This Day, November 26, In Jewish History by Mitchell A. and Deb Levin Z"L


November 26

43 BCE: The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian", later "Caesar Augustus"), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony is formed. This power sharing arrangement would fall apart. Octavian would defeat Mark Antony and remove Lepidus leaving him as the sole ruler of the Roman Empire.  Initially, Antony’s defeat and Octavian’s victory did not change the situation for the Jews living in Judea.  Herod had made the mistake of backing Antony.  So if Antony had won, Herod would have kept his kingdom.  But Antony’s defeat did not cost Herod his kingdom.  In one of the history’s greatest acts of political audacity, Herod went to the island of Rhodes where he met with Octavian.  He admitted that he had supported Antony but convinced the young Caesar that this was a good thing because he now he would give Augustus the same level of support.  Impressed by Herod’s audacity (and in need of allies) he left Herod on his throne.  So the outcome for the Jews of Judea, in the short term, was the same no matter what.  In the long run, the Jews probably did well with the victory of Augustus since he would follow the same kind of comparatively benevolent policies followed by his uncle Julius including exempting the Jews from emperor worship and respecting Jewish laws by exempting Jews from appearing in court after dark on Friday or on Shabbat.

1346: Coronation of Charles IV whose decision in 1349 to turn over the taxes paid by the Jews of Frankfurt to the citizens of that city could not prevent the pogrom that followed his departure from the city, as King of the Germans.

1504: Queen Isabella I of Castile, the first Queen of united Spain passed away.  Born in 1451, Isabella is one of history’s more fascinating monarchs.  She was every bit as wiley, clever and effective as Queen Elizabeth of England, even though she does not get her share of credit for these traits.  Isabella did have Jewish advisors, physicians and financiers.  But in the end her devout Catholicism and need for funds to finance “crusades” against Moslems proved the undoing of her Jewish subjects.

1572: King Maximilian II expressed his intention “to expel the Jews of Pressburg (Bratislava), stating that his edict would be recalled only in case they accepted Christianity.”

1669: As events surrounding the blood libel that would lead to the death of Raphael Levi unfolded, two swineherds found the head and the neck of a child in the woods near Metz.  Despite the fact that two surgeons testified that the body parts came from a recently killed person, officials decided that this was the body of the Christian child that had been reported missing and killed more than a month ago.  These body parts would be used in the trial of Levi where he was found guilty.  He was buried alive, protesting his innocence to the end.  This blood libel was part of a series of persecutions aimed at the Jewish community of Metz and would end with their expulsion from the city.

1645: Today, Scottish Calvinist minister and Cromwell supporter John Dury who had met Manasseh ben Israel in 1644 and who favored re-admitting Jews to England “gave a well-known sermon to Parliament styled “Israel’s Call to March out of Babylon into Jerusalem.”

1696: In London, Richea Asher and Moses Raphael Levy gave birth to Abigail Levy, the wife of Jacob Franks and the mother of Phila, David, Naphtali, Rachel and Moses Franks.

1713: Birthdate of Barbados native Deborah de Leon, who married Isaac Gomez in 1738.

1715(30th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Joseph ben Mordecai Ginzburg, author of Leket Yosef passed away today.

1724(21st of Kislev, 5485): Portuguese born physician and son of Maranos Moses (Fernando) Moses who settled in London to serve as the physician for Portuguese noblewoman Catherine, the wife of King Charles II of England and  who along with his brothers Andreas and Antonio openly defined themselves Jews while becoming the father-in-law of Moses (Antonio) da Costa in 1698, passed away today.

1764: David Mendez Machado and his wife may have given birth to Rebecca Machado, the husband of Jonas Phillips.

1768: In Trois-Rivières, Canada, Aaron Hart and Dorothea Judah gave birth to shipping magnate and banker Moses Hart, the adopted father of Alexander Thomas Hart and the Uncle of Craig Hart.

1775: The American Navy began using chaplains within its regular service.  However, Rabbis were not allowed to serve as Chaplains until 1862 when President Lincoln sponsored legislation allowing ordained Protestant, Catholic or Jewish ministers to serve as Chaplains.

1783: In Jamaica, Abraham Rodrigues De Leon and his wife gave birth to Abigail De Leon, the wife of Joseph Henriques.

1788(26th of Cheshvan, 5549): Mrs. Joseph Abrahams passed away today in Savannah, GA.

1789: Once the United States had been established as an independent nation, President George Washington proclaimed a day of national thanksgiving for November 26, 1789. Congregation Shearith Israel held a service on that first Thanksgiving Day (and has continued to do so each year since), at which time Rev. Gershom Mendes Seixas delivered an address. He noted that the Jewish community had reason to rejoice "as we are made equal partakers of every benefit that results from this good government; for which we cannot sufficiently adore the God of our fathers who hath manifested his care over us in this particular instance; neither can we demonstrate our sense of His benign goodness, for His favourable interposition in behalf of the inhabitants of this land."

1794: David and Elizabeth Levy were married today at the Great Synagogue.

1796: Birthdate of Amsterdam native and resident of St. Louis, Sidney Zadoc Aloe, the husband of Nancy Hart Aloe with whom he had five children – Seline, Janet, Francie, Albert and Sarah.

1800: Salomon Rothschild married 18 year old Caroline Stern, the only daughter of Jacob Stern a wine seller.  As can be seen from the Ketubah (wedding contract) this was another beneficial marriage arranged by A.M. Rothschild.

1802: As the Jews of Maryland seek full equality on November 26, 1802, a petition "from the sect of people called Jews" specifically stating their grievance, namely, "that they are deprived of holding any office of profit and trust under the constitution and laws of this state," was referred to the General Assembly, which read it and referred it to a special committee of five delegates, including the two Baltimore representatives, with instructions to consider and report upon the prayer of the petitioners for relief. A month later the petition was refused by a vote of thirty-eight to seventeen. The attempt to secure the desired relief was repeated at the legislative session of 1803; again proving unsuccessful, it was renewed in the following year.

1805: In London, Elizabeth Kahn and Samuel Gershon gave birth to Isaac Gershon.

1807: In Philadelphia, Zalegman Phillips the son of Pvt. Jonas Phillips and Rebecca Mendez Machado and his wife Arabella Phillips gave birth to Rebecca Phillips who became Rebecca Cohen when she married Jacob Cohn, Jr. with she had one son, Zalegman Cohen.

1822: Seventy-two year old Karl August von Hardenberg who as Prime Minster of Prussia pursued many liberal policies including working to guarantee equal rights for the Jews, passed away today.

1832: In Finsbury, Esther and Joseph Moses Levy gave birth to Emily Levy.

1834: Birthdate of Isabella H. Polock, the wife Morris Rosenbach and mother of literary collector Abraham Simon Wolf (A.S.W.) Rosenbach.

1835: In Baja, Hungary, Baruch Asher Perles and his wife gave birth to Rabbi Joseph Perles, whose works included essays on the lives of Nachmanides, and Shlomo be Aderet, the Spanish sage known as the Rashba.

1837: Isaac Solomon married Mary Benjamin at the Great Synagogue today.

1840: In Italy Marco and Giustina Luzzati gave birth to Annetta Luzzati who became Annetta Foa when she married Giuseppe Foa, the Grand Rabbi of Turino.

1840: Sixty-five-year-old anti-Semite Karl von Rotteck who “wrote in 1828 that ‘the Jews had to be de-Jewified” and who “rejected Jewish emancipation with the argument that their religion was…antisocial as well as anti-national” passed away today.

1840: In Sebes, near Eperies, Hungary, Isaac Rubovits and Salie Klein gave birth to Edward Rubovits, a teacher in Hungary and husband of Mathilde Kiss who was in the “book, stationery and printing business in Chicago” while also serving as “vice president of Zion Congregation and Isaiah Temple.”

1841: The Voice of Jacob published “Alleged Progress of London Jews Towards Christianity” which reported that “the attempt of a few gentlemen, of the West End section of the town, to form a synagogue there, with certain omissions from the established liturgy, and in contravention of the regulations of one of the London congregations, of which they have been and are yet members… These gentlemen are not known as a congregation, but as an association, deeming itself qualified to abrogate the customs which Israelites have observed for centuries… While the almost universal feeling condemns this movement as the presumptuous attempt of a handful of laymen, and while therefore there need be no apprehension of the evil spreading, the only wise policy would be to treat the attempt as neither formidable by numbers, by status (at least theological), nor otherwise possessing a single element of union.” The Voice of Jacob was published fortnightly and was the first publication that provided “real-time” reports on events in the Jewish community.  The article refers to attempts to established London’s first Reform Congregation which became known as the West London Synagogue of British Jews

1842: The University of Notre Dame is founded as private Catholic University. Since 1992, Rabbi Dr. Michael Signer has filled the Abrams Chair of Jewish Thought and Culture and has served as the Director of the Notre Dame Holocaust Project. “The Notre Dame Holocaust Project promotes educational opportunities about the destruction of European Jewry during World War II for the university community.”

For more information about opportunities offered to Jewish students attending Notre Dame see

1843(3rd of Kislev, 5604): Seventy-one year old Hertz Salomon Schwarzschild, the son of Salomon Jacob Schwarzschild and Ester Maas passed away today.

1844: One day after she had passed away, “Simha Harris,” the wife of Michael Harris with whom she had had six children was buried today at the “Brompton (Fulham Road) Jewish Cemetery.

1847: In Poland, Gertrude and Israel Guraowsky gave birth to Rabbi Abraham Guranowsky, the husband of Bertha Guranowsky who came to New York where he was one of the founders of Beth Israel Synagogue.

1848: Birthdate of Odessa native and “Yiddish-language folk poet and composer” who was encouraged in his work by Abraham Goldfaden and Sholem Aleichem.

1849(11th of Kislev, 5610): Julius Eduard Hitzig a German author and civil servant passed away. Born Isaac Elias Itzig) at Berlin in 1780, he was a member of the wealthy and influential Jewish Itzig family Between  1799 and 1806 he was a a Prussian civil servant, after which he became Criminal Counsel at the Berlin Supreme Court in 1815 and its director in 1825. In 1808 he established a publishing house and later a bookstore. He was very active in Berlin’s literary circles.  Heinrich Heine, of all people, reportedly made fun of his name change.

1852: At the Greene Street Synagogue, Rabbi Morris Raphall preached a sermon based on the opening words of the 92nd Psalm, “It is good to give thanks unto the Lord –to sing praise unto Thy name, O most high!” 

1855: Adam Mickiewizc, a noted Polish poet and ardent nationalist died today in Constantinople while working with his friend Armand Levy, to organize a Jewish legion, the Hussars of Israel, comprising Russian and Palestinian Jews.  The legion was supposed to join in the fight against the Russians during the Crimean War.  Polish nationalists believed that a Russian defeat would help undermine the authority of the Czar and help lead to the liberation of Poland.  [Mickiewizc was not Jewish and I have not been able to find an explanation why he was organizing a Jews for this fight.]

1858: James (Jacob) Seligman, the son of David and Fanny Seligman and Rosa Seligman gave birth to Jefferson Seligman, the graduate of Columbia who gave up to study of medicine to pursue a career in fiancé which led to his become a senior partner in J & W Seligman who was the husband of Julia Seligman and an avid equestrian. 

1858: In London, Barnett Abrahams, the principal of Jews’ College, and his wife gave birth to Israel Abrahams, the Jewish scholar whose works included A Companion to the Authorized Prayer Book and Jewish Life in the Middle Ages.

1858: It was reported today that Rabbi Isaac Leeser, head of Beth El Emet has written a series of articles about the Mortara Affair that have appeared in the Philadelphia Ledger and that “indignation meetings in reference to the Mortara Affair" have been held. For more about the Mortara Affair see:

1858: In New York, members of the Jewish community expressed their indignation over the tactics used by the police when arresting three of their co-religionists on charges of selling lottery tickets. Among other things they were protesting the fact that the police had arrested a rabbi who was leading his congregation in prayers. The three have posted $1,000 in bail

1859: In Philadelphia, David Hays Solis and Elvira Nathan Solis gave birth to Emily Grace Solis, who became Emily Grace Solis Solis-Cohen when she married her cousin Dr. Solomon Solis-Cohen.

1861: During the Civil War, Samuel Alexander, who would later be killed in fighting at Dranesville, VA, completed a ninety day enlistment as an Assistant Surgeon with the 44th Regiment, part of the First Cavalry

1862: During the Civil War, Jonas H. Kaufman began his service as Assistant Surgeon with 151st Regiment of the Pennsylvania volunteers serving with the Union Army.

1862; Birthdate of German native Julius Tuteur, who in 1881 settled in Ohio where founded the Electric Vacuum Cleaner Company, which was sold to General Electric in 1945 and served as chairman of the board of the Central Brass Manufacturing Company and the Foundry Equipment Factory.

1862: Birthdate of Sir Marc Aurel Stein. Born in Budapest, Stein was a Hungarian Jewish archaeologist who became a British citizen. He was also a professor at various Indian universities. Stein was inspired by Sven Hedin's work, Through Asia.His travels and research in central Asia, particularly in Chinese Turkistan, revealed much about its strategic role in history.  In 1906, Stein uncovered a group of mummified corpses near Loulan, in Central Asia. Their well-preserved bodies were clad in woolen garments and they wore tall felt hats decorated with jaunty feathers. The men were bearded and their facial features seemed European. Stein dated them to c.100 BC. When the Dunhuang Caves, China, closed for centuries, were reopened, he discovered 15,000 manuscripts (1907), including the Diamond Sutra, reputed to be the first dated printed book (868 A.D.). He passed away on October 26, 1943.

1864: Corporal Benjamin L. Kauffman, transferred from Company D of the 90th Regiment to Company H of the 11th Regiment today.

1867: Birthdate of French political leader Abraham Schrameck who endured anti-Semitic attacks by the Action francaise starting at the turn of the century was interred by the Vichy government which did not turn him over to the Nazis thus making it possible for him to avoid the fate of most French Jews.

1868: On Thanksgiving Day, Rabbi Marcus Jastrow delivered a sermon at Congregation Rodeph Shalom in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1869: Birthdate of Alfred Eicholz, M.A., M.D. and B.Ch. the graduate of Emmanuel College, Cambridge and husband of Ruth Adler, the second daughter of the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire who, among other things served as His Majesty’s Inspector of school for the Blind, Deaf and Mentally and Physically Defective in England and Wales and the Council and Education Committee of the Jews’ College while writing papers for the British Medical Journal

1871: Five days after he had passed away, 67 year old Emanuel Mocatta, the son of Jacob and Rebecca Mocatta, was buried today at the “Balls Pond Road Jewish Cemetery.”

1871: In Koenigsberg. Rachel Bogotty and Wolf Jerowitz gave birth to University Medical College of Kansas City, MO trained surgeon Herman D. Jerowitz, the professor of therapeutics and the University Medical College and professor of clinical surgery at Woman’s Medical College in Kansas City who was a member of Congregation B’nai Jehuda in Kansas City, MO>

1872: In St. Louis, MO, Ignatz and Anna (Kohn) Hartman gave birth to Washington University Law School graduate Judge Moses Hartman the husband of Carrie A. Scooler with whom he had three children and who was President of Congregation B’nai El

1872: In Baltimore, MD, Helen Guggenheimrer and Herman H. Cone, the brother-in-law of Jacob Adler and the co-owner of the dry goods store Cone and Adler gave birth to Julius Washington Cone, the husband of Laura Cone and the “founder of Proximity Manufacturing Company” which later became known as Cone Mills.

1874: In New York City, Arnold and Ida (Lagowitz) Tanzer gave birth to Ivy League (Harvard and Columbia) educated attorney Laurence A. Tanzer, a founding member of the Citizens Union and “the senior member of the law firm of Tanzer, Mullaney, Mitherz and Pratt and the husband the husband of the Florence Keller Tanzer with whom he had two daughters.

1876: Birthdate of Isadore Bernstein, the New York native who wrote scripts for 65 films from 1914 through 1938.

1876: It was reported today that the Hebrew Charities and Purim Association plan to sponsor a Hebrew Charity Ball next month at the Academy of Music.

1879: In Germany, Jakob and Ida Edelchen Baruch gave birth to Bertha Baruch who became Bertha Wallach when she married Joseph Wallach with whom she had two children, Ernst and Herbert.

1879: “The Man With The Evil Eye” published today described the exploits of “Albert Lavergene, alias Abraham Levy, an Alsatian Jew” who confessed to having stolen $30,000 worth of diamonds while living in France two years ago and who is known to his wife’s relatives as “the Jew” or “the man with the evil eye” because of the way he used to beat her.

1880: Luther R. Marsh will deliver a lecture entitled “On the Power of the Alphabet” at meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at Lyric Hall. (Marsh was prominent New York lawyer who developed an interest in Spiritualism.  He was not Jewish)

1880: “Disraeli’s Latest Novel” published today provided a detailed review of Endymion by the Right Honorable Earl of Beaconsfield.

1881: It was reported today that the influx of immigrants from Russia is overwhelming the resources of the United Hebrew Charities.  As many as 400 Jews have been arriving each week, most of whom are “destitute and helpless.”

1882: “Monmouth and the Wye” published today provides a brief history of medieval England that includes the reminder that “butchery of the helpless Jews at York, when the despairing wretches hurled their children from the battlements upon the howling murderers below and the slew each to the last man” “cannot drop from the memory of mankind….”

1883: The Baltimore Sun reported that the colony started for Russian Jewish immigrants in Middlesex County, Virginia has been abandoned.

1883: It was reported today that the current issue of the Nineteenth Century features Dr. Charles H.H. Wright’s Paper “The Jews and the Malicious Charge of Human Sacrifice” which “goes over the whole history of the recent outrages in Europe.”

1883: Robert Solomon, an Anglo-Jewish Cape Town diamond dealer arrived in New York this evening aboard SS Servia of the Cunard Line.

1883: It was reported today that “David Phillipson…who graduated from Hebrew Union College” last July “has accepted a call from a congregation in Baltimore, MD.

1884: It was reported today that three prizes – a diamond ring, a bracelet and a face pin – were awarded to the ladies who had sold the most tickets to this year’s grand ball, a charity event sponsored by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society.

1885: During Thanksgiving services a large throng listened to an address by Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler at Temple Beth-El that reviewed the principles adopted by the Reform Rabbis at their meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.

1885: Birthdate of Heinrich Brüning, German Chancellor from 1930 to 1932 who, for whatever shortcomings he may have had, worked to keep Hitler from coming to power a stance that led to his self-imposed exile  to avoid being arrested by the Nazis.

1886: In Munich, Joseph Schülein, the of Joel (Julius) Schülein and Jeanette Schülein, and his wife Ida gave birth to Elsa Haas, the wife of Dr. Alfred Haas.

1886: The New York Times featured a review of The Land the Book by William Thomson, a book that examines the material in the scriptures with the information gained by explorations in Palestine through 1880. While some of the information in the Old Testament is “not borne out by facts…many more points” in the Scripture “have been corroborated” that the results cannot have failed to find favor with Jews.

1887: In New York City, Michael and Rosalie (Berkowitz) Goldbaum gave birth to University of Pennsylvania trained chemist, Jacob Samuel Goldbaum, Ph.D., the instructor in electro-chemistry at his alma mater and author of numerous works on the subject who was the husband of Virginia Laib, a member of the board of trustees at Rodeph Shalom and a member of the board of governors of Hebrew Union College.

1888: In New York City, Bernhard and Esther Kohn gave birth to University of Maryland trained physician Louis Winfield the gastroenterologist who did post-graduate work at Johns Hopkins, rose to become the chief of the gastro-intestinal clinic at Lebanon Hospital in NYC and wrote the two volume Practical treatise on diseases of the digestive system published in 1920 and Your Digestive System published in 1944.

1888: As she went to visit her sister, eighteen year old Yetta Reiner, a Jewish girl who has been in the United States for two weeks, disappeared when she walked off with a Hebrew-speaking man on the corner of Norfolk and Hester Street who had offered “to get her a situation.” 

1888: Leo Bamberger the master of ceremonies, introduced Moses May, the Chairman of the Fair Committee who introduced Brooklyn Mayor Alfred C. Chapin who officially opened the charity fair on Clermont Avenue that will raise funds of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

1888: “The Hebrews’ Thanksgiving” published in the Washington Post notes that the Jewish Feast of Lights, this year Falls on the same date as Thanksgiving.

1888: It was reported today that the son of the “sexton who dwells in the basement of the synagogue” on 8th Street in Washington is suffering from typhoid fever.

1889: Police are expected to arrest Morris Kassofky who gave “a terrible beating” to Jacob Levy when the latter mistakenly tried to enter his apartment. They live in a building on Norfolk Street that is inhabited by Jewish immigrants from Poland.

1889: In Newark, NJ, founding of the Plaut Memorial Hebrew School which held classes daily from 4 to 7 p.m. and was led by Myer S. Hood, the Principle and Superintendent Myer S. Hood.

1890: “Friends of the Exiles” described the rejection of request made Jews to help their suffering co-religionists in Russia by the New York Bureau of the Siberian Exile Petition Association because “the work of the association…was done by petition” and “the work for the relief of the Jews required a different kind of effort.”

1890: Twenty-eight year old Leavenworth, KS native Eugene S. Benjamin, the President and trustee of the Baron de Hirsch Fund and vice president of the Allied Mutual Liability Insurance Company marred Miriam Gutman today.

1890: Birthdate of Newark, NJ, native and New Jersey Law School trained attorney, Judge William Unterman, “the chairman of the Ninth Ward Democratic Club” and “President of the Third District of B’nai B’rith who was the husband of Esther Untermann, the “first woman police judge in the City of Newark,

1891 (25th of Cheshvan): Rabbi Mordecai Gimpel Jaffe passed away.

1892: “In the Czar’s Family” published today described the hope that by naming the Crown Prince as President of the Russian State Council “the repression of Jews…will eventually be relaxed.”  (Things were always going to get better for Russian Jew – in the future!)

1892(7th of Kislev, 5653): Sixty year old Mortiz Wahrman the first Jew chosen to chosen a member of the Hungarian delegation and successful businessman who bequeathed 200,000 crowns to “benevolent societies and “600,000 crowns for the erection of a Jewish gymnasium (school) passed away today.

1892: In Baltimore, MD, “Simon and Jennie (Levy) Turk gave birth to University of Pennsylvania trained attorney and WW I Army veteran Mervyn Russell Turk, the author of Turk’s “Harvard Notes on Trusts” who was a member of B’nai B’rith.

1893: “Seen in Ceylon” published today described the commercial life of this island state including “the keen-faced Jews with long, black ringlets” who “preside over stores of shining gems.”

1893: Professor Felix Adler “gave the second lecture in his series on religious leaders” entitled “Moses and the Prophets” to an overflow audience at the Music Hall in New York City.

1893: “Jews Expelled from Besieged Meililla” described the decision of the Spanish General to order all Jews to leave the Moroccan city as he battles against the Riffs  -- a decision that is consistent with the behavior of "military commanders in Europe” who “rightly or wrongly” feel that the Jews are spies for their enemies.

1894: The will of Adolph Bernheimer which names his widow, his brother Lehman and William Rothschild as executors was filed for probate today.

1894: In Washington, DC, Solomon “Sol” Peyser and Eva Dux gave birth to Theodore Dux “Ted” Peyser who earned a law degree at the University of Virginia and served in WW I.

1894: Birthdate of “Ukrainian-born American trade unionist” Jacob Samuel Potofsky who served as president of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America from 1946 until 1972.

1894:  In Columbia, MO, Leo Wiener and Bertha Kahn gave birth to child prodigy and famed mathematician Norbert Wiener.  Among his many accomplishments, Weiner is known as the discoverer of cybernetics.  President Johnson awarded him with the National Medal of Science two months before his death in 1964.

1895: Today, “Judge Allison, in General Sessions…dismissed an indictment against” delicatessen dealer Peter Peiser “who had been arrested for selling sausage on Sunday.”

1896: The University of Wisconsin football team led by first year head coach Philip King, a Jewish native of Washington, DC played to a six-six tie against Northwestern in Evanston, Illinois.

1896(21st of Kislev, 5657): Joseph C. Wolf who was elected the State Assembly from the 16th District in 1892 and the State Senate in 1893 passed away today.  Born in 1849, the native of Besancon, France and graduate of Columbia Law School enlisted in the Second New York Light Cavalry at the start of the Civil War serving with the Army of the Potomac. 

1896: Temple Israel and the West End Synagogue will hold a joint Thanksgiving Service starting at 3 p.m.

1896: Temple Emanu-El will hold a Thanksgiving Service at 11 a.m.

1896: As part of day long holiday observance, the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society will hold a Thanksgiving Service at the synagogue on 11th Avenue and 151st Street.

1896: William Matthew Flinders Petrie married Hilda Urlin in London. This was the same year that he and his archaeological team were conducting excavations at Luxor when they discovered the “Israel’ or Merneptah Stele

1897: During the Dreyfus Affair, today the French minister of war “received the following anonymous letter: ‘Monsieur le Minstre: You will find in a chamber on the sixth story interesting document concerning the Dreyfus case’ signed “A Patriot”

1897: Through her lawyer Mr. Jullemier, Madame de Boulancy, cousin and former mistress of Ferdinand Walsin Esterhazy, had decided to avenge her lover and debtor and sent to Senator Auguste Scheurer-Kestner letters from this officer, including the famous "letter of Uhlan". Scheurer-Kestner showed the letter to Pellieux, military commander of Paris, in charge of the administrative inquiry on Esterházy

1898: The Emperor and Empress of German arrive at Potsdam this morning on their return from Palestine where the Kaiser met with Herzl.

1899: Rabbi Joseph Silverman delivered a lecture this morning at Temple Emanu-El on “Are We Children of the Ghetto, or Children of the World?” which was a play on words using the name of the drama now appearing at a New York theatre.

1899: In Roxbury, MA, founding of the Helping Hand Temporary Home for Destitute Jewish Children at the corner of Fort Ave and Beech Glen.

1899: “Rosebery On Cromwell” published today provided the remarks made by Lord Rosebery at the ceremony celebrating the tercentenary of Oliver Cromwell including his observation that Cromwell “was the first Prince who reigned in England who welcomed and admitted Jews” a fact of which Jews and Englishmen are equally proud of as can be attested to by the presence of Sir Samuel Montagu, Lord Rothschild and Benjamin Cohen on the platform at the banquet honoring his memory.

1899: In Roxbury, MA, founding today of Helping Hand Temporary Home for Destitute Jewish Children located at Fort Avenue and Beech Glen.

1900: “De Hirsch School Enlarged” published today described the dedication ceremonies for the new dormitory of the Baron de Hirsch Agricultural and Industrial School at Woodbine which “has a population of one thousand and is the most successful of the De Hirsch colonies” in New Jersey.

1901: Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German psychiatrist at the Hospital for the Mentally Ill and Epileptics in Frankfurt, who had “married a Jewish widow, Cecilia Geisenheimer in 1894 after which they had three children, had his first meeting with the patient who would become the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease.

1902: “Before an audience which completely filled the auditorium of the Educational Alliance Building the Rev. Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, rabbi of the Sinai Congregation in Chicago and Professor of Rabbinical Literature at the Chicago University, tonight delivered an address, the topic of which was "The New York East Side Problem” during which he urged Jews to leave the overcrowded East Side.

1903: On Thanksgiving Professor Richard Gottheil delivered a lecture on Zionism at a Temple in New York City which “was accorded a most cordial reception.

1903: Birthdate of Alice Herz-Sommer, also known as Alice Sommer-Hertz and Alice Sommer, “a Czech pianist, music teacher and survivor of the Theresienstadt concentration camp.”

1904:Clarence Isaac de Sola, the “son of Cantor Abraham de Sola and Esther de Sola, and his wife Belle Maud de Sola  gave birth to Jessica E. Mellor who was married to both Ronald David de Pass and Sir John Mellor.

1905: The First Jewish Colony on Manhattan Island published today described events that will be celebrated this Thanksgiving regarding “one of the most important events in Israel’s History” – the growth of New York’s Jewish population from 23 people to half a million.

1905: “The contributions to the fund for the relief of the Jewish sufferers from Russian massacres took another upward bound” today “under the impetus of additional collections from many cities, particularly Chicago, which by sending $20,000 more now leads in contributions outside of New York City, there have been forwarded from there in all $80,000.”

1905: It was reported today that the Jewish relief fund has raised $827,579 to help those suffering from the anti-Semitic violence sweeping Russia.

1905: When Blood Flowed Like Water at Odessa” published today provided an eye-witness account “of the awful scenes of carnage” when Russian gentiles attacked the Jews following the Czar’s proclamation granting the people a Constitution.

1906: Eighty-one-year-old Cracow native  Jehuda Lejb, the liberal political leader and author who gained fame as Julian Klackzo after he became a Roman Catholics in 1856 while living in Paris passed away today.

1906: Birthdate of “Rabbi Henry Enoch Kagan” the graduate of the University of Cincinnati and HUC who was “the first full-time rabbi to be licensed by New York State as a consulting psychologist” and who was a tireless worker for better relations between Christians and Jews which did not deter him from raising two sons – Jonathan and Jeremy – with his wife “the former Esther Miller.”

1907: Birthdate of Lemberg native and CCNY alum David Ewen, the husband of Hannah Ewen and the father of Robert, who, starting in the 1930’s became the author of numerous books about music including biographies of Franz Schubert, George Gershwin Leonard Bernstein and Irving Berlin.

1907: Fifty-nine year Eernesto Nathan, the London born son “Sara Levi, an Italian from Pesaro, and Mayer Moses Nathan” who “obtained Italian citizenship in 1888” began serving as Mayor of Rome today, making him the first Jew to hold this position.

1908: Birthdate of award-winning scriptwriter and playwright Leonard Spigelgass, the brother-in-law of photographer Sanford Roth and the brother Beulah Roth, a “speechwriter for FDR and Adlai Stevenson” passed away today.

1909: Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.

1909: Birthdate of Moe Mizler the London born boxer who was the brother of “British lightweight champion Harry Mizler.

1910(24th of Cheshvan, 5671): Parashat Chayei Sara

1910: In what looked like a “Dress Rehearsal” for the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, today “a fire at a building in Newark, New Jersey, housing several factories, killed 24 women and girls employed by the Wolf Muslin Undergarment Company” which  “raised concerns about whether a similar disaster could happen” since lack of exits and the existence of fire hazards had led to this preventable tragedy.

1911: Birthdate of Samuel “Sammy” Herman Reshevsky, the Polish born Jewish-American chess grandmaster who was a strong contender in the World Chess Championship competitions for a thirty year span.

1912(16th of Kislev, 5673): Eighty-four-year-old Baron George De Worms passed away.

1912: In Chicago, “the first regular meeting of the K.A.M. Auxiliary is scheduled to be held this afternoon in the vestry rooms of the Temple where attendees will hear speakers present “A Practical Symposium on the High Cost of Living.”

1912: Simon Bloom was elected Mayor of Pine Bluff, Arkansas.

1912: Birthdate of playwright Eugene Ionesco. There is dispute about Ionesco’s Jewish origins. According to a sizeable body of evidence, Ionesco’s mother was a Romanian of Sephardic Jewish origin. 

1913: Birthdate of Josefina Grunfeldova, who in 1942 was deported from Prague to Ujazdow where she was murdered by the Nazis.

1913: In a letter from the Chief Rabbi of Salonica to Prince Nicholas of Greece, the rabbi denies truth of charges of excesses committed by Greek soldiers and declares he has not sought protection of powers for Jews of Salonica. Three months later the Greek Prime Minister, Venizelos, assured the Chief Rabbi that the rights of the Jews would be continued.

1913: Jesse Laksy forms The Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company in partnership with his brother-in-law Samuel Goldfish (later known as Sam Goldwyn) and his friend Cecil B. DeMille. The Squaw Man is the company’s first film and it is an instant hit.  It is also the first movie filmed entirely in Hollywood, California. 

1914: Harry Baff charged today that his father Barnett Baff had been shot dead “at the instigation of a clique of retail poultry buyers” referred to as the “kosher killers.”

1915: It was reported today that there were 300,000 starving Jews in Poland and that “5 cents a day would provide succor for one war victim.”

1915: “Isadore Hershfield of New York” the official representatives of Jewish relief societies of America arrived in Berlin today “on a mission of relief for the Jews in the war areas of Poland and Galicia.”

1916(1st of Kislev, 5677): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1916: The list of contributions received by The Central Committee for the Relief of Jews Suffering Through the War published today including $22 from the Congregation Sons of Israel in Frostburg, MD, and $76 from the Congregation Sons of Israel in Dallas, TX.

1916: In “Half of War-Stricken Poland’s Population Destitute” published today, Dr. Judah L. Magnes reported that in Poland, “there is no work that a Jew can do…and thousands are starving.”

1916: This afternoon, Harry H. Schlacht of the East Side Protective Association announced “arrangements for a great peace meeting” which will be held at Public School 4 and whose attendees will include Jacob H. Schiff.

1916: According to an announcement made today the American Jewish Committee “a Russian Jew named Gershenovitz…who was sentenced in 1914 to six years of penal servitude because he was accused of have helped he Germans” was acquitted by the Chief Military Court based “on evidence gathered by O.O. Grusenberg, a lawyer.”

1916: During today’s meeting “of the Reichstag main committee it was pointed out that large numbers of Jews in Poland” who are not working “might be profitably employed in manufacturing” which help alleviate the shortage of laborers but would also prove beneficial to the Jews as well.

1917: It was reported today that Adolph Lewisohn has donated his home at 881 Fifth Avenue to house the bazaar which be hosted next month by Temple Emanu-El to reduce expenses so that the maximum amount of money can “go to the relief of Jewish war sufferers and for welfare work among American soldiers and sailors.”

1917: Jan Kucharzewski who would tell an interviewer from “the Jewish press” that he was not an anti-Semite became Prime minister of Poland today.

1917: In Great Britain, the Manchester Guardian printed the text of the Sykes-Picot Agreement – the secret document that determined how the Ottoman Empire would be divided between the UK and France after World War.,_The_Manchester_Guardian,_Monday,_November_26,_1917,_p5.jpg

1918: Dr. Solomon Oppenheimer, the Superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum who has just returned from Palestine, gives a report on the condition of the Jews in Eretz Israel.

1918: Rabbi Hyman Gerson Enelow, a member of the Overseas Commission of the Jewish Welfare Board, wrote from France today, “There are so few Jewish workers here I regard it a duty to remain here as long as possible.  It has not been possible to do much for” for those who suffered from the tribulation of the War.

1919: “Madame DuBarry” a silent film biopic directed by Ernst Lubitsch was released today in Denmark.

1920: Two days after he had passed away, Robert Hodes, the husband of Leah Hodes, with whom he had had three children, was buried today at the “Belfast Jewish Cemetery in Northern Ireland.”

1921: Twenty-nine-year-old Polytech Institute of Brooklyn trained chemical engineer and holder of an Master’s degree from George Washington University, William Maurice Wiesenberg the husband of Helen Anita who was the Austrian born son of Jacob and Antonia Wiesenberg, who became the “supervising and planning engineer in charge of civil and mechanical engineering for the Army Ordinance and Construction and a member of the firm of Lustig and Weil married Helen Anita Weiss today.

1921: The peace treaty between the United States and Austria which ended World War I between these two nations was registered with the League of Nations.  The separate treaty was needed because the U.S. Senate, in a further act of the isolationism that would indirectly lead to WW II, had “refused to ratify the multilateral Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye of 1919.”

1922: In an article entitled “Palestine Industries Thriving Capital and Settlers Needed” Dr. Arthur Ruppin notes the changes that have taken place since Herzl called for the establishment of a Jewish homeland 25 years ago at the first Zionist Congress.  While “towns of thousands houses have grown up on neglected ground” the need to develop irrigation projects and travel facilities represent the biggest challenge for future development as well as creating investment opportunities for foreign financiers.

1923: “The Wanters” a drama from the silent film ear directed by John M. Stahl, produced by Louis B. Mayer and co-starring Norma Shearer was released in the United States today.

1924: Birthdate of George Segal, sculptor lifelike mixed-media figures.

1924: Ted “Kid” Lewis (born Gershon Meneloff) lost both the British and European Welterweight crowns.

1925: Birthdate of pianist Eugene Istomin. He was an American pianist born in New York City of Russian-Jewish parents. He was famous for his work in the trio, with Isaac Stern and Leonard Rose, known as the Istomin-Stern-Rose Trio, with whom he made many recordings, and particularly of music by Beethoven, Brahms and Schubert. He also played with them in orchestral music, with conductors such as Eugene Ormandy Bruno Walter and also as a soloist.  He passed away in 2003.

1926: In “Palestine Industry Thriving,” published today Arthur Ruppin describes the social and economic progress that has been in Eretz Israel in the 25 years following Herzl opened the founding Zionist conference in Basel, Switzerland.

1926: Birthdate date of Albert Maysles, the native of Boston, who teamed with his younger brother David to produce award winning documentary films.

1927(2nd of Kislev, 5688): Parashat Tolodot

1927: “Representatives of 25 Jewish young people’s organizations in and around New York with a membership of 60,000 began the second annual convention of the Metropolitan League of Jewish Community Associations” tonight “at the Young Men’s Hebrew Association at 92nd Street and Lexington Avenue.

1928: In Moscow, “Andrei Navrozov, a writer, and the former Dina Minz, a neuropathologist” gave birth to their only child “translator and Soviet dissident” Lev Navrozov who in more than one publication claimed that while serving as Israel’s Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Golda Meir “had given Stalin a list of Russian Jews who would fight for Israel” and who then “disappeared at the hands of Stalin’s organs of state security.”

1928: It was reported today that “Dr. Louis Finkelstein of the Jewish Theological Seminary” said “the condition of present-day Judaism” was like “a leaky ship” and that it was becoming apparent that the ship that was built tin the ghetto must undergo reconstruction for” use in America.

1928: The Jewish Telegraphic Agency reports that evidence presented during the trial of a “communist named Teichman” the Druze Rebellion against the French mandatory government in Syria received financial and moral support from Communist groups in Palestine.

1929: “Plans for the intensification and extension of Jewish charitable work throughout the city and the organization of an all-inclusive fund supported by all coreligionists were discussed” today “by leaders who hailed with satisfaction the impending, merger of the New York Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies with the Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities.”

1929: Tonight, “on the anniversary of his 70th birthday, Alfred M. Cohen, Cincinnati banker and philanthropist long association in endeavors for the advancement of Jewish learning, was the guest of honor at banquet given by the board of governors of Hebrew Union College” which came as a surprise to Mr. Cohen because he thought he was attending a simple “business gathering of the board.

1930: “Men, women and children jostled their way through the lobby of the Public Theatre” tonight “to welcome back, after an absence of eight years, that veteran of the Yiddish theatre, Boris Thomashefsky, who was appearing in an operetta called "Eretz Israel" ("Land of Israel"), written by himself with the musical collaboration of Abe Ellstein.”

1930: It was reported today that the subsidy granted by the municipality of Brest-Litvosk to the local Yiddish School has been countermanded by the governor of the district “despite the fact that the school has government license.”

1931: Dr. Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader, in a lecture today before the Keren Hajessod for the Rhineland and Westphalia on the present states of Jewry and Zionism, said the unhappy position of the Jews in Germany was really no different from their position everywhere in the world.

1932(27th of Cheshvan, 5693): Parashat Chayei Sarah

1932: “At a mass meeting in the auditorium of the City School of Commerce,” more than a thousand people heard the Palestine delegates to the eighth national convention for Jewish workers in Palestine reported on “the successful development of a working organization to lead youth into productivity” in agricultural endeavors.

1933: Funeral services were held today “at Temple Adath Israel, in the Bronx” for seventy-three-year-old Russian born Rabbi Bernhard Rabbino who served congregations in several small towns including Keokuk, IA and Brunswick, GA, before becoming a lawyer and champion of the established of the “Domestic Relations Courts in New York” and who was the husband of “the former Anna Ladewig” with whom he had had four daughters.”

1933: In "Two Contrasting Views of Palestine" published today Jacob Weinstein reviewed Modern Palestine: A Symposium edited by Jessie Sampter and Beside Galilee: A First-hand Survey of Zionism and Modern Palestine by Hector Bolitho.

1933: In an article entitled “Two Contrasting Views of Palestine,” Jacob Weinstein reviews Modern Palestine edited by Jessie Sampter with a foreword by Albert Einstein and Beside Galilee: A First-hand Survey of Zionism and Modern Palestine by Hector Bolitho.

1934: The cinematic version of Fannie Hurst’s novel Imitation of Life directed by John M. Stahl and produced by Carl Laemmle, Jr was released today in the United States.

1935: The Nuremberg Laws which were aimed Jews “were extended to ‘Gypsies, Negroes or their bastard offspring.’”

1936: Birthdate of Yitzhak Yitzhaky, the native of Tiberias, the founder of and director of “Idud, a village for intellectually challenged children” who was an MK.

1936: Nathan D. Perlman was “appointed as a justice of the Court of Special Sessions of the City of New York” today, a position to which he was reappointed in 1945.

1936: For a second time, “the local rabbinical council protested to the Governor, Marshall Italo Balbo over the order that all shops in Tripoli are to remain open on all days of the week expect for Sunday which will force the Jewish merchants to violate their Sabbath or leave the new part of the city.

1937(22nd of Kislev, 5698): Fifty-eight year old Yakov Ganetsky, the son of a Jewish factory owner, who joined the Bolshevik movement and became a close associate of Vladimir Lenin “was executed today” during Stalin’s Great Purge which was designed to consolidate the Dictator’s power and which had a distinctly anti-Semitic tinge.

1937The Palestine Post reported that three Jews were wounded when Arab terrorists shot at a crowded bus, traveling from Nesher to Haifa, and escaped.

1937:  In another example of the anti-Semitism that was endemic to European society, the Palestine Post reported that a large number of Jews were again attacked and beaten in various towns in Lithuania.

1938: “Angels with Dirty Faces” a gangster film with a twist directed by Michael Curtiz, produced by Samuel Bischoff and with music by Max Steiner was released in the United States today by Warner Bros.

1938: In Pittsburgh, during the annual convention of Junior Hadassah, four speakers each agreed that “Jewish young people of American must pool their energies in a ‘fight for democracy’ and promote Zionism.”

1938: Today “the National Republican Club adopted a resolution condemning the ‘relapse into barbarianism of the present rulers in Germany.’”

1939: The March of the Hundred, the “new novel”  by Manuel Komroff, the author of Coronet and Two Thieves is on sale for $2.50.

1939: “Two Pioneers of Russian Music” published today provides Howard Taubman’s review of “Free Artist: The story of Anton and Nicholas Rubinstein by Catherine Drinken Bowen.

1939: Dr. Mordecai Soltes, Harry Grayer, Dr. Jacob I. Steinberg, Herman Z. Quittman and Nathan Seidelman are scheduled this afternoon’s meeting of the Order of Sons of Zion in Greater New York at the Hotel Astor.

1939: Dr. Henry G. Knight, Dr. Gabriel Davidson, Professor O.S. Morgan and Dr. Carl B. Woodward are scheduled to speak at the memorial service for Dr. Jacob Goodale at Temple Emanu-El.

1939: At Congregation Emanu-El in New York, Rabbi B. Benedict Glazer is scheduled to speak on “The Promise of American Life.

1939: At the Free Synagogue which holds services at Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise is scheduled to speak on “Happiness and Character: Do They Destroy Each Other?”

1939: At Congregation B’nai Jeshurun in New York, Rabbi Israel Goldstein is scheduled to speak on “Information Please: A Jewish Intelligence Test.”

1939: At Congregation Rodeph Sholom in New York, Ludwig Lewisohn is scheduled to speak on “The Answer to Israel’s Enemies.”

1939: At the West End Synagogue in New York, “Rabbi Hyman Judah Schachtel will review John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath at a lecture-forum service.”

1939: In New York at the Astor Hotel “a resolution” introduced by Herman Z. Quittman, executive director of the Sons Zion, “calling on the British Government to admit 50,000 Jewish refugee families from Eastern and Central Europe into Palestine in the next twelve months was unanimously adopted” this “afternoon by 200 delegates to the annual conference of Eastern leaders of the Sons of Zion, a national Zionist group” described the desperate plight of Jews living in Nazi Germany where there has been no organized immigration for Jews since last year and where mothers and wives do not know the fate of their sons and husbands.  “Our people have been pushed back and forth over the borders.  Palestine is the only country in the world where the arrival of Jewish refugees is greeted with rejoicing and festivities.”

1939: “The third week of the 1939 merged appeal of the New York and Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities was ushered in” tonight “with a dinner in the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel attended by 1,200 representatives of the radio, music, refrigeration and allied industries including  David Sarnoff, Arthur Murray and Benjamin Abrams.

1939: “1,000 Refugees on Vulcania” published today described the hopes of 1,000 German Jews fleeing the Nazis who have sailed from Genoa to settle in the United States.

1939: In Baltimore, MD, Miss Gisela Warburg, the niece of the late Felix Warburg, who has just returned from Europe where she helped with Youth Aliyah, told those attending the sixteenth annual convention of Junior Hadassah

1939: ‘More than a thousand members of the Jewish community of Teschen, Germany” have been given two more weeks to prepare for their deportation to Poland.
1939: In South Bend, Indiana, Gertrude and Herman Boorda, gave birth to Admiral Jeremy Michael Boorda, “the 25th Chief of Naval Operations” and “the first American sailor to have risen through the enlisted ranks to become Chief of Naval Operations,” the top position in the United States Navy.

1939: “Death Decreed for Jews Who Fail to Wear Armbands or Ignore Curfew” published today described the edict issued in German occupied Poland that “any Jew leaving his home without a special permit between 5 pm and 8 am may be punished by death” and that Jews failing “to wear a broad yellow arm band” will also face the death penalty.

1939: “Cantor Kusewitsky Is Safe” published today brought word that Moijzez Kusewitsky, the chief cantor of Poland and the cousin of Mrs. Isior Achron has not been by the German bombing of Warsaw but has escaped with his family to Bucharest.

1939: “May Send Mail to Poland” published today described a cablegram from Arnold M. Kaiser, secretary of the Polish Fund of London that included the assertion that letters for those living in Upper Silesia and Danzig maybe sent through the federation which will forward them to Geneva before they reach their final destination in Poland.

1940: British Secretary of State for the Colonies Lord Lloyd calls those who are working to save Jewish lives by illegally transporting them to Palestine "foul people who had to be stamped out."

1940: The Nazis forced 500,000 Warsaw Jews to live in walled ghetto.

1940: “Nearly 600 people, including leaders from the judiciary, education and Newark’s political and social life” attended a dinner-dance at the Essex House which was a celebration of Judge William Untermann’s fiftieth birthday.

1941: A fleet of six aircraft carriers commanded by Japanese Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo left Hitokapu Bay under strict radio silence. On December 7th, the world would find out that their destination was Pearl Harbor.  The arrival of the fleet would usher in America’s entrance into World War II and all that would flow from that. 

1941: The recapture of Rostov by Russian forces marked the first major setback suffered by Germany in World War II, 1941.  The German blitz had moved unchecked across the Soviet Union since June of 1941.  By stopping the Nazis at Rostov, the Soviets forced the German Army to suffer through a Russian Winter from for which it was ill-prepared.  The Germans would resume their offensive in the Spring of 1942, but the Wehrmacht would have been depleted just enough that it would fail a year later at Stalingrad which would mark the beginning of the end for the German military.  Unfortunately, none of these military setbacks would slow down the pace of the Final Solution. 

1942: A ship called the Donau sailed from Oslo’s Pier 1 carrying 532 Norwegian Jews, now classified as prisoners all of whom would end up in Concentration Camps.

1942 Norwegian police forces under the direction of the Gestapo handed 532 Jewish prisoners to the SS at Pier 1 in Oslo harbor. The ship was under the command of Untersturmführer Klaus Grossmann and Oberleutnant Manig. Men and women were put in separate holds on the ship, where they were deprived of basic sanitary conditions and mistreated by the soldiers. Only 9 of the prisoners survived the Second World War.

1942: At dawn, in Norway, the Quisling police returned to the home of Isak Plesansky, the founder and proprietor of the Tonsberg Clothing School and arrested his wife, daughter and son.   All of them would be gassed at Auschwitz within the month.

1942: ''Casablanca,'' starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York. The Jewish connections with this film classic are so numerous that this should only be considered a partial list. Jewish actors included Peter Lorre, S.Z."Cuddles" Sakall, and Leonid Kinskey.  Conrad Veidt was not Jewish but his wife was.  Michael Curtiz, a Hungarian Jew, was the director. The script was a product of Jewish writers Julius and Philip Epstein. The inspiration for the movie came from a play by Murray Bennett.  Bennett got the idea after going to Vienna to help Jewish relatives after the Aunschluss in 1938.  The score was written by Max Steiner…and that will have to do for now.

1942: Jews in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland, who are lured from hiding places by Nazi promises of no retribution, are taken to a synagogue, locked inside, and subjected to random gunfire by Ukrainians.

1943: Birthdate of producer and director Bruce Paltrow, a native of Brooklyn, a graduate of Tulane University where he is a member of Sigma Alpha Mu Fraternity and a producer who was responsible for two of television’s best dramatic series - The White Shadow and St. Elsewhere.  He also directed several episodes of Homicide as well as full length motion pictures.  He died in 2002 after battling cancer.

1944: In an interview given today on the eve of his 70th birthday, Dr. Chaim Weizmann said that “any blueprint for the future of what is left of the Jewish people should include allowing at least 100,000 refugees settle in Palestine annually and that this “must be undertaken by the United Nations as a measure of historic justice.  He said that this is the least that is owed to the Jewish people “whose agony in Hitler’s Europe during this war needs no elaboration.”  When he used the term “agony” Weizmann could have included the loss of his son Michael who died while serving with the RAF.

1944: Government officials announced that “twelve more arrests were made today in Tel Aviv and Haifa during continued police searches for suspects connected with” what they described as underground political terrorist groups.

1944: As World War II entered its last phase, the Germans decided to hide all evidence of the mass murders. On orders from Himmler the gas chambers and crematoria at Auschwitz and Birkenau were blown up.

1945: 21st of Kislev, 5706): Sixty-seven year old Columbia trained civil engineer “and author of standard textbooks on the design of bridges, Myron S. Flak who served as a Major during WW I and who was the consulting engineer on the erection of Temple Emanu-El passed away today.

1945: In a personal letter bearing today’s date Nathan Shilkret wrote to his wife about why he undertook the Genesis Project including the insights that “it was never intended to be a work of musical art” but rather a creation intended “to appeal to all record buyers.”

1945: Jewish underground blows up police headquarters and several electric power stations.

1945: Mandatory government sends troops to search for arms in Jewish settlements in Sharon and Samaria.

1945: Soviet Union proposes submission of the Arab-Jewish problem to Big Five Conference.

1945: Polish Jews announce in Italy that they intend to proceed to Palestine by any means.

1946(3rd of Kislev, 5707): Stephen Theodore Norman, the only grandson of Theodor Herzl, plunged to his death off a Massachusetts Avenue Bridge in Washington D.C. at the age of 28.  During WWII, Norman had served as a Captain in the British Army.  He visited Palestine in late 1945 and 1946.  Severe depression brought on by the Holocaust and the plight of the Jews after World War II ended led to severe depression which led to his final moments.

1946: Birthdate of Roni Milo, future Mayor of Tel Aviv

1946(3rd of Kislev, 5707): Sixty-six year old Dr. Elias Margolis, the Vilna born son of “Rabbi Isaac Margolis and Hinde Bernstein Margolis who in 1885 came to the United States where he received degrees from the University of Cincinnati, Hebrew Union College and Columbia, led several congregations while leading the Rabbinical Assembly of JTS and the Synagogue Council of America and raised five children with his wife Esther Molly Jacobson Margolis passed away today.

1946: Jewish refugees in Haifa resist British attempts to ship them Cyprus.

1947: Louis Bromfield, co-chairman of American League for Free Palestine, charges that Arabs have obtained surplus U.S. arms.

1948: Bulgaria recognized Israel.

1948: Hans Möser: Ex SS-Obersturmführer and commander of the Protective Custody Camp at Mittelbau-Dora who had been condemned to death on 30 December 1947 for his involvement in the executions of camp inmates was executed in Landsberg prison today.

1948: Sixteen more Spitfires in Czechoslovakia were awaiting “an opportunity to fly to Israel.”

1948: Menachem Begin visited New York Mayor William O’Dwyer

1948: Abba Eban tells a meeting of the UN Truce Mission that Israel will not let a large force of Egyptians surrounded by the Israelis in the Negev retreat until the Arab’s accept the Armistice Resolution.

1949: Pasha el Mulbi says that the Jerusalem must be held by the Arabs to protect the surrounding Arab sectors.

1949: Jordan rejected the plan for an internationalized Jerusalem.

1949: Birthdate of Roni Milo, Israeli MK and cabinet minister who served as Mayor of his hometown, Tel Aviv from 1993 to 1998.

1949: Birthdate of Shlomo Artzi an Israeli folk rock singer-songwriter and composer. Born in Moshav Alonei Abba he has sold over 1.5 million albums, making him one of Israel's most successful male singers matching the success of his sister Nava Semel the author of Kova Zekhukhit (Hat of Glass) which was the first published work in Israel that addressed topics of the children of Holocaust survivors

1950: Rabbi Theodore Friedman is scheduled to speak at a Youth Aliyah Dinner-Dance at the Henry Hudson Hotel sponsored by The North Hudson New Jersey chapter of Hadassah

1951: The Tales of Hoffmann “a British Technicolor film adaptation of Jacques Offenbach's opera The Tales of Hoffmann,” co-directed by Emeric Pressburger was released today in the United Kingdom.

1952: The Jerusalem Post reported that in the Knesset Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion sharply attacked Mapam in the debate on the Prague trial, accusing it of duplicity and inability to face the truth about the Soviet regime. The Knesset, by an overwhelming majority, adopted a resolution expressing “its sense of shock at the trial now proceeding in Prague, which had struck at the Jewish people... and on the attempts to bring into disrepute the good name of the State of Israel.”

1952: In Bonn, “entrepreneur and tobacco industrialist Philipp Fürchtegott Reemtsma” and his wife gave birth to Jan Philipp Reemtsma “who hired a researcher” at the start of the 21st century to examine the art collection he inherited from his father to make sure that none of it had been looted by the Nazis from its rightful owners, many of whom would have been Jewish.

1952: “Time Out For Ginger” a comedy starring Melvyn Douglas (Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg) opened on Broadway today at the Lyceum Theatre.

1953: Mister Kelly’s a nightclub owned and operated by Oscar and George Marienthal opened today on Rush Street in Chicago.

1953(19th of Kislev, 5714): Seventy-nine-year-old Mary Grossmann Buxbaum, the daughter of Ignaz and Anna Rosenbaum Grossman and the wife of Louis Buxbaum passed away today after which she was buried in Mount Sinai Cemetery in Cuyahoga County, Ohi.

1954: Dr. Nelson Glueck, president of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, said that through the use of dense settlement and exploitation of natural resources Israel's southern Negev desert could be restored to its ancient prosperity.

1954: Birthdate of Rosalind "Roz" Chast, the Flatbush native who became an award-winning cartoonist for The New Yorker.

1956: Sixteen-year-old Ellery Schempp refused to listen or to participate in the mandatory Bible-reading exercise of his high school in the Abington School District outside of Philadelphia. According to one source, Schempp was disciplined for reading from the Koran during his high school’s mandatory Bible reading time. After being severely disciplined by the district administrators, Ellery and his family initiated a lawsuit that would ultimately make its way to the Supreme Court of the United States. The defendants were the authorities of the Abington School District. In the end, the Supreme Court ruled that religious recitations and prayers of any kind were in violation of the Constitution of the United States if practiced in public schools. Schempp was raised as a Unitarian. “The minor rebellion led to a landmark Supreme Court case that (much to the relief of many Jewish students) outlawed school-sponsored prayer.

1956: The Weightlifting competition at the 16th Olympiad during which Ike Berger won a gold medal came to an end today.

1958: Birthdate of David Asper, a Canadian businessman and lawyer who as served as the  Executive Vice President of the Canadian media company CanWest Global Communications Corp and as Chairman of the National Post newspaper and a Professor at the Robson Hall Faculty of Law at the University of Manitoba. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Asper is the eldest son of the late Izzy Asper, founder of CanWest Global. He is the brother of Leonard Asper, current president of CanWest Global. In the mid-1980s, Asper represented David Milgaard, who was wrongfully convicted of murder in 1970. With Asper arguing the case before the Supreme Court of Canada, Milgaard's conviction was overturned in 1992.[1] Asper endorsed Toronto Conservative candidate and former Global news anchor Peter Kent in the 2006 Canadian federal election. Asper is a former trustee of the Fraser Institute. Asper is also one of the main proponents behind building a new stadium for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. If his stadium proposal is accepted Asper will spend $100,000,000 of his own money to finance part of the stadium and build a shopping complex on the stadium grounds. In exchange he would become owner of the team, who are currently community owned. He is currently in negotiations with the football clubs board of governors over his stadium proposal. Asper is married to Ruth Asper and has 2 sons and a daughter: Daniel, Rebecca, and Max.

1958(14th of Kislev, 5719): Sixty-two-year-old  Yale alum and WW I veteran William Loeb the New York born son of Albert and Rose Guggenheim and the husband of Mary Frank Loeb with whom he had two daughters who was “a stockbroker and leader in charitable affairs” passed away today.

1959(25th of Cheshvan, 5720): Seventy-eight year old Austrian born Columbia University trained “physician and surgeon” Dr. Joseph F. Saphir, the former “chief of proctology at Manhattan State Hospital” and the husband of Elsa Saphir with whom he had had three daughters passed away today.

1960(7th of Kislev, 5720): Parshat Vayetzei

1960: In Newark, Delaware Elaine "Leni", a social worker, and William Markell, who taught accounting at the University of Delaware gave birth to Jack Alan Markell, the 73rd Governor of the state of Delaware.

1960: ITV network transmitted the last episode of “The Strange World of Gurney Slade” starring Anthony Newley who “devised the British comedy series.”

1960: Seventy-eight year old Mississippi Congressman John Rankin “the equal opportunity bigot” and outspoken anti-Semite who called Walter Winchell a kike while speaking on the floor of the House of Representatives and who attacked Albert Einstein passed away today.

1961(18th of Kislev, 5722): Anglo-Jewish Zionist leader Israel Cohen who “from 1909 to the beginning of World War II Cohen directed the English department of the Zionist Central Office in Cologne and later in Berlin” and whose exciting life was chronicled in A Jewish Pilgrimage: The Autobiography of Israel Cohen passed away today.

1963(10th of Kislev, 5724): Sixty-seven year old Dr. Otto Saphir, the Viennese born “director of the Department of Pathology at Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center” and husband of Ethel Saphir with whom he had had two children passed away today.

1964(21st of Kislev, 5725): Sixty-nine-year-old “Dr. Joseph L. Fink, the Springfield, OH born son of “Rabbi Mendel and Tillie Kagen Fiinkelstein and husband of Janice Gutfruend and the rabbi emeritus of Temple Beth Zion in Buffalo, NY passed away today.

1964(21st of Kislev, 5725): Sixty-one year old Herbert Solow the editor of the Menorah Journal who went from being a follower of Trotsky to an editor of Fortune passed away today.

1965(2nd Kislev, 5726): Eighty year old Sam Shapiro, the husband of Esther Shapiro and the father of Gustave and David Shapiro passed away today.

1965: “My Ship Is Comin’ In” a song written by Joey Brooks was released today in the United Kingdom.

1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Parashat Vayishlach

1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Fifty-eight year old Philadelphia bornFannie Turnoff Belsky, the wife of Abraham Belsky passed away today after which she was buried at Roosevelt Memorial Park in Trevose, PA.

1966(13th of Kislev, 5727): Seventy-six year old Galician Poland native Dr. Morris Teller, the son of Samuel and Annie Teller who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania after which he was ordained at JTS where he also received advanced degrees before serving as rabbi of the South Side Hebrew Congregation and who was the husband of “the former Nellie Ruby and the father of Sheldon Teller passed away today.

1966: NBC broadcast “Fame Is the Name of the Game” a mystery movie directed by Stuart Rosenberg.

1967(23rd of Cheshvan, 5728): Eighty-three-year-old movie executive Albert Warner, the Polish born son of Benjamin "Wonsal" or "Wonskolaser," a shoemaker born in Krasnosielc, and Pearl Leah Eichelbaum, who was one of the four Warner brothers who co-founded Warner Brothers along with Jack, Harry and Sam and who married his second wife Bessie Levy after the death of his first wife Bessie Kreiger passed away today.

1968(5th of Kislev, 5729): Eighty-one-year-old prize winning novelist Arnold Zweig passed away today.

1973: “Rachael Lily Rosenbloom (And Don't You Ever Forget It)” with Ellen Greene in the title role has its first pre-Broadway performance tonight.

1975: An ABC show titled "Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell" was cancelled today.

1976(4th of Kislev, 5737): Eighty-four-year-old Vanderbilt University Medical School graduate, Julius A. Haiman, “an ear, nose and throat specialist” and adjunct professor at Polyclinic Hospital passed away today.

1976: The Organizing Committee of the symposium on Jewish culture appealed to a number of international organizations and public figures with a call for support.

1977: “A passage featured in Nelson Algren's 1983 book The Devil's Stocking was broadcast during the Southern Television hoax which generated international publicity when students interrupted the regular broadcast through the Hannington transmitter of the Independent Broadcasting Authority in England for six minutes” today.

1980: Two months are premiering in the United States, “Without Warning” a sci-fi film co-starring Martin Landau was released in France.

1981: Boris Chernobylskii, who had previously been “detained on the street” and kept in the police station for two days “was arrested in Moscow” today after which the Moscow Municipal Court sentenced him to 12 months of imprisonment.

1982: The New York Times reported that the number of Jewish day schools was “on the rise, especially among the Orthodox as they catered to the growing number of Orthodox youths, including the children of Soviet, Israeli and Iranian immigrants.”

1982: Howard Cossell called his last fight after being disgusted by the Larry Holmes-Tex Cobb mismatch.

1986: The New Yorker Magazine published "The Way We Live Now" a short story about AIDS written by Jewish author Susan Sontag.

1986: “Solarbabies,” a sci-fi film co-starring Jamie Gertz was released in the United States today.

1986: U.S. premiere of “The Mosquito Coast” produced by Saul Zaenta and featuring Jason Alexander who would gain fame as “George Constanza” on “Seinfeld.”

1986: The trial of John Demjanjuk opened in the Jerusalem District Court today.

1986: “Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home” directed by Leonard Nimoy who also co-starred in the film with William Shatner was released today in North America

1987: Five people were injured in the bombing of a military bus stop in Israel.

1988(17th of Kislev, 5749): Seventy-six year old Werner Julius Seligmann, the son of Frantz Seligmann and Erna Seligmann and husband of Irma Seligmann passed away today in Notevideo.

1989: The New York Times included a review of The Jews In America: Four Centuries of an Uneasy Encounter by Arthur Hertzberg.

1990(9th of Kislev, 5751): Ninety-three year old Samuel Noah Kramer the Ukraine born husband of the former Mildred Tokarsky and the award winning authority on Sumerian literature and culture passed away today. (As reported by John Noble Wilford)

1991(19th of Kislev, 5752: Seventy-seven-year-old advertising man Norman B. Norman, “a founder and longtime chief executive of Norman, Craig and Kummel” the WW II Navy veteran and husband of the former Gail Snyder passed away today.

 1992(1st of Kislev, 5753): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

1992: FOX broadcast the final episode of “The Heights” a short lived “musical drama series” created by Eric Roth.

1992(1st of Kislev, 5753): Ninety-year old Bernard M. Baruch, Jr., the son of the fame financier passed away today.

1993(12th of Kislev, 5754): Eighty-two-year-old Brazilian born American composer Bernardo Segall, the nephew of painter Lasar Segall passed away today.

1994: CTV broadcast the last episode of “Robo Cop” the television series produced by Jay Firestone, the son of Esther Firestone, the first female cantor in Canada.

1995: Showtime broadcast “Red Wind,” the final episode of “Fallen Angels” an anthology series developed by Steve Golin with theme music by Elmer Bernstein.

1996: Publication of The Book of Jewish Food: An Odyssey from Samarkand to New York by Claudia Roden.

1997: “Alien: Resurrection” a sci-fi horror film co-starring Winona Ryder and Ron Perlman was released in the United States today.

2000: The New York Times featured reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Julius Knipl, Real Estate Photographer: The Beauty Supply District by Ben Katchor

2001(11th of Kislev, 5762): A Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and lightly wounded two Border Policemen at the Erez crossing point in the Gaza Strip.

2001: Eric Moonman “appeared at an ‘Executive Luncheon” hosted by the Centre for Counter Studies during which he said he thought the media had been, "highly responsible and supportive of U.S. and international efforts to root out terrorism" and that when it came to fighting terrorism “we can’t afford to abide by the Queensbury rules of war in the face of such a dangerous and unscrupulous threat."

2002: “Ala Sabaar, a commander of the Aksa Martyrs Brigade, an armed wing of the Fatah movement of Yasir Arafat, and Aimad Nasharta, an area leader of the militant group Hamas” were killed tonight when the house they were staying in exploded because according to the Palestinians who offered no evidence it had been attacked by an Apache helicopter or an IAF fighter plane.

2003(1st of Kislev, 5764): Rosh Chodesh Kislev

2003(1st of Kislev, 5764): Seventy-seven-year-old composer Myer Kupferman passed away today. (As reported by Allan Kozinn)

2004: In “Nazi Defendants Venting” published today, William Grimes provides a lengthy review of The Nuremberg Interviews An American Psychiatrist's Conversations With the Defendants and Witnesses Conducted by Leon Goldensohn. Edited and introduced by Robert Gellately.

2005: Start of Jewish Book Month sponsored by the Jewish Book Council.  According to its website, “The mission of the Jewish Book Council is to promote the reading, writing and publishing of quality English language books of Jewish content in North America. To carry out its mission, the Jewish Book Council sponsors a variety of activities and programs. The most widely known are the National Jewish Book Awards, established in 1948/9, and the Jewish Book Month. Its publications include Jewish Book Annual and Jewish Book World.”

2005: Sharon Fichman defeated Pemra Özgen to win the tennis tournament at Ashkelon.

2005(3rd of Kislev, 5707): Children’s author and illustrator Stan Berenstain passed away.  He and his wife Jan are best known for creating the children’s book series, “The Berenstein Bears.”

2006: Juilliard instructor Samuel Zyman praises the talent of Jay “Bluejay” Greenberg during an interview on tonight’s broadcast of CBS News 60 Minutes.

2006: Just in time for Jewish Book Month, The Sunday Washington Post book section featured a review of Somewhere: The Life of Jerome Robbins by Amdanda Vail.

2006: The Sunday New York Times list of “100 Notable Books of the Year” includes the following volumes by Jewish authors or about Jewish topics: Everyman by Philip Roth, Golden Country by Jennifer Gilmore, Intuition by Allegra Goodman, A Woman in Jerusalem by A. B. Yehoshua, Courtier and The HereticLeibniz, Spinoza, and the Fate of God in the Modern World by Matthew Stewart. Greatest Story Ever Told: The Decline and Fall of Truth From 9/11 to Katrina by Frank Rich, The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million, by Daniel Mendelsohn, Prisoners: A Muslim and a Jew Across the Middle East Divide by Jeffrey Goldberg and Sweet and Low: A Family Story, by Rich Cohen.

2006:  In Auckland, New Zealand, The Governor-General of New Zealand, gives a speech at event celebrating one hundred years of the Auckland Chevra Kadisha and Benevolent Society attended by Hon Judith Tizard; President of the Auckland Chevra Kadisha and Benevolent Society, Sonny Beder; President of the Auckland Hebrew Congregation, Rabbi Jack Engel and former President, Rabbi Jeremy Lawrence.

2006(5th of Kislev, 5767): Eighty-eight-year-old Jeanne Lesser who had been married to Louis Lesser for more than 70 years passed away today.

2007: Holocaust denier David Irving and Nick Griffin anti-Semitic leader of the British National party are scheduled to speak at the Free Speech Forum sponsored by the Oxford Union.  Britain’s defense secretary Des Browne, three British lawmakers and Labour Party leader Denis MacShane have all refused to appear before the group because of Irving and Griffin.

2007: In Jerusalem the Uganda Pub hosts an Ethiopian evening – music, films, food, lectures and even Ethiopian beer - followed by DJ and dancing.

2007: Premiere of “Boy A” starring Andrew Garfield as “Eric Wilson / Jack Burridge.

2007(16th of Kislev, 5768): Ninety-four year old comedy writer Mel Tolkin, “the man who made Sid Caser funny” passed away today.

2008: The OU Bicentennial Convention opens in Jerusalem.

2008: Premiere of “The Joy of Singing” a French film directed by Ilan Duran Cohen.

2008: The 92nd Street Y hosts an Israeli Folk Dance Thanksgiving Marathon.

2008: After months of delay, the Supreme Court is due to hear a petition regarding the 20,000 Subbotnik Jews of Russia, many of whom have found it increasingly difficult in recent years to get permission to make Aliyah

2008: Attorney-General Menahem Mazuz notified Prime Minister Ehud Olmert on Wednesday that he planned to indict him on several criminal charges relating to the Rishon Tours affair.

2008(28th of Cheshvan, 5769): Bentzion Chroman, who survived an earthquake in China earlier this year, was killed when a terrorist invaded the Mumbai Chabad House where he had stopped briefly today for the afternoon minhah prayer. Rabbi Leibish Teitelbaum, who helped supervise kashrut was also killed in the attack. Other victims of the terrorist attack on the Mumbai Chabad House included Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg, his pregnant wife Rivka and Norma Shvarzblat Rabinovich.

2008: “Saul Steinberg: Illuminations,” a travelling exhibition, which will displayed original Steinberg works opened in London.

2008: “Milk” a biopic about Harvey Milk, the son of Lithuanian Jewish immigrants, produced by Bruce Cohen with music by Danny Elfman was released in the United States today.

2009: At the Sixth & I Lunch & Learn Rabbi Ethan Seidel leads a class studying unsettling stories containing elements of relativism, confusion, acknowledgment of chaos, and distrust of authority.

2009: Tikvat Israel Synagogue in Rockville, MD, features an evening of Israeli folk dancing.

2009: Hamshushalayim, a three-weekend-long festival, opens in Jerusalem.

2009: Minister of Culture and Sport Limor Livnat told Likud activists this evening that “I do not envy the prime minister because I know he is in distress. It isn’t easy to face an American President.”

2009: This evening, Palestinian terrorists in Gaza fired five mortar shells toward the western Negev. The shells landed in an open field in the Eshkol region, causing no casualties or damage.

2009: Britain’s Chief Rabbi, Lord Jonathan Sacks gave his first speech in the House of Lords during which he “apid homage to Britan an said it was a sense of indebtedness to the country that drives Jews to make the vast contribution they make to society.”

2009: Belgian attorney and politician Mischaël Modrikamen, the son of Marcel Modrikamen whose father was “a Jewish immigrant from Poland who had fled anti-Semitism” launched the People's Party (PP,) which, he claimed, was based on the values of justice, responsibility and solidarity.

2010: The New York Times Reviews Nora Ephron’s Last Book

2010: The National Museum of American Jewish History opens in Philadelphia, PA

2010: In Brussels, opening of Party Like a Jew a fun-filled weekend organized by the European Centre for Jewish Students (ECJS), the largest European organization for young adults in Europe.

2010(19th of Kislev, 5771): “Rosh Hashanah of Chassidism.”  The 19th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev is celebrated as the "the New Year of Chassidus (Hasidism)." “It was on this date, in the year 1798 that the founder of Chabad Chassidism, Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi (1745–1812), was freed from his imprisonment in czarist Russia. More than a personal liberation, this was a watershed event in the history of Chassidism, heralding a new era in the revelation of the “inner soul” of Torah. The public dissemination of the teachings of Chassidism had in fact begun two generations earlier. The founder of the chassidic movement, Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (1698–1760), revealed to his disciples gleanings from the mystical soul of Torah which had previously been the sole province of select kabbalists in each generation. This work was continued by the Baal Shem Tov’s disciple, Rabbi DovBer, the “Maggid of Mezeritch”—who is also deeply connected with the date of “19 Kislev”: on this day in 1772, 26 years before Rabbi Schneur Zalman’s release from prison, the Maggid returned his soul to his Maker. Before his passing, he said to his disciple, Rabbi Schneur Zalman: “This day is our yom tov (festival).” Rabbi Schneur Zalman went much farther than his predecessors, bringing these teachings to broader segments of the Jewish population of Eastern Europe. More significantly, Rabbi Schneur Zalman founded the “Chabad” approach—a philosophy and system of study, meditation, and character refinement that made these abstract concepts rationally comprehensible and practically applicable in daily life. In its formative years, the chassidic movement was the object of strong, and often venomous, opposition from establishment rabbis and laymen. Even within the chassidic community, a number of Rabbi Schneur Zalman’s contemporaries and colleagues felt that he had “gone too far” in tangibilizing and popularizing the hitherto hidden soul of Torah. In the fall of 1798, Rabbi Schneur Zalman was arrested on charges that his teachings and activities threatened the imperial authority of the czar, and was imprisoned in an island fortress in the Neva River in Petersburg. In his interrogations, he was compelled to present to the czar’s ministers the basic tenets of Judaism and explain various points of chassidic philosophy and practice. After 53 days, he was exonerated of all charges and released. Rabbi Schneur Zalman saw these events as a reflection of what was transpiring Above. He regarded his arrest as but the earthly echo of a Heavenly indictment against his revelation of the most intimate secrets of the Torah. And he saw his release as signifying his vindication in the Heavenly court. Following his liberation on 19 Kislev, he redoubled his efforts, disseminating his teachings on a far broader scale, and with more detailed and “down-to-earth” explanations, than before. The nineteenth of Kislev therefore marks the “birth” of Chassidism: the point at which it was allowed to emerge from the womb of “mysticism” into the light of day, to grow and develop as an integral part of Torah and Jewish life.”

2010(19th of Kislev, 5711): Yahrtzeit of the Maggid of Mezritch, the successor of the Baal Shem Tov

2010: Alice Herz-Sommer turned 107 today and is the world’s oldest known Holocaust survivor, as well as being the second oldest resident of London, England.

2011: Pianist Taiyuan Stepanov and clarinetists Alex & Daniel Gurfinkel are scheduled to perform “Clarient with a French Flavor at the Eden Tamir Music Center in Ein Kerem-Jerusalem.

2011: Penultimate performance of Arthur Miller’s “After the Fall” sponsored by Theatre J (an arm of the DC Jewish Community Center) is scheduled to take place tonight in Washington, DC.

2011: A Kassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel exploded in the Eshkol Regional Council area early today.

2011: The Israel Air Force struck two centers of terrorist activity in the southern and central Gaza Strip tonight in response to rocket fire into southern Israel, according to the IDF Spokesman's office.

2012: David Siegel, the Consul General of Israel in Los Angeles is scheduled to speak at Temple Emanuel of Beverly Hills.

2012: A scheduled screening of “Killing Kasztner, The Jews that Dealt with the Nazis” at the Upper East Side Chabad will be followed by a discussion led by the film’s director and Dr. Joseph Berger, Holocaust survivor saved by Kasztner.

2012: Ehud Barak, who over a half-century career became Israel’s most decorated soldier and held the nation’s trifecta of top positions — chief of staff of the military, prime minister and, since 2007, defense minister — announced today that he would soon “leave political life,” withdrawing from elections scheduled for Jan. 22.

2012: The French Consulate in Jerusalem recently hosted as a guest of honor a Palestinian terrorist, Salah Hamouri, who was convicted of plotting to kill Ovadia Yosef, a former chief rabbi of Israel and the spiritual leader of the ultra-Orthodox Shas party, an Israeli newspaper reported today.

2013: Jewish Book is scheduled to come to an end today.

2013: Robert Levinson, “if he is still alive” today “become the longest held hostage in American history.”

2013: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to present “The Reconquest of Jewishness in Post-War America: Will Herberg and Irving Howe

2013: Rabbi Jonah Layman is scheduled to lead the Greater Olney Interfaith Thanksgiving Service at Shaare Tefila.

2013: Alice Herz-Sommer, the oldest living Holocaust survivor who is the subject of “The Lady in Number 6: Music Saved My Life” is scheduled to celebrate her 110th birthday

2013: Fifth anniversary of the Mumbai Massacre a terrorist attack on  Westerner and Hindus and institutions that they used including the Naiman House, the Chabad Center where Jews, regardless of their affiliation could always find comfort and a meal. The victims included Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg, his pregnant wife Rivka, Israelis Bentzion Kruman and Yoheved Orpaz, Brooklyn Rabbi Leibish Teitelbaum and Mexican Jewess Norma Rabinovich.

2013(23rd of Kislev, 5774): Sixty-six-year-old Guiora Esrubilsky, “a prominent Argentinian businessman bas in Florida” who “presided over last summer’s Maccabiah Games” passed away today.

2013(23rd of Kislev): Seventy-four-year-old legendary Israeli performer Arik Einstein passed away today. (As reported by Elad Benari)

2013(23rd of Kislev): Ninety-year-old Israel Prize Winner Bracha Kapach passed away one day before the 96th anniversary of the birth of husband Rabbi Yosef Kapach.

2013(23rd of Kislev, 5774): Eight-nine-year-old photographer Saul Leiter passed away today. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

2014: In the UK The Wiener Library for the Study of the Holocaust & Genocide is scheduled to host “The Crooked Mirror: A Memoir of Polish-Jewish Reconciliation?”

2014: In Melbourne, “The Israeli Code” and “Shtisel” are scheduled to be shown at the Jewish International Film Festival.

2014: “Interior Minister Gilad Erdan canceled the residency permit of the widow of one of the Har Nof synagogue killers today, effectively deporting her out of Israeli territory and stripping her of any financial or social benefits.” (As reported by Marissa Newman)

2014: “Torrential rains continued to sweep across much of Israel rasing the levels of the Sea of Galilee by 3.5 centimeters (1.37 inches) marking the highest one-day rise of the so for the the lake that is one of Israel’s key water sources. (As reported by Spence Ho)

2015: ”Less than two weeks since the bride’s father Rabbi Yaakov Litman, and her 18-year-old brother Netanel were shot dead in a terrorist attack as they drove on Route 60 in the southern West Bank on November 13” Sarah Techiya Litman and Ariel Biegel were married this evening at the elevated plaza in front of Jerusalem’s International Convention Center. (As reported by Renee Ghert-Zand)

2015(14th Kislev, 5776): Sixty-five year old “Amir D. Aczel, a science writer who took readers on a mathematical mystery tour in “Fermat’s Last Theorem,” his account of how a famous 300-year-old problem in number theory was finally solved in the 1990s, and went on to write more than a dozen popular books on intriguing scientific ideas and discoveries” passed away today. (As reported by William Grimes)

2015: The Chaplains of the Oxford University Jewish Society are scheduled to host Thanksgiving Dinner in their home with a traditional Turkey dinner, pumpkin pie “and all of the trimmings.”

2015: In London, Professor Roger Luckhurst, Birkbeck, University of London is scheduled to deliver a lecture on “Blood Fractions: The Octoroon and Other Fantasies” at the Jewish Museum.

2016(25th of Cheshvan, 5777): Parashat Chayei Sara

2016: “Two Palestinians were arrested” this “morning on suspicion of starting a fire” that devastated the settlement of Halamish” but were later released.

2016: Standing amidst the ruins of their restaurant Rama’s Kitchen which had been by raging wildfire, Rama Ben Zvi and Maya Ben Zvi said they would re-build “but that it take time” in part because they were “still coming to terms with the loss.”

2016: “Monsieur Mayonnaise” and “Dark Diamond” are scheduled to be shown in Melbourne as part of the Jewish International Film Festival.

2017: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Wine Lover’s Daughter: A Memoir by Anne Fadiman and In Deadly Cure by Lawrence Goldstone.

2017: Marc “Trestman won his third Grey Cup with the Argonauts defeated the Stampeders, 27-24.”

2017: Rhe Studio of the Jerusalem Conservatory “Hassadna” is scheduled to host “Hineh ma Tov!” the annual concert of works by Israeli composer Emanuel Vahl.

2017: “The Calcalist business daily reported” today that “US e-commerce behemoth Amazon is preparing to launch retail sales activities in Israel and is in talks to rent 25,000 sq. meters (260,000 sq. ft.) of storage space in central Israel to provide the local market with products.”

2017: The 21st UK International Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to come to an end today.

2017: Jewish Book Month, an annual event that provides us with a chance to contemplate Jewish books and the lives of authors such as Bernard Lewis whose works included Semites and Anti-Semites and  The Muslim Discovery of Europe continues today.

2018: Tobi Kahn, Rabbi Dianne Cohler-Esses and Rabbi Esther Azar are scheduled to lecture on “Artist’s Beit Midrash: Re-Reading Torah.”

2018: Tenth anniversary of terrorist attack on Hariman House in Mumbai.

2018: Biet Avi Chai is scheduled to host Professor Daniel R. Schwartz of Hebrew University lecturing on “Two Views of the Maccabean Revolt”

2018: In Israel businesses are scheduled to take part in Cyber Monday as can be seen by “Hazorfim’s Cyber Monday Sale” and El Al’s Cyber Monday sales

2019: In Metairie, LA, the Slater Torah Academy is scheduled to host its Thanksgiving Dinner.

2019: As part of the UK Jewish Film Festival is scheduled to a host a screening “It Must Schwing! The Blue Note Story” at the City Screen Picturehouse at York.

2019: In Palo Alto, CA, the Oshman Family JCC is scheduled to host Rina Z. Neiman as she discusses Born Under Fire, “her debut novel based on the story of her mother, a child prodigy pianist in 1940’s pre-state Israel.”

2020: Virtual Tour with Josh Hartuv is scheduled to host “Sea to Sea Hike” an hour long version of the three day trek from the Mediterranean to Kinneret

2020: ““The Soul Experience” with Rabbi Baruch HaLevi (Rabbi B) and Ariela HaLevi (formerly of Congregation Shirat Hayam), a virtual, spiritual and healing service incorporating Jewish-inspired prayer, meditation, mindfulness practice, chanting, singing, yoga, mystical text study, guided visualization and more” is scheduled to take place today.

2020: In Palm Beach Gardens, Temple Judea is scheduled to host a virtual Thanksgiving Minyan with Cantorial Soloist.

2020: Israelis today will see continued rainfall mostly in central and northern Israel, along with some thunderstorms in some areas. Southern Israel that so far this season has not seen a lot of rainfall, will see mostly local showers.

2020: Congregation B’nai Torah is scheduled to present “a festive family Thanksgiving day service”

2020: Thanksgiving

2021: Based on reports published yesterday, as of today said Mexico, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Mexico and the United Arab Emirates are among countries are barred from importing Israeli cyber tech as the list of countries licensed to buy it has been cut to just 37 states, down from 102. (As reported by YNET)

2021: As Jews prepare to observe Shabbat, they can take some measure of “joy” in the report that Pope Francis will canonize Titus Brandsma, a Dutch priest, academic and journalist who was murdered in the Dachau concentration camp in 1942 for preaching against the Nazis, Pope Francis will canonize Titus Brandsma, a Dutch priest, academic and journalist who spoke out against anti-Jewish laws during the occupation of his country and who was murdered in the Dachau concentration camp in 1942 for preaching against the Nazis.

2021: Black Friday falls two days before the kindle of the first light of Channukah giving some a chance to complain about commercialism in general and the commercialization of Channukah in general which leaves readers to wonder how many of them will be in the synagogue each day for the Torah readings during the festival of lights.

2021: The Sixth and Synagogue provides “Shabbat at Home Resources,” a website designed to provide the materials in a user friendly manner to make for a more meaningful Erev Shabbat experience.

2022: The Eden-Tamir Center is scheduled to present “Ensemble Millennium/Toscanini Quartet, Ensemble in Residence and Friends.”

2022: The Tel Aviv Arts Council is scheduled to present “Sigdiada Ethiopian Music Festival.”

2022: Based on previously published information, Itamar Ben-Gvir the leader of “the far-right Otzma Yehudit part” is scheduled to become the Minister for National Security in the government of prime minister-designate Netanyahu.( YNET)

2022: In Tel Aviv, the Nigun Quarter is scheduled “to the fabulous Shablul – one of Tel Aviv’s most prolific jazz clubs.”

2022(2nd of Kislev, 5783): Parashat Toldot;

2023:  The S.Y. Agnon house is scheduled to host a new series of lectures starting today with author and psychologist Esther Peled.

2023: As November 26 begins anti-Semitism from the Left and the Right continues to increase as the rest of the Hamas held hostages begin day 51 in captivity.

(Editor’s note: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time)