russian Jews.  The Russians barely understand English, but the sound of Cleveland’s name is enough to bring out shouts of approval.

1893(16th of Nisan, 5653): Second Day of Pesach; first day of the Omer

1893: At Temple Emanu-El, Dr. Silverman is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “The Crucifixition.”

1893: It was reported today that in German “the Conservatives have definitely thrown over Rector Hermann Ahlwardt the Jew baiter and libeler.”  However, their rejection has not stopped him from making public speeches and holding anti-Semitic rallies.

1893: “Fine British Weather” published today described the social and political events taking place in the UK including plans by “an organization of progressive young Jews…to propose at all annual meetings of the synagogue throughout England, most of which are held next week, a resolution that it is not desirable to elect a man engaged in money lending as President of the congregation.”

1893: Dr. Silverman is scheduled to give an address at Temple Emanu-El on “The Crucifixion.”

1893: The New York Times reported that “an organization of progressive young Jews has arranged to propose at all annual meetings of the synagogues throughout England, most of which are held next week, a resolution that it is not desirable to elect a man engaged in money lending as President of the congregation.”

1894: It was reported today that approximately 50 Jews, many of them women attended the evangelistic service at the Thalia Theatre Auditorium although there was no report of any of them coming forward to convert.  (These services were part of a concerted effort by some Christians to convert Jewish immigrants at the turn of the century)

1896: The will of the late Charles S. Friedlander was filed with the Surrogate today for probate.

1896: The funeral for Dr. Aaron Wise was held this morning at Temple Rodolph Shalom, the New York congregation he had served as Rabbi for several years.

1896(19th of Nisan, 5656): Leonard Friedman, who is approximately 52 years old, passed away today at Lakewood, NU.  A native of Germany, he came to the United States and after fighting his way out of poverty established Leonard Friedman & Co which over the last twenty years has become one of the leading tobacco houses in the United States.

1896: Funeral services were held for Dr. Aaron Wise, who had been rabbi at New York’s Temple Rudolph Shalom at the time of his death. The services at the Lexington Avenue Temple were attended by so many mourners that “not one half could gain entrance to the synagogue.” Several of New York’s leading clergy took part in the ceremony including Dr. Rudolph Grossman of Temple Beth-El, Dr. Kaufmann Kohler also of Temple Beth-El who delivered an address in German and Dr. Gustav Gottheil of Temple Emanuel who delivered a eulogy in English in which he said of Wise, “The spirit of his words cannot die. The influence of the teacher has not limits as to time or space.” Burial followed the service in Union Field, Cypress Hills Cemetery.

1897: Reverend John Hall delivered a lecture on “Judaism and Christianity” in which he said “There is a distinction between Judaism as described in the Bible and the Judaism of the present generation.”

1897: A school designed to teach students how to cook food according to the laws of Kashrut opened today in Brooklyn in a neighborhood with a large Jewish population.

1897: In New York, Governor Frank Black appointed Jewish philanthropist and Republican Party activist Edward Lauterbach to serve as a member of the State Board of Charities.

1897: In Austria, Count Casimir Badeni resigned during a government crisis that was precipitated, in part, by his clash with the anti-Semitic parties.

1897: Julius Goldschmidt who had been Consul General in Vienna under President Harrison began serving as Consul General to Berlin

1897(29th of Adar II, 5657): Fifty-three-year-old Paris native Isidore Danziger, a resident of New Orleans for the last forty-eight years, the husband of Amelia Amanda Dreyfous Danziger and father of Isabelle, Jennie, Alice, Alfred and George Danziger passed away today after which he buried in Hebrew Rest Cemetery.

1898(10th of Nisan, 5658): Shabbat Hagadol

1898(10th of Nisan, 5658): Austrian pathologist and histologist Salomon Stricker passed away.

1899(22nd of Nisan, 5659): Eighth Day of Pesach

1899: In Richmond, VA, founding of the Hebrew Sheltering Aid Society which “furnishes shelter and means of transportation to strangers and whose members included E.C. Meyer, Philip Hirshberg, S.I. Hirshberg and D.S. Sharove.

1899: At the Hebrews Sheltering Guardian Society Orphan Asylum, Chaplain Joseph Kauffman officiated at service were a “bronze tablet in memory of Samuel Lewisohn” was unveiled.

1899: “Disraeli and the Suez Canal” published today provided a summary an article by Arnold White that appeared in Harper’s Weekly describing the British leader’s role in facilitating the purchase of this vital waterway from which he gained no financial advantage.

1900; It was reported today that while delivering his eulogy for Rabbi Isaac M. Wise, Rabbi Samuel Schulman had “called upon the young men of Congregation Beth-El…to show that Americanism and Judaism can go hand in hand and that enlightenment and faith are not inharmonious.”

1900: “A Man and His Wife” produced by Charles Frohman opened on Broadway at the Empire Theatre.

1901 It was reported today that Isaac M. Bernstein sold five lots on the south side of 107th Street in Manhattan.

1902: Birthdate of Allan Becker, the father of Chicago born sociologist Howard Saul Becker, the husband of Bertha Goldberg and the grandson of Gershon Movsha Becke whom had immigrated to the United States from Lithuania.

1902: “Bugle Call,” starring Rose Eytinge opened today on Broadway.

1902: “Controversy Over Hen Fattened For Passover” published in today’s Atlanta Constitution described a complaint filed by Leo Fresh with police to retrieve the chicken that he was preparing to take to a “shocket” which had mysteriously ended up in the yard of a neighbor lady who planned to have it killed in a manner not consistent with the laws of Kashrut.

1903: The High Court of Australia sits for the first time. In 1930, Isaacs Isaacs would become the third person to fill this position and the first Jew to serve as Chief Justice of Australia.

1903: Irvin Bettman, the Cincinnati born son of Louis and Rebecca (Bloom) Bettman, and President of Bettman, Kleinhauser Clothing Company in St. Louis and the Chairman of Jewish War Relief drives in St. Louis married Meta Pollak today.

1903: Herzl meets McIlwraithe, the legal adviser of the Khedive where he finds out that an immediate counter-proposal is out of the question. The size of the land and the duration of the contract are discussed.

1904(17th of Nisan, 5664): Shabbat shel Pesach

1904: A State Appraiser report filled today “in the Surrogates’ Court shows that Leonard Lewisohn left an estate of $12,029,213 when he died on March 5, 1902.

1904: It was reported today that the funeral for Albany, NY native and Alfred University educated shirt manufacturer Solomon Friend will take place on Sunday at Temple Emanu-El.

1905: The Executive Committee presented “the policy with regard to the granting of the degree of Doctor of Divinity and the degree of Doctor of Hebrew Literature as well as the formal requirement for the granting of these degrees was presented today to the meeting of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America.

1905: President N. Taylor Phillips presided over “the second annual meeting of the New York Branch of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America where the nominating committee composed of Dr. Cyrus Adler, Julius Dukas and Simon was formed and the following were chosen to service as officers – Edgar J. Nathan, President; Isaac J. Danziger, Vice President; Daniel Guggenheim, Treasurer; and Joseph B. Abrahams, Secretary.      

1906: After opening at the Lew M. Fields on January 1, the curtain came down on “Julie Bonbon” written by Clara Lipman today after which it would continue its Broadway run at the Lyric Theatre a week later.

1906: During the conference at Algeciras, Morocco, “Mr. White, the chief of the American delegation and the Duke of Almodovar raised the question of “the unfavorable situation of the Jews in Morocco.”       

1906: Tonight, in Clinton Hall, “at the installation of the newly elected officers of the Zionist Council of Greater New York, Dr. J. L. Magnes, the Secretary of the American Federation of Zionists read…a copy of a proclamation issued against the Jews in Russia” which he said practically meant that there would be another Pogrom in Ekaterinoslov.

1907: In Brooklyn, movie producer Louis B. Meyer “and his first wife Margaret Shenberg gave birth Irene Mayer Selznick famed as the producer of Street Car Named Desire and the younger sister of Edith Selznick who was born in 1905

1908(1st of Nisan, 5668): Rosh Chodesh Nisan

1908: J. Levine, B. Mendelsohn and Victor Epstein and two boys from the Educational Alliance were among the 80 contestants who took part in the preliminary round of the Metropolitan Association wrestling championships at the Boys’ Club at 10th Street and Avenue A.

1908: As Jews observe Rosh Chodesh Nisan they could buy today’s issue of Vogue for ten cents.

1909: Ahmed Riza Bey, President of Turkish Parliament, offered Russian and Romanian Jews who were suffering tremendous persecution and attacks a chance to come settle in Turkey.

1910(22nd of Adar II, 5670): Parashat Shmini; Shabbat Parah

1910: “Attacks Prof. Hilprecht” published today described “an address on ‘The Latest Additions to the Babylonia Literature of the Deluge Story’ presented by George A. Barton in which he denounced the tablet discovered on an expedition by Professor Herman V. Hilprecht as being a fabrication and a fraud that did not uphold the Biblical story of the deluge as claimed by Hilprecht.”

1910: Miss Sadie American of New York and her mother are now in London where they will be “attending on behalf of the Council of Jewish Women of New York, the International Conference on the White Slave Traffic.

1911: The newly formed Grand Council of the Jewish Community of Constantinople expresses loyalty of all Jews of all parties to the Ottoman Empire.

1911: Rose Schneiderman, a prominent socialist and union activist, gave a speech at the memorial meeting held in the Metropolitan Opera House today to an audience largely made up of the members of the Women's Trade Union League in which she used the Triangle Fire as an argument for factory workers to organize:

1912(15th of Nisan, 5672): As TR and Taft battled for control of the Republican Party, observance of Pesach observed the first day of Pesach.

1912: Today “two wagons left the corner of Lilienblum and Herzl Streets in Tel Aviv carrying 4 "Ahuza" members, 3 laborers and 2 armed watchmen. After a 5 hour journey, they unloaded their baggage at the place destined to become Ra'anana which has grown to become a city of almost 70,000 people living in Israel’s Central District.

1912(15th of Nisan, 5672): Fifty women attended a Seder tonight at the Young Women’s Hebrew Association building on Lexington Avenue. The attendance was limited by the size of the building underscoring the need to build a new facility.

1913: Isador H. Weinstock, the Cantor of the Plum Street Synagogue in Cincinnati, presented a program on “The Music of the Synagogue” at “the seventh regular meeting” of the Isaiah Woman’s Club.

1913: Funeral services were held today for Bernard Wolf, the husband of Amalia Wolf and “father of Mrs. Numa Lachman and Mrs. Isador Brown” at K.A.M. Temple in Chicago followed by burial at Mount Maariv.

1913: Today, Jews living in New York City brought copies of letters from family members living in Anatolia describing persecution by Greeks living in that part of the Ottoman Empire to the attention of the American Jewish Committee. They called upon the committee to intervene on the behalf of their co-religionists and to organize a protest against these outrages.

1914: The officers of the Jewish Soldiers and Sailors Passover Committee met at the Broadway Central Hotel in New York. After the meeting, Henry Berlin, Chairman of the Arrangements Committee, reported that Secretary of War Garrison and Secretary of the Navy Daniels had sent letters announcing that Jewish soldiers and sailors would receive furloughs to celebrate Passover this year.

1914(6th of Nisan, 5674): Paul Heyes, the first Jew to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, passed away today at the age of 84. A native of Bonn, “he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1910 ‘as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist and writer of world-renowned short stories.’ One of the Nobel judges, said that ‘Germany has not had a greater literary genius since Goethe.’" [Considering what would happen to the Jews of German two decades after his death, this praise has a strange ring to it. Also, Heyes is living proof that winning a Nobel Prize is no guarantee to lasting fame, even among his co-religionists.]

1914: In New York, Mr. and Mrs. Percy Salomon gave birth to William Roger Salomon who would become a long-time managing partner of the bond trading house Salomon Bros.

1915: Today “Henry Fischel, the Treasurer of the Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering through the War” “received a donation of five dollars from Leo Frank” who faces the death penalty in Georgia” and who compared “his own suffering with that now being borne by Jews in the war zones.”

1916: At ninth anniversary services of the Free Synagogue led by Dr. Stephen S. Wise, Ambassador Henry Morgenthau talked about plans to move the congregation from its home in Carnegie Hall to a temple building to be built in the center of Manhattan that will be better suited to the religious mission.

1916: Grand Master Samuel Goldstein presided over the convention of the Independent Order of the Free Sons of Judah in the Bronx today which was attended by approximately “450 delegates representing 18,237 members of the Jewish fraternal organization” who heard Rabbi Joseph Rosenblatt lead a memorial service for Jews who have been killed during the war in Europe.

1916: “Joseph H. Cohen, President of the Beth Israel, today announced a plan to build a West Side Jewish Community Center” on 88th Street between Columbus and Amsterdam avenues which “contain a synagogue, a library, a gymnasium, kindergarten, public hall, roof garden and classrooms for educational work.”

1916: Birthdate of Canadian Henry Goody, the 1936 graduate of the University of Manitoba and the husband of Reba Goody who served as the rabbi of Congregation B’nai Israel in Greensburg, PA after graduating from the Jewish Theological Seminary in 1941 and as Lt. Goody served as Chaplain stationed at Ft. Belvoir, MD

1916: Thirty-two-year-old Newark, NJ attorney Aaron Levinstone, the Grodno born son of Yeruchim and Esther Levinstone the Jewish community leader who was Chairman of the United Palestine Appeal, a member of the National Executive of the Z.O.A and a member of Temple B’nai Abraham married Etta G. Goldstein today.

1917(NS): Today “the Provisional Government—in power until a Constituent Assembly could be called to determine the character of the successor Russian state—abolished all the legal restrictions on ethnic and religious communities, including Jews” which meant that “for the first time since they had been admitted to the Russian Empire, Jews gained full equality with all other citizens” which stood in mark contrast to the era of the “tsarist regime which had confined Jews to the Pale of Settlement and had severely restricted their opportunities in agriculture, the professions, military service, education” and governmental or civil unless Jews agreed to convert to Christianity.

1917: According to a cable message received today by Louis Marshall, Chairman of the American Jewish Relief Committee from Baron Alexander Gunzburg in Petrograd, “all laws of Russia which are adverse to the Jews there are to be repealed by a decree of the provisional Government.”

1917: President Wilson asked the United States Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. This was the first official step towards America’s entry into World War I as a combatant on the side of the Allies. While American Jews supported the war effort and served in all branches of the armed forces, there was an unintended downside for the Jews living in Central and Eastern Europe. It was easier for American Jews to get aid to their suffering co-religionists when the United States was a “neutral.” Once it joined the Allied side, the Central Powers (Germany and Austria) it would be much more difficult to get help to those living in the war-torn areas under the control of these nations.

1918: In Bohemia, the Emperor pardoned Leopold Hilsner a shoemaker who was serving a life term after having been convicted “on the charge of ritual murder” in 1900.

1918: At Vienna “in an address to a deputation of the City Council…the Minister of Foreign Affairs said that in the peace negotiations between the Central Powers and Romania, the Jewish question will be solved with equal rights being guaranteed to the Jews of Rumania.

1918: One day after his death on the Western Front, a letter written by poet and painter Isaac Rosenberg which had been written three days earlier arrives in London. In the letter he describes life in the trenches.

1919: Dr. Rudolph I Coffee delivered a speech on “Peace Treaty” at the Teachers Institute of Boone County “under the auspices of the Illinois Branch of the League to Enforce Peace.”

1919: In Chicago, Lillian Mitnick and Abe Diaman of Kansas City, MO were married at the Ashland Clubhouse.

1919(2nd of Nisan 5679): Maita “Mattie” Banke Sivitz, the wife of Lithuanian born Rabbi Moses Simon and the mother of Sam and Benjamin Sivitz passed away today in Pittsburgh, PA after which she was buried at the Shaare Torah Cemetery in Whitehall, PA.

1919(2nd of Nisan, 5679): Jacob Schlesinger, the co-founder of the Kaspare Cohn Hospital passed away today in Los Angeles.

1919: In Chicago, Blanche Mosbach, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Mosbach married Maxwell Glassner at the family’s home on Michigan Avenue.

1920(14th of Nisan, 5680): Ta’nit Bechorot observed for the last time during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson

1920(14th of Nisan, 5590): Sevent-five-year-old Salo Schottlander, the Polish born son of Lobel and Henriette Grossman Schottlander and the brother of Julius and Bruno Schottlander passed away today.

1921: Professor Albert Einstein held a press conference aboard the steamship Rotterdam today in New York Harbor. During the conference Einstein talked about his Theory of Relativity and his support for the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

1921: Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading, began serving as Viceroy and Governor-General of India.

1922: “Two wagons left the corner of Lilienblum and Herzl Streets in Tel Aviv carrying 4 "Ahuza" members, 3 laborers and 2 armed watchmen. After a 5 hour journey, they unloaded their baggage at the place destined to become Ra'anana, a city in the heart of the southern Sharon Plain of the Central District of Israel with a population of 68,300, as of 2009.”

1923(16th of Nisan, 5683): Second day of Pesach

1924: It was reported today that Dr. Abraham Isaac Kook, chief rabbi of Jerusalem is scheduled to begin delivering a series of lectures at the Rabbi Isaac Eschanan Theological Seminary which are designed “to interest America Jews in the cultural activities in Palestine.

1925: According to a cable message that was made public today by Judge Jacob S. Stahl, President of the American Palestine Line steamship company, the SS President Arthur has arrived in Haifa. The liner with 500 prominent American Jews from all parts of the United States sailed on March 12 on her maiden voyage to inaugurate a regular service between New York and the Holy Land.

1925: It was reported that  At “the groundbreaking ceremony of the Hebrew University Edmund Landau lectured in Hebrew on the topic Solved and unsolved problems in elementary number theory.

1925: The Vatucan’s Holy Office published a decree saying that the Catholic Church, whatever its other views on Jew maybe, “condemns hatred against the people elected by God, a hatred that today is vulgarly called anti-Semitism.” (For more see Under His Very Windows by Susan Zucotti)

1926: “Gdal Saleski, the Russian violoncellist” “who is a graduate of the Petrograd Conservatory of Music” “gave a recital” this “evening at Steinway Hall” accompanied by violinist Yasha Fishberg and pianist Lazare Weiner.

1926: In Leipzig, “David Hilsenrath, a furrier, and Anna (Honigsberg) Hilsenrath” gave birth to Holocaust survivor and author Edgar Hilsenrath whose works included “a celebrated farce, The Nazi and the Barber which tells the story of an SS officer and mass murderer who kills his Jewish best friend from childhood, assumes his identity, flees to Palestine and is transformed into an ardent Zionist.” (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1926: It was reported today that according to the census taken by The Christian Herald “numbers the members of Jewish congregations at 357,135” but notes “that these are chiefly heads of families.

1926: “The twentieth anniversary of the Palestine Maccabee Sport was celebrated in Tel Aviv” today where Lord Plumer distributed the prizes.

1927: Samuel Untermyer arrived in Jerusalem after a “rough” flight from Cairo that included “a detour of thirty miles over the Mediterranean to avoid a sand storm.”

1927: It was reported today that Aaron Sapiro who has been testifying in the libel suit he brought against Henry Ford will spend the weekend in Chicago on personal business before returning to the stand on Monday to continue answering questions from James A. Reed, the Senator from Missouri who is representing Henry Ford, the anti-Semitic car maker.

1927: “Service for Jewish Patients” published today described the services available “to Jewish patients in all of the city hospitals on Welfare Island” including the presence of Jewish social workers who can help the Jewish patients “in a non-Jewish institution.”

1928: Birthdate of actress Rita Gam who was the wife of director Sidney Lumet and publisher Thomas Guinzberg (not at the same time) and the mother of producer Kate Guinzburg

1928: In Paris Olga (nee Bessman) and Joseph Ginsburg gave birth to Lucien Ginsburg who gained fame as Serge Gainsbourg, a poet, singer, songwriter, actor, director and finally controversial guest on French television talks shows.

1929: The rabbinical commencement exercises of the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary and Yeshiva College, the first in three years and the first in the new building of the institution, were held today. Dr. Bernard Revel delivered an address in which he warned of the dangers of “religious illiteracy and urged that synagogues become centers of faith. Among those receiving diplomas were forty-one newly minted rabbis and 45 teachers.”

1930: Birthdate of Highland Park, Illinois (Suburban Chicago) native and Goucher College graduate Rosaline Fox Solomon, the award-winning photographer.

1930: Isaac Isaacs completes his service as Puisine Justice of the High Court of Australia and begins serving as the as Chief Justice of Australia.

1930: Haile Selassie is proclaimed emperor of Ethiopia. Part of his title included the honorific “Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah” which is tied to the contention that the Ethiopian rulers traced their origin to a relationship between King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. During World War II, Orde Wingate would aid the king in his fight against the Italians. This is the same Orde Wingate who was stationed in Palestine before World War II. He was one of the few British officers who was supportive of the efforts of the Jews to defend themselves against the Arab who were attacking them. Wingate reportedly provided training for the Zionists in basic military tactics and weapons usage.

1931(15th of Nisan, 5691): Pesach

1931: “The Street Song,” “a musical crime film” directed and produced by Lupu Pick was released in Germany today.

1931: “The Cleveland Indians picked” Moe Berg up today when “Chicago put him on waivers.”

1931: U.S. premiere of “Skippy” directed by Norman Taurog who won an Academy Award, with a script co-authored by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and Sam Mintz.

1931: As Jews gathered to observe the second Passover of the Great Depression Rabbis focused their holiday talks on the worsening economic conditions of the day and the need for reform. Sermons mixed holiday motifs and symbolism with the rise in unemployment and deteriorating social conditions. Using the Ten Plagues as his point of departure Rabbi Rosenblum of Temple Israel “declared that the unsettled economic condition of the world was the greatest plague of our era and that the leaders of government and business were responsible for the chaos and misery. Capitalism seems to be a Pharaoh…If Pharaoh listens he will not suffer ten plagues. If he does not, the very first plague will yet come to pass. It will be a revolution and blood.” At Temple Rodeph Shalom, Rabbi Newman “said that Passover, the Jewish festival of freedom, commemorated the release of the Israelites not only from political bondage but economic enslavement as well.” Rabbi Samuel Schulman broadened the scope a bit by pointing out the “power of religion to free or enslave man and emphasizing that real freedom required economic freedom which would allow for just and equal opportunity for every individual to use his powers in accordance with his ability and to receive just rewards.” (Sounds a bit like Marx and Moses meeting on New York’s fashionable east side.) But it was left to Rabbi Jonah Wise preaching at New York’s Central Synagogue to pull all elements of religion including Christianity together with the great crisis facing the nation. “Men are trained by loyalties to country, church and self to refuse to share life with foreigners, non-conformists and competitors. We shall never have security and morality until we learn to live at peace. We are making occasional breaches in the Chinese wall of creeds, tariffs and prejudices. Passover and Easter are supposed to be feasts of freedom and salvation. They are farces in the face of humanity starved in the presence of plenty and condemned to hatreds in fact while applauding love in theory.”

1932(25th of Adar II, 5692): Parashat Shmini; Shabbat HaChodesh

1932(25th of Adar II, 5692): to Max Leopold Margolis the Lithuanian-born American philologist whose accomplishments included serving as “editor-in-chief of the Jewish Publication Society's translation of the Bible into English, the finished product being published in 1917” passed away today.

1933: “The Nazis Begin To Dodge Anti-Semitic Boomerang” published today examine the effects of the government’s boycott of Jewish stores in Germany.

1934: Birthdate of Paul Joseph Cohen famed mathematician who developed a technique he called “forcing.” He won the Fields Medal in 1966.

1935: In Tel Aviv, the second Maccabiah Games opened “before 40,000 spectators at the Maccabiah Stadium. The German contingent marched flagless amid the fluttering colors of the other teams entering the venue. The American team including Janice Lifson, Doris Kelm and Lillian Copeland, placed “fourth in the “Tel Aviv Prepares Its Greatest Fair” published today Joseph M. Levy describes plan for the upcoming Levant Fair slated to open at the end of this month.

1936(10th of Nisan, 5696): Eighty-year-old Mrs. Ethel “Etta” Yaroshev Cutler, the native of Ukraine and wife of Isaac Cutler who was the mother of Colonel Harry Cutler, the Chairman of the Jewish Welfare Board who had passed away in 1920, passed away today after which she was buried in the Sons of David and Israel Cemetery in Providence, R.I.

1936: Birthdate of Shaul Paul Ladany, the Professor of Industrial Engineering and Management at Ben Gurion University and two-time Olympian who survived Bergen-Belson and the 1972 Munich Massacre.

1936: The “formal presentation of the 1935 American Hebrew Medal for the Promotion of Better Understanding between Christian and Jews in America” is scheduled to “be made to Roger Williams Straus” the co-chairman of the National Conference of Jews and Christians at ceremonies being held “in the auditorium of the College of the City of New York.”

1936: The list of ten true or false questions that was created by a professor at the Rhode Island State College for a test that will demonstrate “the amount of scientific thinking done by the person taking the test included: “The Christian faith is the only true one” and “Any nation that persecutes the Jews, as Germany has done recently be totally uncivilized.”

1936: “Edwin Goodman, president of Bergdorf-Goodman was named” tonight “as chairman of the dress division of the Greater New York Campaign of the Joint Distribution committee for the Aid of Jews in German, Central and Eastern” at a dinner at the Harmonie Club.

1936: Rabbi Jonah B. Wise spoke to a dinner at the Metropolis Club, where “a group of members reported that they had raised $30,000” which will go toward meeting the $75,000 quota set by the Joint Distribution Committee.

1937(21st of Nisan, 5697): Seventh day of Pesach

1937(21st of Nisan, 5697): Nathan Birnbaum passed away. Born in Vienna in 1864, Birnbaum coined the terms Zionists and Zionism in 1890. He was active with Herzl in the First Zionist Congress. However, he later drifted away from the movement becoming more concerned with a renaissance in Jewish culture and traditional Judaism. He left Germany after Hitler came to power and moved to the Netherlands where he continued his writings.

1937: In Warsaw, “the Minister of Education issued a decree today dissolving the militant ant-Semitic Nationalist students’ organizations in” universities in Warsaw and Vilna.

1937: On the outskirts of Warsaw at Sokolow and Lukow, “all the Jewish market stands were smashed and many Jews were injured and driven from the marketplaces today by a stone-hurling mob.”

1937: Twenty-five-year-old New York City native Edward Isaac Lending arrived in Spain where he would fight with the Lincoln Brigade against the fascist forces of Franco.

1937: In Albania, the Jewish community was granted official recognition by the government. The largest Jewish populations were located in Kavaje and Vlora. Approximately, 600 Jews were living in Albania prior to World War II, 400 of whom were refugees. At the beginning of World War II, hundreds of Jews arrived in Albania seeking refuge from Nazi persecution in other regions of Europe.

1938(1st of Nisan, 5698): Rosh Chodesh Nisan and Shabbat HaChodesh

1938(1st of Nisan, 5698): Moise Micha Sapir the fourth commander of the Botwin Company (named for Naftali Botwin, the Polish Jewish radical executed in 1924) was killed at Lerida today during the Spanish Civil War.

1939: The last in a series of concerts sponsored by the New Friends of Music featuring the first of five symphonies, each of which has been verified “as the work of the Austrian master by Dr. Alfred Einstein who has restored them to their original form” is scheduled to place today in Carnegie Hall

1939(13th of Nissan, 5699): Fifty-five-year-old Fordham University trained physician Dr. Hirsch Sadowsky, the Russian born son of Shlomo and Peshe Sadowsky, the husband of Golia Sadowsky and the father of Dr. Bernard Sadowsky passed away today at his retirement home in Florida.

1940: “Faced with the greatest crisis in their history, Jews must look to their religious principles "to build inner and outer defenses" against anti-Semitism, leaders of American Jews emphasized at a dinner meeting tonight of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations.”

1941: In what would prove to be a prelude to the Farhud in June, today “Rashid 'Ali al-Kailani, an anti-British nationalist politician from one of the leading families in Baghdad, carried out a military coup against the pro-British government in Iraq” which “was supported by four high-ranking army officers nicknamed the “Golden Square,” and by the former Mufti of Jerusalem, Hajj Amin al-Husayni.

1941(5th of Nisan, 5701): Sixty-five-year-old Minnie b. Affelder, the New York born daughter of Leopold and Rebecca Kahn Affelder, and the sister of William, Harry and Jeanette Affelder passed away today after which she was buried at Mount Neboh Cemetery.

1941: Hungarian Premier Count Pál Telecki committed suicide rather than collaborate with Germany. This is only one small chapter in the complex story of Hungary’s involvement in World War II. For much of the war, Hungary’s Jewish population would remain comparatively untouched by the raging Holocaust. Only in the final year of the war would the final solution come to this eastern European state.

1942(15th of Nisan, 5702): First Day of Pesach

1942(15th of Nisan, 5702): Seventy-two-year-old Chicago Medical College trained obstetrician Joseph Bolivar DeLee, the Cold Spring, NY born son of Morris and Dora Tobias Lee who revolutionized his field of specialty while founding the Chicago Lying-in Hospital and teaching at Northwestern and the University of Chicago passed away today.

1942: Birthdate of Larry Selman whose life would be captured in a documentary “The Collector of Bedford Street.” (As reported by Paul Vitello)

1942: “My Favorite Blonde” a comedy based on a story by Melvin Frank was released today in the United States.

1943: At the Thirty-eighth Council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, which opened its three-day meeting in the Hotel New Yorker today, speakers declared that only through the creation of an international structure of mutual responsibility will the world obtain a lasting post-war peace period.

1943: “Flight for Freedom” based loosely on the disappearance of Amelia Earhart, directed by Lothar Mendes, one of the many refugees from Nazi Germany, was released today in the United States.

1944: Today, 90 Jews who were captured by the Nazis at Chalcis, a port on the Greek island of Euboea are shipped to Auschwitz.

1944: In Haifa, British police discovered a cache of arms belonging to the Stern Gang following a bombing which caused the death of a Jewish constable and wounded a British policeman.

1944: At night, British authorities arrested more than sixty individuals many of whom were reported to be “members of the Jewish revisionist party known as the New Zionist Organization.”

1945: In a letter to Chaim Weizmann, president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, Peter Bergson provides a description of the efforts of the Hebrew Committee of National Liberation (H.C.N.L.) to save the Jews of Europe and create a Jewish state.

1945: After more than three years of service, Laurence A. Steinhardt left his post as Ambassador to Turkey.

1945: In New York, piano teacher Beatrice Filler and “amateur violinist” Benjamin Taruskin gave birth to Columbia educated award winning “musicologist and music critic” Dr. Richard Filler Taruskin, the husband of Cathy Roebuck

1946: In Cleveland, Ohio, Mrs. Henry Gottdiener celebrated her 79th birthday today.

1947: Tonight, in “in a pre-Passover broadcast, presented in cooperation with the American Jewish Committee, over the Mutual network, “Former Governor Herbert H. Lehman urged “the assignment of unused immigration quotas to admit a "fair share of the victims of nazism"

1948: U.S. premiere of “B.F.’s Daughter” produced by Edwin H. Knopf and filmed by cinematographer Joseph Ruttenberg.

1948: British Forces arrive at the air field south of Beit Darass looking for arms that had been delivered to the Jews. They found nothing since the Jews had hidden the weapons in the surrounding collective settlements.

1948: In response to the Soviet order to restrict shipments of goods to Berlin by the Allies General Lucius Clay ordered that all supplies be sent by air marking the actual start of the Berlin Airlift. (Editor’s note – this entry serves as a reminder that the events surrounding the creation of Israel took place at the same time that Russia was pursuing a ruthless policy of imperialism across Europe.)

1949(3rd of Nisan, 5709): Parashat Vayikra

1949: “Magistrate Morris Rothenberg, the acing national chairman of the United Palestine Appeals reported” today “that a minimum of $100,000,000 most of which will be raised by Jews” in the United States will be used “to cover the construction costs of housing units for immigrants” in Israel.

1950(15th of Nisan, 5710): First Day of Pesach

1951(25th of Adar II, 5711): Fifty-four Odessa born American pianist Simon Barere who survived the Bolsheviks and the Nazis so he could make his Carnegie Hall debut in 1936 and who was the husband of Helena Vlashek, “suffered a cerebral hemorrhage while performing the first bars of Grieg's Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16 in Carnegie Hall with the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Eugene Ormandy, had suddenly collapsed and died backstage shortly this evening.”

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the Knesset passed the Nationality Act which was expected to confer automatic Israeli citizenship on all Jewish residents, and some of the non-Jews, on July 14, 1952. The vote was 43 to 17. The Knesset defeated, by a vote of 25 to 16, a proposal made by Herut which would require all persons holding dual citizenship to give up one nationality within two years after becoming Israeli citizens.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that a report from The Hague stated that the German delegation to the reparations talks left for Germany for further consultations. The Israeli delegation denied that there was any "crisis" in the talks and explained that the preliminary, informative stage of deliberations drew to a close, and a formula for further talks had been agreed upon. The delegation hoped that this would allow for good progress in the further discussions and actual negotiations. A small letter bomb, containing 40 grams of modern explosives, was sent to the leader of the German reparations delegation at The Hague. It failed to explode when opened in the mail room of the German Embassy.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that the IDF had completed "Operation Ma’barot," the winter-long assistance extended by various army units to new immigrants in their camps.

1954: In Hong Kong, a Centenary Dinner was held celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Shanghai Volunteer Corps which from 1932 through 1942 included Company H or “The Jewish Company.”

1955(10th of Nisan, 5715): Parashat Tzav

1955: At a testimonial dinner in the Roosevelt Hotel, Congregation Zichron Ephraim is scheduled to celebrate the 65th anniversary of its founding and to honor 84 year old Benjamin J. Weill who “has worshipped at the synagogue for 65 years” for his 35 years of service as the congregation’s treasurer.

1955: Today, “six weeks after being sacked from a managerial position at AC Mila,” Hungarian born Jewish “soccer legend” Bela Guttman “lost control of a car he was driving, killing one teenager and seriously injuring another.”

1956: CBS broadcast the first episode of “The Edge of Night,” a soap opera featuring Shirley Stoler, the daughter of Russian-Jewish immigrants as “Frankie.”

1958: Release date for “The Young Lions,” the cinematic treatment of Irwin Shaw’s novel of the same named produced by Al Lichtman one of the main protagonists of which is “Noah Ackerman”

1960(5th of Nisan, 5720): Parashat Vayikra

1960(5th of Nisan, 5720): Seventy-four year old Philadelphia native and University of Pennsylvania graduate Dr. Arthur D. Goldhaft, the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and founder of the Vineland Poultry Laboratory which was “devoted to poultry disease prevention who was the “consultant in vocational agriculture for the Hadassah Youth Reference Board” and the husband of Florence Goldhaft with whom he raised two children – Helen and Tevis – both of whom became veterinarians passed away.

1961(16th of Nisan, 5721): Second Day of Pesach

1961: ABC broadcast the first episode of “The Asphalt Jungle” created and produced by Mel Epstein.

1961: It was reported today that Cincinnati industrialist Julian A. Pollack is survived by his second wife, Gertrude, “a daughter, Mrs. Morton A. Rauh of Yellow Springs, Ohio and two sons, David Pollack of Cincinnati and Julian Jr. Pollack of Arlington, VA.

1962: Frieda Caplan opened her specialty produce company, Frieda's Inc., which has introduced a wide array of exotic produce to the American market.

1964(20th of Nisan, 5724): Sixth Day of Pesach

1964: In Frankfurt, Germany, the trail of twenty-former Auschwitz concentration official are charged with murder continues for its 16th week.

1964: It was reported today that “Fifty Protestant, Roman Catholic and Jewish clergymen in Westchester County have sent a message to Premier Khrushchev urging that synagogues and Jewish seminaries be reopened and that imprisoned synagogue leaders be freed. They also asked that a ban on the baking of matzoh in state bakeries be lifted.

1965(29th of Adar II, 5725): Eighty-three-year-old Hebrew Union College graduate Dr. Abraham Cronbach, the son of Marcus and Hanna Itzig and husband of Rose Hentil who began his rabbinical career at the Reform congregation of Temple Beth Elin South Bend, Indiana” passed away today.

1965: Birthdate of Rachel Freier, the daughter of Chasidic Jews from Borough Park and the wife of David Frier who when she “was elected as a Civil Court judge for the Kings County 5th judicial district in New York State” became the first Hasidic Jewish woman to be elected as a civil court judge in New York State and the “first Hasidic woman to hold public officein United States history.”

1965: Hochhuth’s play "Stellvertreter" was banned in Italy. In English, the play is called "The Deputy." It was a sensation at the time for its dramatic portrayal of the negative role Pope Pious XII played during the Holocaust in terms of saving the Jews from the Holocaust and resisting the Nazis.

1966: It was reported today that “A rare Seder dish from Spain, dating to the years before the Jewish expulsion in 1492, has been acquired by the Israel Museum.”

1966: The appointment of Rose L. Halprin, a former national president of Hadassah “who has been active in Zionist affairs for more than 35 years, to serve as chairman of the American Agency for Israel was announced last night, making her the successor to Dr. Emanuel Neumann who had been serving in that position.

1967(21st of Adar II, 5727): Sixty-four year old Hungarian born  Phi Beta Kappa graduate from Columbia University John W. Gassner, the theatre critic, playwright and author whose twenty books included Theatre at the Crossroads and Masters of the Drama who was the husband of “the former of Mollie Kern” and whose academic career led him to becoming the Sterling Professor of Playwriting and Dramatic Literature at Yale University passed away today.

1969(14th of Nisan, 5729): Ta’anit of Bechorot; erev Pesach observed for the first time during the presidency of Richard Nixon.

1970(25th of Adar II, 5730): Seventy-eight-year-old Maryupol native Zev Abramovits, “a specialist in the issues of statistical economics” and left Labor Zionist who “began writing in 1915 as a contributor to the left Poalei Tsiyon (Labor Zionist) press” passed away today in Tel Aviv.,%20Zev%20(Ze'Ev%20Abramowich)%20(December%2016,%201891%E2%80%93April%202,%201970)

1970: An Israeli Phantom jet piloted by Pini Nahmani was shot down over a Damascus suburb. Nahmani was imprisoned in the al-Mazza Prison in Damascus.

1972(18th of Nisan, 5732): Fourth Day of Pesach

1972: Actor Charlie Chaplin returned to the United States for the first time since being labeled a communist in the early 1950s during the Red Scare.

1973(29th of Adar II, 5733): Seventy-year-old Hungarian born, CCNY grad and Fordham University trained lawyer Nicholas Adas who served as an assistant U.S. Attorney and as a leader of the Hungarian Jewish community in the United States while being an active member of the Republican Party, passed away today.

1973(29th of Adar II, 5733): Seventy-four-year-old Jascha Horenstein, a native of Kiev who became a leading American conductor passed away today.

1974: Tonight, at the 46th annual Academy Awards, Marvin Hamlisch won three Oscars “including Best Song and Best Dramatic Score for The Way We Were along with the award for Best Song Score and/or Adaptation for The Sting.”

1975(21st of Nisan, 5735): Seventh Day of Pesach

1977(14th of Nisan, 5737): Parashat Tzav; Erev Pesach

1977: “The Ascent” a Russian film set in WW II with music by Alfred Schnittke, the son of Frankfurt born journalist Harry Viktorovich Schnittke and grandson of “philologist and translator” Tea Abramovna Katz was released in the Soviet Union today.

1978: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Dallas” a five-part mini-series created by David Jacobs that proved so popular it became a regular weekly show that lasted until May of 1991.

1978: Birthdate of Nicholas Evan “Nick” Berg “the American freelance repairman” who was beheaded by Islamist terrorists in Iraq who were so proud of the act that they put the video on the internet.

1979: Menachem Begin visited Cairo, Egypt. The historic visit followed the historic peace treaty that Begin and Sadat had signed. Begin was the first Israeli Prime Minister to visit Egypt.

1979(5th of Nisan, 5739): Seventy-two-year-old Carroll Rosenbloom the Baltimore born son of Anna and Solomon Rosenbloom and University of Pennsylvania football star who grew Blue Ridge Overalls into a major clothing supplier and who as best known as an owner of NFL football teams, including the Baltimore Colts who won their first championship under his leadership and the Los Angeles Rams died today in a drowning accident in Florida.

1979(5th of Nisan, 5739): Seventy-three-year-old Frankfurt, Germany native Richard Ettinghausan, “one of the world’s leading authorities on Islamic Art, the husband of “the former Elizabeth Sgalitzer and the father of two sons, Stephen and Thomas, passed away today.

1980(16th of Nisan, 5740): Second Day of Pesach; First Day of the Omer

1981: In London, the annual meeting of the International Catholic-Jewish Liaison Committee came to an end today.

1981: “Seventy-five British academics signed a letter to Soviet Minister of Culture Petr Demichev protesting the repeated harassment of Hebrew teachers and students in the Soviet Union.”

1981: “Anatoly Shcharansky, the Jewish Prisoner of Zion, who is serving a sentence in a Urals labor camp, informed his mother that in January 1981 he was sentenced to six months’ solitary confinement, and deprived of family visits in 1981.”

1982: “Ivan Kovalev, 28, one of the last active members of the Helsinki Group of dissidents monitoring Soviet abuses of human rights, was sentenced by the Moscow City Court to five years in a labor camp followed by five years’ internal exile.”

1982: Jewish militants opposing Israel's withdrawal from Sinai tried to reach the area by boat today after the army closed it to unauthorized civilians and set up roadblocks

1984: It was reported today that Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman,” starring Dustin Hofman as Willy Loman is, based on tickets sales so far “the second-best-selling play” of this year’s theatrical season.

1987(3rd of Nisan, 5747): Famed drummer and orchestra leader Buddy Rich passed away at the age of 69. According to some sources, only Rich’s father was Jewish. However, on the official Buddy Rich Website, Rich’s religion is listed as Jewish.

1987: Theater of the Riverside Church offered a rare look at Israeli Experimentalist Theater and dance when it presented Tmu-Na today.

1988(15 of Nisan, 5748): Pesach

1989(26th of Adar II, 5749): Jack Ruby Lindo whose tombstone in the Anglican cemetery in Ocho Rio has a “large six-pointed Star of David” passed away today.

1991(18th of Nisan, 5751): Fourth Day of Pesach

1992: Bernard Kouchner began serving as Minister of Health of France.

1992: Jack Lang completed his second term as Culture Minister of France.

1993: “The Crush” directed and written by Alan Shapiro and starring Alicia Silverstone was released in the United States today.

1993: “Jack The Bear” a film based on the novel of the same name directed by Marshall Herskovitz was released today in the United States.

1993: “Cop and a Half” a comedy directed by Henry Winkler was released in the United States today.

1993: CBS broadcast the first episode of “Good Advice” a sitcom with scripts co-authored by Max Mutchnick.

1995: Two members of Hamas blew themselves up in Gaza City while preparing for an attack on Israel.

1995: In “Central Synagogue; A $500,000 Restoration of an 1872 Masterwork,” published Christopher Gray traces the history of Central Synagogue, one of the most spectacular houses of worship in New York City, is a rare surviving example of early Victorian religious architecture. Construction sheds are now going up for a $500,000 restoration of the building's 1872 stone exterior. Central Synagogue, which was originally called Ahawath Chesed, was founded in 1846 by immigrants from Prague and the nearby regions of what was then Bohemia.

1996: “The Dreyfus Affair” is scheduled to have its American premiere at the New York City Opera this evening.

1997(24th of Adar II, 5757): Forty-nine-year-old Hedi Kravis, the Brooklyn born daughter of psychiatrist Bernard Shulman, the first wife Henry Kravis, passed away today. (As reported by Lawrence Van Gelder)

1998: “Israel Offers Pullout if Lebanon Bars Raids” published today described the conditions under which Israel will leave its neighbor to the north.

2000: James Rubin completed his service as Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs

2000: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or special interest to Jewish readers including “I Will Bear Witness: A Diary of the Nazi Years, 1942-1945by Victor Klemperer; translated by Martin Chalmers and the recently released paperback edition of “Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan and the World He Made” by David Halberstam

2000: Columbia University and the Jewish Campus Life Fund celebrates the dedication and cornerstone-laying, of the Robert K. Kraft Family Center for Jewish Student Life, a new $11.5 million building that fulfills the long-held goal of creating a permanent home for Columbia's vibrant and diverse Jewish student community. The building is named for the family of Robert K. Kraft, a 1963 graduate of Columbia College and University Trustee since 1991. His lead gift in 1993 launched the building campaign for the Center.

2001: Scott Schoeneweis was awarded the honor of being the Angels' opening day starter today (his first such assignment) and he pitched effectively, yielding 3 runs and 8 hits in 7 innings; but Anaheim lost to Texas, 3-2.

2001: Pitcher Tony Cogan played in his first major league game as a player with the Kansas City Royals.

2002(20th of Nisan, 5762) Sixth Day of Pesach; 5th day of the Omer

2002: Funeral services are scheduled to be held at Guttermans in Woodbury, L.I, for Abraham Goldberg, the husband of Marjorie Goldberg and father of Barry Goldberg and Lori Kamper.

2002: As part of Operation Defensive Shield, the IDF entered the booby-trapped camp at Jenin and” surrounded the headquarters of the Preventive Security Force in nearby Beitunia.”

2002: Israeli forces surrounded the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem after 200 Palestinian terrorists took refuge inside. Instead of storming the church, the IDF surrounded the building a laid siege to the armed killers.

2002: Frieda Caplan's specialty produce company, Frieda's Inc., which has introduced a wide array of exotic produce to the American market, celebrated forty years in business.

2003: Milwaukee Brewers Pitcher Matt Ford appears in his first major league baseball game.

2004: “Home on the Range” an animated musical western featuring the voice or Roseanne Barr was released in the United States today.

2005: Pope John Paul II, “the Polish Pope” whose efforts to improve relations with the Jewish people included the first Papal visits to Auschwitz, a synagogue and Yad Vashem as well as his decision to recognize the state of Israel and serving as host of “The Papal Concert to Commemorate the Holocasut” passed away today.

2005: The Cedar Rapids Gazette reported that “the search for a new rabbi for Temple Judah has ended with the hiring of Rabbi Aaron Sherman.” Rabbi Sherman and his wife Stephanie Alexander recently purchased a home in Cedar Rapids. A graduate of Brown University, Rabbi Sherman has a Masters in Hebrew Letters and was ordained at the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in 2000.

2006: At about 1 am today “a man at a party in Hollywood, a man argued with Paula Abdul grabbed by the arm and threw her against the wall” resulting “in a concussion and spinal injuries.”

2006: Haaretz reported that Poland is going to probe 1940s murder after Israeli meets alleged killer. In 1943, at the height of World War II and the systematic annihilation of European Jewry, Gitl Lerner, a 45-year-old Jewish woman, hid with five of her children in the home of a Polish farmer. The six managed to escape a transport to the Majdanek death camp and found shelter along with two Jewish youths. On the night of October 30, Polish farmers in the area stabbed Lerner and the five children to death. Sixty years later Roni Lerner, an Israeli businessman and Gitl's grandson, set out to track down his family's murderers. In the course of his investigation, Lerner, pretending to be a historian, met the sole surviving murderer and uncovered the horrific case, which the prosecution in Poland has now reopened as a result. Under Polish law, there is no statute of limitations on murders committed during World War II or the country's Communist era. However, the director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Israel, Dr. Efraim Zuroff, who assisted Lerner in his contacts with the Polish prosecution, says that despite admirable Polish willingness to bring criminals to trial, the proceedings drag on and convictions have been exceedingly few, in view of the number of suspects still alive. With the help of an Israeli film crew and local researchers, Lerner managed to locate the last remaining suspect in the murder. The suspect,Joseph Radchuk, a 92-year-old farmer, led Lerner and his people to the place where the victims were buried 60 years ago. Lerner is going to Poland today at the head of a delegation to exhume the skeletons and bring them for burial in Israel, alongside his father's grave. "I won't leave my family members in that cursed land of Poland," he said before departing Israel. Researchers from Poland's Institute for National Commemoration (IPN) are slated to meet with Lerner tomorrow and to be present for the exhumation of the victims' remains, if found, at the Catholic cemetery in Pashgalini. The eight victims are Gitl and her five children (Miriam, 22; Hannah, 20; David, 17; Zvi, 15; and Haim, 13) and two young Jewish men known only by their surnames: Zefrin and Pomerantz. They were stabbed to death at their hideout in the small village of Pashgalini, near the family's hometown of Komarovka in eastern Poland, not far from the city Lublin. The family arrived at the hideout in April 1943, after a Polish farmer named Jan Sadovski found it for them. While the family was in hiding, Lerner's father, Yitzhak, was living in Warsaw under an assumed identity. He heard of his family's murder from a Polish friend who lived in the village. In November 1944, after the Red Army had conquered the area from the Germans, Lerner went to the village to investigate. His testimony, preserved in the Jewish archives in Warsaw, states that the murder was perpetrated by Sadovski and four other farmers - one of them being Joseph Radchuk. The testimony stated that the murder had been committed to steal the Lerner family's possessions and those of their two friends, who were wealthy people. Lerner Sr. met with Radchuk, who said he had witnessed the murder and admitted taking many of the family's possessions. Lerner Sr. filed several complaints with the Soviet authorities, but later learned that aside from Sadovski, who was tried and executed, nothing was done to his accomplices. After the war Lerner Sr. fled to Sweden and from there immigrated to Israel. He remarried, to a Holocaust survivor from a neighboring town in Poland and lived with her in Moshav Hibbat Zion. Lerner began investigating his family's tragedy in July 2003, when he accompanied his daughter's school trip to Poland and tracked down his father's testimony at the archives in Warsaw. On returning to Israel, Lerner decided to commemorate his father's life with a book and a documentary film, and headed back to Poland. He kept Israel's ambassador, David Peleg, and his deputy, Yosef Levy, apprised of all his movements there. He also made contact with the local Jewish community and Monica Kravchuk, chair of the Jewish heritage foundation in Poland. Research led to the home of the Ozdovski family, on whose land the Lerners' hideout had been located. The family, whose father apparently participated in the murder, said that the bodies were initially buried near the hideout, but were moved a year later to an unknown location because neighbors complained the place had become haunted. Lerner says that during an unannounced visit to the family's home, he spotted a Singer sewing machine that had belonged to his family and was mentioned in his father's testimony. Last October the researchers located Radchuk, who showed them where the bodies were reburied at the edge of the Catholic cemetery in Pashgalini. If the skeletons are found there, they will be flown to Israel on Tuesday and the funeral will take place in Hibbat Zion at the end of the week.

2006: Jaclyn Leibson Mintz, daughter of Dale Mintz, the national director of women’s health and advocacy for Hadassah and editor of “The Hadassah Jewish Family Book of Health and Wellness” and Stephen A. Mintz were married in a ceremony officiated at by Rabbi A. Rothman.

2006: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including “Fair Trade For All: How Trade Can Promote Development” by Joseph E. Stiglitz and Andrew Charlton and the recently released paperback edition of “Incompleteness: The Proof and Paradox of Kurt Gödel by Rebecca Goldstein.”

2007: “Nightrise” the third book in The Power of Five series, by Anthony Horowitz was released in the United Kingdom today.

2007(14th of Nisan): Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising on the Jewish calendar

2007 (14th of Nisan): In the evening, Pesach begins with the first Seder.

2007: The New Republic Magazine featured a review of George Konrad’s autobiography, “A Guest In My Own Country: A Hungarian Life.” Konrad, like the more famous Elie Weisel, survived the Holocaust in Hungary, but spent his adult life in the land where he had faced almost certain death.

2007: Erev Pesach, Newsweek Magazine featured an article entitled “American Jews: The List—Choosing the Chosen” in which three American Jewish multi-millionaires list the top fifty rabbis in the United States. Following the criteria used by this trio, the Rabbis we read about Bnei Berak in the Haggadah would not have made the list.

2007: Chicago real estate billionaire Sam Zell “has won the auction for the Tribune Co.” The 65-year-old native of Highland Park, Illinois has bought the company whose holdings include the Chicago Tribune.

2008: In Vancouver, B.C., the Vancouver Jewish Film Festival presents a screening of “Jewish Luck.” which was among the first Soviet Yiddish films to be released in the US during the 1920s.

2008: The Hallmark Channel “Son of the Dragon” with a teleplay written by David Seidler “which helped to launch the cable channel.”

2008: The Rosenbach Museum and Library received an official State Historical Marker by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission in recognition of the lasting contributions of museum co-founder, Dr. A.S.W. Rosenbach.

2009: Television financial personality and Harvard Law School graduate Jim Cramer has license to practice law suspended today “for failure to pay the registration fee” for the New York Bar.

2009: Professor Amy-Jill Levine, of Vanderbilt University, delivers an address at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, entitled “Misunderstanding Judaism/Misunderstanding Jesus.”

2009: “The Teddy Bear was born in Bedford Stuyvesant” published today described the role of “Rose and Morris Michtom, two Russian Jewish immigrants who lived in Brooklyn” in creating this iconic American stuffed animal.

2009: Centenarian Andrew Steiner, the Czech born architect who saved Jews as a leader in the Bratislava Working Group and settled in Atlanta, GA after the war passed away today.

2009(8th of Nisan, 5769): A terrorist infiltrated Bat Ayin in the Gush Etzion region of the West Bank and killed Shlomo Nativ, a 13-year-old Israeli boy, by striking him in the head with an axe. The terrorist also attacked a 7-year-old boy with the axe, hitting and wounding him in the head. He was taken to Hadassah Hospital in Jerusalem and is in moderate condition. Iran-backed Palestinian Islamic Jihad and an organization calling itself the Imad Mughniyeh Group claimed responsibility for the attack, although this has not been confirmed.

2009: Today in an interview to the Radio Liberty Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg denounced the FSB as an institution harmful to Russia and the ongoing expansion of its authority as a return to Stalinism

2010: Krista Tippe, host of American Public Media's Speaking of Faith and author of, Einstein's God: Conversations About Science and the Human Spirit, is scheduled to appear with Michel Martin, host of NPR's Tell Me More are scheduled , to get together for a dialogue about the role of faith in their lives at the Shakespeare Theatre Company's Sidney Harman Hall in Washington.

2010: “Musical Shabbat” is scheduled to return to Friday Night Services at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

2010: After premiering at the Locarno Film Festival “Breath Made Visible,” a “documentary film about modern dance legend Anna Halprin” was released in the United States

2011: Professor Yosef Shiloh, of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Medical School, the first Israeli to receive the prestigious Clowes Award presented by the American Association for Cancer Research is scheduled to be honored at the AACR Annual Meeting that opens today in Orlando, Florida. The prize includes a $10,000 grant, a commemorative plaque, and funding to attend this prestigious event.

2011: Former Israel Olympian, Shaul Landry, a surviving member of the 1972 Munich delegation, is scheduled to celebrate his 75th birthday today by walking his age in kilometers.

2011(27th of Adar II, 5771): Ninety-two-year-old Morris Parloff, a member of the "Ritchie Boys," a German-speaking unit of the U.S. Army that did intelligence work and psychological warfare in World War II, and who later became a psychotherapist, researcher and an administrator at the National Institute of Mental Health, passed away today. Parloff was among the surviving members of the Ritchie Boys featured in a 2004 documentary.

2011(27th of Adar II, 5771): In Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the Traditional Saturday Morning Minyan celebrated Shabbat Ha-Chodesh.

2011(27th of Adar): Yahrzeit of Zedekiah “the last king of the royal house of David to reign in the Holy Land. He ascended the throne in 434 BCE, after King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia (to whom the kingdom of Judah was then subject) exiled King Jeconiah (Zedekiah's nephew) to Babylonia. In 425 BCE Zedekiah rebelled against Babylonian rule, and Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem (in Tevet 10 of that year); in the summer of 423 BCE the walls of Jerusalem were penetrated, the city conquered, the (first) Holy Temple destroyed, and the people of Judah exiled to Babylonia. Zedekiah tried escaping through a tunnel leading out of the city, but was captured; his sons were killed before his eyes, and then he was blinded. Zedekiah languished in the royal dungeon in Babylonia until Nebuchadnezzar's death in 397 BCE; Evil Meroduch -- Nebuchadnezzar's son and successor -- freed him (and his nephew Jeconiah)” today. Ironically, Zedikiah died on the same day on which he was freed.

2011: “The Matchmaker” is scheduled to be shown at the West Chester Jewish Film Festival.

2011: Early this morning, in the southern town of Khan Yunis, IAF aircraft bombed a car carrying four senior Hamas operatives who, according to Israel, were on their way to Sinai with plans to kidnap or attack Israelis vacationing on the peninsula.

2011: The Israeli Counter-Terror Bureau urged Israelis today to leave the Sinai Peninsula immediately, after revealing that Israeli intelligence agencies had obtained concrete information of plans by terrorists to kidnap or attack Israeli nationals vacationing there over the upcoming Pesach holiday.

2011: Naama Shafir, a Sabbath-observing Israeli, scored a career-high 40 points to power the University of Toledo women's basketball team to the school's first national postseason championship in any sport. (As reported by JTA)

2012(11th of Nisan, 5772): Ninety-seven-year-old “Mauricio Lasansky, an Argentine-born master printmaker who was equally well known for a series of drawings depicting the horrors of Nazism” passed away today at his home in Iowa City, Iowa. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2012(11th of Nisan, 5772): Ninety-year-old Borscht Belt tumbler Lou Goldstein passed away today. (As reported by Joseph Berger)

2012: Hillel C. Neuer and Bari Weiss are scheduled to discuss “From Eleanor Roosevelt to Qaddafi: An Insider's Account of Human Rights at the UN” at the 92nd Street Y.

2012: “Kosher deli in England a Titanic survivor’s legacy” published today tells the story of restaurant started almost a century ago by a Jewish survivor of the aquatic disaster.

2013(22nd of Nisan, 5773): Final Day of Pesach

2013: Palestinians attempted to fire two mortar shells into Israel; both landed within the Gaza Strip

2013: Elem, a non-profit organization for runaway homeless and neglected Israeli and Arab youth in distress is scheduled to host an evening of dinner and drinks to support Israeli Jewish and Arab Youth at Risk prepared by some of New York’s finest chefs.

2013: Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon toured the Golan Heights this afternoon, and vowed that Israel would prevent the proliferation of weapons "that could threaten us in the future" to radical elements in Syria

2013: Following the shots fired from Syrian territory into the Golan Heights today, IDF tanks returned fire at a Syrian military target across the border, successful destroying whatever had been doing the shooting.

2013: As of today, Supercentenarian Evelyn Kozak became “the seventh oldest person living in the world” an honor she held until her death in June of 2013.

2014: The Jewish Theological Seminary is scheduled to present “Mah Nishtanah: Posing New Questions, Telling New Stories – An evening of inspiring Passover learning.”

2014: The Oregon Jewish Museum is scheduled to host “Chai Fantasy” – a panel discussion about fantasy literature and Judaism.

2014(2nd of Nisan, 5774) Ninety-four-year-old David Werdyger, the Chasidic Chazan and Holocaust survivor passed away today.

2014(2nd of Nisan, 5774): Seventy-eight-year-old pianist and critic Harris Goldsmith passed away today. (As reported by Vivien Schweitzer)

2014(2nd of Nisan, 5774): Seventy-eight-year-old Sandy “Grossman, who won eight Emmys, directed broadcasts of 10 Super Bowls, 18 N.B.A. finals, 5 Stanley Cup finals and Olympic hockey” passed away today.

2014: Pierre Moscovici completed his service as Minister of Finance for France.

2015: In “Off the shelf | New books about the Bible worth reading more than once” published today provided a review of Robert Alter’s Song As Death is Love: The Song of Songs, Ruth, Esther, Jonah and Daniel, Michael Fishbane’s newly released The JPS Bible Commentary: Song of Songs and Avivah Gottlieb Zornberg’s new book, Bewilderments: Reflect-ions on the Book of Numbers.

2015: Alex Schiffman Shilo is scheduled to speak today the “First Person 2015 Series” sponsored by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

2015: WQXR is scheduled to broadcast “A Musical Fest for Passover with Itzhak Perlman.!/story/277596-musical-feast-passover-itzhak-perlman/

2015: “At a White House news conference today, President Barack Obama said that the United States and the five other world powers negotiating in Switzerland had reached a “historic understanding with Iran” on a deal that, if fully implemented, would prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.” (As reported by JTA)

2016(23rd of Adar II, 5776): Shabbat Parah

2016: At Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, celebration of the B'nei Mitzvah of Kate Hinz and Ben Binder is scheduled to take place this morning.

2016: “Firebirds” is scheduled to be shown at the Israeli Film Festival in Philadelphia, PA.

2016: The new Nadav Remez Quintet is scheduled to perform for the first time at Rockwood Music Hall

2017: “On the Map” a film about “the Maccabi Tel Aviv basketball team's historic win” is scheduled to be shown on the final day of the Seattle Jewish Film Festival.

2017: “A new Israeli system designed to intercept medium-range missiles became operational today after it was unveiled at a ceremony attended by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and US defense officials.” (As reported by Tama Pileggi and Stuart Winer)

2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Casey Stengel: Baseball’s Greatest Character by Marty Appel and Blitzed: Drugs in the Third Reich by Norman Ohler

2017: As part of Spring Break, the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to let “kids and students” enter without an admission charge.

2018(17th of Nisan, 5778): Third Day of Pesach, first day of Chol Hamoed; second day of the Omer

2018: In Jerusalem, the Tower of David is scheduled to host a performance of “The Riddle of the Queen of Sheba.”

2018: “The Unorthodox Matchmaker” published today described the role of Yocheved Lerner-Miller in the love life of the Observant.

2018: Gary David Cohn completed his service as Donald Trump’s Direction of the National Economic Council.

2018: Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, in an interview published today, recognized Israel’s right to exist and extolled the prospect of future diplomatic relations between his kingdom and the Jewish state.

2018: In Jerusalem, the Begin Center is scheduled to host “Map and Matza”

2018(17th Nisan, 5778): Seventy-three-year-old reporter Connie Lawn passed away today. (As reported by Daniel E. Slotnik)

2019: The voters of Chicago are scheduled to go to the polls where they will decide which of two African American women will replace Rham Emanuel as the city’s chief executive.

2019: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Humor Me.”

2019: Today, Massachusetts gaming regulators released an investigative report concluding that executives of Wynn Resorts Ltd concealed sexual misconduct allegations against the casino operator's billionaire founder, Steve Wynn” whose father had changed the family name “from Weinberg to Wynn to avoid anti-Jewish bias.”

2019: With The Kinneret having risen have risen 15.5 since Friday including an 11 centimeter in a single day, today’s forecast calls for local rainfall in northern Israel.

2019: A week before its national elections, Israelis consider the impact of yesterday’s reported by researchers Noam Rotem and Yuval Adam that there is “a network of hundreds of fake Twitter accounts that promoted Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and attacked his political rivals…”

2020: The Streicker Center is scheduled to host, on-line, “The History of Jewish Music from Barchu to Broadway” with Cantor Mo Glazman.

2020: Fiddler Cookie Segelstein and button accordion player Josh Horowitz of Veretski Pass are scheduled to play klezmer on Zoom in a Fiddle Online “Covid Concert.”

2020: This evening,In a Zoom class from HaMqom Educator Tamar Zaken is scheduled to talk “about the Sephardic end-of-Passover tradition of Mimouna, and how Jews and Muslims lived side-by-side in Morocco.”

2020: Boston Jewish Films is scheduled to present an online screening of “The Witch Hunters.”

2021(20th of Nisan,5781): Sixth Day of Pesach

2021: The Village for Families With Young Children at Temple of Boston is scheduled to present online the Home Edition of “Tot Rock Shabbat.”

2021 In a virtual session examining UC Berkeley’s Magnes Collection, curators Francesco Spagnolo and Shir Kochavi are scheduled to talk about an exhibit that had 100 never-before-displayed artifacts from the Jewish community in Kerala, South India.

2021: The Jewish Arts Collaborative is scheduled to present online a conversation with Argentinian born artist Silvina Mizrahi as she talks “about how her upbringing has influenced her artwork.”

2021: As Israelis prepare for Shabbat and the final days of Pesach observance, they can add a fifth question to the proverbial four questions – based on this week’s comments from the Prime Minister, will Bibi with Ra’am to form a new government.

2022(1st of Nisan, 5782): Shabbat HaChodesh and a whole lot more

2022: in Toronto, Beth Sholom is scheduled to host Canadian-Israeli award-winning author and journalist Matti Friedman as he discusses Israel and the Media.

2022: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host “Flute Sounds in Ein Kerem with Noam Bachman and Friends performing trios for flute, cello and piano.

2022: In Wayland, MA, The W Gallery is scheduled to host a performance of “Schulhoff, “the newest work in Rachel Linsky’s ongoing project series, “Zachor,” which seeks to preserve the memories of World War II Holocaust survivors and victims through dance which in this case is Jewish composer Erwin Schulhoff.

2022: In Columbus, OH, Congregation Tifereth Israel is scheduled to continue its Scholar-In-Residence Weekend with a D’var Torah by Dora Horn on “Being a Jewish Writer” followed after services with a lecture by Dora Horn on “Eternal Life History and Purposed in a World that Outlasts Us” and a final lecture by Dora Horn before Havdalah on Antisemitism and Jewish Memory: A Follow-Up Conversation.”

2023: The National Library of Israel is scheduled to present a lecture by Prof. Shalom Sabar, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem on “The Sarajevo Haggadah: A Masterpiece of Jewish Art and Its Incredible Journey From Catalonia to Bosnia.”

2023: The Jewish Federations of North America are scheduled to co-sponsor “Leadership Training for Jewish Young Adults.”

2023: The American Sephardi Federation, in partnership with Center for Jewish History, Kulanu, Project Shema, Kahzbar, Be’chol Lashon and Jewish Multiracial Network are scheduled to present “The Hidden Jews of Ethiopia” based a new book by Dr. Marla Brettschneider

2023: In Chicago, the New Beginnings Church is scheduled to host “Passover –

A Musical Celebration of Freedom” with “outstanding musicians, professional soloists, and music as diverse as cantorial, spiritual, show tunes, and hip-hop.”

2023: In Columbus, OH, “all Tifereth Israel families who can come are scheduled to enjoy a baseball game between the Columbus Blue Jackets and the Ottawa Senators.

2023: The Mexican Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to begin at the TriBeCa Synagogue.

2023: “I’ll Have What She’s Having: The Jewish Deli” which has been on view since November at the New York Historical Society is scheduled to come to a close today.

2024: NLI USA Signature Speakers Series and SRP Writers Showcase are scheduled to present a special virtual event with the National Library of Israel “The Language of War: Lost in Translation,” “Ambassador Michael Oren as he probes the experience of authors Elisa Albert, Iddo Gefen, and Aviya Kushner, and unpacks how their work is impacted by the current climate, what they see as their obligation to their readers, and how Jewish literature can be a point of connection in times of crisis.”

2024: JCCSF is scheduled to present Rabbi Sharon Brous as she discusses her book, The Amen Effect, “which explores the spiritual necessity of community and offers a blueprint for a more connected, caring world.”

2024: Temple Judea is scheduled to host Rabbi Joseph A. Skloot, Ph.D. “the Rabbi Aaron D. Panken Assistant Professor of Modern Jewish intellectual History at HUC-JIR” as he lectures on "Catastrophe and Hope: Jewish Responses Past and Present."

2024: Lockdown University is schedule to host a lecture by Trudy Gold on “The Holocaust on Film, Part 3.”

2024: LBI is scheduled to host, in-person, German writer Max Czollek, who holds the Spring 2024 DAAD Chair in Contemporary Poetics at NYU, who “will discuss literary memory culture in Germany and engage in a discussion with the students.”

2024: The Weitzman National Museum of American Jewish History is scheduled to host the third session of “Telling Our Stories,” during which attendees can discover “their family's stories with Tribe 12's Mick Brewer, the Weitzman's Director of Education Rebecca Krasner, and peers over weekly sessions using resources from the Museum.”

2024: As April 2nd begins in Israel, the Hamas held hostages begin day 179 in captivity.  (Editor’s note: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time.)