This Day, October 11, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

This Day, October 11, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L


1138: Massive earthquake strikes Aleppo, Syria.  According to tradition, the Jewish community traces its origins back to the time of King David.  This is based on the description of the conquest of the city by Joab found in the Book of Samuel.  The Great Synagogue, the most famous Jewish edifice in the city was originally built in the fifth century of the Common Era. The real importance of the community can be traced to the Aleppo Codex,the earliest known manuscript containing the entire text of the Bible. Tradition states that Maimonides consulted the Aleppo Codex when he set down the exact rules for writing Torah scrolls.” The Codex was copied by the scribe Shlomo Ben-Buya'a over 1,000 years ago. It was deposited with the Aleppo community at the end of the 14th Century and kept in a small vault in the Cave of Elijah under the Joab Ben Zeruiah Synagogue of Aleppo. The community guarded it for over 600 years." Whatever loss the community suffered during the earthquake, we know it survived and thrived since it was visited by Rabbi Petachya of Regensburg (Germany) starting in 1170 and Benjamin of Tudela in 1173.  Benjamin’s visit was part of his “round the world tour” which he described in his literary work entitled the Travels of Benjamin.

1285: Following a false charge that the Jews had purchased a Christian child from an old woman and then killed, a mob in Munich attacked the Jews community.  Those who escaped the mob took refuge in the synagogue which the mob then burned killing 180 Jews.

1347: Emperor Louis IV, the German ruler who had given Gottfried von Eppstein permission to settle Jews in Eppstein, Homburg and Steinheim in 1335, passed away.

1394: Ordination of Benedict XIII, one of the Avignon Popes whom the Catholic Church classifies as an Anti-Pope.  In an attempt to gain acceptance of his Papacy, Benedict attacked the Jews.  Not content to adopt oppressive laws at aimed Children Of Israel, he initiated the Disputation of Tortosa in 1413 one of those one-sided debates that the Church loved.  As a result of this one, the works of Maimonides were burned and copies of the Talmud were to be confiscated so that they could be censored.

1400: Jews were burned alive in Prague.

1531: Forty-seven year old Huldrych Zwingli, the leader of the Reformation in Switzerland who at a minimum “studied and admired the Hebrew language, used it to some advantage” in his work and “took over some Hebraic teachings while evincing little concern for contemporary Jews” passed away today.

1727: George II and Caroline of Ansbach are crowned King and Queen of Great Britain. King George II was the monarch who gave “the royal assent” to the Jewish Naturalization Act of 1753.  Unfortunately, the act was repealed a year later.

1727: “Zadok the Priest,” an anthem composed by George Frederic Handel based on First Kings 1:38-40 which describes the coronation of King Solomon was performed today during the coronation of King George II.

1741: George Fredrick Handel completed the second of “Samson,” his oratorio based on the figure from the Book of Judges.

1769(10th  of Tishrei, 5530): Yom Kippur

1770(22nd of Tishrei, 5531); Shemini Atzeret

1771: In Eppingen, Germany, “Kusche Karoline Maier” and “Laemmle Heinshiemer “gave birth to “Moses Lemle Heinsheimer, the father of Maier and Jakob Heinsheimer.

1777(10th of Tishrei, 5538): Four days after the Americans completed their game-changing victory at the Battle of Saratoga, Jews observe Yom Kippur

1778(20th of Tishrei, 5539): Sixth Day of Sukkoth

1783(15th of Tishrei, 5544): Sukkoth

1786: Michael Marks married Jochabed Isaacks, the parents of Tarrytown, NY native Abraham Marks, were married today in Newport, R.I.

1787: In Georgia Philip Mosses Russell and Esther Mordecai Russell gave birth to Isaac Russell, their first son and third child who would have two younger siblings.

1788(10th of Tishrei, 5549): Yom Kippur

1789(21st of Tishrei, 5550): Hoshanah Rabah observed for the first time during the Presidency of George Washington.

1791: Today, Joseph Abendanone, the St. Thomas born son  of Simon Abendanone and Grace Cohen Delmonte who settled in Savanah wrote to John Kean, in Philadelphia, PA requesting a subscription, via D. Ramsey and thanking him for his help asked that the amount be transferred to the Office of Charleston.

1792(25th of Tishrei, 5553): Seventy-nine year old Hebrew poet and businessman David Franco Mendes passed away today in his hometown of Amsterdam.

1796(9th of Tishrei, 5557): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is chanted for the last time during the Presidency of George Washington.

1796: While sailing to the United States aboard the sloop Simionhoff, Israel Baer Kursheedt used the English bible of the ship’s captain to explain to him the significance of Yom Kippur which he was about to begin observing.

1797(21st if Tishrei, 5558): Hoshanah Rabah observed for the first time during the Presidency of John Adams.

1800(22nd of Tishrei, 5561): Shmini Atzeret observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Adams.

1805(18th of Tishrei, 5566): Fourth Day of Sukkoth observed as Russian and Austrian forces maneuver on the one side and French Forces under Napoleon maneuver for position in the upcoming battle of Austerlitz.

1807(9th of Tishrei, 5568): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre

1808(20th of Tishrei, 5569): Sixth Day of Sukkoth observed for the last time during the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson.

1809: Birthdate of New Orleans resident Louisa Block Jonas the wife of Abraham Henry Jonas whom share married in 1829 and the mother of Lucia, Charles, Benjamin Julian, Sidney, Annie, Edward and Rosalie.

1811(23rd of Tishrei, 5572): Simchat Torah

1811(23rd of Tishrei, 5572): Thirty-year-old Rachel de Leon, the daughter of Abraham de Leon passed away today.

1813: “Abraham Hart, a merchant residing at Belvedere, NJ” married Louisa Barnett, the daughter Easton, PA resident Nathan Barnett.

1816(19th of Tishrei, 5577): Fifth Day of Sukkoth observed as King Louis XII “duels “with members of the Chamber of Deputies for political supremacy during what history has come to call “the Second Bourbon Restoration.

1821(15th of Tishrei, 5582): First Day of Sukkoth

1824(19th of Tishrei, 5585): Fifth Day of Sukkoth observed for the last time during the Presidency of James Monroe.

1826(10th of Tishrei, 5587): Yom Kippur

1827(20th of Tishrei, 5588): Sixth Day of Sukkoth observed on the birthdate of Afzal ad-Dawlah, Asaf Jah V Mir Tahniyath Ali Khan Siddiqi who was the ruling Nizam of Hyderabad, India, from 1857 to 1869

1829: Today, twenty-year old Louisa Block the Virginia born daughter of Louisa Block married Abraham Jonas, reportedly the first Jew to take up residence in Quincy, IL and a friend of Abraham Lincoln.

1834(8th of Tishrei, 5595): Shabbat Shuvah

1834(8th Tishrei, 5595): Forty-two year old Joseph Lopez Hays, the Philadelphia born son of Baruch and Rachel Hays and the husband of Mary Ann Hays passed away today.

1835: Today in Moravia, the leaders of the Loschitz Jewish community prepared a contract that would make Abraham Neuda their rabbi.

1838(22nd of Tishrei, 5599): Shmini Atzeret

1838: In Bechtheim, Germany, Ester and Jakob Loeb gave birth to future Chicago resident Adolph Loeb, the husband of Johanna Loeb.

1838(22nd of Tishrei, 5599): Sixty-nine year old Silesia native Adolf Martin Schlesinger, the Berlin music publisher whose “ongoing lobbying on the issue of musical copyright (prompted by copyright infringement of his publication of Weber's Der Freischütz), was a major factor in the introduction of the influential Prussian copyright law of 1830” passed away leaving a business that was so successful that his widow had no financial problems and his sons were able to expand the business to include a Paris branch.

1840: In Germany, Aaron and Augusta Straus Bachrach gave birth to clothing store owner and future Chicago resident Charles Bachrach, the husband of Leonora Goldman whom he married in 1868 and with whom he had five children – Marta, Sampson, William Hertha and Robert.

1842: In New York City Moses and Esther Lazarus gave birth to Sarah Lazarus, a sister of Emma Lazarus.

1845(10th of Tishrei, 5606): The day after the United States opened the Naval Academy in Annapolis whose most famous Jewish graduated was Admiral Hyman Rickover, Jews observe Yom Kippur

1845(10th of Tishrei, 5606): A minyan led by Mayer Klein and Philip Newberg held services in Chicago, Ill, marking the first time that his occurred in “The Windy City.”

1846(21st of Tishrei, 5607): Hoshana Raba

1846: Birthdate of Carlos Enrique José Pellegrini, the Argentine President who was sympathetic to attempts to settle Jewish refugees in his country.

1847:In Natchez, Mississippi, Aaron and Jeannette W. Helena Roos gave birth to Emma Roos who became Emma Mayer which she married Simon Mayer.

1850: In Albany, NY founding of Congregation Anshe Emeth which would consolidate a year later with Congregation Beth Emeth to for Congregation Beth Emeth.

1850: The University of Sydney, Australia’s oldest university, opened its doors. Percy Marks described as “Jewish Renaissance Man” was one of its earliest and most famous Jewish graduates. The Australian Union of Jewish Students or AUJS is an on campus organization whose aim is to promote Jewish continuity.  Today the University has a Department of Hebrew, Biblical and Jewish studies whose website asks and answers the following:  “Why enroll in Jewish Studies at the University of Sydney?? * Challenging: Where else would you find such a stimulating fusion of diverse ethnic and religious groups studying together? Learn about religion and politics in an open and fun environment.

* Educational: Further your knowledge and insights into Jewish Studies. Learn about the issues around assimilation and Jewish civilization and master classical or Modern Hebrew or Yiddish.
* Practical: For undergraduate students, taking one of these courses will count towards qualifications in General Studies or part of your Arts, Arts/Law or Education degrees. It will also enable budding teachers to pursue a career in Modern Hebrew, Jewish Studies and Tanach.
* Unique: Delve into Jewish philosophy, history and politics, delivered by expert lecturers in their fields.
There is a Jewish club called AUJS (Australian Union of Jewish Students) which has many purposes, one of which is to promote Jewish continuity!


1851(15th of Tishrei, 5612): Sukkoth

1852: Famed German mathematician Ferdinand Eisenstein passed away at the age of thirty.  Eisenstein’s fate was typical of many Germans.  His parents were Jewish, but they converted to a Protestant denomination before their son’s birth to gain full entrée into German society.

1853(9th of Tishrei, 5614): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol Nidre is recited for the first time during the Crimean War which had just begun earlier this month.

1854(19th of Tishrei, 5615): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1854: Birthdate Drnice native Wilhelm Jerusalem, the University of Prague educated philosopher who “is regarded as the discoverer of the literary talent of the deaf-blind writer Helen Keller” with whom he corresponded.

1854(19th of Tishrei, 5615): Sixty-nine year old Baltimore born David Hart passed away today in New York.

1855: Johann Ludwig Schneller, a German Lutheran missionary “bought from the people of Lifta, a parcel of land outside LIfta, approximately 3 kilmotres (1.9 miles) northwest of Jaffa Gate.

1859: “Anshe Emeth Memorial Temple, the fourth Jewish congregation founded in New Jersey, was established in New Brunswick today where it still functions today as the oldest temple in Middlesex county as well as the oldest synagogue in New Jersey to still be located in its city of origin.”

1860: In London, Isaac Mozes Pereira Mendoza and Sara Isaac Monis gave birth to Esther Mendoza today.

1862: During the Civil War Joseph Bear who would be wounded on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg and who would reach the rank of Sergeant began his service with Company of the 153rd Regiment.

1863(15th of Tishrei, 5764): Sukkoth

1863: Sixty-eight year old Jane (Raphael) Salaman, the wife of Isaac S. Salaman was buried today at the Brompton Jewish Cemetery.

1863: “The House of Rothschild” published today based on information from the London Globe provided a fascinatingly detailed contemporary look at this most prominent of Jewish dynasties.

“A few days ago, our Paris correspondent told us that a congress of the members of the illustrious house of Rothschild has been sitting at Paris. The purport of the meeting was nothing less than to rearrange the dominions of the great banking dynasty. In one word, the great object of the Rothschild congress was to reduce the five branches of the house who now rule Europe to four, and following the example of Garibaldi, to strike another sovereign of Naples from the list of reigning monarchs. Henceforth there are to be but four kings of the house of Rothschild, with secure thrones at London, Paris, Vienna, and Frankfort. It is now exactly a hundred years since a poor Jew, called Mayer Anselm, made his appearance at the City of Hanover; barefooted, with a sack, oa his shoulders, and a bundle of rags on his back. Successful in trade, like most of his co-religionists, he returned to Frankfort at the end of a few years, and set up a small shop in the "Jew-lane," over which hung the signboard of a red shield, called in German roth-schild. As a dealer in old and rare coins, he made the acquaintance of the Serene Elector of Hesse Cassel, who, happening to be in want of a confidential agent for various open and secret purposes, appointed the shrewd-looking Mayer Anselm to the post. The Serene Elector being compelled soon after to fly his country. Mayer Anselm took charge of his cash, amounting to several millions of florins. With the instinct of his race, Anselm did not forget to put the money out on good interest, so that, before Napoleon was gone to Elba, and the illustrious Elector had returned to Cassel, the capital had more than doubled. The ruler of Hesse Casse thought it almost a marvel to get his money safely returned from the Jew-lane of Frankfort, and at the Congress of Vienna was never tired of singing the praise of his Hebrew agent to all the Princes of Europe. The dwellers under the sign of the Red Shield laughed in their sleeves; keeping carefully to themselves the great fact that the electoral two million florins had brought them four millions of their own. Never was honesty a better policy.  Mayer Anselm died in 1812, without having the supreme satisfaction of hearing his honesty extolled by kings and princes. He left five sons who succeeded him in the banking and money-lending business, and who, conscious of their social value, dropped the name of Anselm, and adopted the higher sounding one of Rothschild, taken, from the sign board over the paternal house. On his deathbed their father had taken a solemn oath from all of them, to hold his four millions well together, and they have faithfully kept the Injunction. But the old City of Frankfort clearly was too; narrow a realm for the fruitful sowing of four millions; and, in consequence, the five were determined after a while to extend their sphere of operations by establishing branch banks at the chief cities of Europe. The eldest son, Anselm, born 1773, remained at Frankfort; the second, Salomon, born in 1774, settled at Vienna; the third, Nathan, born in 1777, went to London; the fourth, Charles, the infant terrible of the family, established himself in the soft climate of Naples, and the fifth and youngest, James, born 1792, took up his residence at Paris. Strictly united, the wealth and power of the five Rothschilds S was vested in the eldest born; nevertheless, the shrewdest of the sons of Mayer Anselm, and the heir of his genius, Nathan, the third son, soon took the reins of government into the own hands. By his faith in Wellington and the flesh and muscle of British soldiers, he nearly doubled the fortune of the family, gaining more than a million sterling by the sole battle of Waterloo, the news of which he carried to England two days earlier than the mail. The weight of the solid millions gradually transferred the ascendancy in the family from Germany to England, making London the metropolis of the reigning dynasty of Rothschild. Like the royal families of Europe, the members of the house of Rothschild only intermarry with each other. James Rothschild married the daughter of his brother Salomon: his son Edmond heir apparent of the French line, was united to his first cousin, the daughter of Lionel, and granddaughter of Nathan Rothschild; and Lionel again-M.P. for London -- gave his hand in 1836 to his first cousin Charlotte the daughter of Charles Rothschild, of Naples. It is unnecessary to say that, though these matrimonial alliances have kept the millions wonderfully together, they have not improved the race of old Mayer Anselm, of the Red Shield. Already signs of physical weakness are becoming visible in the great family. So, at least, hint the French papers in their meager notices about the Rothschild congress at Paris. From all that can be gathered out of a wilderness of canards, thin faces and thick fiction, it appears that the sovereigns of the Stock Exchange met in conference for the double purpose of centralizing their money power and widening their matrimonial realm. In other words, the five reigning kings; descendants, according to the law of primogeniture, of the five sons Mayer Anselm, came to the decision to reduce their number to four by cutting off the Neapolitan branch of Charles Rothschild; while it was likewise decided that permission should be given to the younger members of the family to marry, for the benefit of the race, beyond the range of first cousinship. What has led to the exclusion of the Neapolitan line of Rothschild seems to have been the constant exercise of a highly blameable liberality, unheard of in the annals of the family. Charles, the prodigal son of Mayer Anselm, actually presented, in the year 1846, 10,000 ducats to the orphan asylum of St. Carlo, at Naples, and the son and heir of Charles (Gustavus) has given repeated signs of his inclination to follow in the footsteps of his father. Such conduct, utterly unbecoming of the policy of the house of Rothschild, could not be allowed to pass unnoticed, and, accordingly -- we quote the rumor of Paris journalism -- the decheance of the Neapolitan line has been pronounced. However, Baron Gustavus De Rothschild is not to retire into private life, like famous Charles V., with only a cassock on his shoulders and a prayer-book in his hand, but is allowed to take with him a small fortune of 150,000,000 francs, or about six millions sterling -- a mere crumb from the table of the descendants of poor Mayer Anselm, who wandered shoeless through the electorate of good King George III. It is certain that no romance of Royalty is equal to the romance of the house of Rothschild.

1864: Campina Grande was elevated to the status of city in Brazil.  Campina Grande is in northeast Brazil.  Based on a recent documentary many Catholics in that region follow various Jewish customs without being aware of their origin, In all likelihood, the region was originally settled by Marranos or Conversos.  Their descendants continued practicing rituals such as not eating pork, circumcising newborn males, reciting special prayers on the first day of the month and a variety of customs relating to dealing with the dead without being aware of their origins. 

1864 The General News column today reported that “In consequence of a Jewish feast occurring yesterday, there were fewer buyers at the yards, and the gentiles had the business of buying and selling to themselves, -- this gave less animation to the sale yards. It is thought that the Jews will bring in some stock to-morrow, and that there will be considerable business transacted.”

1865(21st of Tishrei, 5626): Hoshana Raba on the same that “the Morant Bay Rebellion broke out in southeastern Jamaica…”



1867: Birthdate of Abraham L. Saltzstein, who in 1884 came from his native Poland to the United States, finally settling in Milwaukee where he became a “general agent for the New Mutual Life Insurance Company of Wisconsin.”

1868(24th of Tishrei, 5629) Parashat Bereshit

1868: Founding of the Philadelphia branch of American Israelite Universelle whose members included Moses A. Dropsie, A.M. Frechie, Horace A. Nathans, Isaac P. Hunt, David Teller, Raphael Brunswick, Mayer Troutman, Abraham M. Kohn, and Dr. Marcus Jastrow.

1869(6th of Cheshvan, 5630): Seventy-one year old Lyon Hart passed away today in his home town of New York City.

1872(9th of Tishrei, 5633): Erev Yom Kippur

1872: In Greely, CO, Adolph Z. Salomon and the former Matilda Joel gave birth gave birth St. Louis businessman, Frederick Z. Salomon, the husband of Helen Salomon and the father of Fred Z. Salomon, Jr.

1874(30th of Tishrei, 5635): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1874: During today’s opening session of the Supreme Lodge of the Order of Kesher Shel Barzel, in the Bowery. J.P. Solomon of New York was chosen as Supreme Rosh. Other officers elected were, Deputy Rosh, L.H. Cohen of Ohio and Supreme Sopher, A.T. Jones of Pennsylvania.

1874: In Denver, founding of Congregation Emanuel whose members have included Rabbi William S. Friedman, Henry Frankle and William Weil and which holds services at 7:45 on Friday evening and at 10:30 on Saturday morning.

1876(23rd of Tishrei, 5637): Simchat Torah

1878(14th of Tishrei, 5639): Erev of Sukkoth

1878: A fire broke out tonight in New York City “in the temporary building erected in the yard at #67 Hester Street for the celebration of…Sukkoth.”  The fire took place during services which created panic among the worshippers all of whom escaped without injury.

1878: It was reported today that dispatches sent from Berlin by The Pall Mall Gazette (a British publication) say the European Powers are still refusing to recognize the independence of Romania until the government at Bucharest fulfills its treaty obligations granting full rights to its Jewish citizens.  The Romanian government has been using a series of legal gimmicks to avoid granting the Jews the civil rights that had been promised during negotiations in Berlin.

1879: Citizens of Bolivar County, Mississippi, meeting at Bolivar Landing passed a resolution denouncing Edward Storm, the Republican nominee for Supervisor as “a dishonest Jew, the servile tool of the slave owner before the war and convenient and abandoned ally of the corrupt carpet-bagger” since the end of the Civil War. (This maybe a reference to Edward Storm, a native of Berlin, Germany who served in the Confederate Army from 1861 until 1865 and is buried in Greenville, MS.

1879: It was reported today that there are between six and seven million Hebrews in the world which is about the same number that were alive in the days of King David. This includes 5 million Jews in Russia, 200,000 in Asia, 80,000 in Africa and a million to a million and a half in America. Russia has the largest European Jewish population followed by Austria. There are only about 500,000 Jews living in Germany 45,000 of whom reside in Berlin.  Most of the African Jews live in Algeria and Ethiopia.  The 13,500 Jews living in Jerusalem constitute over half of that city’s total population.

1880: In St. Louis, MO, Henry and Anna Cohn gave birth to Arthur Benjamin Cohn, the husband of Louise Porter.

1881: In Prague, Adolf Kelsen and Auguste Löwy gave birth to jurist and philosopher and Hans Kelsen.

1881(18th of Tishrei, 5642): Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth

1881(18th of Tishrei, 5642: Sixteen year old Bath Hyman, a native of Prussia, passed away today in Louisiana.

1882: Birthdate of Milwaukee, WI native Dr. Hermann Irving Schlesinger, the University of Chicago trained chemist who rose to be the department chair at his alma mater while performing research that earned him “the Priestly Medal, the highest honor of the American Chemical Society.”

1883(10th of Tishrei, 5644): Yom Kippur

1883: Rabbi Kaufman will deliver today’s sermon in German at Temple Beth-El in New York City.

1883: Chester A. Arthur, who as President would champion the rights of American Jews visiting Russia and who appointed Adolphus Simon to serve as one of the first two American delegates to the International Congress of the Red Cross completed his service today as Chairman of the New York Republican Party.

1884(22nd of Tishrei, 5645): Shemini Atzeret

1884: It was reported today that the funeral of Dr. Adolphus Huebsch, the rabbi who has led Ahavet Chesed since 1866 and passed away suddenly last night will be held on the day after Simchat Torah.

1884: Birthdate of Eleanor Roosevelt.  Contrary to what the anti-Semites said, neither FDR nor his wife was Jewish.  However, Mrs. Roosevelt certainly had numerous Jewish friends.  As a champion of the downtrodden including Jews seeking to escape Hitler’s Europe and those seeking to create a Jewish homeland, she certainly enjoyed a certain kind of celebrity and popularity with Jews living during the middle of the twentieth century.

1884: “Hebrew Charity For Children” published today presented a summary of the annual report of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society.  Since its opening in September of 1879, this New York Institution has received applications for admission from more than 600 boys and girls.  In addition to maintaining sex segregated facilities for those needing residential assistance, the society provided 7,983 free meals to “poor people and children” not living in one of these facilities.  Mrs. P.J. Joachimsen will continue to serve as President for another year.

1884: It was reported today that two Jews named “Ritter and Strochlenski” have been found guilty and sentenced to death in Poland for having “murdered a Christian girl.”

1885: According to reports published today, there are 100,000 people living in Bagdad, 30,000 of whom are Jews struggling “for a bare subsistence.”

1885: It was reported today that officials had destroyed an illegal still near Newburg, NY, that was reputed to be owned by four Jews who escaped apprehension.

1886: In St. Louis, MO, an inquest was scheduled to be held today to determine the facts concerning death of Josie Martel who was supposed to have been killed by her husband Frank Sandmeyer, a Jewish waiter who took his own life after taking hers.

1887(23rd of Tishrei, 5648): Simchat Torah

1887: Birthdate of New York native and Columbia trained surgeon and radiation therapist Ira I Kaplan, an active member of the Society for the Advancement of Judaism.

1888: Rabbi Kaufmann Kohler’s address at tonight’s meeting of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association was followed by musical program that was conducted by Frederick Brandies.

1889(16th of Tishrei, 5650): Second Day of Sukkoth

1889: Founding of The United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing, Pipefitting and Sprinkler Fitting Industry of the United States and Canada which was affiliated with the American Federation of Labor led by Samuel Gompers.

1890: Novosti expresses the opinion that “the expulsion of the Jews from the districts not specifically assigned to them is one of the main causes of the present critical condition of commerce.”

1890: A list published today of the newly elected officers of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Orphan Asylum included: President – Mrs. Phillip J. Joachimsen; Vice President – Mrs. Teller; Treasurer –Mrs. Barnett; Secretary – Mrs. Meyer.

1891: Unless friends or relations claim the body, “the Hebrew Charities Organization” will bury Anna HIlkofsky, the thirty-six year old epileptic who died tragically yesterday in a fire.

1891(9th of Tishrei, 5652): Erev Yom Kippur.

1891: In Cincinnati, OH, Pauline and Alexander Pappehnheimer gave birth to Cornell University trained Mechanical Engineer Ralph Pappenheimer, the husband of Claire and Louise Rauh Pappenheimer and the father tennis player Ralph Pappenheimer Jr.

1891: “The Fast of Yom Kippur Published today described the differences in observance between the Orthodox and Reformed Jews while acknowledging that the holiday is so “popular” that “temporary places of worship have been established in a number of public halls, particularly on the east side of the city to accommodate those who are not regular members of any congregation.”

1891: “University of Rochester” published today included a summary of a speech delivered by David Jayne Hill the school’s president to the Query Club on “Higher Education” in which he “referred to the achievements of many of the Jews” whom “he said…were among the leaders of advanced thought and in literature, art, music and other departments they had brought honor upon the race. A people without a country, they have made the world their home.”

1892: In New York, today’s Columbus Day Parade included a group of “very little boys from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, some of them scarcely five years old” marking behind “their tiny Drum Major;” a scene that drew “many cheers” from the onlookers.

1892(20th of Tishrei, 5653): Sixth Day of  Sukkoth

1892(20th of Tishrei, 5653): Four year old Willie Lewis Kranson passed away today after which he was buried at the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches, LA.

1892: One of the Columbus Day Parades had a total of 24, 620 participants, 128 of whom were from the Hebrew Orphan Asylum.

1893(1st of Cheshvan, 5654): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1893: Robert Stone, A. Druger, Issac Schachat, Arbram Levin and Harris Baskin are the five pupils of the Bardon de Hirsh Trade School on East Ninth Street who have “been turned out of their boarding house” by order of Colonel J.E. Bloom who had expelled them from the school because “they refused to obey the rules necessary for discipline in the workshops.”

1894: Otto Slimbach, a well-known bully in the eastern district of Brooklyn was mortally stabbed by an unknown assailant this evening after having engaged in drinking at several saloons, beating his mother and going through the “Hebrew quarter” and indulging in Jew-baiting for further amusement.”

1894: An unknown number of striking cloakmakers, many of whom were Jewish, were clubbed tonight in Rutgers Place.

1894: General Mercier, the Secretary of War meets with three leaders including Charles Dupuy, the President of the Cabinet before moving ahead with the arrest of Captain Dreyfus on charges of selling secrets to a foreign power.

1894: “Who The Nominees Are” published today provides biographies of the those

1895(23rd of Tishrei, 5656): Simchat Torah

1895: The list of Tammany Judicial candidates published today included Joseph E. Newburger, a graduate of Columbia Law School who is a director of the of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum and President of Rodoph Sholom.

1896: In Moscow, Osip and Anna Jakobson gave birth to Roman Jakobson, “the father of modern structural linguistics who elaborated sophisticated theories of language and communication that had profound effects on such disciplines as anthropology, art criticism and brain research…”

1896(4th of Cheshvan, 5657: Eleven month old Julius Kranson passed away today after which he was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches, LA.

1896: The Syracuse Section of the National Council of Women was organized with thirty members being enrolled at that time.

1896: Birthdate of Galicia native Yosef-Mankehm Holender (Tusker) the Yiddish journalist and WW I veteran of the Austrian Army who, after surviving the Nazi occupation of France “again became active in the Zionist labor movement and contributed to Undzer vort (Our word) in Paris…”

1897(15th of Tishrei, 5658): First Day of Sukkoth

1897: Birthdate of Boston native, violinist and bandleader Leo F. Reisman who gave pianist and bandleader Eddie Duchin “his big break.”

1897: “Thirty-four new cases of yellow fever were reported today in New Orleans, four of which were found at the Jewish Home” and they will be treated at Tuoro Infirmary, a non-sectarian medical facility supported by the city’s Jewish population.

1897: “The Feast of Tabernacles” published today provided a description of the celebration of Sukkoth which is immediately followed by the celebration of Simchat Torah, “The Rejoicing of the Law,” “when the last section of the law is read in the temples by what is called ‘The Bridegroom of the Law.’”

1898: In New York City, Bertha Raisin and Naum Jaracho gave birth to Syracuse and Ohio State University educated journalist, editor, publisher  and Zionist Julius R. Jarcho, the “publisher of two Zionist publications, Israel Speaks and Israel Today who was the husband of Dorothy E. Rambar and Ann Hirsch. (Editors note – do not confuse him Julius Jaracho, MD born on October 15)

1898: Colonel Theodore Roosevelt delivered his first stump speech tonight during which he talked about the Rough Riders where all members were treated on their “merits as a man” whether Protestant, Catholic or Jew.” (Yes the famous regiment had Jewish members)

1899: Birthdate of Lomza native and CCNY graduate Jacob Granowitz who was ordained at JTS in 1926, served as a Rabbi in Brooklyn and as a member of the executive committee of the Menorah Organization.

1899: The Second Boer War in which approximately 2,800 Jews fought on the British side and 300 Jews fought with the Boers, began today.

1900: Twenty-six year old broker Charles Sincere, the Chicago born son of Henry and Rose Sincere married “Mayme W. Wershinski” with whom he had one son and one daughter.

1901(28th of Tishrei, 5662): On the Jewish Calendar, yahrzeit of Rabbi Ephraim Solomon, auth or Tevu’ot Schor who died in 1633.

1902(10th of Tishrei, 5663): Yom Kippur

1903: In New York, Edith and Percy Selden Strauss gave birth to Ralph Isidor Straus, the brother of Donald and Percy Selden Straus, Jr.

1903: Emil Worms, the Lauterbach, Germany born son of Babbete and Garbiel Worms and his wife Clara Worms gave birth to New Yorker Erna Strauss, the husband of Erna Strauss.

1904: Oscar S. Straus, the President of the Board of Trade and Transportation introduced the Mayor of New York to a meeting of “one hundred or more foreigners” who had come to the city after the close of the 13th International Peace Congress meeting in Boston.

1905: “In reply to the petition from the faculties of the St. Petersburg and Moscow Universities advocating the unrestricted admission of Jewish students, the Emperor has notified the faculties” of his decision to authorize the admission of Jews who are apply in excess of the legal percentage” while awaiting a decision from the National Assembly on this matter.

1906(22nd of Tishrei, 5667): Shemini Atzeret

1906: Birthdate of Charles Revson, Canadian born founder of Revlon Cosmetics.

1907: “Rothschild’s Little Story” published today recounts how “someone asked Lord Rothschild how he made all his money” to which he replied “By selling too soon and buying too late.”

1908(16th of Sukkoth, 5669): Second Day of Sukkoth observed for the last time during the Presidency of Teddy Roosevelt who enjoyed wide Jewish support.

1908: In Brooklyn. “Joseph Cohen and Ray (Rachel) Paley Cohen gave birth to Matila Cohen the older sister of Karl Paley Cohen, a physical chemist who became a mathematical physicist and helped usher in the age of nuclear energy and reactor development while working on the Manhattan Project.

1909: Today Herman Dashel, the editor of the anti-Semitic weekly journal Die Wahrheit “was convicted of blackmail and sentenced to eighteen months imprisonment and the suspension of his civil rights for three years.”

1910: In New York, the Aldermen adopted a resolution which described Nathan Straus as an “exemplary citizen, citizen, philanthropist, and friend of the poor” and called upon him to “continue his splendid efforts in behalf of the poor and needy in the supply of pure milk…”

1911: “The first meeting of Study Circle No. 1 of the Council of Jewish Juniors is scheduled to meet this evening where Charles Strauss will lead a class examining “the Jewish characters in literature from the fifteenth century to the present day” starting with “The Merchant of Venice” and “The Jew of Malta.”

1912(30th of Tishrei, 5673): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1912(30th of Tishrei, 5673): Seventy-one year old Civil War veteran Moses Shelt passed away in Covington, KY.

1912: Louis D. Brandeis addressed some 200 social workers from the charitable and philanthropic organizations of New York and Brooklyn today at a meeting in the United Charities Building. Mr. Brandeis in his speech told the workers they might expect much help from Gov. Woodrow Wilson if he is elected President.

1912: According to reports published today, a special meeting of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York was held to pass a lengthy a resolution marking the recent death of Professor Morris Loeb

1913(10th of Tishrei, 5674): Yom Kippur

1913: On Yom Kippur, 26 year old philosopher Franz Rosenzweig who was planning on following in the footsteps of his cousin and converting to Christianity attended services at an Orthodox Synagogue in Berlin.  In a change of heart that continues to confound many to this day. Rosenzweig’s time at prayer led him to later declare that conversation “for me is impossible now.  I remain a Jew.”

1913: In Rochester, NY, Rose and Harry Simon gave birth to Hymie Simon, who gained fame as Joe Simon the writer and illustrator who created Captain America. (As reported by Bruce Weber)

1914: In the Bronx, Russian-Jewish immigrants “Jacob and Bertha (Nedner) Fine” gave birth to psychologist and chess champion Reuben Fine passed away today.

1914: The Jewish Consumptives Relief Society which had found in 1904 held its “tenth annual meeting today in Denver, CO.”

1914(21st of Tishrei, 5675): As combined British and French Armies fought the Battle of La Bassee which was part of their respective “races to the sea” Jews on both sides of the front observed Hoshanah Rabah

1915: In “Call Jewish Congress American” published today it was reported that “in accepting his election as an advisory member of the Jewish Congress Organization Committee Dr. Henry Moskowitz has written the Secretary of the committee defending as strictly American in spirit the plan to form a congress of Jews which shall ‘assert the claims of Israel among the nations and seek fundamental civil and political rights’ for Jews in the countries at war.”

1915: “The interviews with Alexi Khvostfoff, the new Minster of the Interior published today” in Petrograd “do not announce his program but quote a number of interesting…statements” including his view that he “would remove most disabilities” that the Jews have had to endure.

1915: Louis D. Brandeis and Dr. Schmarja Levin address he first Fall meeting of the University Zionist Society which was held” tonight “at the home of L.A. Steinhard” on East 92nd Street.

1915: The Overseas News Agency distributed a statement “Fighting in Moscow’s Streets” that includes the belief of the “aristocracy and merchants of Moscow” that the current rioting is caused by “the disloyalty of the Jews.”

1915: F.H. Williams wrote from Bristol, CT, asking about the origins of “Pop Goes the Weasel” saying that his when he was at his grandfather’s house some time before 1855, he “distinctly heard” “three German Jews sing: ‘Queen Victoria’s very sick, Napoleon has the measles, Sebastopol’s not taken yet, Pop goes the Veasles.’”

1916(14th of Tishrei, 5677): Erev of Sukkoth

1916: Today, German Minister of War Adolf Wild von Hohenborn promulgated the “Judenzählung” or Jew Census which was “designed to confirm accusations of the lack of patriotism among German Jews” but which disproved the charges so it the results were never made public.

1916: “A novel turn to an ancient religious service will be given” this evening “when Methodist, Protestant and Presbyterian Army Chaplains”  take part in Sukkoth services “in the Young Men’s Hebrew Association Building in Douglas, AZ, under the auspices of the Army and Navy Committee of the Young Men’s Hebrew and Kindred Council

1916: Today Nathan Straus wrote to Felix Warburg that in accord with the promise he made last spring he was enclosing a check for $50,000 “for war relief” and that he hoped it would help to encourage “American Jewry to do their duty toward their unfortunate co-religionists abroad.”

1917: Screenwriter Sonya “Levien married her husband Carl Hovey” today.

1917: Jacob S. Davidson, his wife and his daughters who are among the refugees from Jaffa and Jerusalem that have arrived in New York are staying with Davidson brother “who lives at 120 Cannon Street.”

1918:”In the Jewish Maternity Hospital at 270 East Broadway on Manhattan’s Lower East Side” Lena (Rips) and Harry Rabinowitz gave birth to Jerome Wilson Rabinowitz who gained fame as choreographer, director, dancer, and theater producer Jerome Robbins possibly best known for directing Leonard Bernstein’s musical version of Romeo and Juliet called “West Side Story.”

1918(5th of Cheshvan, 5679): Corporal Nathan Solomon who was “cited for valor in the Battle of the Marne” was killed in action today while serving with the Sixth Machine Gun Battalion of the U.S. Marines Corps.

1918: In Brighton Raphael Lyons, a turf accountant who died in 1944 and his wife gave birth to Braham Jack Lyons who gained fame as :”journalist and public relations consultant” Dennis Lyons whom the Prime Minister gave a life peerage to in 1974 making Baron Lyons of Brighton.

1919: Major General Hans von Seeckt began serving as the first commander of The Truppenamt or 'Troop Office' which was in all but name, the German General Staff – an organization that was not supposed to exist under the Versailles Treaty and an organization whose existence proved that Germany never really had any intention of accepting the outcome of WW I, long before the Nazis came to power.

1919: After 104 performances on Broadway, the curtain came down on the George Gershwin musical “La La Lucille.”

1920: More than 1,000 men and women are expected to attend this evening “gala festival” sponsored by the United Waist League of America” “on the Century Roof atop the Century Theatre.

1921(9th of Tishrei, 5682): Jews hear Kol Nidre for the first time during the Presidency of Warren G. Harding.

1922(19th of Tishrei, 5683): Fifth Day of Sukkoth

1922: In Berlin, Aron Zuckermann, “the owner of a metal and leather factory” and “singer Gittel (Hutsnecker) Zuckermann gave birth to Wolfgang Joachim Zuckerman, the Jewish refugee who gained fame as “a piano technician and ….harpsichord builder.” (As reported by Richard Sandomir)

1923: Today, in Ft. Worth, TX, University of Cincinnati trained engineer, the Chattanooga, TN born son of Cira Bramson and Wolf Friedman married Mayme Potishman.

1923: In Manhattan “Sam A. Lewisohn and the former Margaret Seligment gave birth to the third of their four daughters, Elizabeth Ann Lewisohn who gained fame as historian Elizabeth L. Eisentstein. (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1924: Birthdate of Maurice Sanford Fox, “the son of poor Russian Jewish immigrants” who became “an American geneticist and molecular biologist, and professor Emeritus of Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.”

1925(23rd of Tishrei, 5686): Simchat Torah

1925: In Washington, the Senators won game three of the World Series with Buddy Myer at second base.

1926(3rd of Cheshvan, 5687): Twenty-eight year old Hymie Weiss, the north side mobster who was a rival of Al Capone was gunned down today.

1926(3rd of Cheshvan, 5687): Sixty-three year old Maxim Vinaver, a Russian lawyer, Duma member and leader of the Jewish community who moved to Paris after the Bolshevik Revolution passed away today.

1926: Birthdate of major league baseball player Myron Nathan “Joe” Ginsberg.

1926: “Young April” a romantic comedy starring Joseph Schildkraut and Rudolph Schildkraut was released in the United States today

1927(15th of Tishrei, 5688): Sukkoth

1927: “Funny Face,” a musical composed by George Gershwin with lyrics by Ira Gershwin, which was originally called “Smarty” opened today in Philadelphia.

1927: In a statement made public today, “Justice Jacob Panken of the Municipal Court flatly rejected an offer of Communist support for re-election.”

1928: It was reported today that “A.M. Lieber of Chicago, the publisher of the Jewish Daily Press” has told the Chairman of the Republican National Committee that Republican Presidential candidate “Herbert would have the support of Jewish people for the aid given by him to Jews in many lands.”

1929: In Manhattan, Irving Westin and the former Etta Furman gave birth to Alan Furman Westin “a legal scholar who nearly half a century ago defined the modern right to privacy in the incipient computer age” (As reported by Margalit Fox)

1930(19th of Tishrei, 5691): Shabbat Shel Suckkoth

1930: “Sinner’s Holiday,” featuring Noel Madison as “Buck Rogers” was released today in the United States.

1930: Northwestern University led by Guard Hyman “Hy” Crizevsky defeated Ohio State in its second straight win of the season.

1931(30th of Tishrei, 5692): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1931(30th of Tishrei, 5692: Sixty-seven Russian born immigrant Jacob Bellin, the husband of Fanny Bellin and the father of Katie, Samuel, Anna and Sadie Bellin passed away today after which he was buried at Mt. Hebron Cemetery in Flushing, NY.

1931: Formation of the Harzburg Front, a right wing alliance that included the Nazi Party which was formed to undermine the democratically elected government of Chancellor Heinrich Bruning, the person who held that post for the longest period of time during the Weimar Republic.

1932: “The thanks of President von Hindenburg of Germany were expressed” today “to the Assembly of Hebrew Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and Canada for a cablegram of good wishes sent him on August 18 when they were in convention” which had invoked divine blessings on President von Hindenburg and expressed thanks to him for protecting anti-Semitism in Germany.”

1932: In Budapest, Premier Julius Goemboes delivered a speech to the Chamber in which he “asserted that he had changed his earlier anti-Semitic views and was ready to regard as his brothers those Jews who had shown heroism in the World War and sympathy toward the nation’s difficulties since.”

1933(21st of Tishrei, 5696: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts trained artist Aaron Henry Gorson the Kovno born son of  Hillel and Ida (Alter) Gorson and the husband of Rachel fine whose works included “Portrait of a Steelworker” and “Bridge Across a River” passed away today in New York.

1933(21st of Tishrei, 5694): Hoshana Raba observed for the first time during the Presidency of FDR and Chancellorship of Hitler.

1933(21st of Tishrei, 5694): Moscow native and Harvard undergraduate Mark Edward Evarts who in 1889 came to the United States where he attended George Washington University, practiced law and work in the U.S. Patent Office passed away today in New York City.

1934: “The disorderly conduct charge against Sufie Abdul Hamid…who was accused of maligning Jews in a street corner at 125th Street and Seventh Avenue on September 15 was dismissed” today “by Magistrate Overton Harris in Harlem Court on the ground that Hamid’s ‘guilt was not proved beyond a reasonable doubt.’”

1934: It was reported today the “joint chairmen of the Jewish Representative Council of London, which was originally formed to organize the boycott of Germany as a reprisal for Nazi attacks on Jews” have announced that the Jews will terminated their trade boycott of Germany if normal citizenship rights are restored to German Jewry.”

1935(14th of Tishrei, 5696): Erev Sukkoth and Erev Shabbat

1935(14th of Tishrei, 5696): Warsaw native and Sorbonne graduate Israel Eitan, the philologist who in 1921 came to the United States where he lived in Pittsburgh and taught at Duquesne University passed away today.

1935: Brooks Atkinson described last night’s performance of the upgraded version of Gershwin’s “Porgy and Bess.”

1936: In “Life in Tel Aviv, That Sudden Town,” published today Katherine Woods reviews Spring Up, O  Well by Ruth Kahn, a book that describes the Jewish “resettlement of Palestine”

1936: At the Free Synagogue, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise was one of the speakers at a memorial service honoring his lifelong friend Reverend S. Parkes Cadman.

1936: “Approximately 150 delegates representing 26 communities” heard Louis Lipsky, the former president of the Zionist Organization of America deliver a speech at the annual convention of the Long Island Region today at the Jamaica (Queens) Jewish Center in which “he described the British attitude toward Palestine as one of indifference and avoidance of the issues.”

1936: Dr. Stephen S. Wises presided at a dinner at the Hotel Plaza “at which the American Jewish Congress honored Louis Sturz, chairman of the finance committee and treasurer of the World Jewish Congress.

1936: “The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee reported” today “that a total of 7,750 Jews had been helped to migrate from their homes in Germany during the first six months of this by service agencies affiliated with the committee.”

1936: “While all available police were shepherding a march of 5,000 Communists through the East End tonight a group of Mosley’s gangsters shouting Fascist slogans raided Jewish shops in Mile End Road,” slashing bystanders with razors, hurling bricks through shop windows, overturning and setting on fire two cars and scattering the property of the Jews in the roadway,

1936: “An Arab Plot” published today provides a review of Talbot Mundy’s Jimgim And Allah’s Peace” an adventure novel whose hero is “Major Grim (Jimgrim) a British Military Intelligence officer on service in Jerusalem to thwart the plots of the belligerent Arab sheiks against their age-old enemies, the Jews…”

1937: In Manhattan, garment worker Murray Leibman and the former Grace Marx gave birth to birthto  actor Ron Leibman whose  portrayal of the union organizer in the film hit Norma Rae won him kudos even if Sally Fields got the Oscar.

1937: The Palestine Post published an extensive report on the deteriorating condition of Jews in Poland and German Upper Silesia. According to Alexander Kahn, the vice-chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee in Poland, entire Jewish communities in towns and villages were subjected to unspeakable brutalities of local nationalists, anti-Semites and hooligans. There were riots at the Vilna and Lvov universities where Jewish students were beaten and, when forced to seat on the left side, preferred to stand instead. The Polish administration welcomed an economic anti-Jewish boycott while trade organizations urged to create "a ghetto" for Jewish tradesmen in the markets. In the village of Mushlatova a Jewish merchant and his wife were murdered at night, the fifth such crime in that district. Note that these outbreaks took place two years before the Nazis occupied Poland.  Anti-Semitism was part of the European cultural landscape.  It was this reality that helped to make the Final Solution possible.  “They did not hear our cries, not because they were deaf, but because they did not want to hear them.”  Anon

1938: In Cairo, at the concluding session of the Moslem Congress, the Proposals Committee presented a resolution making nine demands on the British government including nullification of the Balfour Declaration, cessation of Jewish immigration into Palestine, an end to any plans to partition Palestine and end to the mandate which would mirror the earlier end to the British Mandate in Iraq.

1939: Dr. Alexander Sachs, “a Russian born economist” read President Roosevelt “a report from Albert Einstein predicting that an atomic bomb carried by ship, could destroy an entire port complex and surrounding area” to which President Roosevelt responded “with characteristic vigor” brushing “aside the hesitations of American scientists and officials” and “set the atomic project on its irrevocable course and pressed it toward the historic climax that came at Hiroshima after his death.” (From the obituary of Alexander Sachs)

1939:  President Franklin Roosevelt received a letter signed by Albert Einstein urging that the United States begin an urgent program to develop what would become the atomic bomb.  It was Einstein’s support that garnered Roosevelt’s support for what would be known as the Manhattan Project – America’s program to build the Atomic Bomb.  At the time, it was viewed as a race which, if won by the Germans, would have cost the Allies the war.

1939: Today, Dr. Alexander Sachs, “a Russian born economist” “read to Mr. Roosevelt a report from Albert Einstein predicting that an atomic bomb, carried by ship could destroy an entire port complex and surrounding area.”

1940(9th of Tishrei, 5701): Erev Yom Kippur

1940: “In compliance with War Department circular No. 5, all soldiers of the Jewish faith will be granted furloughs” starting at noon today “so they may observed the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur.”

1940: In New York, “at Temple Emanu-El, Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson” is scheduled to “preach tonight on “Believing In God.”

1940: In New York, “at the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, Rabbi David de Sola Pool” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘Hope for Mankind.’”

1940: In New York, at Congregation B’nai Jeshurun, Rabbi Israel Goldstein” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘Jewish Selfhood.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi William F. Rosenblum” is scheduled to “preach at Temple Israel tonight on ‘The Philosophy of Faith.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi Louis I. Newman” is scheduled to “preach at Temple Rodeph Sholom tonight on ‘The Secret of Kol Nidre’s Power.’”

1940: In New York, “at the Free Synagogue in Carnegie Hall, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘How Can the Prophets Help Us Now?’”

1940: In New York, “at West End Synagogue, Rabbi Nathan Stern” is scheduled to “preach tonight on ‘Standing Before the Lord.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi Asher Block” is scheduled to “preach at Tempe Gates of Israel tonight on ‘The Art of Jewish Living.’”

1940: In New York, at Mount Neboh Congregation “Rabbi Samuel M. Segal” is scheduled “to preach tonight on ‘Hear, O Israel.’”

1940: In New York, “Rabbi Jonah B. Wise” is scheduled to “preach at Central Synagogue tonight on ‘Can Freedom Starve?’”

1940: As the deportation of the Jews of Cracow continued a group of un-named Jews were captured at prayer by an unknown photographer.

1940(9th of Tishrei, 5701); Eight-year old Italian Mathematician Vito Volterra passed away in Rome.

1940: The Glenn Miller Orchestra recorded "A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square,” “a romantic British popular song written in 1939 with lyrics by Eric Maschwitz”

1941: Birthdate of Edmond E. Levy the native of Bara who made Aliyah at the age of 10 and rose to become an Israeli judge of the Supreme Court of Israel.

1941: Sol J. Wallach read a congratulatory letter from President Roosevelt at tonight’s dinner celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding The Mendelssohn Benevolent Society which was attended by almost four hundred people in New York City.

1941: A Jewish ghetto at Chernovtsy, Romania, is established.

1941(20th of Tishrei, 5702: Sixth Day of Sukkoth; Shabbat

1941(20th of Tishrei, 5702: Thousands of Jews are murdered at Edineti, Romania.

1942(30th of Tishrei, 5703): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1942: Latvian born Yiddish scholar and an early director of YIVO in Vilnius, Zelig Hirsch Kalmanovich who was imprisoned in the Vilna Ghetto wrong in his diary today “On Simhat Torah eve at the invitation of the rabbi, I went for services in a house that had formerly been a synagogue and was now a music school ... I said a few words: 'Our song and dance are a form of worship. Our rejoicing is due to Him who decrees life and death. Here in the midst of this small congregation, in the poor and ruined synagogue, we are united with the whole house of Israel, not only with those who are here today ... And you in your rejoicing, atone for the sins of a generation that is perishing. I know that the Jewish people will live ... And every day the Holy One, blessed be He, in His mercy gives us a gift which we accept with joy and give thanks to His holy name.”

1942(30th of Tishrei, 5703):Over the next 48 hours eleven thousand Jews from Ostrowiec-Swietokrzyski, Poland, are killed at the Treblinka death camp

1943: An article in Time magazine entitled “Quality of Mercy” describes the rescue of the Danish Jews and their trip to Sweden. “Across the narrow waters of the Ore Sund word came to Sweden last week that 1,800 Gestapo men sent to Copenhagen specialty for the job had broken into Jewish homes and synagogues during Rosh Hashanah, arresting most of Denmark’s 10,000 Jews.  The reports said the Germans planned to ship their prisoners to the charnel houses of Poland.  Next day the Swedish government told the German Government that there was immediate, unconditional sanctuary for all Danish Jews in Sweden.  The Germans ignored the offer. At the end of the week, end upwards of 1,000 wretched Jews from Denmark had found their way across the cold Ore Sund to merciful Sweden.

1943: One day after rescuing three Jews from the Riga (Latvia) Ghetto by asking guards for Jews to labor on his property, Yanis Lipke rescues additional Jews using the same ruse.\

1943: Heinrich Himmler appeared on the cover of Time magazine.,9263,7601431011,00.html?internalid=AC

1943: The trains kept rolling to Sobibor. According to Alexander Pechersky – on this day “the crematorium burned longer than usual. Helpless and distressed, we looked at the bodies of our brothers and sisters." New arrivals panicked and ran toward barbed wire, only to be machine-gunned by guards.

1944: “Laura” produced and directed by Otto Preminger with music by David Raskin was released in the United States by 20th Century Fox.

1944: U.S. premier of “To Have and Have Not” co-starring Laruen Bacall (the cousin of Shimon Peres) in her first major film role and music by Franz Waxman.

1945: According to reports published today, “Fritz Wiedemann, former German consul in San Francisco will be a leading Allied witness in the prosecution of Nazi war criminals” who will be tried according to rules established by the International Court of Justice. Wiederman had been the lover of Princess Stephanie who had spied on top Nazis.

1945(4th of Cheshvan, 5706): Social activist Alice Goldmark Brandeis, the widow of Justice Louis Brandeis passed away today.

1945: Early this morning, a group of armed Jewish attackers overpowered the guards at the British Army camp at Rehovot and stole a quantity of weapons and ammunition which they loaded into stolen trucks that were used to make a clean get—away.

1945: The USS President Warfield was struck from the U.S. Naval Vessel Register.  This was but one of the many steps that would lead this packet steamer to re-emerge as the Exodus in 1947.

1946: Seventy-eight year old Austrian diplomat Alfred Rappaport who had converted to Roman Catholicism in 1883 passed away today.

1946: Rabbi Phillip Bernstein of Rochester, NY, who serves as an adviser to Generals Joseph T. McNarney and Mark Clark” commanders of the American zones of occupation in Germany and Austria is returning to Germany today after meeting with President Truman at the White House.  Truman expressed concern for the plight of the Jews and said he wanted more firsthand information.  Bernstein said that the “original concept of resettling 100,000 European Jews is untenable” since the number of Jewish displaced persons is closer to 225,000.

1946: One hundred fifty of the four hundred Jews imprisoned at the Latrun detention camp began partial hunger strike in protest over their lengthy detention without ever having been charged let alone tried with any crime.

1946: An organization called the Arab Higher Fighters executed “two Arab land brokers” accused of having sold land to Jews.

1947(27th of Tishrei, 5708): Parashat Bereshit

1947: “Twenty British constables armed with Sten guns guarded the American consulate against possible Arab attack today after the United States announced its support of the partition of Palestine…The precautionary measures followed the bombing of the Swedish consulate…by Arabs…which was believed to have been an answer to a speech by the Swedish chairman of the United Nations special committee on Palestine” at the United Nations which is meeting a Lake Success, NY.

1947: The University of Michigan, led by Dan Dworsky who played “linebacker, fullback and center” defeated the University of Pittsburgh for their third straight win of the season

1948: At 5 p.m., former Gov. Herbert H. Lehman and Dr. Nelson Glueck, president of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, speak in a pre-Yom Kippur broadcast of the American Jewish Committee carried by WCBS and the Columbia Broadcasting System.

1948” “Where’s Charley?” a musical with lyrics and music by Frank Loesser opened on Broadway at the St. James Theatre where it “ran for 792 performances.

1948: After the completion of Operation Taskit – an aerial operation the mapped “the deployment of enemy forces west of the Jordan River that took five nights to complete – David Judah, the IAF’s Director of Operations “sent a letter of congratulations and appreciation to Eddy Kaplansky, who had piloted all five flights.”

1949(18th of Tishrei, 5710): Fourth Day of Sukkoth

1949: The Paul Baerwald School, “the first United States school of social work in Europe,” which  “will train Jewish welfare workers in United States techniques for work in their home communities in Europe, North America and Israel” “was officially dedicated in Versailles tonight” at a ceremony attend by the U.S. Ambassador to France, “former Premier Leon Blum and Baron Guy de Rothschild, president of the Jewish Community of France…”

1950: In Haifa, “Munio Weinraub (Gitai), an architect trained at the pre-war German Bauhaus art school, and Efratia Margalit, an intellectual, storyteller and a teacher” gave birth to Technion and Cal-Berkley architect turned film maker Amos Gitai, the husband of Rivka Gitai.

1951(11th of Tishrei, 5712): In New York City, sixty-eight-year-old Manya Shaikevitsch, the Odessa, Ukraine born daughter  “Nokhem Mayer Shaikevitsch, a novelist and playwright and Dinneh Bercinsky, the wife of Charles Zunser and the daughter-in-law of poet Eliakum Zunser who gained as American “journalist, playwright and artist Miriam Shomer Zunser passed away today.

1951: In Paris, Ruth Ambrunn and Alter Mojze Goldman gave birth to Jean-Jacques Goldman a Grammy Awards-winning French singer-songwriter, who is hugely popular in the French-speaking world and since 2003, was the second-highest-grossing French living pop singer, after Johnny Hallyday.

1952(22nd of Tishrei, 5713): Shmini Atzeret and Shabbat

1952: Howie Greenfield knocked on Neil Sedaka’s door and asked him if “he wanted to write songs” with him.  Sedaka “didn’t know how to write songs and didn’t have any inclination” to learn how to.  Greenfield would convince him to change his mind and Sedaka later said it was a good thing “because we ended up writing over 300 songs together over the next 20 years.”

1953: NBC broadcast Paddy Chayefsky’s teleplay “The Bachelor Party” on the Philco Television Playhous.

1953: General Mordechai Makleff, the 3rd Chief of Staff of the IDF, and at 32 the youngest to hold the position, announced his intention to resign after repeated disputes with government leaders.

1954: “On Your Toes”  featuring a performance  by David Winters, born David Wiezer in London to Jewish parents Saide and Samuel Weizer, opened on Broadway at the 46th Street Theatre.

1955: In Los Angeles, premiere of “Oklahoma,” the cinematic version of the Rogers and Hammerstein musical directed by Fred Zinnemann.

1955: Funeral are scheduled to be held today in Jerusalem for 81 year old Dr. Hantke, an early supporter of and close assistant of Theodore Herzl who was the long-time director of the JNF (Jewish National Fund).

1956: The two act version of A View from the Bridge by Arthur Miller “opened at the New Watergate Theatre Club in New York.”

1956: On CBS, “Playhouse 90” a live dramatic anthology show, broadcast the Peabody award winning “Requiem for a Heavyweight” with a cast that included Ed Wynn, Max Baer, Eddie Cantor, Ned Glass and Max Rosenbloom.

1957(16th of Tishrei, 5718): Second Day of Sukkoth

1957(16th of Tishrei, 5718): Sixty-four-year-old Brooklyn born and NYU Medical School trained pediatrician and pioneering allergist Dr. Bret Ratner, the director of pediatrics at Sea View Hospitals and Profess of Clinical Pediatrics at NYU Medical College who was the husband of the former Jeanne Shulman with whom he had one daughter, Barbara, suffered a fatal heart attack today.

1958: Three days after its premiere, ”The Old Man and the Sea,” a movie version of the novel with a screenplay by Peter Viertel and music by Dimitri Tiomkin was released throughout the United States.

1959(9th of Tishrei, 5720): Erev Yom Kippur

1959(9th of Tishrei, 5720): Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik, the Brisker Rov passed A native of Belarus, he escaped the Holocaust and settled in Jerusalem. A leader of the Haredi community, he advocated completed withdrawal from involvement with the state of Israel.  Unlike others, this meant he opposed accepting any financial aid from the state. 

1960: “The Siege of Sidney” a historic film with music by English composer Stanley Black (Solomon Schwartz) was released in the United Kingdom today. 

1961(1st of Cheshvan, 5722): Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1961(1st of Cheshvan, 5722): Leonard "Chico" Marx passed away at the age of 74.

1961: U.S. Premiere of “King of Kings,” the biblical blockbuster produced by Samuel Bronston

1961: U.S. Premier of the 3rd version of “Back Street” based on a novel by Fannie Hurst

1962: Pope John XXIII convened the Second Vatican Council or Vatican II. The Council marked a turning point in improving relations between the Catholic Church and the Jewish People.

1963(23rd of Tishrei, 5724): Simchat Torah

1963: According to an announcement in today’s issue, ”The New Orleans Jewish Ledger has suspended publication after 68 years of service to the New Orleans Jewish community.”

1963:  Popular French singer Edith Piaf passed away.  The popular Piaf was accused by some of collaborating with the Nazis while they occupied Paris during the war.  In her defense, Piaf’s supporters pointed that she helped the Jewish composer Michael Emer escape from occupied France. More to the point during the war she carried on an affair with the Jewish pianist Norbert Glanzberg, Okay, so it’s not Schindler’s List or Raoul Wallenberg; but saving Jews is saving Jews.

1964: “The System,” an English film directed by Michael Winner and with music by Stanley Black (Solomon Schwartz) was released today in the UK.

1965(15th of Tishrei, 5726): Sukkoth

1966: “Mister Buddwing,” with a screenplay by Dale Wasserman and co-starring Suzanne Pleshette, the Brooklyn born daughter of Geraldine Kaplan and Eugene Pleshette was released in the United States today.

1968(19th of Tishrei, 5729): Fifth day of Sukkot

1968(19th of Tishrei, 5729) Seventy-eight-year old George White, the theatrical producer best known for his work with Ziegfield and the “Scandals” series the entertained Broadway audiences during the 1920’s and who was born George Weiz on the Lower East Side in 1890 passed away today. (Wiki incorrectly shows his death date as November 11)

1971(22nd Tishrei, 5732): Shmini Atzeret

1971(22nd of Tishrei, 5732): Seventy-year-old Anglo-American Art historian Rudolf Wittkower, the Berlin born son of Gertrude Ansbach and Henry Wittkower and the husband of interior designer Margot Holzman who fled Germany for England because bother were Jewish and who eventually became Chairman of Department of Art History and Archaeology at Columbia passed away today in New York City.

1971: In São Paulo into Mauro Weintraub who Jewish and, Mariliza Bragança de Vasconcelos, who was not Jewish, but both of whom were doctors who studied at Faculty of Medicine of Sorocaba gave birth to Brazilian economist Abraham Weintraub, “the Executive Director for Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Haiti, Panama, Philippines, Suriname and Trinidad & Tobago at the Executive Board of Directors of the World Bank Group and its Affiliates.”

1973(15th of Tishrei, 5734): Sukkoth

[Editor’s note – the next three entries are incomplete.  They are not a catalogue of failure, but a record of very brave men, fighting against great odds, not unlike those members of the RAF who fought so courageously during the Battle of Britain – never have so have so many owed so much to so few)

1973: An F-4E Phantom carrying Kobi Hayun and Uri Arad was shot down by an Egyptian MiG-21

1973: An F-4E Phantom carrying Yonatan Ofir and Eran was shot down by an Egyptian MIG=21

1973: An F-4E Phantom carrying Asher Snir was shot down by a SAM or anti-aircraft batteries.

1973: During the Yom Kippur War, after pushing Syrian troops from the Golan Heights, Israeli troops under General Raful Eitan counterattacked into Syrian territory. During the battle for the Golan, the Syrian army lost approximately 1,100 tanks. Some 3,500 Syrians were been killed, and 370 prisoners taken. At the end of the battle “a special paratroop unit led by a young officer called Yoni, made its way through Syrian-occupied territory, and in a dramatic rescue operation,” evacuated Lieutenant-Colonel Naty Yossi, who had led a gallant tank attack. The Yoni mentioned here is none other than Yoni Netenyahu, the man who will lose his life three years later on the rescue mission at Entebbe.  His second in command described the scene, “Yoni attacking, shooting and his leading his men into battle, leading them, not giving orders from behind.”  By nightfall, the Israelis were ten kilometers inside Syria and literally on the road to Damascus.  Despite this moment of victory, the fate of the Jewish state still hung in the balance and the situation was quite precarious to say the least. 

1974: A memorial service is scheduled to held today at Columbia for seventy-seven year old New York City native and Columbia Journalism School graduate Alexander Herman who worked as a reporter for the New York Tribune and as Sunday editor of The Newark Ledger before joining the National Container where he became a vice president while raising two children – Pat and John – with his wife, the former Florence Rogatz Herman.

1974(25th of Tishrei, 5735): Eighty-five-year-old Providence native and Brown University alum Max Grant, the philanthropist who “invented the fare collection meter used by many transit companies” and the eventually lead of Grant Money Meters passed away today.

1974: Sylva Zalmanson, who had been freed on August 22nd after having served “4 years of a 10 year sentence imposed at the end of the 1970 Leningrad Trial, arrived in Israel.

1974: Ten people participated in the first of two demonstrations took place in Moscow today during which demands were made for the granting of exit visas.

1974: “Child Under A Leaf” co-starring Al Waxman was released in Canada today.

1975: Debut of Saturday Night Live, produced by Lorne Michaels, or, as he was known when growing up in Canada, Lorne Michael Lipowitz

1976: Funeral services are scheduled to be held today for 64 year old Abram Solomon the Polish born refugee from Nazi Europe and executive vice president of the JNF who is the husband of the former Helena Himmelblau and the father of three children.

1977(29th of Tishrei, 5738): Five days before his 67th birthday Sir Misha Black founder of the Artists’ International Association and winner of the Minerva Medal, the Chartered Society of Designers highest award.

1977: The Jerusalem Post reported that Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan told the UN General Assembly that for the past 10 years, 1967-1977, Israel was committed, but to no avail, to territorial concessions on the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip in return for a genuine peace. There was no sign that Arabs were ready for a settlement. And the same can still be said today.

1978(10th of Tishrei, 5739): Yom Kippur

1980(1st of Cheshvan, 5741): Parashat Noach and Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan

1980(1st of Cheshvan, 5741): Eighty-four year old Maxwell M. Geffen, the Brooklyn born graduate of the Columbia University School of Journalism who made a career of developing a series of “specialty magazines” passed away today.

1981: “One Day At A Time” starring Bonnie Franklin opens on CBS for its seventh season.

1981:  “My Dinner with Andre” produced by George W. George the son of cartoonist Rube Goldberg was released today in the United States.

1984(15th of Tishrei, 5745): Sukkoth

1984:  After premiering at the Cannes Film Festival, “Once Upon a Time America” a film that “chronicles the lives of Jewish ghetto youths who rise to prominence in New York City's world of organized crime” based on The Hoods by Harry Grey was released today in the United States was released today into the United Kingdom

1985: Birthdate of actress Michelle Trachtenberg.

1986(8th of Tishrei, 5747): Shabbat Shuva

1986: “Jews held a Sabbath service in Reykjavik, Iceland today and “prayed for their brethren in the Soviet Union in one of several demonstrations on the first day of the Reagan-Gorbachev meeting.” During the service,” which was led by Yosef Mendelevich, who emigrated from the Soviet Union in 1981, the worshipers laid a scroll on a table while others held up banners and pictures of Soviet Jews who have been jailed and refused permission to emigrate. Rabbi Benjamin Lehman of Israel said custom dictated that, in times of crisis, Jews should pray in public.”

1987: “House of Games,” which marked the directorial debut of David Mamet who also wrote the screenplay with Jonathan Katz was released today in the United States by Orion Pictures

1987: “How An Orchestra Fell Silent” published today descried the demise of the White Plains Symphony which Siegfried Landau served as music director for a quarter of a century.

1988: ACT UP, an organization co-founded by Larry Krammer “had one of its most successful demonstrations (both in terms of size and in terms of national media coverage) when it successfully shut down the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for a day” today.

1989(12th of Tishrei, 5750): Just days before his 83rd birthday Pennsylvania native Theodore Lorber who “was a member of the United States Fencing Team at the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics passed away today.

1989(12th of Tishrei, 5750): Eighty-five year architect Percival Goodman, known for the many synagogues he designed and for his willingness to challenge the visions and power of Robert Moses who was the husband of Naomi Goodman with whom he had two children – George and Joel – passed away today.

1989: Today, Albert J. Amateau provided a sworn statement “on the allegations that Armenians suffered ‘genocide’ by the government of the Ottoman Empire.”

1990(22nd of Tishrei, 5751): Shmini Atzeret

1990: “Several thousand Orthodox Jews, enveloped in religious fervor, danced and sang holding Torah scrolls at the base of the Western Wall tonight, celebrating the end of a religious holiday as hundreds of Israeli soldiers stood guard from all sides.”

1990: Work is to begin next spring in Manhasset, L.I., on a Holocaust resource center that will serve as a combination memorial, museum and education center. The center will go up on a portion of the property owned and occupied by Temple Judea, a synagogue at 333 Searingtown Road, where that road meets the westbound service road of the Long Island Expressway. Temple Judea has donated the land for the center and members of its congregation are raising funds for its construction.

1991: “Drop Dead Fred” a “dark comedy” with music by Randy Edelman was released in the United Kingdom today.

1991: “City of Hope” featuring Gina Gershon as “Laurie Rinaldi” opened today in Boston and New York City.

1991: The first shows of season two of The Simpsons, a cartoon sitcom developed by James L. Brooks and Sam Simon was broadcast today.

1991: Nina Totenberg’s reporting about the Anita Hill connection to Clarence Thomas changes the scope of the hearings and opens the door to the whole issue of inappropriate sexual relationships in the workplace.

1992(14th of Tishrei, 5753): Erev Sukkoth

1992: It was reported today that work is to begin next spring in Manhasset, L.I., on a Holocaust resource center that will serve as a combination memorial, museum and education center” and which located  on a portion of the property owned and occupied by Temple Judea, a synagogue at 333 Searingtown Road, where that road meets the westbound service road of the Long Island Expressway.”

1993: A month after the signing of the Declaration of Principles had taken place in Washington, D.C. between Israel and the PLO, the Israeli Foreign Minister “sent a letter to the Norwegian Foreign Minister in which he confirmed that ‘the Palestinian institutions of East Jerusalem and well-being of the Palestinians of East Jerusalem are great importance and will be preserved.’”

1997(10th of Tishrei, 5758): Yom Kippur

1996: “The Chamber,” a film version of the novel by the same name with a screenplay by William Goldman was released in the United States today.

1998: The New York Times book section featured a review of Phillip Roth’s novel, I Married A Communist.

2000: Avraham Shochat began serving as Minister of Energy and Water Resources (AKA – Ministry of National Infrastructure)

2000: In addition to his other duties, Binyamin Ben-Eliezer began serving as Minister of House and Construction

2000: Portions of the INS Dakar, the Israeli submarine that sank in 1968, were raised from the floor of the Mediterranean Sea. (They were later placed at the memorial to the sub and its crew located at the National Military and Police Cemetery on Mt. Herzl.)

2001: “Knockaround Guys” a crime-comedy co-written, and co-directed by Brian Koppelman, co-produced by Lawrence bender featuring Josh Mostel and Dov Tiefenbach was released in the United States today.

2001: The Polaroid Corporation filed for bankruptcy marking the end of a company founded on the dream and the genius of Edwin Land and his instant photography.

2002: “Below,” a horror film written and produced by Darren Aaronofsky  was released in the United States.

2003(15th of Tishrei, 5764): First Day of Sukkoth

2003: In “Are Jews Who Fled Arab Lands to Israel Refugees, Too?” published today Samuel G. Freedman examined the plight of “the nearly 900,000 Jews who left Arab nations amid an anti-Semitic backlash after the creation of Israel in 1948.”

2004: At the start of the Knesset winter session, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon “outlined his plant to start legislation for the disengagement” from Gaza “beginning in November.”

2005(8th of Tishrei, 5766): Brent Shapiro’s death today lead to the found of “The Brent Shapiro Foundation,” “a non-profit organization which aims to raise drug awareness” chaired attorney Robert Shapiro, Brent’s father.

2005: Israeli mathematician Robert J. Aumann and Thomas C. Schelling won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science for their work in game theory, which explains the choices that competitors make in situations that require strategic thinking.

2005: The Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage opened in suburban Cleveland.  It is named for Milton Maltz and his wife, Tamar. The museum describes the heritage of the Jewish community through sound, visuals and interactive displays. The museum shares a campus with The Temple-Tifereth Israel. Founded in 1850, it's one of the oldest reform congregations in the United States.

2006(14th of Tishrei, 5767): A double barreled celebration as Sukkoth and Shabbat both begin on Friday night.

2006: reported that Randy Weinstein is regretfully resigning the from Student Government Association (SGA) at Georgia Tech when that organization decided to provide funding for the Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) so that it could put on a program that provided “a one-sided attack on Israeli anti-terrorism policy.”

2006: As of today, General Universal Stores (GUS) which had been under the control of Leonard Wolfson since 1970, was listed as two separate entities – Home Retail Group and Experian - on the London Stock Exchange.

2007: In Washington, D.C. the DCJCC as part of the Hyman S. and Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival a noon time discussion of Jewish Washington: Scrapbook of an American Community, a fascinating and authoritative chronicle of the history and heritage of Washington's vibrant Jewish community. “The story of Washington's Jewish community is often told only as a one-dimensional timeline: Jews came "late" to the city and followed the usual immigration patterns of opening small shops that grew into large stores; organizing Jewish communal organizations; and eventually moving out to the suburbs. This book, which began as a landmark exhibition at the National Building Museum, adds depth and dimension to that story, and honors the 350th anniversary of Jewish life in America. A wealth of images of historic documents, artifacts and photographs—many never before seen by the public—alongside brief essays and a historic overview, depict a Washington that is both the nation's capital and hometown to the sixth largest Jewish community in the United States.”

2007: The Oxford Union debating society raised ire among student groups and activists on Thursday after its president announced that he had invited Holocaust denier David Irving to come speak at the university.

2007: In “The Horrible History of the Holocaust” published today, Adam Tooze reviewed The Years of Extermination by Saul Friedlander.

2007: Today David “Frum announced on his blog that he was joining Rudolph Giuliani's presidential campaign as a senior foreign policy adviser.”

2008: At the Jerusalem Cinematheque, a screening of the short film “So We Said Goodbye” ( “נפרדנו כך”) in which “65-year-old Yaakov is saying goodbye to his sons and grandchildren, who are leaving Israel and recalls the moment when as a child he bid farewell to his family in 1937 Poland. The film was the winner of the 1990 Aliza Shagrir Award.”

2009 (23 Tishrei, 5770): Simchat Torah

2009: Israeli poet Efrat Mishor reads at Prairie Lights Bookstore in Iowa City, IA.

2009: American fans of Maccabi Tel Aviv will have the opportunity this fall to watch their team in action at Madison Square Garden, tonight when the Israeli team takes to the court against the New York Knick in a rematch of the teams' meeting in 2007.

2009: “Intersections Intersected: The Photography of David Goldblatt,” an exhibition on view at New York’s New Museum is scheduled to come to an end today.

2009: The Sunday edition of the Washington Post included reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Why the Dreyfus Affair Really Matters by Louis Begley

2009: The Sunday edition of the Los Angeles Times included reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including The Book of Genesis Illustrated by R. Crumb

2009: The New York Times included reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Anne Frank: The book, the Life, the Afterlife by Francine Prose and Mike Bloomberg: Money, Power, Politics by Joyce Purnick.

2010: Israeli author Joshua Sobol is scheduled to take part in a reading at McNally Jackson bookstore in New York City.

2010: The Knesset is scheduled to convene for its Winter Session.

2010: Steve Linde reported today that “Irene Rosenfeld, an American Jewish businesswoman who is chief executive of Kraft Foods, came in second place on Forbes magazine’s list of the world’s 100 most powerful women published this month. The list, which is headed by first lady Michelle Obama, features several other prominent Jewish women:

• Mary Schapiro, the head of the US Securities and Exchange Commission (17th),

• Elana Kagan, the new Supreme Court justice (25th), • Sarah Jessica Parker, the attractive actress in Sex in The City (45th),

• Suze Orman, a personal finance expert, author and TV host (61st),

• Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook’s chief operating officer (66th), and

• Donna Karan, the famous fashion designer (96th).

2010: The 2010 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science was awarded to three recipients today including Peter A. Diamond, a professor of MIT.

2010(3rd of Cheshvan, 5771): Seventy four year old Carla Cohen who Politics and Prose was a bookstore was more a cultural landmark than a commercial venture, passed away today. (As reported by Ashley Parker)

2010(3rd of Cheshvan, 5771): Seventy-nine year old Claire Rayner passed away in London.

2010(3rd of Cheshvan, 5771): Ninety four year old real estate developer Robert V. Tishman, whose work included the World Trade Center, passed away today. (As reported by Dennis Hevesi)

2011: Ethan Halpren is scheduled to host an Israeli Dance Workshop and Marathon at the Jewish Community Center of Northern Virginia featuring internationally recognized choreographer and instructor Ira Weisburd.

2011: Israeli pianist Ran Dank is scheduled to perform the works of Chopin and Beethoven at the Merkin Concert Hall in New York City.

2011: After more than five years, Arthur Mitchell completed his service as Leader of the Official Opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Yukon.

2011: ABC broadcast the first episode of “Last Man Standing” co-starring Molly Ephriam.

2011: Under the agreement, announced today, Israel is to free 1,027 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for its soldier, Gilad Shalit, held captive in Gaza for the past five years. Kidnapped IDF soldier Gilad Shalit will be returned to Israel next week, Israeli authorities reported. Shalit is expected to be transferred to the Sinai Peninsula through Rafah crossing, then to Israel. According to reports, Israel Defense Forces intend to allow Shalit to be reunited with his family as soon as possible.

2011: Unknown vandals scrawled "Death to the Jews" on four synagogues and a vehicle in the northern city of Safed on tonight.

2011: “The bridge and forward sail of the ‘INS Dakar’” which are now on display in Haifa were raised from the Mediterranean today.

2012: “The Gatekeepers,” a film created by Israeli director Dror Moreh is scheduled to be shown at the New York Film Festival

2012: “Here Comes the Boom” with a script by Allan Loeb and starring Henry Winkler was released in the United States today.

2012: In Washington, DC, Robin Jacobson, the Librarian at Adas Israel is scheduled to lead a discussion about Comedy in a Minor Key which “tells the story of a Dutch couple who harbor a Jew during the Holocaust and the consequences of their relationship.”

2012: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced today that the elections for the 19th Knesset will be held on Tuesday, January 22, 2013.

2012: Gina “Gershon's first book written for adults, In Search of Cleo: How I Found My Pussy and Lost My Mind, the true story of the hunt for her runaway cat was released today.

2012: Barbra Streisand performed before the sold out crowd at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn tonight.

2012: The leader of Hezbollah claimed responsibility today for launching an Iranian-made drone aircraft into Israeli airspace earlier this week, adding more tension to an already explosive Mideast atmosphere.

2012: Over seven years after he vanished without a trace, a Daliat al-Carmel resident discovered the remains of missing Druse soldier Majdi Halabi two weeks ago in a forest near Usfiya, the IDF confirmed today. Halabi went missing in May 2005.

2012: “Fill the Void,” “the award-winning movie debut from Israel’s Rama Burshtein” is scheduled to have its Israeli premier. (As reported by JTA and Times of Israel)

2013: The Eden-Tamir Music Center is scheduled to host “Mozart’s Women – Cose fan tutte”

2013: Shrek is scheduled to open at the Lawrence Family JCC in San Diego, CA

2013: The Ninth Grade is scheduled to lead Shabbat Eve services at Temple Judah in Cedar Rapids, IA.

2013: The Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival is scheduled to present “The Great Children’s Read: Bringing Books to Life” featuring Pamela Mayer, author of Don’t Sneeze at the Wedding.

2013: Construction and Housing Minister Uri Ariel (Bayit Yehudi) today called on Israel to halt direct talks with the Palestinians following the fatal attack of an Israeli man overnight in a settlement in the northern Jordan Valley, Army Radio reported. (As reported by JP Staff)

2014(17th of Tishrei, 5775): Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2014: In Washington, Adas Israel is scheduled to hold Shabbat services for the first time since  Gil Steinhauf, the congregation’s senior rabbi informed the community that he and his wife are divorcing while declaring “I have come to understand that I am gay.”

2014: Today “six Israelis claimed the world open water relay record after swimming 380 kilometers (236 miles) home from Cyprus in a challenge also meant to highlight ocean pollution.”

2014: “Two Israelis were arrested in the West Bank today after a group attacked a Palestinian family picking olives at the start of harvest season — a frequent source of tension.”

2014: Lewis Black is scheduled to perform this evening at the Pabst Theatre in Milwaukee, WI.

2015: The New York Times featured books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including Pastrami On Rye: An Overstuffed History of the Jewish Deli by Ted Merwin.

2015: In Ottumwa, IA, Congregation B’nai Jacob which was founded in 1915 is scheduled to celebrate its centennial with a Centennial Open House led by President Harvey Disenhouse.

2015: ‘From Jaffa to Agripas a special project initiated by the c.a.t.m.o.n dance group and its creative director Elad Schechter is scheduled to take placed for the second time in Jerusalem,

2015: Temple Judah is scheduled to host its communal Sukkah Breakdown, a sure sign that the holiday season is over

2015: The Jewish Museum of Maryland is scheduled to host Scott R. Benarde speaking on “Stars of David: Rock ‘n’ Roll Jewish Stories” a “program that provides a look into how Judaism influence the makers of popular music over the past fifty years.”

2015: In New York, filmmaker Paula Fouce, Anne Frank’s stepsister Eva Schloss Geiringer and Jonathan Brent are scheduled to discuss “No Asylum: The Untold Chapter of Anne Frank’s Story” after its screening this evening.

2015: “Light & Noir: Exiles and Émigrés in Hollywood, 1933–1950 and exhibition that tells the fascinating story of immigration, acculturation, and innovation that influenced Hollywood film as an American cultural phenomenon” is scheduled to opened at the Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center.

2015: In New Orleans, the JCRS is scheduled to host its annual Chanukah Gift Wrapathon.

2015:  Near Gan Shmuel, next to Hadera, a twenty year old terrorists “used his car to run over two soldiers waiting at the bus stop” and got and stabbed three more people ages 15, 19, and 45.

2015: The Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education is scheduled to host “Courage, Hope, and Survival of the Holocaust by Eva and Les Aigner.”

2015: Natalee Birchansky, one of the next generation of leaders of the Cedar Rapids Jewish community is scheduled to host her first Art Show.

2016(9th of Tishrei, 5777):  Erev Yom Kippur

G'mar Hatima Tova”

2016: Atlantic Medi announced today in a memo to its employees” that “Jeffrey Goldberg, a longtime correspondent for The Atlantic who has written frequently about Middle East affairs is the 159 year old magazines’ new editor in chief.”

2016: “A 20- year-old Arab man who threw firebombs at border police during a riot in southeast Jerusalem’s Silwan neighborhood was shot dead shortly after Yom Kippur commenced tonight, as police responded to two other riots in Arab areas in the capital.”

2016: “Security arrested a Hamas operative who planned a number of terrorist attacks in the Jerusalem area, including a suicide bombing on a bus in the capital’s Pisgat Ze’ev neighborhood, authorities announced this morning.”

2017(20th of Tishrei, 5778): Hoshana Raba;

2017: In the evening, the University of Iowa Hillel chapter is scheduled to host Shmini Atzeret services and a holiday dinner.

2017: In London, JW3 is scheduled to host the last screening of “In Between” starring Shaden Kanboura winner of the Ophir Award for Best Actress and Mouna Hasa the winner of the Ophir Award for Best Supporting Actress.

2017: “The head of a government bureau responsible for clearing background checks told lawmakers today he has "never seen that level of mistakes" when asked about numerous omissions in Jared Kushner's security clearance application.”

2017: Today, “The Simon Wiesenthal Center said it would remove Harvey Weinstein name from its “roster of honorees,” following a string of sexual harassment allegations against the film mogul.”

2017: In the evening, the chaplains at Oxford are scheduled to host a Shemini Atzeret dinner.

2018: The Atlanta Botanical Garden is scheduled to host a lecture by Rabbi Ari Kaiman of Congregation Shearith Israel who will share a taste of the rich and beautiful history of this special fruit from biblical times until today. Join us for Pomegranate tasting and deseeding tips.”

2018: “A judge dismissed one of six criminal charges against the disgraced Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein today after prosecutors acknowledged that the lead detective in the case had committed a serious error.” (As reported by Jan Ransom and Alan Feuer)
2018: As part of the “Historic Jewish Atlanta Tour” series, the Breman Museum is scheduled to host a tour of the Oakland Cemetery.

2018: The Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to present a lecture by Christian Picciolini, author of White American Youth: My Descent into America’s Most Violent Hate Movement – and How I Got Out.

2018: “Learning Officer Shereen Hunte” is scheduled to lead “a tour revealing objects relating to Black History and Black Jewish History” in the collections belonging to the Jewish Museum in London.

2018: Dr. Steve Feller, B.D. Silliman Professor of Physics is scheduled to “lead the Coe Thursday Forum on three of Leon Uris’s historical and important novels – Mila 18, Exodus and Armageddon.”

2019: Netflix is scheduled to air “Home,” the final episode in the min-series “The Spy” based on the life of Mossad agent Eli Cohen.

2019:  Scene 75 opened today at The Mall at Tuttle Crossing which had been developed by Taubman Centers, a real estate development firm founded by A. Alfred Taubman

2019: It was reported today, that “a group of Israel’s most prestigious writers, entertainers, researches and scientists” including David Gross, Gavri Bania, Alice Shalvi, Ohad Naharin and Michael Na’aman” “are planning to petition the Supreme Court against the controversial Nation-State Law which critics say discriminates against the country’s non-Jewish citizens.

2019: In what many might say is a case of crocodile tears, it was reported today that Hamas has condemned this week’s Yom Kippur synagogue attack in Germany.

2019: This morning, the Tower of David Museum is schedule to host “a guided tour of both the Citadel moat and the “Kishle”, one of the most fascinating hidden spaces in the Tower of David Museum compound – an underground space that spans the history of Jerusalem.”

2020(23rd of Tishrei, 5781): Simchat Torah

2020: In Cedar Rapids, IA, Team Temple Judah is scheduled to participate in the virtual “Especially for You Race Against Breast Cancer.”

2020: In Bexley, OH, Teferith Israel is scheduled to host a “Stroll through the Scroll,’’ a one-of-a-kind exploration of five special moments in the Torah, held, for health reasons, in the TI Parking Lot.

2020: Urban Adamah is scheduled to present musician-teacher Anat Halevy Hochberg giving an overview of Yemenite Jews’ history and culture, then leads a sing-along of Yemenite songs

2020: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including His Very Best: Jimmy Carter, a Life by Jonathan Alter and Unacceptable: Privilege, Deceit and the Making of the College Admissions Scandal by Melissa Korn and Jennifer Levitz,

2021:The  JDC Archives and the Jewish Book Council are scheduled to host a webinar by David Nasaw on “Holocaust Survivors in Exile in Germany after World War II.”

2021: The National Library of Israel is scheduled to host a lecture by Professor Sean Adams on “Negotiating Culture: Ancient Jews Writing in Greek.”

2021: The London School of Jewish Studies is scheduled to present another session of “In-depth Parashat Hashavua” with Rebbetzen Lauren Levin

2021: The Jewish Film Center at the Jacob Burns Film Center is scheduled to host the final screenings of “The Sign Painter” and “The Red Orchestra.”

2022: “Those who want to greet Jerusalem Mayor Moshe Lion” are scheduled to have an opportunity between four and six this afternoon.

2022: This evening, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is scheduled to host “A Live Conversation with Holocaust Survivor Susan (Hilsenrath) Warsinger and Filmmaker Lynn Novick” a virtual special event for educators.

2022: The Fall 2022 season of JWA’s podcast “Can We Talk?” is scheduled to premiere today.

2022: The 43rd Acre Theatre Festival is scheduled to begin today “at the ancient port city.”

2022(16th of Tishrei, 5783): Second Day of Sukkoth

2023: The Goldring Family Foundation Center for Jewish-Multicultural Affairs is scheduled to host its annual Hispanic Heritage Month celebration.

2023: Temple Judea is scheduled to host a Lunch and Learn during which Rabbi Feivel will lead a discussion on “The Aleppo Codex.”

2023: In Cedar Rapids, IA, Temple Judah is scheduled to hold its monthly board meeting.

2023: Rabbi Soloveichik’s New Podcast and Essay Series Parashah Politics is scheduled to begin today with a study of Parashat Bereishit.

2023: The Kosciuszko Foundation Washington D.C. is scheduled to host a special meeting with the award winning documentary filmmaker, Aviva Kempner, a daughter of Helen Ciesla Covensky who recently directed a film “A Pocketful of Miracles: A Tale of Two Siblings”, which chronicles her mother’s and uncle David Chase’s lives in Poland before and during World War II and the inspiring lives they made afterwards in America.

2023: The Streicker Center is scheduled to a host a conversation with John Berman and Anderson Cooper, author of Astor: The Rise and Fall of an American Fortune.

2023: In New Orleans, the Museum of the Southern Jewish Experience is scheduled to host a conversation between MSJE Executive Director Kenneth Hoffman and Professor Steven Bowman about Differences “written by Dr. Nathan Mayer, a Union soldier who served as a battlefield surgeon and fought at Antietam…”

2023: As October 11 begins in Israel, the country is dealing with a cascade of problems including, removing the bodies of the dead which often times takes place under rocket attacks, responding to attacks from Syria and Lebanon, coping with the savagery that included the murder of babies at Kfar Aza and preparing for a move into Gaza.  (Editor’s note: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time)

2023: As October 11 begins in Israel, the United States is confronted with the challenge of putting teeth into President Biden’s announcement of support for Israel, how to deal with those who murdered American citizens and how to get back American citizens held by the terroirts.

 (Editor’s note: this situation is too fluid for this blog to cover so we are just providing a snapshot as of the posting at midnight Israeli time)