This Day, February 24, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

February 24

303: The first official Roman edict for the persecution of Christians was issued by Roman Emperor Galerius Valerius Maximianus.  This was part a contest between Pagans and Christians for control of the Roman Empire.  The Jews were not involved.  But they would be the ultimate losers when Christianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire and the Church unleashed the power of the state on all religious groups that opposed it, including the Jews.

1147: In Wurzburg, Germany, a rumor began that a Christian corpse was found in the river which could perform miracles. The Jews were accused to killing the person. In the ensuring riots, twenty-two Jews were murdered including the rabbi, Isaac ben Elyukem. After the riot the survivors fled to a local Castle

1221: Alice de Montmorency, wife of Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester passed away.  In 1217, Alice ordered the arrest of all of the Jews living in Toulouse.  They could either convert or be killed.  Children under the age of six were taken from their parents, baptized and raised Christians.  Her actions violated the promise her husband had made to the Jews of Toulouse guaranteeing them their freedom and right to practice their religion.   

1304: Birthdate of Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Battutah commonly known as Ibn Battuta, a Maghrebi traveler, explorer and scholar whose travels took him to the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza, Hebron, Jerusalem and Bethlehem and some of whose travels mirrored those taken by Benjamin of Tudela, the 12th century Jewish author of The Travels of Benjamin, the Hebrew language text, which provided “a description of Jewish communities” but also   was a reliable source about the geography and ethnography of the Middle Ages which “some modern historians credit Benjamin with giving accurate descriptions of everyday life in the Middle Ages.

1463: At Mirandola, near Modena, Gianfrancesco I Pico, Lord of Mirandola and Count of Concordia, by his wife Giulia, daughter of Feltrino Boiardo. Count of Scandiano gave birth to Italian Renaissance philosopher Giovanni Pico della Mirandola who studied Kabbalah with Johanan Aleman and was one of the first Italian nobles to collect Hebrew manuscripts and who “was convinced that the literature of Kabbalah was the true transcript of what Moses heard at Sinai , that Christianity and Judaism were one with Kabbalah as the point of connection and that the differences between Judaism and Christianity were superficial”

1479: After four years of conflict and intrigue, Queen Isabella of Castile secured her throne.  Isabella’s machinations to gain control of the kingdom show her as every bit as other female monarchs as Elizabeth of England or Catherine the Great of Russia.  Later in the year, she would marry Ferdinand of Aragon, a move that would lead to the creation of the modern Spanish state.  Contrary to popular misconception, she was the abler of the two monarchs.  In fact, it was only because Ferdinand was a man in a male-dominated society that saved his reputation.  Isabella’s accession to the throne was the first in a series of events that would end with the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492.

1500: In Ghent, Philip the Handsome and Joanna Castile gave birth to Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor who provided Josel of Rosheim with “a charter or letter of protection from for the whole of German Jewry but who alos  “issued a proclamation again the Jews who had not been baptized” which may have applied to the Jews he ruled as King of Spain.

1510:  Pope Julius II excommunicated the Republic of Venice. Many remember Julius II as the Pope who commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel.  Julius II, like at least one of his predecessors, had a Jewish physician; in this case Samuel Sarfatti.  From the Jewish point of view, Julius clashes such as the one that brought on the above mentioned excommunication and aesthetic projects meant that he did not have time to waste on persecuting his Jews.  Out of sight out of mind or benign neglect placed Julius on the list of one of the “better Popes.” 

1530: Coronation in Italy of Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor who provided Josel of Rosheim with “a charter or letter of protection from for the whole of German Jewry but who alos  “issued a proclamation again the Jews who had not been baptized” which may have applied to the Jews he ruled as King of Spain.

1536: Birthdate of Ippolito Aldobrandini who became Pope Clement VIII during whose Papacy Jews were forced to attend “conversionist sermons,” prohibited from “dealing in new articles of clothing” and forced to allow copies of the Talmud to be burned in 1601.

1590: Accused “Judaizer” Catalina de Leon, the wife of Antonio Dias de Caceres, did penance at an auto da fe held in Mexico City today.

1597: Alfonso d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, who, in 1588 sent Mantua born engineer Abraham Colorni to Prague married his third wife today.

1582:  Pope Gregory XIII announced the Gregorian calendar.  This replaced the Julian Calendar which explains why there is some confusion about various dates in history.  Of course the Jews use their own calendar, but as a people who “live in time” it is useful to know when other parts of the Western world began changing the way they keep track of the years.

1590: An entire family of Marranos named de Carabaja “was forced to confess and abjure at a public auto-da-fé, celebrated” today. “Luis de Carabajal the younger, with his mother and four sisters, was condemned to perpetual imprisonment, and his brother, Baltasar, who had fled upon the first warning of danger, was, along with his deceased father, Francisco Rodriguez de Matos, burnt in effigy.” (According to some accounts this happened in 1599)

1688(23rd of Adar): Portuguese poet and grammarian Moses Gideon Abudiente passed away.

1739: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah at the Battle of Karnal.  Nadir Shah’s rise to power marked an improvement in the lives of the Persian Jewish community.  The last half of the 17th century had been a period of persecution for the Jews when many of them actually outwardly converted to Islam. Under Nadir, the Jews were once again free to practice their religion in public.

1749(16h of Adar I, 5509): Sahara Helbert, the Daughter of Philip Helbert and the second wife of Baruch Judah passed away today in NewYork City

1763: Today “a mob protesting the abolition of half-price admissions stormed the theatre in the middle of the performance of “Artaxerxes,” an opera which would in the next decade feature the tenor voice of Michael Leoni who was also known as Myer Lyon, the Chazan at the Great Synagogue in London.

1765: David Tevele Schiff was named as the Rabbi to lead the Great Synagogue in London succeeding Hart Lyon in that position.  Hart had actually been the rabbi for the Great Synagogue and the Hambro Synagogue. The two congregations were supposed to continue this practice.  But they could not agree on a successor.  Once the Great Synagogue had made its decision, the Hambro Synagogue chose Israel Meshullam Solomon to serve as their rabbi.

1774(13th of Adar, 5534): Erev Purim, celebrated on the same day that American patriot Richard Henry Lee wrote to Arthur Lee that  "North America is now most dimly united and as firmly resolved to defend their liberties ad infinitum against every power on Earth that may attempt to take it away” which was one of the defining statements on the road to the fight for independence from Great Britain.

1781: In Newport, RI, Jochabed Levy and Moses Mendes Seixas, who were married in 1770, gave birth to Bella Seixas who never married.

1789: Emanuel de la Motta and his wife gave birth to Doctor Jacob de la Motta, “a member of the South Carolina Medical Society, a U.S. Army Surgeon during the War of 1812 who lived in Savannah where he was instrumental in erecting the building that housed Mikveh Israel and serving as a lay leader before returning to Charleston “where he became one of that city’s leading physicians while taking an active role in community affairs

1793: Zipporah Isaacs and Hymen Cohen gave birth to Frances Cohen, the wife of Aaron Joseph with whom she had seven children.

1796(14th of Adar II, 5556): Purim observed for the last time during the presidency of George Washington.

1798(8th of Adar, 5558): Parashat Tetzaveh: Shabbat Zachor

1803: In Marbury v. Madison decided today, The Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review which would be part of the judicial arsenal when Jewish justices starting with Justice Brandeis began serving on the High Court.

1809(8th of Adar, 5569): Lea Landauer, the wife of Raphael ben Isser Landauer and the mother of Joseph Löb Arjeh Landauer; Löb (Leopold) Raphael Landauer; Israel Isser Landauer and Moses Landauer passed away today in Bavaria.

1816(25th of Shevat, 5576): Parashat Mishpatim; Shabbat Shekalim

1816: In Germany Sara and Isaac Fried gave birth to Friederike Feist, the wife of Moses Feist and the mother of Leopold, Salomon and Sarphan Feist.

1817: Two days after he had passed away, Zvi, the son of Isaac HaCohen was buried today at the “Brady Jewish Cemetery.”

1818: In London, “actor-manager Henry John Wallack and Fanny Jones” gave birth to American actor James William Wallack

1829: Lyman and Achsah Wells Granger gave birth Fanny R. Granger who became Fanny Granger Kanter when she married Breslau native Edward Kanter, the Detroit banker with whom she had four children – Henry, Charles, Edward and Jessie.

1831: Birthdate of Leo von Caprivi, who as Chancellor of Germany earned the enmity of the anti-Semites, who were a growing force, when he attacked their leaders in a speech before the Reichstag in 1893.

1831: One day after he had passed away, Same Benjamin was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.”

1835: Birthdate of Sir Julius Vogel, the eighth Premier of New Zealand and the first Jew to hold this position.

1836: Louis Goodman married Julia Salamon today at the Western Synagogue.

1839: Birthdate of Hanover, Germany native and future Yazoo City, Mississippi resident Emile Schaefer, the husband of Julia Marx Schaefer and Caroline Weinschenk Schaefer

1841: David ben Jacob married Rachel bat Aaron HaLevi today at the Western Synagogue.

1842: Birthdate of German Egyptologist Émile Brugsch who in 1881 “discovered the tomb at Deir el Bahir” which included the mummy of Ramses II, the Pharaoh of the Exodus.  

1844: In New York, Isabella Lloyd and Henry Russell gave birth to William Clark Russell.

1847: Moss Ansell married Mary Cantor today at the Great Synagogue.

1847: Asher Solomon married Anna Russel today at the Great Synagogue.

1848: Louis-Philippe, “King of the French,” abdicates the throne. Louis’s reign began with a revolution in 1830 and ended with a revolution in 1848.  This monarch from the house of Orleans was a rather dull character when compared to the glory of the Bourbons and Bonaparte but it was his very dullness that got him to the throne.  As is so often the case, Louis’ record in dealing with the Jews is a mixed bag.  As Elliot Rosenberg points, by the time Louis came to the throne French Jews were well on their way to full emancipation.  Under Louis, “rabbis joined other clerics paid from the state exchequer.”  While English Jews were still denied entry to Oxford and Cambridge, the doors “opened widely” at French universities.  “Jewish communities joined in praising” him as the monarch who “’had enlarged our liberties.’” In 1835, Louis defended the rights of French Jews in a diplomatic conflict with the Swiss.  James de Rothschild, head of the French branch of the House of Rothschild was “a royal intimate” who according to his brother Salomon “goes to the palace whenever he wishes.  James was not only a pillar of the French government, he was also the man who handled the “personal investment accounts” of the French monarch.  All this good will was tainted by the Damascus Affair in which the French sided with those who supported the claim of the Blood Libel against Jews living in Syria.  The French were trying to establish their sphere of influence in the Middle East and North Africa and if the price was that of a few Jews, so be it.  Regardless, by the time of the abdication, Jewish emancipation in France was so ingrained that nothing would stem that tide.  Of course, the Dreyfus Affair, fifty years later would demonstrate the illusory nature of that emancipation.  Louis’s successor, Napoleon III would prove to be “bad for the French people” and therefore “bad for the Jews.”

1848: As the revolutionary forces took power, the Republicans named Adolphe Cremieux, a prominent lawyer, statesman and leader of the French Jewish community, to serve as the minister of justice. During his time in office, he “secured the decrees abolishing the death penalty for political offenses, and making the office of judge immovable.”  “He was instrumental in declaring an end to slavery in all French Colonies, for which some have called him the French Abraham Lincoln.”

1849: One day she had passed 62-year-old Catherine, “the wife of Shimson bar Tuvya” was buried today at the “Brady Street Jews Cemetery.”

1852: In Richmond, VA, Joseph and Caroline (Waterman) Myers gave birth University of Richmond graduate Lee Roy Myers, the husband of Julia Davis who in 1869 went to the cigar business in Savannah GA where he served as president of Lee Roy Myers Company and Cortez Cigar Company.

1853: Lord John Russell, the last Whig to serve as prime minister of Great Britain spoke in a favor of the bill to remove the political “Jewish Disabilities.”

JEWISH DISABILITIES. (Hansard, 24 February 1853) (

1857: In England, Phoebe Levy and Aaron Samuel gave birth to John Samuel

1859: In Michigan, Julius and Jennie F. Ringuette Houseman gave birth to Hattie Houseman Amberg, the wife of David Moses Amberg.

1860(1st of Adar, 5620): Rosh Chodesh Adar observed on the day Henry David Thoreau wrote in his journal, “A fact state barely is dry” but “it must be the vehicle of some humanity in order to interest us.”

1860: In Lithuania, “Chaim and Golde H. (Purvin) Bluestone game birth to  NYU trained medical doctor and organizer of the ZOA Joseph Isaac Bluestone, the organizer and president of Choveve Zion in American and an organizer and member o f the board of Beth Hospital in New York.

1861(14th of Adar, 5621): Purim

1861: As the Jews celebrated Purim for the first time during the Civil War, President Lincoln sat for a photographic portrait by Alexander Gardner.

1862: Sergeant Elias Reubenthal began a three-year enlistment with Company I of the 113th regiment of the 12th Cavalry.

1863: In New York City. Adolphe and Ida (Deutsch) Blum gave birth to merchant and banker Edward Charles Blum, the First Vice President of Abraham and Strauss Department Store and husband of Florence Abraham.

1863: In Vienna, Austria, Rabbi Ignatz and Nettie (Rosenbaum) Grossman gave birth to Louis Grossman who graduated from Hebrew Union College and served as the rabbi at Detroit’s Temple Bethel and Congregation B’nai Yeshurun in Cincinnati, Ohio.

1864: During the Civil War, Joseph B. Greenhut, who had been fighting as a member of the Union Army since April of 1861, resigned his commission and returned to civilian life. Greenhut had fought at a series of famous battles including Fort Donelson, Gettysburg and Lookout Mountain.

1865: In Louisville, KY, “Moritz (Morris) Flexner, an immigrant from Neumark, Bohemia, via several years in Strasbourg, France; and his wife Esther from Roden, Germany” gave birth to Bernard Flexner the founder and first president of the Palestine Economic Corporation” and husband of Mary Flexner and younger brother of Dr. Simon Flexner.

1868(1st of Adar, 5628): Rosh Chodesh Adar

1868: Alphonse, Baron de Rothschild and his wife Leonora, the daughter of Baron Lionel de Rothschild of London gave birth to their only son Edouard who fought a duel during the Dreyfus case.

1869(13th of Adar, 5629): Erev Purim observed for the last time during the Presidency of Andrew Johnson.

1869: Birthdate of  Rochester, NY native and clothing manufacturer turned banker, Max I Holtz, the president of the Rochester Clothiers Exchange who in 1918 settled the strike with the Amalgamated Clothing Workers and who resigned as head of Louis Holtz and Sons which had been founded by his father so he could devote more time to serving as President of the Columbia Banking, Savings and Loan Association while also serving as leader of the Republican party.

1873: In New Orleans, Theodore and Frances “Fanny: Hellman gave birth to Editi Cecilia Hellman who became Edith Cecilia Beer when she married George Louis Beer, the New York born son of Julius and Sophia Beer and award-winning historian.

1874: Three days after he had passed away, George John David Jonassohn, the young son of “Moses John Jonassohn” and Mathilda Jonassohn was buried at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1874: Birthdate of Moshe Smilansky, the native of Telepino and brother of Meir and Anna Smilansky who first came to Palestine in 1890 as part of the First Aliyah, became an author who wrote in Hebrew and was a proponent of a bi-national state in the 1930’s.

1876: Two days after he had passed away, Frederick Augusta Cowen, the husband of Emily Cowen and the father of Lionel, Emma and Frederick Cowen was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1877: An agreement was reached today between the Ottoman rulers and the Serbian envoys led by Prince Milan. The Serbians agreed to all of the conditions set by the Turks except two, one of which was the requirement that the Jews of Serbia be granted the same rights as all other Serbs.

1878: “Is Disraeli A Jew” was published today.

1878: In Halle, Germany, Julius Bernstein, “the Chair of Physiology at the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg and was the Director of the Physiological Institute at the University of Halle” and his wife gave birth to Felix Bernstein the “mathematician known for proving in 1896 the Schröder–Bernstein theorem” who was forced to flee Hitler’s Germany.

1878: The Young Men’s Hebrew Association met tonight in New York to discuss the proposal made by Thomas Grady to abolish the Free College.

1879(1st of Adar, 5639) Rosh Chodesh Adar observed on the same day it is reported President Hayes will use the pocket veto to deal with Anti-Chinese Immigration Bill.

1880(12th of Adar, 5640): Seventy-nine-year-old Judge David Naar, the St. Thomas born sone of Sarah and Chazan Joshua Naar and the husband of Sarah Cohen  Naar passed away today in Trenton, NJ.

1881: Seventeen-year-old Marion Calish, the Hebrew teacher at Professor Felix Adler’s kindergarten who has been missing since the 19th, was found just before midnight tonight by a traveling salesman who took her to the local police precinct.

1882: A man who claimed to be named Rothschild and is thought to be Jewish attempted to use a bogus check to pay for purchases at A and C Myer in New York City.

1882: Two of the Jewish refugees from Russia who arrived in Philadelphia, PA on the SS Illinois are the only ones who have been identified as being sick – that is two out over three hundred men, women and children.

1882: A cable sent to the Toronto Globe from London stated that at a meeting of the Committee on the Fund for the Relief of Russo-Jewish Refugees, Sir A.T. Galt suggested that two or three of the Jewish refugees should be allowed to go to Canada’s Northwest Territories to make arrangements for the arrival of their co-religionists. 

1883: In Columbia, MO, Bertha Myer and Bernhard Loeb gave birth to University of Missouri graduate and St. Louis University trained physician and oral surgeon Virgil Loeb, the husband of Therese M. Metzler and professor of oral surgery at St. Louis University as well as a professor of stomatology at the Washington University Dental school who rose to the rank of Major while serving in France during WW I as member of Medical Corps of the United States Army.

1884(28th of Shevat, 5644): Fifty-four-year-old Alsatian born French painter Benjamin Ulman passed away today in Paris.

1884: Harold Emmanuel Levy, an infant, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1885: Birthdate of Joseph Sprinzak, first Speaker of Israeli Knesset. “Born in Moscow, Sprinzak's father was active in the Hovevei Zion. When Jews were expelled from Moscow in 1891, the family moved to Kishinev and then Warsaw. The home was a center for young Hebrew writers and Zionists. In the early 1900s, he was one of the organizers of HaTehiyah, a Zionist group led by Yitzhak Gruenbaum. During this period, he worked in a Hebrew publishing house as well as on Hebrew and Yiddish newspapers in Warsaw. In 1905 he returned to Kishinev where he was active in Zionist affairs. In 1908 he spent several months in Constantinople where he was in contact with Zionist leaders, and then went to Beirut to study medicine. His studies were cut very short when, after just a few months, he was asked to become secretary of HaPoel HaZair. During World War I he was in Eretz Yisrael and after the war, was instrumental in founding Hitahdut, a world movement which joined HaPoel HaZair and Zeirei Zion. A delegate to the 11th and 12th Zionist Congresses, Sprinzak became the first representative of the yishuv's labor movement to be elected to the Zionist Executive. When independence was declared in 1948, he was elected to the Provisional State Council as well as the first three Knessets, serving as speaker for 10 years.   Joseph Sprinzak was known as a Zionist leader who strongly identified with the rank-and-file, both in Israel and abroad. His conception of Zionism was based on socialism and the process of national rebirth. During his tenure as secretary of HaPoel HaZair, he was involved in the absorption of Jews from Yemen. During World War I, he helped organize the yishuv's Jewish workers. In the 1920s, as a member of the Zionist executive, he was head of the Labor and then the Aliyah Departments. He also helped found the Histadrut labor federation and was a member of the Tel Aviv municipality. In the 1930s, as a member of the Histadrut executive, Sprinzak was instrumental in the formation of Ben-Gurion's Mapai political party. In the 1940s he became a leading member of the Zionist General Council and eventually was general secretary of the Histadrut. As Knesset speaker during the body's first 10 years, Sprinzak had a major influence on the country's emerging democracy. He died in 1959.”

1887: Birthdate of Furth native and German trained mathematician Arthur Rosenthal who was lucky enough to escape from the Nazis and in 1939 settle in the United States where he taught at the University of Michigan, the University of New Mexico and Purdue University where a scholarship “is named in his honor.”

1887: In Louisville, KY, Morris and Ray Forst Kaluber gave birth to medical school student turned journalist and broadcaster, Edward Kaluber, who married Doris Larson Klauser two years after the death of his first wife Gladys Gustafson Kaluber and served as the city of the New York Times before eventually becoming an executive vice president of the Columbia Broadcasting System

1887: Three days after he had passed away, Phineas Abraham, the husband of the former Caroline Simon with whom he had had eight children was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1889: Birthdate of Aleksei Denisovich Dikiy, the native of the Ukraine and brother of actress Maria Sukhodolska – Dikova who was a Soviet actor and director during the Stalin era.

1889: Birthdate of Arne Laurin the graduate of the “Technical Academy of Prague,” the editor-in-chief of Prager Presse, a German language newspaper regarded as the mouthpiece of the Czech government who was forced to flee because of opposition to the Nazis and Conrad Henlein, leader of the Sudeten Germans and who “took charge of the index department of the Czechoslovak Information Service” after arriving in New York in 1939 with his wife “Olga Weiss Laurinova.”

1889: In “eastern Galicia,” Shmaryahu Imber, the Hebrew author and Bella Miriam Imber gave birth to Samuel Jacob Imber the “husband of Nussia Imber, the nephew of Naphtali-Herz Imber, the author of “Hatikvah” who wrote poetry in Polish and was Yiddish author who in 1942 was murdered by anti-Semites “during pogroms following the Nazi occupation of the Ukraine.”

1889: In the United States, Arthur Richard Rosson and Helene Rochefort gave birth to actress Ethel Rosson, who became Ethel Rosson Daly, the wife John Daly and whose siblings cinematographer Harold Rosson and actor/director Richard Rosson.

1889: Birthdate of Jacques (Jacob) Presser “a Dutch historian, writer and poet best known for his book Ashes in the Wind: The destruction of the Dutch Jews which descried “the persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands during World War II.”.

1890: It was reported today that Sarah Bernhardt will be returning to the United States in October to perform at the Broadway Theatre in New York City. 

1890: It was reported today that at the request of Elsie Leslie, 500 hundred children from the Industrial Schools of the Associated Hebrew Charities will attend one of her final matinee performances of “The Prince and the Pauper at the Broadway Theatre. (Elsie Leslie was a noted child actress of her time.  Born in 1881, she passed away in 1966.  I cannot find any reason why she singled out a school for Jewish students for this treat.)

1890: It was reported today that the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society is caring for nearly 600 children, 200 of whom were girls and 400 were boys.

1891: “Elevated Funeral Trains” published today described the decision of the Directors of the Union Elevated Railroad in Brooklyn to extend service to Cypress Cemetery and the “numerous Jewish cemeteries in the neighborhood and to establish funeral trains consisting of a car for the coffin and two or three cars for the funeral party.  Most of the directors are Jewish and Edward Lauterbach who is counsel for the company is attempting to establish contracts with various synagogues to convey the funeral parties from the ferries or bridge to the cemetery.

1892: Birthdate of Moscow native, vaudeville monologist and radio and Broadway performer Joe Laurie Jr. who formed the vaudeville team of Laurie and Bronson with his first wife Aleen Bronson and was the father of Joseph Bryant Hughes Laurie.

1893: The American University, a private Methodist university in Washington, D.C. is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America. A.U. has over one thousand Jewish undergraduate students out of a total of almost 6,000.  Out of an estimated 4,700 grad students, 1,000 are Jewish.  The school offers a minor in Jewish Studies, a university program in Israel and the services of an authorized Hillel House.

1893(8th of Adar, 5653): Benjamin Henry Ascher, Hebrew scholar and author passed away

1893: “At the second session of the 52nd Congress…a bill was presented to the House ordering that a gold medal be struck off in recognition of the services rendered by Haym Solomon during the Revolutionary War, in consider of which the Salomon heirs waived their claims upon the United States for indemnity.” The full House never took action on the resolution.

1894: It was reported that Kuhn, Loeb & Co is among the contributors to the Citizens’ Relief Committee which has raised $94, 065.50 for those suffering from the effects of the economic depression.

1894: It was reported today that Jacob H. Schiff, Solomon Loeb and Abraham Wolff are among the prominent citizens who have joined a movement led by Cornelius Vanderbilt “to establish a pawn broking establishment” in New York modeled on “public pawn broking establishing that have been of great help to the poor in several large European cities.

1895: “A Most Noble Charity” published today described the work of the Montefiore Home for Incurables which “was originally intended as home where incurable patients should be received and made comfortable during their lives” has not taken on the additional role of providing treatment for chronic invalids” many of whom “were hopelessly stricken by disease” but have left the facility “in the full possession of health.

1896: “Religion In Large Cities” published today described the conditions of religious institutions in New York City including the fact that there “51 Hebrew organizations” in the city.

1896: According to Emily Crawford of the Associated Press, Prince Henry of Orleans is hoping to capitalize on the anti-Dreyfus spirit as a way of bringing about the downfall of the Republic which he no doubt hopes will be replaced with a Monarchy.

1897: Two days after he had passed away, 84-year-old Harris Silver was buried today at “Plashet Jewish Cemetery” in London.

1898: Birthdate of Romanian born American political scientist and Fabian Socialist Herman Finer the University of Chicago professor and author who is the brother of Samuel Finer.

1898: “Prison and Fine For Zola” published today described the scene in the courtroom when Emile Zola was convicted. The verdict was handed down at seven in the evening but the jury had agreed on its decision days ago in response, in part to threats from the mob that surrounded the court during the trial. In response to the sentence which stemmed from his defense of Captain Dreyfus the defamed Jewish officer Zola compared himself to Christ saying that he too was “a victim of mob violence office cowardice and a grand miscarriage of justice.”  (Considering that the Catholic Churc were one of the groups arrayed against him, this was a bold, fitting, comparison.)

1899(14th of Adar, 5659): Last Purim celebration of the 19th century.

1900(25th of Adar I 5660): Parashat Vayakhel; Shabbat Shekalim

1900: In London, Chief Rabbi Adler has been elected a member of the Anthenaeum Club after having been proposed for membership the Most Reverend Mandell Creighton, Bishop of London.

1901(5th of Adar, 5661): Twenty-six-year-old Joseph Herzfeld the Bad Konig, Deutschland son of Regina and Moses Herzfeld passed away today in his hometown.

1901: It was reported today that Jews have been excluded “from all the professional schools in Romania” as well as “the college for preceptors,” the naval and military schools” and “from all boarding schools.”

1902: In Berlin, the ninth meeting of the Union of Judæo-German Congregations came to end.

1903: It was reported today Nathan Straus’s trotter Ted “established a remarkable record for himself by defeating the crack pacer Bell Boy at the Speedway.

1904:  Herzl writes, "Yesterday I had a most curious visitor: Ali Nuri Bey ... His proposal ... comes to this: Sail into the Bosporus with two cruisers, bombard Yildiz, let the Sultan flee or capture him, put in another Sultan (Murad or Reshad), but first form a provisional government - which is to give us the Charter for Palestine...."

1905(19th of Adar I, 5665): Sixty-six year old Florida born Israel Moses Nunez who rose to the rank of Major in the CSA and founded a stage line at Stonewall, TX in 1870 passed away today Austin, TX after which he was buried at the Beth Israel Cemetery.

1906(29th of Shevat, 5666): Parashat Mishpatim; Shabbat Shekalim

1906: Russian Communist leader Leon Trotsky and his second wife Natalia Sedova gave birth to Lev Lvoich Sedov.

1906: Birthdate of Yosef Serline, the native of Bialystok who served as personal secretary Nahum Sokolow before making Aliyah in 1930 following he which he served as an MK in the first seven Knessets.

1906: Birthdate of Yosef Serlin, the native of Bialystok who made Aliyah in 1933 and worked as lawyer in Tel Aviv while pursuing a political career that included serving as member of the First Knesset.

1906: “Their Stores to Close Saturdays” published today described the decision of the East Side Dry Goods Merchants’ Association to give their employees the day off on Saturday because they did little or no business because the vast majority of customers were Jews.

1907(10th of Adar, 5667): Composer Otto Goldschmidt passed away at the age of 87.

1907: In New York, Hyman Novick, a Russia Jewish immigrant  operator of a Borscht Belt hotel and his wife Sadie gave birth Ben Novick who was Ben Novack moved to Miami Beach where he co-owned the Sans Souci Hotel before he built and owned the luxurious Fontainebleau hotel, one of the most famous hostelries on Collins Avenue.

1908: Muller v. Oregon in which Louis Brandeis “as additional counsel for the state of Oregon” filed the first of its kind of brief now known as the “Brandeis Brief” which relied “more on a compilation of scientific information and social science than on legal citations” was decided today by the Supreme Court in favor of the state of Oregon

1908(22nd of Adar): Rabbi Jehiel Michal Epstein of Novogrdok, Russia author of Arukh ha-Shulhan passed away

1909: Birthdate of Max Black.  Born in Azerbaijan, raised and educated in England, Black became a U.S. citizen in 1948.  It is hard to classify him because his interests were so varied. “Black was famed for his contributions to the philosophy of language, the philosophy of mathematics and science, the philosophy of art, conceptual analysis, and his studies of the work of several major philosophers. Black was a prolific author and lists of his publications contain over 200 items. He passed away in 1988.

1910: Birthdate of Fred Sington, the native of Birmingham, Alabama, who as an all-America tackle at the University of Alabama, led the Crimson Tide to the national championship in 1930 before going on to a major league baseball career with the Washington Senators and Brooklyn Dodgers.

1911: As the issue of Russian treatment of American Jews wishing to go the land of the Czar for business purposes heated up, “Senator Culberson to-day introduced a resolution declaring it to be "the sense of the Senate that the treaty of 1832 between the United States and Russia should be abrogated because of the discrimination by Russia between American citizens in the administration of the treaty." (Editor’s Note- The irony is that this philo-Semitic behavior was going on at the same time efforts were being made to heavily restrict Jewish immigration, especially from Russia)

1912: “The Sunshine Girl” a musical comedy “with a book by Paul A. Rubens” opened at the Gaiety Theatre in London.

1912: “At a meeting at Temple Emanu-El in New York City today, Henrietta Szold together with other Zionist women, proposed to the Daughters of Zion study circle that they expand their purpose and embrace proactive work to help meet the health needs of Palestine's people” which resulted in the birth of Hadassah, the largest women's organization in America.

1913: Dr. Stephen Wise of New York is scheduled to deliver an address on “Moral and Religious Aspects of the Woman’s Movement” at a joint meeting of the Chicago Association of Jewish Women and the Chicago Woman’s Aide this afternoon at Sinai Temple

1914: Birthdate of Esta Saltzman the native of Boston, MA who gained fame as Yiddish actress Esta Saltzman Lubin

1914(28th of Shevat, 5674): Sixty-one year old Joseph Fels, the Virginia born son of Susannah and Lazarus Fels and the husband of Bavarian born, Iowa raised “philanthropist, Zionist”  WW I anti-War activist, Mary Fels passed away today in Philadelphia.

1915: It was reported today that Jews were among the hundreds of thousands who were suffering and has lost everything because they lived along the borders of between Russia and Germany where much of the fighting was taking place on the Eastern Front and were now fleeing to avoid the advancing and retreating armies.

1916: Representatives from the National Jewish Workmen’s Committee on Jewish Rights are scheduled to attend “a public hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations of the House of Representatives called for the purposed of considering a resolution…urging that all legal disabilities of the Jews be removed in the countries now at war.”

1916: In Congress, “the Committee on Foreign Relations” is scheduled to hold a public hearing on a joint resolution offered by Representative London and Senator Lane supporting the cause of peace and “the removal of discriminations against Jews wherever they exist.”

1916: The Zionist Council of New York held a mass meeting at Cooper Union tonight.  Louis Lipsky, who presided over the meeting, attacked the critics of the Zionist movement, including fellow Jews who had called it a “partisan issue.”  He said that “Zionism is the essential ingredient of any policy the Jewish people may adopt at this time time for the protection of Jewish interests.”  Wolf Gluskin, who has only arrived in the United States from Palestine where he had helped to establish one of first Zionist settlements, told the assembly about the suffering being experienced by 35,000 Palestinian Jews as a result of the World War.  The wine industry, which the Jewish settlers had worked so hard to develop, was on the verge of destruction.  The New York Zionists also heard from Dr. Ben Zion Mossinsohn, a teacher living in Jaffa and Dr. Schmaraya Levin of the International Zionist Committee. 

1917: H. Pereira Mendes celebrates his 40th anniversary as rabbi of Congregation Shearith Israel of New York City.

1917: Dr. Samuel Schulman is scheduled to leader Saturday morning services at Temple Beth-El in Manhattan.

1917: Dr. Enelow is scheduled to deliver a sermon on “How Can We Gain the Benefits of Religion” at Temple Emanu-El.

1917: At Temple Israel of Harlem, Dr. M.H. Harris is scheduled to deliver a Sabbath sermon on “The Temple and Israel.”

1917: The Judeo-Spanish newspaper El Emigrante was established in New Jersey.

1917: The Russian Revolution begins in earnest when troops of the Czar fire on the citizens of St. Petersburg.  This is the first, non-Bolshevik Russian Revolution. Jews played an active role in the various upheavals that would bring an end to the reign of the Czars.  The Jews did not realize that anti-Semitism was such an integral part of the Russian psyche that it would survive and flourish under the next wave of autocrats – the Communists who replaced the Czars.

1917: The German plan to bring Mexico into World War on the German side is exposed.  The incident is referred to as the “Zimmerman telegram.”  Zimmerman was the German foreign minister.  This bit of arrogance and ignorance was one of the causes of the United States entering the war in April of 1917.  The Jewish author Barbara Tuchman wrote a very readable and informative book on this subject.

1918:  Einstein wrote “to an academic correspondent who had rebuked him for his dislike of war, ‘Your ostentatious Teutonic muscle-flexing runs rather against my grain.  I prefer to string along with my compatriot Jesus Christ, whose doctrines you and your kind consider to be obsolete.  Suffering is indeed more acceptable to me than resort to violence.’”

1918: It was reported today that the Joint Distribution Committee has appropriated an additional $100,000 to help pay for “the medical unit being formed by Hadassah” which is to be sent to Palestine.

1918: It was reported today that Joint Distribution Committee has allocated $500,000 “for the general relief” of Jews living “in the occupied parts of Russia, including Poland, Lithuania and Lublin” and $800,000 to help “the wives and children of American Jews stranded in Harbin to join their husbands” in the United States.

1918: Lenin’s newly installed government decided today that Russia would have to sign a “treaty of capitulation” with the Germans and that since nobody would lead the delegation Jewish born Bolshevik Grigori Sokolnikov was forced to lead the delegation that would sign the humiliating Brest-Litovsk Treaty.

1919: “Jews Point in Pride to Record in War” published today reported that “the total number of Jews in the military and naval service during the war was between 165,000 and 200,000, or from 4 to 5 per cent. of the total personnel of the American forces at the time the armistice was signed.”

1920: The Nazi party held it first major meeting in Munich, Germany during which they adopted a platform that stated “Jews could never be citizens or a part of the German Volk or German people.”

1921: In New York City, two Jewish immigrants from Russia – Samuel Vigoda and the former Lena Moses gave birth to actor Abraham “Abe” Charles Vigoda known to many as “Tessio” the mobster who betrayed Michael Corleone in the “The Godfather” and Detective Fish in the comedy cop show “Barney Miller.”

1921: In Cincinnati, Ohio, the Board of Governors announced that Dr. Kaufman Kohler, President of the Hebrew Union College, will retire at the end of the current academic year.  Dr. Kohler has been serving as President since February 1903.

1921: As head of the Colonial Office, Winston Churchill makes his first commitment to practical Zionist enterprise by approving Pinchas Rutenberg’s plan to harness the waters of the Jordan and Yarkon rivers for electrical power enabling the Jews to begin to make further plans for substantial urban and rural development.1922:  Birthdate of actor Steven Hill.  Born Solomon Krakovsky in Seattle Washington, he is best known for his role as Adam Schiff on the television series “Law and Order.

1922: Birthdate of Seattle, Washington, native Solomon Krkovsky, who gained fame as actor Steven Hill who was the “original team leader” on “Mission: Impossible” and the long-serving New York District Attorney Adam Schiff on “Law and Order.”

1922(26th of Shevat, 5682): Sir Ellis Kadoorie passed away today and was buried in keeping with Jewish ritual was buried on the same day at the Jewish Cemetery in Hong Kong. Born in 1865, he was part of prominent Jewish family from Baghdad that moved to Bombay and eventually made their fortune in a variety of enterprises many of which were located in China and Hong Kong.

1923: Karl and Helene Neubauer gave birth to Otto Neubauer who was murdered at an extermination camp in Belarus in 1942 at the age of 19.

1923: Birthdate of David Soyer, “the founding cellist of the Guarneri String Quartet” who raised two sons – Daniel and Jeffery – with his wife Janet.

1923: In New York Hungarian born composer George Steiner and his wife gave birth Frederick
“Fred” Steiner whose most famous musical accomplishments may be creating the theme song for the ironic cartoon comedy show featuring Rocky and Bullwinkle and CBS’s popular series “Perry Mason.”

1924: Birthdate of Warsaw native Simcha (Szymon) Rathajzer the ZOB fighter later known as Simcha Rosten who when he died had been known as the last surviving Warsaw Ghetto fighter.

 1924: In “Banker to the Beggars of Berlin” published today Joseph Gollomb tells the rags-to-riches story of a man reduced by the Great War to selling matches on the Kurfuerstendamn.”

1925(30th of Shevat): Rabbi Isaac Jeroham Diskin passed away today.

1925: Ida M. Frances Ehrich, the daughter of Lazarus and Seline Babette Morgenthau, the wifoe of William Joseph Ehrich and the mother of Lilian and Joseph Ehrich passed away today in New York City.

1926: An ad for Cass and Rosenthal, a business owned by Israel Cass and Max Rosenthal that produced closes for “children and juniors” appeared in Women’s Wear today.

1926: In Washington, DC, President Calvin Coolidge received a delegation from “Agudath Israel, the world organization of Orthodox Jewry, who extended the felicitations of the organization.”

1927: It was reported today, W.L. Lewis of he Bethlehem Steel Company Football Club and Morris Vanderweghe of the New York Giants Football Club have made arrangements to “conduct a tour in America of the Hakoah Soccer team of Vienna this Spring.”

1928: Birthdate of Ezat Delijani, a 1979 refugee from Iran’s Islamic Revolution who became a prominent Los Angeles businessman (As reported by Dennis McLellan)

1929(14th of Adar I, 5689): Purim Katan

1929: This morning, Rabbi Louis Novick is scheduled to open “a joint session of constituent Zionist Organizations” after which Harry T. Kellman will deliver the President’s annual message and Mrs. Israel Shapiro will render a report, as Chairman of the Seaboard Hadassah Region followed by Judge William M. Lewis, of Philadelphia, National Chairman of the United Palestine Appeal who will be a principal speaker at the sessions.

1929(14th of Adar I) 5689): Twenty-nine-year-old Sophie Josephine Franks, the daughter of Louis and Emma Sachs and the wife of Siegfried Frank passed away today in Winschoten.

1930: In Moscow “reports emanating from Berlin to the effect that the Chief Rabbi of Minks had been sentenced to death on a charge of speculating on foreign exchange” are declared to be absolutely false.1931(7th of Adar, 5691): Seventy-nine-year-old Isaac Ottenberg, the Bavarian born son of Rosa and Maier Ottenberg  and the husband of Regina Ottenberg passed away today in Washington, D.C..

1932: Senator George Norris, the Republican from Nebraska who chairs the Senate Judiciary Committee was reported today to have said that he did not know of any plans for speeches being given in the Senate expressing opposition to the confirmation of Benjamin Cardozo as a Supreme Court Justice.

1932: Benjamin N. Cardozo was confirmed by a unanimous voice vote in the Senate to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Compare the ease with which Cardozo’s name sailed through the approval process with the contentious combat that surrounded the confirmation of Justice Brandeis.  

1932: The Maccabee Association of the United States hosts a benefits concert at Carnegie Hall to raise funds for an athletic stadium in Tel Aviv.

1933: “Perfect Understanding” a comedy directed by Cyril Gardner was released in the United Kingdom today.

1934: Litzi Friedman, the daughter of Viennese Jews Israel and Gisella Kohlman, married Kim Philby the British communist spy.

1935: “A drive to place 10,000 new contribution boxes in homes and offices was begun” tonight” by the Jewish National Fund in conjunction with its campaign to raise $500,000 this for land purchases in Palestine.”

1936(1st of Adar, 5696): Rosh Chodesh Adar

1936: “Henrietta Szold…replied today to Palestine Jewry’s greetings on her seventy-fifth birthday, stating that without their assistance she could have achieved nothing.”

1936: In Jaffa, Arabs picketing construction sites where schools were being built “stoned Jewish laborers and policemen, dangerously wounding one British constable and seriously damaging” at least one building.

1937(13th of Adar, 5697): Ta’anit Esther and Erev Purim

1937: Thy Neighbour by Lord Melchett which provided “a survey of the history of the persecution of Jews, a description of the rise and progress of Zionism and the position of Jews in the world today” was included on the “Books Published Today” listing.

1937: It was reported today that funeral services have been held in Prague for Dr. Maxmillian Reiner “a founder of the Czech-Jewish movement and active member of Sokol, the Czech national gymnastic organization.

1937: The anti-Semitic student demonstrations that took place today in Hungary included driving Jews from classrooms, interrupting professors’ lectures, smash windows in Budapest’s main synagogue, and the rector of the University of Budapest forcing threes Jewish students to “absent themselves from graduation ceremonies in order to prevent disturbances.

1938: Three speakers – Reverend Edward Lodge Curran, head of the International Catholic Truth Society; Rev. Dr. Mark Depp of Christ Methodist Church in Pittsburgh; Rabbi Philip D. Bookstaber of Ohev Sholom Temple in Harrisburg --- representing Catholics, Protestants and Jews “today addressed Dickinson College’s Forum on Interreligious Cooperation which is designed to opposed attempts by dictatorships to get a foothold in America.”

1939: An informal meeting that lasted less than half an hour “between Jewish delegates to the Palestine conference and representatives of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iraq was held today in St. James’s Palace on the same day that Dr. Stephen S. Wise and Louis Lipsky met with United States Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy.

1939: Europe’s Conscience in Decline by Charles E. Shulman which provided “a survey of the vicissitudes of the Jews in Europe” was included on the “Books Published Today” listing

1940(15th Adar I, 5700): Parashat Ki Tisa

1940: “Stop Me If You've Heard This One,” a comedy radio series hosted by Milton Berle and featuring Harry Hershfield (the Jewish Will Rogers) as a panelist was broadcast for the last time today.

1940:  Winston Churchill shared a telegram with the War Cabinet in which Chaim Weizmann described the “deplorable” effect that adoption of the Land Transfer Regulations would have.  The War Cabinet was unmoved by the plea.

1940: In Elizabethtown, NJ, Gregor Piatigorsky and Jacqueline de Rothschild gave birth molecular biologist Joram Pitaigorsky, the author of Jellyfish Have Eyes.

1941: Today’s issue of Time magazine recalled 1928 as a time when people “danced to Leo Reisman’s orchestra at the Central Park Casino” while the New Yorker said “the reason for going” to the Central Park Casino” is the fact that Leo Reisman’s orchestra is what it is.

1941: Following a two-long pogrom in Amsterdam, “an open-air meeting was held on the Noordermarkt to organize a strike to protest against the pogrom as well as the forced labor in Germany.

1942: The Struma was torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine SC 213.  Approximately 769 illegal Jewish immigrants aboard the Struma perished on their way to Palestine.  The Struma was one of a series of ships filled with Jews that attempted to run the British blockade.  The blockade was part of the British commitment to the Arabs to keep Jews out of Palestine in violation of the Balfour Declaration and the terms of the Mandate.  The British slavishly enforced the blockade during and after World War II.  The Struma traversed the Black Sea and attempted to stop at Istanbul.  But the British told the Turks that the Jews would not be allowed to land in Palestine, so they turned the ship back in the Black Sea.  It was there that the ship was sunk, reportedly torpedoed by a Nazi submarine.  Exodus by Leon Uris is based on another blockade running episode that took place in 1947.

1942:  In Stamford, CT, liquor store owner Henry Lieberman and Marcia (nee Manger) Lieberman gave birth to Joseph Isadore “Joe” Lieberman the U.S. Senator from Connecticut and the first Jew to run for Vice President of the United States on the ticket of a major political party. 

1943: Hitler sent Nazi members a message on the anniversary of the establishment of the Nazi Party, "The struggle will end . . . with the liquidation of Jewry in Europe."

1944: At Birkenau, 200 of the 800 prisoners in the Sonderkommando were sent to Majdanek where they were shot.

1944: Birthdate of Bucharest native Dan Manor (Menes) who perished when the Dakar was lost in 1968.

1944: Max Jacob a French artist, who was born Jewish but converted to Catholicism, was arrested by the Gestapo and put into Orléans prison. He was then transferred to a holding camp in Drancy for transport to a concentration camp in Germany.

1945(11th of Adar, 5705): Parashat Tetzaveh; Shabbat Zachor

1945(11th of Adar, 5705): Thirty-two-year-old Italian physicist and anti-Fascist Eugenio Curiel who had been a prisoner of the Mussolini government was gunned downed today by members of the Black Brigades, a fascist para-military unit that continued to flourish even though Italy was supposedly on the side of the Allies.

1946: In Tel Aviv, a throng of more than 50,000 Jews attended the funeral of four men killed during an attack on several RAF airfields. For more than six hours, this “all-Jewish” city was truly in control of the Jewish people as there were no signs of any British police or soldiers.  Jewish newspapers published black-bordered obituaries for each of the deceased.  During the funeral, the Haganah distributed leaflets, giving further proof that the airfield attacks were not the work of the Irgun, but were the work of a broader-based Jewish resistance movement.  The attack and the public outpouring of grief seemed to indicate a change in mood among the Jewish population who were now apparently willing to support more aggressive tactics designed to secure their national home in light of what they have come to view of as the British betrayal of the Zionist cause and their support for the Arabs.

1946: Birthdate of Michael Radford the New Delhi born son of an Austrian Jewish mother who became a successful director and screenwriter who directed the 2004 film version of the Merchant of Venice starring Al Pacino as Shylock.

1947: Birthdate of Lawrence Bailey Bogdanow an architect whose love for natural materials and fine craftsmanship brought a sense of warmth and ease to the interiors of dozens of Manhattan’s most popular restaurants, including Union Square Café, Savoy and the Cub Room (As reported by William Grimes)

1947: Birthdate of Juval Aviv, the native of kibbutz Kfar Menachem who is known as an Israeli-American security consultant and writer.

1948: At Lake Success, NY, the home of the United Nations, “the tensest atmosphere yet felt in this international headquarters accompanied the long-awaited Palestine debate that opened today in the United Nations Security Council as disrupting crowds twice forced the Council's president to rap angrily for silence.”

1949: "Under the auspices of the United Nations Mediator Dr. Ralph Bunche, an armistice was signed between Egypt and Israel."  This marked, more or less, the end of Israel's War for Independence.  "It was the first such agreement between Israel and any of its warring neighbors.  The aim of the armistice was not merely to end the fighting but, as its terms stated to 'facilitate the permanent peace'.  The phrase was taken from the United Nations Security Council resolution of November 16."  Unfortunately, the Egyptians and the other Arab nations only viewed this as a cease fire.  Over the next several decades they would violate the spirit and the agreement as they sought to destroy the state of Israel.  For the Israelis the armistice was a great victory won against seemingly impossible odds.  When asked to explain the reason for this victory which sealed the creation of the Jewish state, Yigal Yadin replied, "If we are to condense all the various factors, and they are many, which brought about victory, I would not hesitate to credit the extraordinary qualities of Israel's youth, during the War of Independence, with that victory."  In other words, it was the spirit of the people that provided the will to hold out in the early dark days and then to take advantage of later breakthroughs to turn toward victory.  As we study Jewish History, it will be interesting to see the similarity between the causes of Jewish victories in ancient and modern times.

1949: President Weizmann entrusted David Ben-Gurion with the task of forming Israel’s first government.

1950: Ada Maimon, a member of the Knesset, is spearheading the drive to tighten Israel’s marriage laws.  She is seeking to raise the minimum age of consent from 15 to 18 and tighten up on rules concerning the exceptions.  Current law, which is left over from the British mandate allows girls to marry at the age of 15 but allows for marriage at a younger age with parental consent. Miss Maimon would limit exceptions to girls at the age of 17.  Miss Maimon, who is a member of the Knessett, is most concerned about ending what she considers the abuse of this “loophole” that has girls as young as 12 getting married.  Primary opposition is coming from Jews of Oriental orign who are offended by Miss Maimon’s characterization of Oriental mothers as “breeding delinquents.”  The fifty-seven-year-old Miss Maimon is the sister of Rabbi Judah L. Maimon Israel’s Minister for Religious Affairs and is in charge of the agricultural training farm at Ayanot that was founded in 1930.

1950: It was reported today that “St. Louis University, a Roman Catholic Institution…presented its ninth honorary degree in half a century and the first in its 132-year-old history to a faculty member, Professor Gustave Kaydsh Klausner,’ the Jewish refugee who came to the United States because of the pogroms in White Russia 1907.

1951: A month after premiering in New York City, “The Enforcer” co-starring Zero Mostel was released today in the rest of the United States.

1952: Mrs. Ralph A. Freundlich, the widow of Ralph A. Freundlich, “announce the engagement of her daughter Miriam” to WW II veteran and Brooklyn College graduate Bernard Weinstein, an NYU trained attorney associated “with the law firm of Rabkin and Johnson.”

1952:  Birthdate of Simon Weinstock, British businessman and racehorse owner.

1953: Birthdate of March Feinstein the native of Mitchell, South Dakota who has served as the Representative from the 14th District in the South Dakota House of Representatives.

1954: Birthdate of Dutch author Leon de Winter whose works include the novels Kaplan and Hoffman’s Hunger.

1956: “Churchill received the Israeli Ambassador, Eliahu Elath, who presented him with a portfolio of woodcuts depicting ancient Jerusalem as an eightieth birthday gift from the Prime Minister and Government of Israel.

1956:  Birthdate of television journalist, Paula Zahn, the ex-wife of Jewish realtor Richard Cohen, who decided with him to raise their children in the faith of their father.

1958: In London, Katherine Margaret McAdam and Lucian Freud gave birth Jane McAdam the “winner of the 2014 European Trebbia Award” who is the great-grand daughter of Sigmund Freud.

1959(16th of Adar I, 5719): Eighty-two-year-old Hyman Cantor “secretary-treasurer and a founder of Cantor Brothers, wholesale paint and hardware company and the husband of Lena Cantor with whom he had four daughters – Dorothy, Helen, Ruth and Martha – passed away today in Long Island.

1959: Twenty-one-year-old “Roughhouse Rudy” LaRusso scored 29 points as Dartmouth defeated Holy Cross.

1962: “After 113 performances and three previews” at the Shubert Theatre, the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of “The Gay Life,” “a musical with a book by Fay and Michael Kanin, lyrics by Howard Dietz, and music by Arthur Schwartz,” “directed by Gerald Freedman” and co-starring “Jules Munshin as Max.”

1967(13th of Adar I, 5727): German born, American composer Franz Waxman passed away.  Waxman was nominated for 12 Oscars.  In back-to-back victories he won for “Sunset Boulevard” and “A Place in the Sun.”  These two films give us a sense of the breadth of Waxman’s skills since the first film was classic cinema noir and the second was a Western.

1968(25th of Shevat, 5728): Parashat Mishpatim

1969(6th of Adar, 5729): Seventy-four-year-old Riga native and University of Petrograd lawyer Anatole Chujoy who in 1924 came to the United States where he founded Dance Magazine in 1936 and Dance News in 1942 where he was editor and publisher until he passed away today.

1970(18th of Adar I, 5730): Eighty-one-year-old Allen Kander, the Kansas City, MO born son of “Felix Victor and Matilda Epstein Kander the newspaper reporter turned “award winning” newspaper broker and husband of “the former Jeanette Unger” with whom he had three children – Kenneth, Carol and Margaret – passed away today.

1971: “The Shooting,” directed by Monte Hellman (Monte Jay Himmelbaum) premiered today at Dallas, TX.

1972(9th of Adar, 5732): Ninety-year-old Sidney Hollander, a 1902 graduate of the University of Maryland, President of the Maryland Pharmaceutical Company and the national president of the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds from 1939 to 1956 passed away today in Baltimore.

1973(22nd of Adar I, 5733): Parashat Ki Tisa

1973(22nd of Adar I, 5733): Sixty-five year old Cracow native Martin Klein who in 1938 came from Nazi Vienna to the United where he co-founded Barton’s Candy Corporation and became the benefactor of many Jewish institutions including the Crown Heights Yeshiva and the Pressburger Yeshiva in Jerusalem while raising a son, Robert, with his wife, “the former Regina Ischhof” passed away today in the Montefiore Hospital in the Bronx.

1973: First screening today of “A Brand New Life” starring Martin Balsam with music by Billy Goldenberg.

1976: Jules Feiffer's "Knock Knock" premiered in New York City.

1976: Birthdate of Kiryat Ata native Yuval Noah Harari, a professor of History at Hebrew University and the history of two major works: Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind and Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow

1977(6th of Adar, 5737): Fifty-five-year-old Milton “Milt” Kaimen who was a successful French horn player and occupied a French horn chair at the Metropolitan Opera” before pursuing his career as a comedic actor and standup comedian passed away today.

1977(6th of Adar, 5737): Seventy-five-year-old North Carolina born Johns Hopkins alum Louis Clark the member of the American relay team that won the gold medal at the 1924 Summer Olympics passed away today.

1978(17th of Adar I, 5738): Lionel Jacobson, the son of Lithuanian immigrant Moses Jacobson and the brother of Sydney Jacobson with whom he created a major European textile business when he combing Jackson the Tailor with the Burton Tailoring Group and who was President of the Newcastle Jewish Representative Council passed away today.

1981(20th of Adar I, 5741): Eighty-two year old Moshe Nathanson, the Jerusalem born son of Rabbi Nahum Nathanson, who moved to Canada in 1922 before settling in New York where “he became the cantor for the Society for the Advancement of Judaism (Mordecai Kaplan's Synagogue in New York) passed away today,

1981: Fannie (Stein) Schwartz the widow of Harry Schwartz, the maternal grandmother of Rabbi Fred Davidow, whose home was where the family celebrated all holidays including Passover, Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur passed away. (Editor’s note – Fred was my college roommate. A lover of history and a really decent human being whose voice had the same sweet sound of the South as Shelby Foote, another Mississippi born Jew, has done a marvelous job of creating a family history which he has been kind enough to let me use.)

1981: Jean Harris as convicted of murdering Dr. Herman Tarnower, the Jewish author of the bestselling The Complete Scarsdale Medical Diet. From “eat, eat my children eat” to a mania for weight watching; such is the Jewish experience in the last hundred years. 

1981: Two bronze doors, weighing about 200 pounds, were stolen from a mausoleum at the Baron Hirsch Cemetery on Staten Island cemetery today. The police estimated the value of the doors at $600.

1982(1st of Adar, 5742): Rosh Chodesh Adar

1982: The Israeli Government approved plans today to add $2.3 billion to the budget for the current fiscal year which cabinet officials said, “was to cover a rise in food subsidies, civil service wage increases and higher compensation for settlers scheduled to evacuate Sinai next month under the peace treaty with Egypt.

1983(11th of Adar, 5743): Ta’anit Esther

1983: “Moshe Arens, the Israeli Ambassador to the United States, was confirmed as Defense Minister by the Israeli Parliament today.”

1984(21st of Adar I, 5744): Eighty-eight-year-old Florence Zellermayer Silverman the Austrian born daughter of Abraam and Bella Altshuler Zellermayer and the widow of George Silverman passed away toady in Boston, MA.

1987(24th of Shevat, 5747): Marian Gerber Greenberg, who worked closely with Henrietta Szold, the founder of the Hadassah, the Woman's Zionist Organization of America, and its Youth Aliyah to help rescue thousands of Jewish children from Nazi Germany, died of congestive heart failure at the Cooley-Dickenson Hospital, Northampton, Mass. She was 89 years old and lived in Amherst, Mass. Mrs. Greenberg was the first national chairman of Youth Aliyah, serving in the post from 1936 to 1941. A national board member of Hadassah since 1927, she was a national vice president and a Hadassah delegate to five world Zionist Congresses between 1931 and 1952. She was also national chairman of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Building Fund. She edited the Hadassah newsletter (now a magazine) and, from 1943 to 1946 was editor of the monthly bulletin of the Citizens' Housing and Planning Council of New York. A former resident of Manhattan, she retired to Amherst in 1976, where she taught courses in the Bible and modern Jewish thought, sponsored by the Judaic Studies department of the University of Massachusetts. She was born in Philadelphia and graduated from Cornell University in 1919. She was the widow of David Greenberg, a writer on wildlife and conservation, who died in 1968.

1988(6th of Adar, 5748): Sixty-one-year-old Seymour Siegel, the Rabbi who has been a major force in Conservative Judaism for the last four decades passed away today. (As reported by Ari L.Goldman)

1989(19th of Adar I): Sergeant Binyamin Meisner, an Israeli paratrooper, was killed today when he was struck in the head by a concrete block thrown from a building in Nablus, in the West Bank, the army said. Meisner, a 24-year-old reserve sergeant, is the sixth Israeli soldier to die in the current Arab wave of violence.

1989: Premiere of “My Left Foot” starring Daniel Day-Lewis with music by Elmer Bernstein.

1991: The New York Times reviews To Know A Woman by Amos Oz.

1991: Allied forces began their ground offensive in Gulf War – a war which was unique for the Israelis because they had trust the United States to protect them from the Iraqi Scud attacks that were cheered by Palestinians.

1994(13th of Adar, 5754): Erev Purim

1994(13th of Adar, 5754): Dinah Shore passed away. Born Francis Rose Shore in 1916, the Tennessee native gained fame as a singer and star of her own television variety show. (As reported by Stephen Holden)

1995: “New Director of Museum Was Censured by Cornell” published today described the reaction of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s to allegation that Steven Katz, the director-designate has falsified his record of academic achievement.

1995(24th of Adar I, 5755): Sixty-nine year old Ellen Louise Sulzberger Straus, the New York born daughter of David Hays Sulzberger and Louise Mayer Sulzberger and wife of Ronald Peter Straus, whose good works included starting the first telephone help line in the United States passed away today.

1996:  Andrew Beckerman-Rodau a Jewish professor at Suffolk University Law School flew from Detroit to Kiev. His visit to Kiev was at the invitation of the Ukrainian Supreme Court in cooperation with USAID, an agency of the United States government. USAID's mission is to assist this newly independent country in developing a democratic government.

1996: For the first time, HBO televised “The Late Shift” featuring Bab Balaban and Sandra Bernhard for the first time.

1997(17th of Adar I, 5757): Ninety-one-year-old Harvard graduate and businessman Robert Straus, the son of Jesse Isador Straus, who was president of R. H. Macy & Company and an Ambassador to France and the grandson of Isador Straus and husband of Barbara Flower Straus passed away today.

1997: Time published “Echoes of the Holocaust” that describes attempt for victims regain some of the wealth stolen from them be bankers during the Nazi domination of Europe.,33009,985946,00.html

1998(27th of Shevat, 5758): Comedian Henny Youngman passed away at the age of 92.  Youngman was famous for his tagline “Take my wife please.”  Youngman did not have a Bar Mitzvah as a child.  When he was in his seventies, he finally had one much to his joy and delight. (As reported by Mervyn Rothstein)

1999(7th of Adar, 5759): David Daube, a world-renowned Biblical law scholar who charmed generations of students while teaching at the University of California, Berkeley's law school passed away at the age of 90.

2000(18th of Adar I, 5760): Eight-four-year-old Bronx born Bernard Opper, the All SEC Guard for the pre-WWII University of Kentucky Wildcats who went on to play for nine years in the pros passed away today.

2001(1st of Adar, 5761): Rosh Chodesh Adar

2001: “On the eve of Colin L. Powell's first visit to the region as secretary of state, officials in Israel today rebuffed his pleas for an easing of the blockade of Palestinian territories, while Palestinian militants burned him in effigy.”

2002: Bruce Fleisher won the RJR (Golf) Championship

2002(11th of Adar, 5762):  Leo Orenstein, Russian born American composer and pianist passed away at the age of 89.

2002: “An exhibition of the work of colonial silversmith Mike Myers, one of the most accomplished craftsmen working in pre-industrial America” is scheduled to open today at the Skirball Cultural Center.

2002: In Salt Lake City, the Winter Olympics where Sarah Hughes won a Gold Medal for Ladies’ Figure Skating came to a close today.

2002: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including A Life in Pieces: The Making and Unmaking of Binjamin Wilkomirski by Blake Eskin and Kindred Souls: The Friendship of Eleanor Roosevelt and David Gurewitsch by Edna P. Gurewitsch. (Gurewitsch, the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia was “Eleanor Roosevelt's friend, confidant, personal physician, housemate, and traveling companion during her post-White House years.”)

2003(22nd of Adar I, 5736): Ninety-two-year-old 10-time Oscar nominated composer Walter Scharf passed away today.

2003: An International Conference hosted by the Dubnow Institute on “Transforming Religious and Ethnic Emblematics of Judaism and Jewishness” ended today.

2003(22nd of Adar I, 5736): Ninety-two-year-old composer and arranger Walter Scharf, “the son of Yiddish theatre comic Bessie Zwerling” who worked with everybody from George Gershwin to Rudy Valle, to Al Jolson to Elvis Presley passed away today.

2004(1st of Adar, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Adar

2004(1st of Adar, 5764): Eighty-three-year-old Albert “Albie” Axelrod the leading American fencer during the middle of the 20th century who won the Bronze at the 1960 Summer Olympics passed away today.

2005: Roger Ebert’s review of “Paper Clips” was published today.

2005: It was reported today that “a recent string of racist incidents in France” including swastikas on the walls of a Paris mosque, an arson attack on a railway carriage commemorating French Jews who were deported to Nazi camps in World War II and blatant anti-Semitic comments by a comedian “has shaken the political establishment at a time when the country is battling its image abroad as a country where anti-Semitism is making a powerful comeback and anti-Arab sentiments are rising.”

2005: The Seville Hotel which was designed by New York City native and Columbia School of Mines trained architect Harry Allan Jacobs, the winner of the Prix de Rome, husband of Elsie Wolfe Jacobs and the father of investment banker Harry Allen Jacobs, Jr. and architect Robert Allan Jacobs, was added to the NRHP today.

2006: London Mayor Ken Livingstone was suspended from office for four weeks after being found guilty of bringing his office into disrepute by comparing a Jewish reporter to a Nazi concentration camp guard.

2006: “After the Wedding” directed by Susanne Bier was released today in Denmark.

2006: "Growing Up Jewish In Nogales: Memories Of a Bygone Era," by Renee Claire and "Tucson Was a Wonderful Place to Grow Up In the '40s and '50s," by Lori Olshansky Sobel err published today in the Arizona Jewish Post.

2007: Israel Non-Stop “seven days of cutting edge Israeli music, theatre, film, art, food and more” began in New York with the appearance of Israeli music phenomenon Mosh Ben-Ari.

2007: “West Bank Story” won the Academy Award for Short Film-Live Action. The 21 minute musical has a “West Side Story” motif. “In this case the confrontation is between competing West Bank Falafel stands, the Israeli Kosher King and the Palestinian Hummus Hut.

2008: Rabbi Avrohom Yitzchok Ulman was one of the main speakers at a major protest rally against the growing influence of nationalistic (Zionist) thought and philosophies in the Haredi world”

2008: “Burnt Diary Yields Horror of Warsaw Ghetto” published today described the recovery of the writings of person known only as “Debora” who chronicled life in one of the most infamous places of Jewish captivity.

2008: In Australia at Parliament House, Rabbis Reisenberg, Rubinfeld and Gutnik are scheduled to officiate at the marriage of Federal Labor MP Michael Darby and Amanda Mendes Da Costa “in the first Jewish wedding to be held in the big house” with the bedecken taking place in the Marble Hall followed by the trip to the chuppah which was erected at the Queens Terrace. (As reported by Jehane Sharah)

2008: The Sunday New York Times book section featured a review of a biography about Jewish author and playwright David Mamet entitled David Mamet: A Life In The Theatre by Ira Nadel.

2008: An exhibition styled “CHIM: The Photography of David Seymour (1911 – 1956)” came to an end at the DeYoung Museum in San Francisco.

2008: The Washington Post book section featured a review of Alfred Kazin: A Biography by Richard M. Cook and Staring At The Sun Overcoming the Terror of Death by Irvin D. Yalom, the award winning Jewish born psychiatrist and author.

2008: Israelis (and many others) wonder if Beaufort directed by Joseph Cedar will win the Oscar for best Foreign Language Film. 

2009: Dalia Itzik completed her term as Speaker of the Knesset

2009: Paul Finkelman, a professor of law and public policy who had reviewed Eli Faber’s Jews, Slaves, and the Slave Trade: Setting the Record Straight and is the author of Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson, presents a lecture on abolitionist John Brown as part of the "Great Lives Lecture Series" at the University of Mary Washington, Fredericksburg, VA.

2009: More than 300 rabbis gather at the 120th annual Central Conference American Rabbis convention opens in Jerusalem, Israel.

2009(1st of Adar, 5769): Rosh Chodesh Adar

2009(1st of Adar, 5769): Eighty-seven-year-old choreographer Pearl Lang, the founder of the Pearl Lang Dance Theatre passed away today. (As reported by Jack Anderson)

2009: More than three months after the 17th Knesset was dispersed, the 18th Knesset was sworn in this afternoon, in a ceremony that began with a moving speech by President Shimon Peres, during which he paid tribute to the IDF for the recent Gaza operation, hailed US President Barack Obama's election and called for a peace deal with the Palestinians during the next Knesset's term.

2009: The Jerusalem Post reported that an archive of over 10,000 works of modern Yiddish literature has gone on-line. The collection of full texts, comprising the National Yiddish Book Center's Steven Spielberg Digital Library, can be read, downloaded and printed free at

2010: The Israel Ballet, Israel's foremost classical ballet company which was founded in 1967 by Berta Yampolsky and Hillel Markman is scheduled to perform "Don Quixote" in Elmira, NY.

2010: Ted Leonsis, the AOL entrepreneur and the owner of the Washington Capitals as well as a partner in the Washington Wizards franchise, is scheduled to discuss his new book, "The Business of Happiness: 6 Secrets to Extraordinary Success in Life and Work," at the Sixth & Historic Synagogue in Washington, D.C.

2010: A bill that allows civil marriage in Israel to couples who could not be married by the rabbinate failed by a large margin in its initial reading.

2010: Today, the Israel Flower Growers Association reported a 30-percent drop in exports for Valentine’s Day compared to last year.

2010: Forty-year-old Dawn Brancheau who was “pulled into a tank and killed by a six-ton orca” at Seaworld – a death which Stephen A. Schwarzman blamed on her because he claimed “that the veteran animal trainer” had broken “multiple safety rules,” a claim which the company later disclaimed.

2011: Gainsbourg,the boldly imaginative and wildly entertaining biopic of Jewish French singer-songwriter Serge Gainsbourg, one of the most iconic and diversely talented music artists of the 20th Century” and Chariots of Fire are scheduled to be shown at the Atlanta Jewish Film Festival

2011: Ruth David, Professor Peter Davies (Edinburgh) and Dr Andrea Hammel (Aberystwyth) are scheduled to present a program entitled “Holocaust Texts and Translation” at The Wiener Library in London, UK.

2011: The San Francisco Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to continue its year-round programming in Berkeley with an encore presentation of 2010 Festival sleeper hit Father’s Footsteps– a gripping coming of age drama about a Tunisian-Israeli family threatened by violence and crime.

2011: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present: "Integrale Yidishkeyt": Modern Yiddish Culture's Turn Inward in Response to the Holocaust.

2011: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research is scheduled to present a discussion of Joseph Roth's Job

2011: IAF aircraft struck against a number of terrorists in the southern Gaza Strip today in a joint IDF and Shin Bet (Israel Security Agency) operation following a rocket being fired into Beersheba.

2011: With Israeli Apartheid Week a week away, Israel seems to have found an unexpected champion in Michael Lucas, a popular gay columnist and porno producer with dual US-Israeli citizenship who told The Jerusalem Post by phone from New York today that “I defeated a group of anti- Semites” who sought to equate Israel with the former South African apartheid regime at an event slated to be held at the city’s Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender (LGBT) Center.

2011(20th of Adar I, 5771): Jerrold (Yoram) Kessel passed away today.

2011: Judy Gross, the wife of Alan Gross “pleaded with the Cuban government to release her husband on humanitarian grounds. Gross' daughter, 26, has breast cancer, and his mother has been diagnosed with lung cancer.” (As reported by JTA)

2012(1st of Adar, 5772): Rosh Chodesh Adar

2012(1st of Adar, 5772): Ninety-two-year-old mathematician Benedict Freeman who co-authored the novel Mrs. Mike with his wife Nancy passed away today.

2012: In London, Claudia Roden is scheduled to talk about discoveries she made while researching her new book “The Food of Spain” as part of Jewish Book Week.

2012: As many as 100 college students who are part of the Kol HaOlam competition are scheduled to attend the Ruach Minyan at Adas Israel in Washington, DC.

2012: In New York City, Temple Emanu-El is scheduled to host a Friday night service that will include a commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the founding of Hadassah attended by Marcie Natan, National President of Hadassah.

2012: Tensions continued to escalate in the South early this morning with the Israel Air Force making two separate forays into the Gaza Strip to bomb terror targets in response to the firing of Kassam rockets into Israeli communities.

2012: Security forces used force to disperse hundreds of Muslim worshipers at the Temple Mount today who rioted and threw stones following a tense week in the Old City.

2013: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Searchers: The Making of an American Legend by Glenn Frankel, City of Angels Or, the Overcoat of Dr. Freud by Christa Wolf and the recently released paperback edition of God’s Jury; The Inquisition and the Making of the Modern World by Cullen Murphy

2013: Center for Jewish History, YIVO Institute and the International Center of Photography are scheduled to sponsor a screen of Eleanor Antin’s “Man Without a World.”

2013: Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, Iowa is scheduled to celebrate Purim complete with a megillah reading and separate costume contests for children and adults.

2013: Dedication of the Jacobs Family Education Center is scheduled to take place at Agudas Achim in Iowa City, Iowa.

2013: The Maccaebeats are scheduled to perform at The Moriah School Purim Chagiga in Englewood, NJ

2013(14th of Adar, 5773): Purim

2013: Purim’s carnival atmosphere spread out across Israel today, with revelers of all types and ages soaking up the holiday cheer, many bedecked in bright, loud and extravagant costumes. 

  2014: German Chancellor Angela Merkel is scheduled to begin a two-day visit to Israel.

2014: At the Center for Jewish History, Henry L. Feingold is scheduled to speak on “American Jewish Political Culture and the Liberal Persuasion.”

2014: “Dancing Alfonso” is scheduled to be shown at the UK Jewish Film Festival

2014: Israel Apartheid Week, a week-long orgy of anti-Semitism hidden under the guise of anti-Israel lectures and workshops is scheduled to begin today.

2014(24th of Adar I, 5774): Sixty-nine-year-old comedy screenwriter Harold Remis passed away.,0,4983189,full.story

2014: Ian Heath Gershengorn, Principal Deputy Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice, is scheduled to address the Hadassah Attorneys Council in Washington, DC.

2014: In New Orleans, the Jewish Studies Department of Tulane University is scheduled to present a lecture by Tome Beller entitled “J.D. Salinger’s Late Barmitzva.”

2014: According to a report today on the news site, the Giymat Rosa Synagogue in Zaporizhia located 250 miles southeast of Kiev was firebombed overnight.

2014: Israel is facing the driest winter since 1927, Ma'ariv reported today, leaving experts concerned. The Kinneret (Sea of Galilee)'s water level has dropped by four centimeters since the rainy season began, compared to a 1.97 meter rise over the same five-month period in 2013. (As reported by Tova Dvorin)

2015: The Tulane University Jewish Studies Department chaired by Professor Brian Horowitz is scheduled to host a lecture by Antony Polonsky entitled “Writing the History of the Jews of Poland and Russia.”

2015: Robin Renwick, former British Ambassador to South Africa is scheduled to discuss Helen Suzman’s extraordinary life and achievements with her daughter, art historian Frances Suzman Jowell and niece, actress and director Janet Suzman at the Jewish Museum in London during Jewish Book Week.

2015: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “Roads Taken:  The Great Jewish Migrations to the New World and the Peddlers Who Forged the Way.”

2015(5th of Adar, 5775): One hundred- and nine-year-old Wall Street investor Irving Kahn passed away today.

2016: Itzik Barak the executive chef from Jerusalem’s Waldorf Astoria is scheduled to prepare 150 plated dishes of the Seven Species for the panel of judges at the annual Tastes of Waldorf Astoria competition.

2016: “The Breman Museum is scheduled to sponsor "Fitting In: A Short History of Jewish Film in America" at The Temple in Atlanta, GA.

2016: “Baba Joon” “Israel’s submission for the Best Foreign Language Film Academy Award” is scheduled to be shown on the opening night of the 26th Annual Washington Jewish Film Festival.

2017: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a pre-Shabbat celebration combining singing and challah baking.

2017: “Major roads and key thoroughfares were blocked to traffic in Tel Aviv today for the city’s marathon, with an estimated record number of 40,000 runners from across the country and abroad taking part in the annual event” which was won by Ethiopian runner Balata Mekonnen.

2017: The Oxford University Jewish Society is scheduled to host both Orthodox and Egalitarian Kabbalat Services, followed by Shabbat dinner and voting for next term’s president and vice president.

2017: At Agudas Achim, Professor Robert Cargill is scheduled to deliver a lecture in which he “unfolds biblical verses talking about the kind of life one ought to live and about the origin of the z’’l tradition.”

2018(9th of Adar, 5778): Shabbat Zachor.

2018(9th of Adar, 5778): Ninety-three-year-old Latvian born Kalman Aron, the “American portraitist” who used skill as a sketch artist to survive the concentration camps passed away today. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

2018: Agudas Achim is scheduled to host the Hillel Adult B’nai Mitzvah Service.

2018: Twenty-one-year-old Miss Internet Tamar Morali is scheduled to take part in “the final stage of the Miss Germany Contest today in Germany’s Europa Park.”

2018: “Israeli company Roy Assaf Dance is scheduled to perform at the Norman Rothstein Theatre.

2019: “Roman Vishniac Rediscovered,” the first UK retrospective of the Russian born American photographer” is scheduled to come to an end London.

2019: The Atlanta Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host a screening of “From Cairo to the Cloud: The World of the Cairo Geniza”

2019: The JCC of San Francisco is scheduled to host Bernard-Henri Lévy as he “discusses his book The Empire the Five Kings” which examines “the U.S. withdrawal from world leadership.”

2019: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Separate: The Story of Plessy v. Ferguson, and America’s Journey From Slavery to Segregation by Steve Luxenberg, Good Riddance, a novel by Elinor Lipman, Willa and Hesper, the debut novel of Amy Feltman, At The Wolf’s Table by Rosella Postorino and Annelies, a novel by David Gillham as well as a “By the Book” interview with Isaac Mizrahi.

2020: The New York Sephardic Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to host the New York premiere of “Say Amen” and “Life Will Smile.”

2020: Harvey Weinstein, who long reigned as one of the most influential producers in Hollywood, was found guilty today of two felony sex crimes but was acquitted on charges of predatory sexual assault.

2020: In San Francisco, the American Jewish Committee is scheduled to host a “Lunch and a report on reconciliation and interfaith relations from Rabbi David Rosen and Michael Pappas, director of S.F. Interfaith Council.”

2020: The London School of Jewish Studies is scheduled to host Senior Rabbi Joseph Dweck as he lectures “Meeting God at Mt. Sinai” as described in Shemot.

2020: In Palo Alto, CA, Congregation Etz Chayim, “The San Francisco Bay Area Jewish Genealogical Society is scheduled to host a workshop to learn how to publish your family stories without being a professional author.”

2020: The Temple Emanu-El Streicker Center is scheduled to host “Create Meaning or Fade Away: The Dilemma Facing American Jews.”

2020: Israeli Prize recipient Professor Asa Kasher, one of the authors of The Spirit of IDF is scheduled to be one of the speakers at the Begin Center during the program “Giving the Fallen a Face – Rescuing Combatants from Anonymity.”

2020: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host a screening of “Leona” directed by Isaac Cherem.

2021: The Jewish Federation of Greater New Orleans is scheduled to host the JNOLA Purim/Mardi Gras Event.

2021: The Atlanta Jewish Films Festival is scheduled host virtually, “Adventures of a Mathematician” and “Atlanta: The City Too Busy Wait.”

2021: The Lappin Foundation is scheduled to present online “Masking and Unmasking: A Purim Experience with Ariela HaLevi” the “director of healing, intuitive guide and energy healer at Soul Centered.”

2021: The Cass Tech High School is scheduled to host a screening of “Rosenwald” followed by a panel discussion with Aviva Kempner.

2021: In Pepper Pike, OH, Park Synagogue is scheduled to hold three Purim evets: a Purim car parade, a Zoom Megillah reading including a costume contest, and “an interactive Purim comedy show on Zoom” presented by the Bible Players.

2021: The Maltz Museum is scheduled to “kick off the Notorious RBG Exhibition” with a discussion by Irin Carmon and Shana Kniznik, authors of the biography of Justice Ginsburg.

2021: The Temple Emanu-El Streiker Center is scheduled to host “A Journey Across The Jewish Past “which provides look “Inside the Jewish Theological Seminary’s Rare Book Collection” lead by Dr. David Kraemer, Joseph J. and Dora Abbell Librarian and Professor of Talmud and Rabbinics at JTS.

2021: In Florida, Temple Judea is scheduled a lunch and learn with Rabbi Feivel Strauss who will discuss Abraham, “the founding father of Reform Judaism as part of the “Great Jewish Leaders Lecture Series.

2021: Staff at the Sea Turtle Rescue Center in Michmoret, are scheduled to continue with their efforts to treat 11 eleven sea turtles which is part of a larger effort that will last for several months to clean up Israel’s beaches that have been polluted by the “country’s worst oil spill.

2022: Congregation Beth Ami and the Sanoma County Israel Committee are scheduled to present online “Jonah Cohen, director for CAMERA, Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting and Analysis, discussing strategies for reacting effectively and tactfully to provocative statements” which are in fact anti-Semitic.

2022: Israeli President Isaac Herzog is scheduled to “depart for a state visit to Greece” today at the invitation of his counterpart Katerina Sakellaropoulu” which will include meetings with the Prime Minister and “members of the Greek Jewish Community.”

2022: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present online access to the Arolsen Archives: the International Center on Nazi Persecution formerly known as the International Tracing Service.

2022: The Vilna Shul, “Boston’s Center for Jewish Culture” is scheduled to present “Museum Nights on Beacon Hill” which will focus on an exploration of the Boston Athenaeum.

2023: Temple Judea is scheduled to host Friday night services with Rabbi Yaron and Cantor Abbie “honoring all 10+year Temple Judea Members.

2023: Israelis brace for more violence after IDF responded to six rockets being launched from Gaza by attacking a weapons storage facility that the Gaza rulers operated near a mosque, health clinic and school.

2023: The West Newton Cinema is scheduled to host the first screening of “Four Winters,” “a documentary about Jewish partisans.

2023: First anniversary of the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

2024: In Jerusalem, the Eden Tamir Center is scheduled to host a concert “The Best of Chamber Music” with Vika Gelman, Omer Herz, violins; Leikie Glick, Tali Kravitz, viola; and Gali Knaani, May Endy, cello with discounted tickets for evacuees.

2024: “On behalf of the AJC (and by extension, the Atlanta Jewish community), Rabbi Scott Colbert, Rabbi Emeritus of Temple Emanu-El, is scheduled to read a passage from the Book of Ruth, in the Hebrew Bible, at today’s funeral Mass” for Reverend Henry Gracz, “a friend and an ally of the Jewish community.

2024: Second anniversary of the Russian invasion of Ukraine which has a long history of anti-Semitism and whose leader against its larger totalitarian leader is ironically President Volodymyr Zelensky “was born to a Ukrainian Jewish family.”

2024: At Temple Judea, Rabbi Feivel Strauss is scheduled to lead the Torah Study after which Piper Segalowitz will be called to the Torah as a Bat Mitzvah.

2024: In Coralville, IA, Agudas Achim Congregation is scheduled to host a luncheon honoring Rabbi Esther Hugenholtz followed in the evening with a Havdalah Bowling Party.

2024: In Des Moines, Temple B’nai Jershurun is scheduled to host its 150th anniversary celebration.

2024: In New Orleans, Virtuoso pianist and scholar Dr. Astrith Baltsan is scheduled to perform her original show about Israel's National Anthem, Hatikvah.

2024: At Tifereth Israel in Columbus, OH, as part of “Shabbat with JTS,” “Claire Miller, a rabbinical student from the Jewish Theological Seminary” is scheduled to deliver the sermon this morning followed by a discussion later in the day led by Claire Miller on “What on Earth are Tzitzit?”

2024: In Tenafly, NJ the Kaplen JCC on the Palisades is scheduled to host an exclusive screening of. The Monkey House, “an award-winning film by Avi Nesher, one of Israel's foremost filmmakers.”

2024: At noon today at the Agnon House in Jerusalem, following a reading of “The Picture,” Ofir Lifshitz is scheduled to “examine the connections that are forged between the various characters and the narrator, and wonder about the meaning of the pictures of life that Agnon places side by side.”

2024 (15th of Adar I, 5784): Parashat Tetzaveh

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2024: As February 24th begins in Israel, the Hamas held hostages begin day 141 in captivity.  (Editor’s note: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time.)