This Day, September 29, In Jewish History by Mitchell A and Deb Levin Z"L

September 29

522 BCE: Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. The success of Darius was good thing for the Jewish people.  From the Book of Haggai, we can infer that the building of the Second Temple was completed in his reign.  According to Ezra, Darius supported the claims of the Jews when the Samaritans tried to stop the building of the Temple.  After searching his archives for the original text authorizing the construction of the Temple, including King’s promise to supply the funds, Darius re-iterated the order and added the proviso that “in the completed Temple a sacrifice was to be made for the welfare of the king and his sons.”  This practice of offering a sacrifice continued after Persian rule ended and lasted until the Great Revolt in 70.  “The building of the Temple was completed in the sixth year of Darius’ reign (516/515 BCE) and was marked by the joyous celebration of Passover (Ezra 6:15-20).”

480 BCE: The Greeks defeat the Persian fleet of Xerxes I at the Battle of Salamis.  At this time Judah and Jerusalem were part of the Persian Empire.  Xerxes reigned from 483 BCE to 465 BCE which meant that he was a contemporary of Ezra and Nehemiah. The campaigns of Xerxes appeared to have little impact on the Jews of Judah and Jerusalem.  The only Biblical reference to him can be found in the Book of Ezra, Chapter 4; verse 6. While the Jews may have had no interest in the conquest of Greece, they would certainly have been supportive of the Persian ruler since, all things considered, the Jews of Jerusalem and Babylonia fared well under Persian rule during this period of history.

106 BCE: Birthdate of Pompey, the Roman General who was part of the First Triumvirate.  Jews remember him as the conqueror of Jerusalem who defiled the Temple by entering the Holy of Holies. But that is only part of the story.  Pompey’s conquest was, in part, the product of civil war between two Jewish leaders – Hyrcanus who had the support of the Pharisees and Aristobulus who had the support of the Sadduces. This is only one example of the behavior that reinforces the claim by some rabbis that the Second Temple fell because of the lack of love shown by one Jew for another Jew.

106 B.C.E:  Birthdate Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus who is known to history as Pompey, the failed opponent of Julius Caesar and the man who ripped the veil from the Holy of Holies.

393: Roman Emperors Theodosius I, Arcadius, and Honorius decree that Judaism is protected by law and that synagogues must not be despoiled.

1187: Saladin led his army into Jerusalem. 

1227: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, is excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for his failure to participate in the Crusades. This is the same Pope Gregory who ordered copies of the Talmud be burned.  This is the same Frederick who on the one hand carried on favorable correspondence with Jewish scholars while on the other hand denying Jews the right to hold public offices and forcing the Jews of Palermo to live in a ghetto.  The excommunication had nothing to do with the Jews. It reflected a power struggle between the monarch and the pope, who was determined to extend the power of the church and wipe out heresy.  The mis-treatment of the Jews was merely a knee-jerk reaction for these leaders.

1273: Rudolph I of Germany begins his reign. “Rudolph re-affirmed the statue promulgated by Archduke Frederick the Valiant which protected the Jews “against persecution and murder.  “On the other hand…he issued a special decree to the citizens of Vienna which solemnly declared” that the Jews were ineligible to hold public offices.

1349: After an attack on the Jews at Krems, Austria, Albert II forcibly ended the riots. Austria was thus one of the few places of relative security in Europe at that time.

1471: During a raid on Castille, Isabel de Solis was “taken to the Alhambra palace and sold as slave to the Sultan.

1506: Huldrych Zwingli, the leader of the Reformation in Switzerland who at a minimum “studied and admired the Hebrew language, used it to some advantage” in his work and “took over some Hebraic teachings while evincing little concern for contemporary Jews” “celebrated his first Mass in his hometown of Wildhaus” today.

1533(10th of Tishri, 5249): Yom Kippur

1560: King Gustav I of Sweden, also known as Gustav Vasa passed away.  While there was no Jewish community in Sweden at this time, according to one report, Gustav had a Jewish physician, a common practice among the monarchs of Europe.

1612: Vincent Fettmilch a former pastry cook and leader of the "Guilds", calling himself the "new Haman of the Jews" attacked the Frankfurt synagogue while the community was at prayer. Although many tried to organize a defense, they were soon overpowered and many took shelter in the cemetery. He was beheaded four years later because he made the mistake of threatening the well-being of wealthy Christians who really responsible for the impoverishment of the former pastry cook and his supporters.

1622: The Transylvania Diet passed a law aimed at banning “the Szekler Sabbatrians” who were viewd as “Judaizers.

1688: Governor Elihu Yale founded the Municipality of Madras, composed of a mayor, 12 aldermen appointed for life, and a council of 60 citizens. The mayor was elected by the alderman who consisted of three Company employees, one Frenchman, three Jews, two Portuguese, and two local citizens. This shows the proportional weight of Jewish representation. The first three Jewish aldermen were Bartolomeo Rodrigues, Domingo do Porto, and Alvaro da Fonseca who had arrived from Covalao, India, where they supposedly lived as Portuguese. Upon arrival in Madras, they became openly Jewish. At first they were regarded as interlopers, but over the years they came to own the largest trading company in Madras; it dealt with precious stones, coral, amber, sandalwood and its range was all of India and Burma, Indonesia, China, and the Philippines. Bartolomeo Rodrigues, known also as Jacob de Sequeira was president of the company. An English Jew, he became one of the most prominent citizens of Madras. After his death in 1692, he was replaced by his partner, Alvaro da Fonseca, known also as Jacob Jesurun Alvares. (Some of the Portuguese Jews in Madras used their Portuguese names on their visits to Goa and Saint Tomé that were in Portuguese hands and when the Inquisition was active, and their Jewish names in Madras. Alvaro da Fonseca came from the English Caribbean island of Nevis. Under his management the company became even larger and owned its own ships for transport from Madras to Europe. By the mid-eighteenth century there were almost no Portuguese Jews in Madras. The gravestones of the old Jewish cemetery were moved to the Central Park of Madras in 1934 with the gate of the cemetery on which is written Beit ha-Haim in Hebrew letters, the last vestige of Jewish presence in Madras in the seventeenth century.

1716(24th of Tishrei, 5477): Rycha Asher, first wife of Moses Levy passed away today.

1730: In Prussia, promulgation of, the "Generalprivilegium und Reglement, wie es wegen der Juden in seiner Königlichen Majestät Landen zu halten" (General privilege and regulations to be observed concerning the Jews in his Majesty's dominions) which among other things limited the number of Jewish families allowed to live in Berlin to 120.

1753(1st of Tishrei, 5514): Shabbat and Rosh Hashanah observed by English Jews who thought they were going to become full-fledged citizens with the recent passage of the “Jews Bill.”

1758: In Berlin, Miriam and Daniel Itzig gave birth to Vögele Itzig who gained game as Fanny von Arnstein, the wife of banker Nathan Adam von Arnstein – position from which she became a leader in Viennese society.

1764(3rd of Tishrei, 5525): Shabbat Shuva

1770(10th of Tishrei, 5531): Yom Kippur

1771(29th of Tishrei, 5532): Hoshana Raba

1780(29th of Elul, 5540): Erev Rosh Hashanah observed on the same day that during the Revolutionary War, Major Andre, the contact for Benedict Arnold was found guilty of being behind American lines "under a feigned name and in a disguised habit" and was condemned to death by his American military judges under the terms of the “law and usage of nations.”

1784(14th of Tishrei, 5545): Erev Sukkoth

1785: The Chasidic sect was excommunicated in Cracow, Poland.  This was part of the clash between the Mitnagdim and Chasidim that plagued the Jews of Eastern Europe.  It is one of those intra-tribal clashes that has lost its bite with the passage of time but was razor sharp two or three centuries ago

1787(17th of Tishrei, 5548): Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

1789(9th of Tishrei, 5550): As France is rocked by Revolution, Jews gather to hear Kol Nidre

1790(21st of Tishrei, 5551): Hoshana Raba

1791(1st of Tishrei, 5552): Just one day after Rosh Hashanah after France adopts legislation emancipating its Jewish population, Jews observe Rosh Hashanah.

1792: In Weisenau, Germany, “boarding house keeper” Jacob Gera and his wife gave birth to Isaac Bernays, the chief rabbi in Hamburg and the brother of Adolphus Bernays and the father of “philologist  Jacob Bernays,” “historian Michael Bernays,” a convert to Christianity and Berman Bernays, the father of Martha Bernays, the wife of Sigumund Freud.

1793(23rd of Tishrei, 5554): Simchat Torah

1795(16th of Tishrei, 5556): Second Day of Sukkoth

1797 (19 Tishrei 5558): Eliyahu ben Shlomo Zalman, otherwise known as Vilna Gaon, passes away.  Born in 1720, he was the greatest Talmudic mind of his time. He had mastered the Bible and started on the Talmud at the age of six. Though he preferred to live in seclusion, his reputation grew until he was known as the unofficial spiritual head of Eastern European Jewry. He was a leading opponent of the Chassidic wave that was sweeping Europe at that time.  He felt they presented a danger because they were anti-intellectual and leaned toward Shabbetianism. He went so far as to issue a ban and excommunicated its followers. The group which opposed the Chasidim became known as the Mitnagdim or Mitnagdim. As a scholar, the Vilna Gaon pointed the way to a systematic study of the Torah in its entirety, not just those sections relevant to practical life. He wrote over 70 commentaries on all aspects of Jewish life.

1797: Birthdate of Frankfort native Johann Heirich the German lawyer and lecturer was a member of the executive committee of the tariff commission.

1798(19th of Tishrei, 5559): Shabbat Shel Sukkoth

1800(10thof Tishrei, 5561): Yom Kippur observed for the last time during the Presidency of John Adams, the last of the Fedealists.

1804(24th of Tishrei, 5565): Parashat Bereshit; literally, the day after Simchat Torah the cycle begins again on the same day that Lewis and Clark were meeting with the Sioux near the Bad River as they explored the Louisiana Territory.

1810(1st of Tishrei, 5571): An unknown number of Jews in the United States observe Rosh Hashanah. The number is unknown, because the census completed in August of that year did not ask any questions about the religious affiliation of the citizenry making the American experience a unique one.

1812(23rd of Tishrei, 5573): As Jews in England and the United States are divided by the War of 1812, they are united by the celebration of Simchat Torah

1814(15th of Tishrei, 5575): Jews living in Washington, DC, take time from rebuilding their city which was burned by the British  a month ago, to observe the first day of Sukkoth

1817:  In Whitechapel, London, Abraham ben Meir and Hannah bat Yehuda Lieb gave birth to Samuel Harris.

1819(10th of Tishrei, 5580): As Americans cope with the Panic of 1819, “the first major peacetime financial crisis in the United States” which will last until 1921, Jews observe Yom Kippur

1821(3rd of Tishrei, 5582): Shabbat Shuva

1821: In Pressburg, Mordechai Efraim Fischel and his wife gave birth to Chaim Sofer a leading 19th century Hungarian Rabbi.

1822(14th of Tishrei, 5583): Erev Sukkoth

1825(17th of Tishrei, 5586): Third Day of Sukkoth

1825: Today’s issue of The National Intelligencer, a newspaper published in Washington, DC, contained a full report of the dedication of Ararat, a city that Mordecai Noah envision as “A City of Refuge for the Jews.”

1825(17th of Tishrei, 5586): Henriette Oppenheimer, the wife of Marx Oppenheimer and the mother of Abraham Oppenheimer passed away today.

1827(8th of Tishrei, 5588): Parashat Ha’Azinu; Shabbat Shuva.

1828(21st of Tishrei, 5589): Hoshana Raba

1828(21st of Tishrei, 5589): Sixty-four year old Jacob de Leon, the son of Abraham de Leon and husband of Hannah Hendricks, who served in the Revolutionary army passed away today in Columbia, SC.

1829(2nd of Tishrei, 5590) Second day of Rosh Hashanah is observed on the same day that the founding of the Metropolitan Police in London.

1832: In Ivančice, Helena Punda and Rabbi Issakhar Bar Oppenheim gave birth to Rabbi Joachim Oppenheim.

1837(29th of Elul, 5597): Erev Rosh Hashanah observed for the first time during the Presidency of Martin Van Buren.

1838(10th of Tishrei, 5599): Just 12 weeks after the Arabs attacked the Jewish community in Safed, observance of Yom Kippur

1838: In Prussia, Meyer Barnert and Ida Newfield gave birth to Nathan Barnet who went to California during the Gold Rush of 1850 and after returning to Paterson, NJ six years later opened a tailoring business that sold uniforms to the U.S. Army during the Civil War and then erected “some of the largest silk mills in Paterson while engaging in philanthropy that included erecting the Miriam Barnet Hebrew Free School, built in memory to his wife, the former Miriam Phillips.

1839(21st of Tishrei, 5600): Hoshanah Rabah

1839: Joseph and Nanny Rosenheim gave birth to Sigmund Rosenheim

1839: In Boulogne, France, Solomon Nathan and Betsy Isaacs gave birth to Kitty Nathan

1846(9th of Tishrei, 5607): Kol Nidre is chanted four months after the start of the Mexican American War.

1848: In Charleston, SC, Solomon Nunes Carvalho, the son of David Nunes Carvalho and Sarah Carvalho and Sarah Miriam Carvalho   gave birth to David Nunes Carvalho.

1848:  Turck, born lithographer Louis N. Rosenthal arrived in New York today after completing his apprenticeship in London and went to become the primary artist in Rosenthals, company he established with his brother Max in Philadelphia and marry Louisa Rosenthal with whom he had eight children.

1849(13th of Tishrei, 5610): Parashat Ha’Azinu

1849(13th of Tishrei, 5610): Sally Cohen the Philadelphia born of Jacob Cohen and wife of Eleazar Leon passed away today.

1850(23rd of Tishrei, 5611): Simchat Torah is observed for the first time during the Presidency of Millard Fillmore.

1851: Eighty-nine year old Fanny Alexander, the wife of Levy Alexander was buried today at the Exeter Jewish Cemetery.

1855(17th of Tishrei, 5616): Shabbat Shel Sukkoth

1855: In Baltimore, MD, David Einhorn was named as the first rabbi of Congregation Har Sinai

1856: “Henry Irving” made his stage debut today at the Sunderland in the role of Gaston, Duke of Orleans in “Richielieu.” He would labor with little real success for the next 15 years until he first played Mathias in “The Bells,” a version of Erckmann-Chatrian's “Le Juif polonaise” by Leopold Lewis

1859(1st of Tishrei, 5620): Rosh Hashanah

1859: On the first day of Rosh Hashanah services began at 6 a.m. at the synagogue on Greene Street near Bleecker.  Rabbi Morris Raphall preached the sermon. Services ended at noon.

1859: At Temple Emanu-El, Rosh Hashanah services began at 9 a.m. and lasted for three hours.  Dr. Samuel Adler preached the sermon.

1860: In Odessa, Alexander Zederbaum “founded Ha-Melitz, the first Hebrew newspaper published in the Russian Empire.”

1861 Congregation Beth Elohim was founded today by 41 German Jews at Granada Hall on Myrtle Avenue by former members of Congregation Baith Israel who had become disaffected after they attempted and failed to reform religious practices at practices at what came to be known as the Kane Street Synagogue.

1862(6th of Tishrei, 5623): Paul Johann Heyse’s wife, Margarete, lost her battle with lung illness and passed away today. Heyse was the first Jew to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1863: David D. Meyers who had risen from Private to Corporal completed his service with Company A of the 154th Regiment.

1863: In Philadelphia, PA, Morris Rosenbach and Isabella H. Pollock gave birth to Philip Hyman Rosenbach the younger brother of A.S.W. Rosenbach who joined forces to form Rosenbach Company in 1903 for which Philip had the responsibility of handling art and antique furniture.

1863: Joseph A. Kauffman who had risen from the rank of 2nd Lieutenant to 1st Lieutenant completed his service with Company B of the 154th Regiment.

1864: Six years after the forced baptism of Edgar Mortara, “Joseph di Michele Coen who had been apprenticed by his indigent parents to a Roman shoemaker “was forcibly detained in the notorious House of Catechumens” as a prelude to his forced conversation to Catholicism. (Editor’s note – The House of Catechumens was a 15th century institution created by the Catholic Church to convert Jews, often by force and trickery.  To add insult to injury, the Jews of Rome were forced to pay a special tax to support the institution.)

1865(9th of Tishrei, 5626): For the first time in years, the sound of Kol Nidre will not be drowned out by the sounds of guns from the American Civil War.

1865: Sir Benjamin Samuel Phillips was elected Lord Mayor London.

1867(29th of Elul, 5627): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1867: Mathilde Nachmann and Emil Rathenau, “a prominent Jewish businessman and founder of the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG), an electrical-engineering company” gave birth to Walter Rathenau, a “German statesman, industrialist and philosopher.”  Rathenau’s life and death epitomize the absurd nature of Jewish life in Germany.  During World War I, this successful industrialist used all of his acumen and skills to mold the German economy to meet the needs of the military.  Despite the British naval blockade, the German economic machine functioned until the last months of the war.  But in 1922 he was assassinated by right-wing anti-Semitic army officers because of his work as part of the Weimar government.

1870: It was reported today that a new synagogue has been dedicated by the Jews of Troy, New York. The services were attended by Jewish and non-Jewish members of the community.  The contractor was paid $20,000 for his work.

1870: Birthdate of Newark, NJ native Lorne Levy, the husband of the former Jessie Garson Haskell, who gained fame as Lorne “Loney” Haskell the businessman turned entertainer who delivered the eulogy for Harry Houdini and was Secretary of the Jewish Theatrical Guild of America at the time of his death in 1933.

1871(15th of Tishrei, 5632): Jews in Chicago observe their last Sukkoth before the Great Fire which will start at the end of the holiday season

1872: Birthdate of Samuel Levy Bensusan, the native of London who became a journalist.

1874: In Brody, Galicia, Yonah Halevi Ettinger and Chaya Kluger Ettinger gave birth to Avrahm Ettinger.

1871(15th of Tishrei, 5632): Jews in Chicago observe their last Sukkoth before the Great Fire which will start at the end of the holiday season

1872: Birthdate of Samuel Levy Bensusan, the native of London who became a journalist.

1874: In Brody, Galicia, Yonah Halevi Ettinger and Chaya Kluger Ettinger gave birth to Avrahm Ettinger.

1875(29th of Elul, 5635): Erev Rosh Hashanah observed on the same day that President Grant delivered a speech in Des Moines, IA in which he expressed his support for “universal education divorced from religious instruction.”

1877(22nd of Tishrei, 5638): Shemini Atzeret

1877: “The Jewish Social Question” published today which had first appeared in the Atlantic Monthly begins by commenting on Judge Hilton’s decision to exclude Jews from his Saratoga Hotel but ends by reminding Jews against engaging social intercourse ending by advising “any youth of Jewish blood whose nose does not betray him and who has set his heart upon winning a Christian maiden to let his secret rest secure until he has first won a more than passing interest.”

1877: It was reported today that Solomon Voloskie, Abraham Eyet, Pincus Dobbin and Henrietta Helfenstein have all been arrested for operating unsanitary poultry shops.  The shops all cater to Polish Jews and are located on or near Bayard Street in New York.  All of the shops have “Kosher” signs in their windows. 

1878(2nd of Tishrei, 5639): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1879: In Lithuania, Mr. and Mrs. Zalman Gan gave birth Jake Cohen, the Memphis labor leader and editor and publisher of Labor Review who was the husband of Dora Bursk.

1881: In Lemberg, Arthur Edler von Mises and his wife, the former Adele Landau, the niece of Joachim Landau gave birth to economist Ludwig von Mises.

1881: In London, Amelia Goodman and Samuel van Praag, the husband of Minnie Goldstein and August Hoehn.

1882: Based on reports published today from St. Petersburg, there is a split among the Russians concerning their view of the Jews. General Drentelri has delivered “a recent speech against the Jews” which while General Todleben “has publicly expressed…the hope” that the advice of the Jews of Wilna “would be taken as readily as that of Christians.” (Unfortunately, we know which view triumphed)

1882: In Czechoslovakia, Regina Herz and Adolph Berger gave birth to NYU trained lawyer Samuel Berger, the husband of Katharine Beatrice Pulaski  and Republican political leader who was a noted art collector, member of Temple Beth-El and the uncle of painter Adolph Gottlieb.

1882: The Board of Estimate and Apportionment appropriated funds for various institutions that care for children including the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society which received $2,356.57 out of a total of almost $30,000.

1884(10th of Tishrei, 5645): Yom Kippur

1884: While taking a break from services Benjamin Levy, Heyam Freiwold, Sidney Kahn and Laurence Braham were arrested by a plainclothes police officer while taking a walk in Central Park near 64th Street and Fifth Avenue.

1884: After 18 hours, ninety-nine year old Jewish statesman and philanthropist Sir Moses Montefiore broke his fast “at the urgent plea of his doctors, one of whom said, ‘The Almighty does not want us to kill ourselves.”

1884: The Chief Rabbi at Naples, Italy, shortened the Yom Kippur fast as a “preventive” measure to deal with the outbreak of cholera – a precaution which must have been effective since “not a single Jews has died” so far “of the disease in all of Italy.

1884: “Nominations For Sale” published today reported that Theodore Wilkinson of Plaquemines Parish has accused Adolph Mayer, a wealthy Jewish cotton merchant from New Orleans, of having given $12,000 dollars to “certain party bosses” who would see to it that he won the Democratic nomination for the First Congressional District.  Wilkinson, who is running against Mayer, offered no proof.

1884: Lawrence Braham, Hyam Freiwald and Benjamin Levy were among the “the throngs of Hebrews who visited Central Park” this afternoon. The three were taking a shortcut through the park and did not stop when challenged by Samuel Murphy, a Park Policeman.  Since he was not in uniform the three did not stop and were arrested after a scuffle.  Murphy claimed that the three attacked him without provocation and that was why he arrested them. Murphy offered no reason as to why they would have attacked him.

1886(29th of Elul, 5646): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1886: During an altercation that allegedly started when a father came to the aid his son, grocer Max Aronson was clubbed by a police officer, taken to jail along with his wife and son and was refused medical attendance despite the fact that his head was wrapped in a bloody towel.

1887: In Colorado, the Leadville Herald Democrat published a description of yesterday’s Yom Kippur services noting that “the attendance was unprecedentedly large at Temple Israel and the observance as gratifying as it was complimentary to the Jewish citizens of the carbonate metropolis.”

1887: “Death Of A Danish Poet” published today described the recent passing of Professor Meyer Aaron Goldschmidt, the native of Jutland who graduated from the University of Copenhagen before embarking on a literary career that included the founding of the Corsair, a weekly satirical journal and the publication of several novels including The Jew, “his most noted Romance.  His writings, which were translated into English, German and French, made him a continental literary celebrity.

1888: Around two o’clock in the morning Catharine Eddowes, who had been released from police custody earlier in the evening after having been arrested for public drunkenness in London, was found murdered.  According to witnesses she was killed by Joseph Hyam Levy.

1888: In Manhattan, Solomon Rosalsky, the Russian born son David and Adeline Rosalsky and his wife Yetta Rosalsky gave birth to Dora Seglin, the wife of George M. Seglin.

1889: “Armenians in America” published today contained a brief history of this “interesting people” who “are as ancient a race as the Jews” who trace their history back to “the year of creation of the world 1757 according to Jewish chronology.” (The Jewish connection will be stronger in the 20th century when according to some, the killing of the Armenians at the hands of the Turks was considered as a prelude to the Holocaust.)

1889: In Streator, Illinois, “merchants, Adolph Szold of Berehove, Zakarpatska, Ukraine, and Rachel Esther Gumbiner of Poland” gave birth to Harvard Law School trained attorney Robert Szold, “the third cousin of Henreitta Szold, Chairman of the ZOA and husband of Zip Falk with he had four daughters – “Miriam, Ruth, Betty and Joan.”

1890(15th of Tishrei, 5651): Sukkoth

1890: In his Sukkoth sermon, Rabbi Gottheil pointed out “that of all the colonies established in Palestine none has flourished except those” begun by the Jews which now total 13.  “I point this out to you as a wonderful fact that those people who have been the people of the wandering foot for 1,800 years are the only successful colonists of Judea.” (Gotteheil was a leading Reform Rabbi whose sentiments ran contrary to those of this group that continued to renounce any special connection between the Jewish People and Eretz Israel)

1891: In New York, Phillip and Carrie Lauer Lehman gave birth to Robert Owen Lehman, Sr. who became head of Lehman Brothers in 1925 when his father retired.

1891: “Celebration of the Emancipation of the Jews in France” published today described events in New York that marked the centennial of this event including a performance by the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Military Band and a special by Viscount Paul D’Abzac, the French Consul General.

1891: A letter received in San Francisco today from Shanghai described how a group of Muslims attacked and killed a Jewish businessman who pressed them repay their loans and who in turn were attacked by the local Chinese population who were supporters of the Jew.

1892: According to reports published today, Jewish people in Buffalo, NY are upset with the “efforts of the Republican Party to get votes’ by sending one of their co-religionist from New York City to organize such events as a meeting designed to “form a strictly Hebrew political club” during which attendees can have free beer, cigars and lunch.

1893: Birthdate of Anna Škobisová, the resident of Prague who was murdered at Auschwitz at the age of 51.

1893: Mrs. Annie Baumann, Max Kestenbaum, Ernest Wilhelm Sachs and Samuel Diamond were arraigned in the Jefferson Market Police Court this morning on charges of conspiracy and perjury related to attempts to gain a divorce from Mrs. Bauman from Jacob Bauman who is the Superintendent of the wholesale liquor house of Engle, Heller and Company and “is connected” to “some of the wealthiest” Jewish families in New York.

1893: Having delivered a series of lectures that include his anti-Semitic views, Dr. Christian Adolf Stoecker, the former Chaplain of the Court of Berlin, is scheduled to leave Chicago today for Toronto, Montreal and finally Boston.

1894(28th of Elul, 5654): Parashat Nitzavim

1894(28th of Elul, 5654): Fifty-eight-year old Ellen Henrietta Worms the daughter of Baron Salomon Benedict de Worms passed away today.

1895: In Kremenchoug, Ukraine, “Bernard and Betha (Yedlin) Tembitsky gave birth to Marie Trommer who moved to Brooklyn 1905, attended Cooper Institute and gained fame as “an artist, poet and author” who worked for the Jewish Tribune and Jewish Daily News.  (Some sources show her birthdate as 1901)

1896(22nd of Tishrei, 5657): Shemini Atzeret

1897: In San Francisco, Samuel and Beatrice Dinkelspiel gave birth to Sophie Margaret Dinkelspiel who became Sophie Margaret Schwabacher when she married James Herbert Schwabacher with whom she had two children

1897: Jews living in New York’s Second Assembly district met last night “for the purposed of enrolling members of the Hebrew Citizens’ League.”

1898: One day after he had passed away, 57 year old Louis Allen, the son of “John Allen and the former Ann Myers” and the husband of the former “Rose Nelson” with whom he had seven children was buried today at the Plashet Jewish Cemetery in London.

1898: Birthdate of Vilna native and Harvard trained attorney Goodman Alexander Sarachan, the state Supreme Court judge and husband of Evelyn Simon Sarachan with whom he had three children- Niki, Donna and Richard.

1899(25th of Tishrei, 5660): Eighteen year old Felix Weill, the son of Charles and Emilie Kahn Weill passed away today after which he was buried at the “Hebrew Rest Cemetery’ in Opelousas, LA.

1899: “Hebrews of various nationalities” were among the huge throng on the Lower East Side of New York who turned out today to honor Admiral Dewey, the hero of Manila Bay.

1900(6th of Tishrei, 5661): Parashat Vayeilich; Shabbat Shuva

1900: As of today, because “Nathan Straus has just closed his depots for the distribution of sterilized milk the parks and on the recreation piers,” only two permanent depots remain “where free coupons and physicians’ prescriptions should be presented.”

1900: It was reported today that infant mortality has decreased since the establishment of the booths where pasteurized milk can be purchased; a program which Nathan Straus has played a dominant role and which he has transported to certain parts of Germany.

1901:  Birthdate of Enrico Fermi the Italian born physicist who was not Jewish and who won the Nobel Prize in 1938.  After receiving the prize in Stockholm, Fermi continued on to the United States with his and family.  They sought refuge in America because Fermi's wife was Jewish and the anti-Semitic laws passed by the Italian government frightened Fermi.

1902: French novelist, journalist and social critic Emile Zola passed away. He was a leader in the fight to get justice for Captain Alfred Dreyfus.  J’Accuse, his attack on the French military, gave rise to a libel case the forced many of the issues out into the open.  In speaking about Franco-Judaeo Relations, one must never lose sight of those like Zola who defended the rights of their Jewish countrymen.

1902: Impresario David Belasco opened his first Broadway Theater.  Belasco was born in San Francisco in 1854 the son of Jewish clown who had emigrated from London.  Belasco passed away in 1931.

1903: In “Russian Persecution of Jews” published today, Harold Berman recounts the failure of diplomacy to improve the conditions of his co-religionists following the latest pogrom in Gomel and calls for the abonnement of efforts to “secure better treatment in the land of the Czar” favor of the Zionist platform which calls for a legally assured and safe home in Palestine.”

1904: Birthdate of Michael (Mosze) Waks, who gained fame a Michael Waszyński the producer and director whose credit ranged from the 1937 film “The Dybbuk” to the 1961 epic “El Cid)

1905(29th of Elul, 5665): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1905: “Rosh Hashono” published today described “the Jewish Feast of the New Year that begins This Evening.”

1906(10th of Tishrei, 5667): Alfred Dreyfus observed Yom Kippur for the first time since his arrest in 1894 in a state of full exoneration and as member of the French Army.

1906: In Brooklyn, Julius and Betty Pollack gave birth to United States Senior Judge for the Southern District of New York Milton Pollack who married Moselle Baum Erlich after the death of his firstwife Lillian Klein.

1906: In Berlin, Joseph and Lina Sonnenfeld gave birth to photographer Herbert Sonnenfeld.

1907(21st of Tishrei, 5668): Hoshana Raba

1907: Bar Giora, a Palestinian Jewish self-defense organization was formed to protect the Jewish settlements from raiders. Two years later it was reorganized into HaShomer (the Watchman) by Israel Shochat. HaShomer was eventually transformed into the Haganah. Despite opposition from local Jews and the "Baron's" overseers (i.e. Baron Rothschild), they persevered with the idea of Jews taking responsibility for their own defense.

1908: In Minneapolis, MN, Sophie and Dr. George Gershon Jacob Gordon gave birth to Hebrew Union College graduate Theodore Herzl Gordon, the Rabbi who was president of the Intercollegiate Menorah Association and who was the husband of Beryl (Bearman) Gordon.

1909: Birthdate of American college football player and movie producer Mike Frankovich the husband of the Anglo-Jewish actress Gertrude “Binnie” Barnes whom he required to convert to Catholicism as part of the conditions for the wedding.

1909: Birthdate of Jack Tell, “a New York Times photo editor, a “co-founder of the Las Vegas Israelite, Nevada’s English-language Jewish newspaper who was the husband of Beatrice Goldstein, the daughter of “Charles Goldstein, a shoe store owner, and his wife Bessie.”

1909(14th of Tishrei, 5670): Markus Bernhard, who would be buried in the Liepaja Jewish Cemetery passed away today

1910: The ninth biennial convention of the Order of Knights of Joseph continued for a second day at Rock Island, Illinois.

1911( 7th of Tishrei, 5672): Businessman Hertz Hiller passed away in New Orelans.

1911: Oscar S. Strauss of New York City who was a member of the Hague Tribunals and a leading member of the American Jewish community appealed to the United States government to extend help in establishing peace between Italy and Turkey.

1911: Henry F. Barnet was elected to the Municipal Council at St. Kilda, which followed Melbourne as one of the first Australian communities to have a Jewish congregation.

1912: In Washington, DC., “Mordecai and Sarah (King) Nodel gave birth award winning artist Sol Nodel whose works included “a 12 panel illumination of Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address,” “stained glass windows at the Mount Sinai Memorial Chapel” in St. Louis and the Hopatcong, NJ Jewish Community Center” as well chairing the Art Commission for the International Synagogue” and who was the husband of Shulamith Gold.

1912: In Chicago, the new annex for the Home for Aged Jews was dedicated today.

1912: In Philadelphia, PA, Rebekah Kohn, the daughter of Simon and Florence Liveright and Irving Kohn gave birth to Julia (Judy) Kohn who became Julia Fineshriber when she married Howard Wallerstein Fineshriber.

1912: Dedication of Temple Tiferith Israel of Kensington

1912: Birthdate of Gershom G. Schocken, an influential Israeli journalist who was the editor and publisher of the daily newspaper Haaretz for half a century. Born in Zwickau, Germany, he studied economics at the University of Heidelberg and later at the London School of Economics. After the family moved to British-controlled Palestine in 1933, his father, Salman, a businessman and publisher, bought the Tel Aviv newspaper Haaretz. The son soon became its editor and publisher, building Haaretz into a major national voice and leading it until his death. He also headed the Schocken Group, composed of a second daily paper and 13 regional weeklies throughout Israel. The rest of his family soon settled in the United States, where his father founded Schocken Books. The publishing house, owned and operated by the family, brought Franz Kafka and other Jewish authors into American bookstores. It was bought by Random House in 1987.  Mr. Schocken, was noted for a fiercely independent spirit. He championed a free, uncensored press, a liberalized, mixed economy and civil rights for both Jews and Arabs. His newspaper at times opposed virtually every Israeli Government for decades. The independent Hebrew-language daily generally refrained from endorsing political candidates and parties, was usually linked with the liberal, educated middle class and tended toward dovishness on security issues. Mr. Schocken repeatedly, and fruitlessly, urged Israelis to adopt a constitution, opposed religious conformism among Jews and battled what he considered to be violations of human rights in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. The journalist flirted briefly with politics as a founder of the Progressive Party, which was dominated by German Jewish intellectuals. He represented the party in Parliament from 1955 until 1959, when he quit politics. In 1983, Mr. Schocken was named International Editor of the Year by the American-based World Press Review, which compiles articles from around the globe each month, for his newspaper’s "excellence in coverage of Israel's invasion of Lebanon in 1982." Amos Elon, an Israeli writer who started his career with Mr. Schocken, said that "He believed fiercely in a press independent of governments." He was a man of great dedication, professionalism and culture who fought for "liberalizing Israel's economy" and opposed "monopoly of power." In the last five years of his life Mr. Schocken came to believe “that Israel must make peace with the Palestinians and those whom the Palestinians consider their representatives and that occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank is a corrupting influence for Israel”

1912(18th of Tishrei, 5673): Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth

1912(18th of Tishrei, 5673): Schender Sacharin, the son of Zvi Sacharin, passed away today.

1913: The first annual convention of the Jewish Socialist Federation of America opened today in New Haven, CT.

1913: Birthdate of producer/director Stanley E Kramer.  Among his many famous productions was On the Beach, the 1960's anti-nuclear war flick starring Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner and Anthony Perkins.

1914: “The girls from the Hebrew Technical School” will be able to attend the exhibition of various “green things” from the country including “nuts as they grown on the tree” at the Washington Irving High School.

1914: In Holyoke, MA, Esther Cohen Belsky and Esther Cohen Belsky to Abraham Belsky who died in an automobile accident with this father.

1914(9th of Tishrei, 5675): As French Jews hear Kol Nidre, they are breathing a sigh of relief over the German withdrawal following the recently completed Battle of the Marne. Little does either side know, that it will be five years before they will chant this in a world at peace.

1914(9th of Tishrei, 5675): Eighty-seven year old Stockbridge, VT, native and Rush Medical College graduate Solomon Marks who during the Civil War rose from being a surgeon with the Tenth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry to being the Chief Surgeon of the First Division of the Fourteenth Army Corps and who after the war served as the “Chief Surgeon of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway and the Chief Surgeon of St. Mary’s Hospital for over thirty years, passed away today in Milwaukee.

1914: It was reported today that President Wilson has expressed his appreciation for the resolution adopted by the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ In American the Committee on Peace and Arbitration of the Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations “endorsing his stand on the European war.”

1915(21st of Tishrei, 5676): Hoshana Raba

1915: Birthdate of Dr. Oscar Handlin, the “historian who chronicled U.S. immigration.” According to James Grossman, the executive director of the American Historical Association, “Dr. Handlin changed the way Americans view American history… He reoriented the whole picture of the American story,” he said, “from the view that America was built on the spirit of the Wild West, to the idea that we are a nation of immigrants.”

1915(21st of Tishrei, 5676): Seventy-one year old Rabbi Max Samfield passed away in Memphis, TN.

1915: In Vienna, sixty year old Scotch born novelist Dorothea Gerard whose works include Recah, a novel that described the “wretched life of Jews living in Galicia” and who wrote about ant-Semitism, passed away today.

1916(2nd of Tishrei, 5677): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1916: “Religious interpretation was put upon modern issues in many of the sermons” delivered a synagogues where Jews had “had gathered for the devotional celebrations of the Jewish New Year.”

1916: The Jewish Chronicle notes the gazetting (official announcement) that H.S. Seligman has been promoted to the rank of General making him “the first Jew of British birth” to attain that rank.

1916: John D. Rockefeller became the first billionaire. Either Rockefeller was secretly Jewish or the anti-Semites are wrong – the Jews do not have all of the money.

1916: Premier of “The Robber Bride”( Die Räuberbraut)  a 1916 German silent comedy film directed by Robert Wiene.

1917: “Fleix M. Warburg, Chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee of the American Funds for Jewish war sufferers in Europe announced” today “that he had called a National Special Assembly of the Jews of United States to be held in New York on October 28 for the purpose of devising means to reach the $10,000,000 goal set for Jewish war relief…”

1917: Following the British victory over the Turks at the Battle of Nablus, “the Southern Hedjaz II Corps of the Fourth Army was captured near Ziza” today and “the remaining soldiers of the Fourth, Seventh, and Eighth Ottoman Armies, in total 6,000 men, were retreating towards Damascus.”

1918(23rd of Tishrei, 5679): Simchat Torah

1918(23rd of Tishrei, 5679): Forty-one year old “Hungarian social scientist, librarian and anarcho-syndicalist revolutionary” Ervin Szabó passed away today.

1918: As Allenby’s forces that included the “Jewish Legion” swept north out Palestine, they closed off to of the escape routes out of Damascus, which was the ultimate prize of the campaign.

1918: During World War I, U.S. Army Sergeant Sydney G. Gumpertz charged a machine gun nest near Bois-de-Forges, France and single-handedly silenced the gun and captured the 9 man German crew firing the weapon.  His bravery would earn him the Congressional Medal of Honor.

1918: In Zwickau, German Mr. and Mrs. Salman Schocken gave birth to Eva (Chawa) Schocken

1918: During World War I, while serving with Company G of the 108th Infantry near Ronssoy, Private Morris Silverberg, a stretcher bearer, “repeatedly left shelter and advanced over an area swept by machine gun and shell fire to rescue comrades” while later going out alone to rescue his company commander whose lifeless body he brought to Allied lines for a proper burial.

1919(5th of Tishrei, 5680): Seventy-four year old Rabbi Jakob Guttman the son of Julius Guttman passed away today in Breslau.

1920:  In New York, the celebration of the Pilgrim Tercentenary which had been planned under the leadership of Adolph Lewisohn was scheduled to come to an end today.

1920: In Cleveland, Ohio, the American Legion national convention which was attended by Colonel Milton J. Foreman is scheduled to come to an end today.

1920: After spending the summer in Switzerland, Mr. and Mrs. Daniel P. Hays are returning to the United States aboard the SS Olympia which set sail today from England.

1921: After having graduated earlier in the year from Goucher College in Baltimore, MD. Adele Blumenthal married Jesse Heiman of Little Rock, AR where she moved and as Adele Heiman had three children while finding time to be a leader in the city and state’ Jewish community.

1922: In New York City, Kay Swift and James Paul Warburg gave birth to Andrea Warburg who became Andrea Kaufman when she married Sidney Kaufman who passed away in 1983.

1923: A bandstand paid for in part by Jewish banker, philanthropist and amateur musician Elkan Naumburg and designed by his nephew architect William Gabriel Tachau opened today in Central Park, NY

1923(19th of Tishrei, 5684): Shabbat Shel Sukkoth

1923: The curtain came down on  “Chauve-Souris” produced by Morris Gest. at Jolson’s 59th Street Theatre.

1923: “Bavarian State Commissioner Gustav von Kahr defied the federal government and refused to obey an order directing the suppression of publications by Adolf Hitler.”

1924(1st of Tishrei, 5685): In Omaha, Nebraska, members of AZA celebrated Rosh Hashanah as members of the recently formed Jewish Fraternity.

1924(1st of Tishrei, 5685): Julius Mendes Price, the son of dry goods merchant from Poland and a London born mother whose artistic works covered everything from painting a portrait of Lillie Langtry to serving as war artist covering military action from Bechuanaland in 1884 to the Italian front of WW I passed away today.

1924: “In Hollywood with Potash and Perlmutter,” a film produced by Samuel Goldwyn based on “the Jewish ethnic characters of Potash and Perlmutter” crated by Charles Klein for the 1913 Broadway play was released in the United States today.

1924: “His Hour” produced by Irving Thalberg which was the sequel to Sam Goldwyn’s “Three Weeks” was released in the United States by MGM.

1925: Birthdate of Vivian Forrester, the Parisian author who performed in several genres.

1926(21st of Tishrei, 5687) Hoshana Raba

1926: “ Judge William M. Lewis of Philadelphia was elected chairman of the United Palestine Appeal at meeting at its headquarters this afternoon.

1927(3rd of Tishrei, 5688): Tzom Gedaliah

1927: “Transactions will be completed in a week, it was learned tonight, by which a tract of 600 lots in the northern section of Flushing, Queens, will pass into the hands of a corporation, the Yavna Realty Company, for the founding of an Orthodox Jewish community there.”

1928(15th of Tishrei, 5689): First Day of Sukkoth and Rosh Hashana

1928: At Temple Ansche Chesed Rabbi Jacob Kohn said “the frail tabernacle was symbolic of the fact that a people’s security depends not upon physical barriers that hem it in but on the spiritual forces that surround and shelter it.

1928: “The entire movement for the rebuilding of Palestine as the Jewish national homeland is being revolutionized as the result of large economic enterprises that are being launched in Palestine by Jewish private investors, according to a statement made today by Harry Sacher” a member of the Palestine Zionist Executive “the body of three which administers Jewish affairs in Palestine and which acts as the agent of the Jewish people with the British Government Palestine’s mandatory power.”

1929(1st of Tishrei, 5685): Hoshana Rabah

1929: Today, on a section of the battlefield at Verdun President Doumergue help with the opening of the Douamont Cemetery where in 1938, on the 22nd anniversary of the Battle of Verdun, “1,000 Jewish and non-Jewish veterans including General Andre Weller,” attending the “unveiling of a monument at Doumont”, honoring “6,500 French Jews and 2,000 Americans and British Jews of the Foreign Legion who fell in the war” heard “Deputy Caesar Campinchi, speaking on behalf of the French Government” condemning persecution and advising “Jews to remember history, to be patient and not to despair.

1929: In Berlin a special ceremony was held today to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the inauguration of the Rykestrasse Synagogue which had been formed in 1902 and which had used its brand new sanctuary for the first time on Sunday, September 4, 1904

1930: “British Praise Guggenheim” published today describe the reaction in the UK to the death of Daniel Guggenheim where “the history of the Guggenheim family and its millions is retold as a romance and inspiration and Daniel Guggenheim’s generous gifts in the interests of aviation are held to have been of inestimable value in the development of safer flying.”

1930: “Felix M. Warburg, Chairman of the American Advisory Committee made public today a news-letter received from Dr. Judah L. Magnes, Chancellor of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem” which included the announcement of the “Canadian Young Judea” plans to award a scholarship each year “to a student of the Talmud in the Institute of Jewish Studies” who will earn the prize through a competitive exam.

1930: It was reported today the morning newspapers in Chile provided a review of “the outstanding incidents in” Daniel Guggenheim’s “interesting career” while “expressing sorrow at his sudden end.

1930: Time magazine published the following article entitled “Strap Helmets Tigher!”

With her plump, black-eyed brood, Jewess after rich Jewess scuttled out of Germany last week, filling trains de luxe with wails and confusion. Mother-instinct knew the meaning of Jew-Baiter Adolf Hitler's election victory fortnight ago, when his Fascist "Brown Shirts" leaped fearsomely from ninth to second place among German parties (TIME, Sept. 22). To Jew after rich Jew, staying behind to protect their German properties as best they might, occurred a paradoxical but sound idea. Why not contribute to the "Brown Shirt" party fund? Then, in case fiery Herr Hitler should try another coup d'état (like that which he and General von Ludendorü failed to carry through in 1923) surely Jewish contributors would not find Fascist "thunder squads" crashing in their doors. Last week swaggering Hitlerites boasted scornfully of having been offered such "Jew-cash," would not admit to taking it. "No Putsch!" In his Munich bailiwick Herr Hitler roused a jubilant Bavarian crowd to lusty cheers by announcing a "new slogan" for Brown Shirts:


"We propose to strike 'Victory' from our banners and replace it with 'Battle!' “ he continued. "We know not only how to move the masses and rule them, but we can also engage in foil fencing on this ground!" As the mob became frantically moved, however, caution returned to Bavaria's Mussolini. Perhaps he recalled spending a year in jail after his attempted 1923 Putsch. Changing tune, he concluded: "Ours is a revolutionary party but what we propose to capture is the German soul! We do not need to make a Putsch to gain control of the government. That is not necessary! Control will come to us in a legal manner. That, my friends, is what our enemies fear!" With these last words Herr Hitler left Munich next day, so he said, for a "needed rest" in the Bavarian Alps. If the German government feared a Putsch, its leaders hid their emotions well. Both President von Hindenburg and his protégé, Prime Minister Brüning (whose Catholic Centre party gained seven seats in the election) ended the week by going off for a rustic, post-election rest. Most significant of all, Berlin's fiery Communist Ammorgen, an enterprising sheet which has sleuthed out several Hitler moves well in advance, purported last week to "expose his black-hearted scheme to seize the German state!" Actually the expose was tame, consisted of stolen Fascist papers which, if genuine, prove: 1) that the 107 new Fascist deputies will enter the Reichstag and "insidiously refrain" from blatant, obstructionist tactics, biding their time; 2) that Hitler agents will begin a secret campaign to proselytize the army and state police for Fascism; 3) finally, after much boring from within the German government by legal means, a sure thing Fascist Putsch will be attempted. Scoffing at the idea of a precipitant Putsch, the well-informed Berliner-Tageblatt said: "The resources of the civil power completely suffice to frustrate such intentions if they should be undertaken." . Because one of Fascist Hitler's most popular platform points is complete repudiation of all reparations payments, German reparation's bonds sold off last week on all exchanges, declining in London to a figure representing an 11% discount. In Wall Street a recession of some five points in common stocks was charged off by fiscal writers to a whisper among the knowing that "there's revolution in Germany right now, but the censor's sitting on the lid." All the big Berlin banks parried long distance calls from U. S., British and French clients, repeated ad nauseam the belief of their officers that a coalition of Centre" Parties will continue for some time to rule Germany, shutting out the extremists on left and right. Said famed Dr. Otto Braun, boss-politician of Prussia and Prime Minister of that state: "Despite the election results, I do not for a moment perceive a menace to the Republican constitution, the public safety or the foreign policy. It is absolutely out of the question that the radical parties that emerged victors at the polls should be given a chance to try out their recipes for government." Assuming that Germany finally goes Fascist, legally or illegally, next week or ten years hence, what do German Jews face from Adolf Hitler, who was born an Austrian, served during the War as an officer in the German army, is not even today a German citizen? The chief Fascist newsorgan, Volkische Beobachter of Munich is explicit: 1) all Jews who have entered Germany since Aug. 2, 1914 would be expelled; 2) the term "Jew" would mean anyone whose ancestors practiced the Mosaic faith after March 11, 1852; 3) Jews would be banned from service in the German army or navy, would pay a special tax by reason of this "exemption"; 4) Jews would not be admitted to schools of higher learning, either as teachers or instructors; 5) sales of land to Jews would be void; 6) Jewish-owned newsorgans would be compelled to state that fact in their front-page headline, printing under it the symbolic Mogen Dovid (Star of David).

1931(18th of Tishrei, 5692): Fourth Day of Sukkoth

1931: Today, Governor Roosevelt named Jesse Isidor Straus, the president of R.H. Macy and Company to serve as chairman of the “Temporary Emergency Relief Administration which is to administer the twenty million dollar unemployment fund voted by the legislature.”

1932: In Berlin, “Frederick A. Weiss, a physician, neurologist, and psychoanalyst, who was forced out of Germany by the Nazis” and his non-Jewish wife Getrude Loesner gave birth to Rainer “Rai” Weiss, the winner of the 2017 Nobel Prize for Physics.

1933(9th of Tishrei, 5694): Erev Yom Kippur

1933: Hitler approves the decree forbidding German Jews from the occupation of farming.

1933: Funeral services were today in Detroit for Dr. Samuel Kahn, the physician who “was one of the founders of the Maimonides Medical Society of Detroit.

1934: Birthdate of Stuart Melvin Kaminsky, “a film scholar-turned-detective novelist who was widely known for his prodigious output, complex characters, and rich evocations of time and place, including Hollywood in its Golden Age.”

1934; “Merrily We Roll Along” written by Moss hart and George S. Kaufman who also served as director opened its Broadway run at the Music Box Theatre where it lasted for 155 performances.

1935(2nd of Tishrei, 5696): Second Day of Rosh Hashanah

1935: Birthdate of Berlin native and Yeshiva University and Princeton education mathematician Hillel (Harry) Furstenberg, the winner of the Abel, Israel, Harvey and Wolf prizes.

1936: In Buenos Aires, Lucio Davidovich and the former Clara Jacif gave birth to “Jaime Davidovich, an Argentine-born conceptual artist who brought the downtown New York art scene to television viewers in the early 1980s on his cable-access program “The Live! Show.” (As reported by William Grimes)

1936: In Rochester, NY, David Goldman received word this evening that his father Hyman Goldman, who made a fortune in real estate in Rochester and then made Aliyah in 1926, has passed away at his home in Tel Aviv at the age of 71.  Born in Russia, Goldman and his wife came to the United States in 1886.  After successfully operating a grocery store, Mr. Goldman went into the real estate business in 1902. 

1937: Hitler showed off his Army, Navy and Air Force to Mussolini. Mussolini returned to Italy sure that his alliance with Hitler was the right thing despite the anti-Jewish policies that were part of the Nazi regime.

1937: Premier of “The Dybbuk” the film version S. Ansky’s play of the same name directed by Michal Waszynski.

1937: The Palestine Post reported extensively on the murder by Arab terrorists of Lewis Yelland Andrews, the much-decorated and highly respected British official, serving as the district commissioner for Galilee. Andrews, who for years took care of the agricultural development of Palestine, was shot dead together with his police escort, Constable Peter Robertson, by four masked Arabs, while they both approached the Anglican Church in Nazareth.

1938: The crisis over the Sudentland “was suddenly averted today when British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain “announced that he had received an invitation from Benito Mussolini for a four-power conference to be held on tomorrow in Munich to settle the crisis

1938: The Sudetenland was about to fall. Bowing to German pressure, France and Britain agreed to the annexation of this part of Czechoslovakia to Hitler as part of the infamous Munich Agreement. Slovakia feigned independence but became a satellite of Germany.  This was one more the events that led up to World War II and one more act of cowardice on the part of the western democracies that emboldened Hitler to follow his bloody path.

1939: “The Straw Hat Revue,” a short lived Broadway show created by Danny Kaye and his wife Sylvia fine opened today.

1939: In Manhattan, Lillian (Block) Kaplan and Dr. William Kaplan, “a founder of what is now North Shore University Hospital on Long Island” gave birth to photographer Peter B. Kaplan who married Sharon Rosenbush after his divorce from Harriet Avramescu. (As reported by Sam Roberts)

1939: Today, “two days after his arrival at Ostrog, Moses Schorr was arrested by the NKVD who would keep him in prison for a week before transferring to another prison at Lutsk

1940: It was announced today that “the first anniversary of the fall of War will be observed on Septmeber 30 with a mass meeting at Town Hall, “under the auspices of the American Federation of Polish Jews.”

1940: In Providence, RI, a meeting of Rhode Island Jewry “voiced its admiration of the sacrifice and valor of the 500,000 Jews in Palestine and promised the mobilization of resources through the United Palestine Appeal to create greater opportunities for the settlement of refugees.”

1941 (8th of Tishrei, 5702):  The two day massacre of the Jews began at Babi Yar.  Over 30,000 Jews gathered in Kiev, still believing that they were being resettled. They were brought to the ravine at Babi Yar, where they are ruthlessly shot down by machine gun. By the hundreds, men, women and children fall into the ravine, as they were riddled with bullets. In a strange twist of fate one woman, gave birth in the middle of the slaughter.

1941: Three weeks after the start of the siege of Leningrad, “in which Jews “constituted 6 percent of the city’s population” and “made up one-third of all writers, journalists, and editors, and even higher proportions of the city’s lawyers, physicians, and dentists” a directive was issued which made it clear that the end goal of the operation was the total destruction of the city

1941: The Jewish owned newspaper in Tunis ceased operation at the order of the government.

1941: Josef Taussig’s elder brother, “František (Franta) Taussig  editor of the Communist newspaper ‘Pravo’ in Brno and a member of the first illegal central committee, was executed by the Gestapo today in a Prague prison…”

1942(18th of Tishrei, 5703): Fourth Day of Sukkoth

1942(18th of Tishrei, 5703): Fifty-five year old chemist Morris Pozen, the native of Elizabethgrad and graduate of George Washington University (BS and Ph.D.) where he served as professor in the college of pharmacy while developing a specialty in fields of brewing and food-chemistry which to his becoming the technical editor of Modern Brewery Age and the author of Successful Brewing passed away today.

1942(18th of Tishrei, 5703): Seventy-eight-year-old Isaak Rothschild, the German born son of Perez Rothschild and Jettchen Rothschild the husband of Malchen Amalie Rothschild was murdered at Treblinka today.

1942 (18th of Tishrei, 5703): The Nazis killed 685 French Jews killed at Berkinau.  They were the first of 4,000 who would die that week.

1942 (18th of Tishrei, 5703): 500 of nearly 800 Jews who attempt to escape Serniki, Poland, are killed by the Germans. Of 279 who reach nearby forests, 102 will perish before the end of the war.

1942: Birthdate of Madeline Kahn. Born Madeline Gail Wolfson in Boston Mass the actress gained fame in such films as Young Frankenstein and High Anxiety.  She passed away in 1999.

1942: Leo Perper, head of the Roger Kent Shops is scheduled to be interviewed at 10:45 this evening on WQXR where he “will answer questions regarding the woolen situation, clothing design in wartime, clothing prices, fashions and fabrics.”

1943(29th of Elul, 5703): Fifty-seven-year-old Pinsk native Isidore Theodore Feingold, the husband of Sonia Feingold and father of Eugene and Henretta Feingold who in 1902 came to the United States where he attended the University of Chicago and served as a director of the Hebrew Theological Seminary passed away today.

1943 (29th of Elul, 5703): More than 320 Jews and Soviet POWs on work detail at the Babi Yar, Ukraine, mass-murder site attempted a mass escape. Nearly all are shot down almost immediately, but about 14 find hiding places.

1943: Jacob Henrica Kahn, the owner of the Lissa & Kahn Bank which had been closed when the Nazi occupied the Netherlands, and his wife “transferred to Westerbork” the next leg of a journey that would end at Theresiendstadt.

1943 (29th of Elul, 5703): On the day before Rosh Hashanah, Rabbi Marcus Mechior of Copenhagen announced that services for the New Year would not be held. Thus began one of the heroic stories of the Holocaust. During the next few weeks almost all of the 7000 Danish Jews were to be hidden and smuggled to Sweden. After the war the Danish Government restored all Jewish property to their original owners. George Duckwitz, a German who had been living in Copenhagen since 1928 and who had become a member of the German government in occupied Denmark, warned Danish leaders about plans for the roundup of the Jew.  In turn, they warned the leaders of the Jewish community.  Whatever else one may say about Duckwitz he risked his life to save the lives of the Danish Jewish community.

1944(12th of Tishrei, 5705): Another 1,000 Jews sent from Birkenau to Theresienstadt were gassed.

1944(12th of Tishrei, 5706): After having been “incarcerated in the Westerbork transit camp” in 1942, composer, songwriter and performer Willy Rosen was murdered today at Auschwitz.

1944: Fifteen hundred prisoners were deported from the Theresienstadt ghetto in Czechoslovakia to Auschwitz. Upon arrival 750 are gassed.

1944: Jews gather in liberated Kiev, Ukraine, to commemorate the third anniversary of the Nazi massacre of Jews at Babi Yar, Ukraine.

1944: Today, “during a general identification check, a German Army patrol was informed about the Ehrenfeld Group’s cellar warehouse” following which “the patrol searched the basement rooms and confiscated weapons” but did not capture anti- Nazi resistance leader Hans Steinbrück who was able to escape along with a “Russian forced laborer” he was hiding.

1944: Jewish commercial and residential sections of Jerusalem are under day and night curfew following the fatal shooting of Assistant Police Superintendent T. J. Wilkin who was killed as he was walking to his office at police headquarters” in Jerusalem.  The curfew included the closure of all synagogues; a fact that could cause undue hardship since Sukkoth i will begin on the evening of October 1st.

1945(22nd of Tishrei, 5706): Shemini Atzeret

1945: “A plea for opening the gates of Palestine for a substantial increase in Jewish immigration, thus providing hope for the remnants of European Jewry, was made to President Truman today by Joseph Proskauer, president, and Jacob M Glaustein, chairman of the Executive Committee of the American Jewish Committee.”

1946: Birthdate of Brooklyn native and iconoclastic poet Steve Dalachinsky.

1947(15th of Tishrei, 5708): Sukkoth

1947: Two ships – the Northalnds carrying 2,045 Jewish refugees and the Paducah carrying 1,551 Jewish refugees - “sailed through the Dardanelles from the Black Sea port of Bourgas tonight” on their way to Palestine.  Jewish leaders hope the two ships will be able to avoid the ever tightening British blockade and that the 3,596 refugees can be landed safely in Eretz Israel.

1948: The suggestion made by Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, United Nations Acting Mediator for Palestine, in a report to the Security Council, that Israeli authorities in Jerusalem had been lax in taking security precautions for the protection of Count Folke Bernadotte was vigorously repudiated today by the Military Governor of the Israeli-held areas of Jerusalem, Dr. Bernard Joseph.

1949: “A delegation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations that visited Palestine recently recommended today further substantial loans by the United States to the Republic of Israel.”

1950: While the team of Israeli athletes had the highest total of points in the competition to claim the Weizmann Cup, athletes from other countries scored individual victories at the Maccabiah.  Stanley Lampert (shot-put) and Ira Kaplan (100-meter dash) scored victories that set new all time Maccabiah records in their respective sports.

1950: “The Israeli Cabinet announced tonight economic and financial reforms relaxing Government controls on business and making other concessions to free enterprise. The reforms do not alter fundamentally the Government’s Socialist policyb ut indicate a trend toward liberalization of the state’s planned economy.

1950: The Israeli Cabinet announced plans to raise funds from foreign sources that will aid in the absorption of immigrants over the next three years.  The government plans to aggressively seek out loans and foreign investments for this purpose and asking the Knesset to pass legislation that will make this financial activity a reality.

1952(10th of Tishrei, 5713): Yom Kippur

1953(20th of Tishrei, 5714): Seventy-three year old Ida B. Raphaiel, passed away today after which she was buried in the Jewish Cemetery at Natchitoches, LA.

1955: “A View from the Bridge.”  “a play by American playwright Arthur Miller, was first staged today as a one-act verse drama with A Memory of Two Mondays at the Coronet Theatre on Broadway.”

1955: In Manhattan Alice Gross Newhouse and Norman House the editor of Long Island Press and the New Orleans Times-Picayune gave birth to David Anthony Newhouse,” who as the editor guided The Patriot-News in Harrisburg, Pa., to a Pulitzer Prize for breaking the story that led to the conviction of the Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky for sexually abusing young boys, and to the firing of Joe Paterno, the school’s revered head football coach.” (As reported by Richard Sandomir)

1957(4th of Tishrei, 5718): Tzom Gedaliah observed

1957(4th of Tishrei, 5718): Sixty-eight-year old  Warsaw born Polish diplomat and author Anatol Mühlstein, the husband of Diane de Rothschild and son-in-law of “French banker Robert de Rothschild” who served as Minister Plenipotentiary for the Polish embassy in Paris from 1930 to 1936 and who fled to the United States after the Nazi invasion of France passed away today in Paris.

1958(14th of Tishrei, 5719): Erev of Sukkot

1958(14th of Tishrei, 5719): Seventy-eight year old Louis Clinton Mosher, who earned the Congressional Medal of Honor while serving as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Army during the Philippine Insurrection passed away.

1959(26th of Elul, 5719): Forty nine year old NYU graduate Harold Huber whose acting career began with an appearance on Broadway in “A Farewell to Arms” and continued with a long movie career that included appearances in several “Mr. Motto” films passed away today during surgergy.

1959: CBS broadcast the first episode of “The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis” a sitcom based on the character created by Max Shulman who had started writing about the mythical adolescent in 1945 that included theme music composed by Lionel Newman. (As an avid reader of Max Shulman, I was so disappointed by the tepid television creation.)

1960: “Surprise Package” a comedy based on a novel by Art Buchwald, directed and co-produced by Stanley Donen with a screenplay by Harry Kurnitz and music by Benjamin Frankel was released in the United States today.

1960: Mayor Wagner's office said today that all Jewish policemen who wanted to observe Yom Kippur apparently would have "a very, very good chance" of getting off duty under a new work schedule and through exchanges with non-Jewish officers.

1961: The New York Times publishes music critic Robert Sheldon's review of a performance from little known singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, which will lead to Dylan's discovery by Columbia Records representative John Hammond.

1962(1st of Tishrei, 5723):  Rosh Hashanah

1962(1st of Tishrei, 5723): Seventy-four year old Frankfurt, Germany native Dr. Alfred Plaut, the former pathologist and “director of laboratories at Beth Israel” and staff member of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology who was married to “the former Margaret Blumenthal” with who he had two sons passed away tonight.

1963: “Tom Jones” a film version of the 18th century novel produced by Oscar Lowenstein and Michael Balcon and featuring David Warner was released in the United Kingdom today.

1964(23rd of Tishrei, 5725): Jews celebrate Simchat Torah for the first time during the Presidency of Lyndon Johnson.

1964: Emory E. Klineman, the chairman of Majestic, “one of the nation’s leading largest makers of women’s sportswear” and the chairman of Genesco today announced the terms for the proposed acquisition of Majestic by Genesco.

1965: A terrorist was killed “as he attempted to attack Moshav Amatzia.

1966(15th of Tishrei, 5727): Sukkoth

1966: “The Chinese Jews, a Reprint” published today described plans by the Paragon Book Gallery and the University of Toronto to reprint on October 30, The Chinese Jews: A Compilation of Matters Relating to the Jews of K’aifeng Fu” by Anglican Bishop Charles White which was first published in 1942 and that will contain an essay by Cecil Roth “on the Hebrew scroll of Esther from China.”

1966(15th of Tishrei, 5727): Sukkoth

1966(15th of Tishrei, 5727): Eighty-one-year old University of Pennsylvania graduate and long time president of Gimbel’s department store Bernard Feustman Gimbel, the son of Rachel Feustman and Isaac Gimbel and the husband of Ava Bernheimer with whom had five children – Bruce, Peter, Daid, Hope and Caral – and the grandson of Adam Gimbel, the founder of Gimbel’s passed away today.

1967(24th of Elul, 5727): Sixty-seven year old Austrian-American Ludwig Donath who began his film career in a 1921 film about Theodor Herzl and continued to perform  until the year of his death when he appeared in “Too Many Thieves” passed away today.

1967: Birthdate of London native David Hirsh, the holder of PhD from the University of Warwick, lecturer at Goldsmiths College, University London and recipient of the Philip Abrams Prize who founded Engage, as part his campaign “against the academic boycott of Israel.”

1967: “Education: Builder in a Hurry” published today described the reaction to Abram Sachar’s decision to retire as president of Brandeis University which he has for 20 years.,33009,899857,00.html

1969: Third broadcast of “My World and Welcome to It” created by Melville Shavelson and co-starring Harold J. Stone.

1968: At Prospect Park, Brooklyn, funeral services are scheduled to be held at 11 A.M. for 48 year old Dr. Ruth Silbowitz Achs, the Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Hunter College and graduate of Long Island Medical College who in 1966 along with Dr. Rita G. Harper reported that handprints taken of newborn babies aided in diagnosing birth defect often overlooked in routine physical examination and who is survived by “a son Robert; a daughter, Mrs. Nomi Foner; her mother, Mrs. Yetta Silbowtiz and two sisters, Mrs. Eva Cohen and Mrs. Freda S. Hertz.”

1970(28th of Elul, 5730): Seventy-seven year old critic and author Gilbert Seldes passed away today.

1971(10th of Tishrei, 5732): As the United States struggles with the first ever peacetime wage freeze, Jews observe Yom Kippur.

1972(21st of Tishrei, 5733): Hoshanah Rabah

1972: Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson (Dem. Washington) presented an amendment to the United States that would link access to “trade benefits” for Communist countries to emigration practices that would allow Jews to the Soviet Union.

1972: Three people were injured today when terrorists bombed a supermarket in Jerusalem.

1973(3rd of Tishrei, 5734): Shabbat Shuvah

1973: After 798 performances the curtain came down on the original Broadway production of Neil Simon’s comedy “The Prisoner of Second Avenue.”

1973: Amy Aronoff, daughter of Gene and Sheila Aronoff, is called to the Torah as a Bat Mitzvah at Congregation Beth-El in St. Johnsbury, Vermont.  She was the congregations first Bat Mitzvah.

1974: “About 800 Soviet Jews were forcibly prevented by the authorities from reciting Kaddish and other prayers at Babi Yar to mark the 33rd anniversary of Nazi massacre of Jews.”

1975: A week-long demonstration of solidarity with Jews in the Soviet Union sponsored by French Jewry came to an end.

1975: The Chairman of the Hungarian Solidary Committee handed over the PLO office in Budapest to Abdul Jayab.

1976: Syria drove Palestinian guerrillas out of Lebanon.

1977(17th of Tishrei, 5738): Third Day of Sukkoth

1977(17th of Tishrei, 5738): Eighty-three year old Zionist leader Meyer Wolf Weisgal, the native of the Pale of Settlement and Columbia University graduate whose career as “journalist, author and fundraiser” included serving as President of the Weizmann Institute of Science and founding Preside of Beit Hatfutsot – the Jewish Diaspora Museum – passed away today.

1977: The new civilian settlement of Tekoa was established just east of Bethlehem. It was named a after a biblical town believed to have been located nearby.  Yes, this is the Tekoa that was home to the prophet Amos.

1978: Birthdate of Rebecca Goldstein

1979(8th of Tishrei, 5740): Shabbat Shuva

1981(1st of Tishrei, 5742): For the first time American Jews observe Rosh Hashanah in the era of “trickle down” economics.

1981(1st of Tishrei, 5742): Seventy-six-year old Yeshiva University professor Abraham B. Hurwitz, the Vilnius born son of Sarah and Benjamin Hurwitz  and the holder of bachelor’s from CCNY, an MA from Columbia and Ph.D. from NYU who as the city recreation director under Mayor La Guardia “entertained more than a million people as New York City’s official magician” and who raised to daughters with “his wife, the former Ann Ritz of Hallandale passed away today.

1982: The Begin government gives into popular pressure and creates a board of inquiry headed by Supreme Court Justice Yitzhak Kahan to investigate what happened at Sabra and Chatila.

1983: Director and Choreographer Michael Bennett and 330 “A Chorus Line” veterans came together to produce a show to celebrate the Marvin Hamlisch musical becoming the longest-running show in Broadway history.”

1984(3rd of Tishrei, 5745): Shabbat Shuva

1985(14th of Tishrei, 5746): Erev Sukkoth

1985: Two bombs exploded in the Israeli port city of Haifa today, one of them wounding five people, a police spokesman said. One bomb exploded in an open-air vegetable market that was crowded with shoppers on the eve of Succoth, a harvest festival that begins this evening. Five people were wounded, none of them seriously, the police said. The police said the bomb had been planted under a vegetable stand. While the police were conducting investigations in the market, another bomb went off a few hundred yards away, the police spokesman said. The second bomb was hidden under a bush in a public park. It caused no casualties or damage. The police spokesman said about 130 people, most of them Arabs, were detained for interrogation.

1987: ABC broadcast the first episode of the sitcom “Thritysomething” created by Edward Zwick and Marshall Herskovitz.

1988: An international arbitration panel ruled that Israel must turn Taba “a resort built by Israel’ in the Sinai Peninsula near Eilat” over to the Egyptians. 

1989(29th of Elul, 5749): Erev Rosh Hashanah

1989(29th of Elul, 5749): Bratslav Chassidim gather at the tomb of Rabbi Nachman of Bratslav for the first time since the Russian Revolution.

1990(10th of Tishrei, 5751): Yom Kipper

1991: “Beauty and the Best” an animated film starring “the voice of Robby Benson” premiered today at the New York Film Festival.

1993(14th of Tishrei, 5754): Erev Sukkoth

1993: Two weeks after premiering at the Toronto Film Festival, “A Bronx Tale” produced by Jane Rosenthal was released in the United States by Savoy Pictures.

1993 In Scotland, “Les Misérables” a musical version of the 19th century novel with music by  Claude-Michel Schönberg, original French-language lyrics by Alain Boublil and English-language lyrics by Herbert Kretzmer.  opened today at the Edinburgh Playhouse

1994: Alfred H. Moses was appointed by President Clinton to serve as U.S. Ambassador to Romania.

1995: Peggy Charren received a Presidential Medal of Freedom in honor of her three decades of campaigning to improve the level of television programming targeted at America’s children.1997(27th of Elul, 5757): Roy Lichtenstein passes away. In the spacious halls of the Tel Aviv Art Museum back in the entrance hall is Roy Lichtenstein's "Tel Aviv Museum Mural," which the artist created for the museum in 1989. With its vivid colors and bold style, the two-part mural is spread across the upper wall of the entrance hall.

1998: The first episode of “Felicity,” “a prime time television drama series created by J.J. Abrams was broadcast today.

1999(19th of Tishrei, 5760): Sukkoth Chol Hamoed

1999(19th of Tishrei, 5760): Fifty-seven year old Yevhen Lapinsky who played for the Soviet volleyball teams in the 1968 and 1972 Summer Olympics passed away today.

2000(29th of Elul, 5760): Erev Rosh Hashanah

2000: As violence worsens Israeli police face off against Palestinian rioters.

2000: “Remember the Titans,” a must see movie directed by Boaz Hakin, co-produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and music by Trevor Rabin was released today in the United States.

2001(12th of Tishrei, 5762): Parashat Ha’Azinu

2001: Israeli soldiers responded with force as Palestinians demonstrated “on the first anniversary of the renewed intifada by throwing stones “and at times shooting. (As reported by Ian Fisher)

2002(23rd of Tishrei, 5763): Simchat Torah

2002: The Theatre Garden presents an educational play entitled “Lady of Copper.”  The Lady is the Statue of Liberty and features appearances by Emma Lazarus, author of the famous poem inscribed on the statue's base (''Give me your tired, your poor''), and the newspaper magnate Joseph Pulitzer, who helped raise the money for Liberty's pedestal.

2002: The New York Times included reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or about topics of Jewish interest including Militant Islam Reaches America by Daniel Pipes and a biography of a British born Jewish scientist entitled Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA by Brenda Maddox.

2003(3rd of Tishrei, 5764):Tzom Gedaliah

2003: “The $11 Billion Man Hedge fund guru Bruce Kovner earns giant returns, but doesn't talk--most of the time” published today described the business practices of Bruce Kovner, “one of the biggest cats on Wall Street” appeared in Fortune Magazine

2004: Jonathan Sarna’s American Judaism captured the National Jewish Book Award's Book of the Year. Other winners include Frédéric Brenner's photographic account, Diaspora: Homelands in Exile, Daniel Matt’s Zohar translation, and Steve Oney’'s chronicle of the Leo Frank lynching.

2005: “O'Brien traces history of Yiddish theater” described a lecture by Caraid O’Brien at the University of Rochester

2005:  A month after Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast, Jewish communities in Louisiana and Mississippi struggle to re-build.  At the same time, Jewish organizations raised large amounts of money for hurricane relief distributed to Jews and non-Jews alike.  New Orleans’ Temple Sinai fared better than many institutions and is up and running.  However, the major Reform Temple will not be holding High Holiday Services because so many of its members have lost their homes.  The nearby Chabad House at Tulane University also appeared to have escaped relatively unscathed.  The Chabad in suburban Metairie did not fare as well but will be holding High Holiday services.  Other Temples and Synagogues in the area suffered water and wind damage.  Some lost their roofs and many are now suffering the effects of mold and other forms of rot.  “The Union for Reform Judaism, whose Disaster Relief Fund has raised close to $2.5 million dollars, has now made $765,000 in grants to disaster relief agencies, Jewish agencies and Reform synagogues. The OU and Yeshiva University have raised between $420,000 and $430,000 for hurricane relief. Chabad has raised one million dollars. The United Jewish Communities, along with the Jewish federations of North America, has raised more than $16 million for disaster relief efforts. Henry S. Jacobs, in Utica, Mississippi, has opened its doors to refugees and rescue workers. Finally, the Israelis have also sent teams of rescue workers to help with rescues and relief efforts.

2005:  In Philadelphia, PA., the National Museum of American Jewish History received Rabbi Peter Schweitzer’s Judaica Collection.  The collection includes 10,000 items collected over the last 25 years.

2005: “After spending 85 days in jail, Judith Miller was released following a telephone call with Scooter Libby

2005: As Palestinian violence increased following the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza, Israel closed all Hamas charities on the West Bank and began firing artillery at targets in Gaza.

2006: The IAF struck a building that served as cover for a weapons warehouse, shortly before a full closure of the border with Gaza was to go into effect and continue until after Yom Kippur. 

2007: Birthday celebration of Denise Novick, premier kosher caterer for the Cedar Rapids/Iowa City Corridor.

2007(17th of Tishrei, 5768): Shabbat Chol Hamoed Sukkoth

2007: In an interview about what it is like to be a new rabbi filling the shoes of long-serving predecessor, Rabbi Aaron Sherman reported that his first goal “was to learn what was going on in the community.  I didn’t want to change things too quickly.”  He also said that the transition was eased by the fact that the congregation had been looking for a year prior to hiring him.

2008: Time magazine included reviews of Hurry Down Sunshine by Michael Greenberg and Indignation by Phillip Roth.

2008: Yefim Bronfaman performed Piano Concerto No. 3 in D minor by Sergei Rachmaninoff with the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra.

2008(29th of Elul, 5768): Ninety-six year oldElinor Guggenheimer, who was already a grandmother when she began advocating for children, women and the elderly, and went on to be a national spokeswoman for their concerns as well as hold prominent positions in New York City government passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2008(29th Elul, 5768): The Shofar is not sounded is not sounded on the last day of Elul

2009: In New Orleans, the monthly meeting of the executive board of the National Council of Jewish Women.

2009: “The most extensive exhibition ever” of the works of Gustav Metzger to be shown in the UK opened at the Serpentine Gallery in London.

2009: “Closer to the Sun,” a group exhibit at Beit Shmuel exhibiting works of six Israeli artists from Kazakhstan comes to an end.

2009: Peter Manseau discusses his most recent book, "Rag and Bone: A Journey Among the World's Holy Dead," at the D.C. Jewish Community Center. This event is a benefit for the upcoming Hyman S. & Freda Bernstein Jewish Literary Festival which will be held in from October 18 through October 28.

2009: Today, the day after Yom Kippur 5770 Israel marked the 36th anniversary of the Yom Kippur War, one of the most costly and traumatic conflicts in the country's history. At a state ceremony at Israel's national cemetery on Mount Herzl, Deputy Defense Minister Matan Vilnai (Labor) spoke of the bravery of the Israel Defense Forces soldiers who repelled the assault. "Whoever fought in the tough battles in the [Suez] Canal and the Golan Heights is well aware that it was not the wisdom of leaders but the heroism of warriors in the battlefields that saved the State of Israel," he said. A coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria launched the war in a surprise attack on the Jewish holiday in 1973. More than 2,600 Israelis were killed in the hostilities, which had far-reaching effects on Israel and the entire Middle East. Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin also attended the ceremony, during which a cantor recited the Hebrew prayer of mourning El Malei Rachamim. Vilnai added: "The Yom Kippur War is going further and further away... [but] the impression the war left on the state and on the army's preparedness is very deep."

2010: The Museum of Modern Art is scheduled to open a show styled New Photography 2010 that will feature the work of four artists including Tel Aviv native Elad Lassry

2010(21st of Tishrei, 5771): Hoshana Rabah

2010(21st of Tishrei, 5771): Eighty-six year old Nobel Prize winning physicist Georges Charpak passed away today. (As reported by Douglas Martin)

2010: As of today, Ryan Kalish, “was tied for second among American League rookies with 15 RBIs in September.

2010: The 17th Annual Storytelling Festival which was being held at the Givatayim Theatre came to an end today.

2010(21st of Tishrei, 5771): Tony Curtis, a classically handsome movie star who earned an Oscar nomination as an escaped convict in Stanley Kramer’s 1958 movie “The Defiant Ones,” but whose public preferred him in comic roles in films like “Some Like It Hot” (1959) and “The Great Race” (1965), passed away today at the age of 85. He had certainly had come a long way from his native Bronx where he was born Bernie Schwartz, the son of Hungarian-Jewish immigrants.

2010(21st of Tishrei, 5771): Ninety year old Sherman J. Maisel  a former Federal Reserve governor and economist who played a key role in formulating policy on  lending practices for purchasing homes, passed away today. (As reported by Sewell Chan)

2010: “In A Computer Worm, A Possible Biblical Code” published today contends that “Deep inside the computer worm that some specialists suspect is aimed at slowing Iran’s race for a nuclear weapon lies what could be a fleeting reference to the Book of Esther, the Old Testament tale in which the Jews pre-empt a Persian plot to destroy them. That use of the word “Myrtus” — which can be read as an allusion to Esther — to name a file inside the code is one of several murky clues that have emerged as computer experts try to trace the origin and purpose of the rogue Stuxnet program, which seeks out a specific kind of command module for industrial equipment.”

2011: “Give Aloha,” a major fund raising activity for the Jewish Congregation of Maui is scheduled to come to an end.

2011: On the secular calendar, today marks the 70th anniversary of the start of the two day slaughter at Babi Yar which began on September 29, 1941.

2011(1st of Tishrei, 5772): First Day of Rosh Hashanah

שנה טובה, כתיבה וחתימה טובה.

2012: Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center is scheduled to offer free admission as part of Museum Day, a national event designed to emulate the policy of the Smithsonian Institute that offers free admission every day.

2012: A Palestinian who was shot by IDF troops when he approached the border fence after having been warned to move away, reportedly died today.  After the murderous attack on IDF troops at the border with Egypt, soldier would be assumed to be on heightened alert.

2012: Eighty-six year old Arthr Ochs “Punch” Sulzberger, the man whose tenure as publisher transformed the New York Times, passed away today. (As reported by Clyde Haberman)

2013: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including  A Guide For The Perplexed by Dora Horn, Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America’s Public Schools by Diane Ravitch, Half The Kingdom by Lore Segal and The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger and a Forgotten Genocide by Gary J. Bass (A book that combines the name of Jewish Secretary of State who fled Germany ahead of the Holocuast with the term “genocide” certainly should get one’s attention)

2013: “Broadcast From The Blitz: How Edward R. Murrow Led America In War” is scheduled to open at Illinois Holocaust Museum & Education Center.

2013: The Illinois Holocaust Museum, in cooperation with Chicago Connect, is scheduled to offer a program of readings and music for Chicago’s Russian Jewish community in observance of the 70th anniversary of the liquidation of Ghetto Minsk.

2013: The UK Jewish Film is scheduled to launch a new partnership with JWE

2013: “JW3, also known as the Jewish Community Centre London, an arts, culture and entertainment venue, an educational facility and a social and community hub in north London located at 341–351 Finchley Road, London NW3 6ET opened today.”

2013: In a moment that must fill the hearts of Jewish Tulane alumnae with pride the Tulane University Jewish Studies Department is scheduled to dedicate the Jewish Studies House at 7031 Freret Street. The Conference Room will be dedicated in honor of Professor Joseph Cohen, founding director of Jewish Studies at Tulane in which Dr. Brian Horowitz also played such a key role.

2013: The exhibition at MOBIA, “As Subject and Object: Contemporary Book Artists Explore Sacred Hebrew Texts,” is scheduled to come to an end today.

2013: The 17th annual Jewish Film Festival comes to an end in Dallas, TX

2013: “Former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert took the stand for the first time as a witness for the defense in the so-called Holyland case today, telling the court that he saw the residential complex as important to the capital’s development and never took a bribe to push it through.” (As reported by Gavriel Fiske)

2014: The Center for Jewish History is scheduled to host The Lost Shul Mural: Reclaiming, Restoring and Preserving a Treasure from the Past, a discussion by a panel of experts about “the rediscovered lost mural of the former Chai Adam Synagogue in Burlington, VT which reveals a painted window onto a fascinating vanished past linking art, history and religion.”

2014: At Rutgers University a symposium “Sara Levy's World: Music, Gender, and Judaism in Enlightenment Berlin” is scheduled to begin today.

2014: The New York Film Festival is scheduled to show “The Last Metro” in which Catherine Deneuve gives one of her greatest performances as the wife of a Jewish theater director in Nazi-occupied Paris in François Truffaut’s classic wartime melodrama.”

2014: “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's speech at the United Nations General Assembly today garnered mixed responses from US officials, Palestinian legislators and from Knesset members across the political spectrum, with right-wing MKs lauding Netanyahu for exposing what they called "Abbas's true face," while those on the left side of the map termed the speech "an official seal of Netanyahu's failure". (As reported by Moran Azulay, Yitzhak Benhorin and Elior Levy)

2014: Rabbi Meir Rosenthal was sentenced today by the Jerusalem District Court to seven years in prison and a $135,000 fine for handing out more than 1,000 fake ordinations to soldiers, police officers and intelligence officials from 1993 to 2008 while his accomplice, Rabbi Yitzchak Ochana ther personal assistant to Sephardic Chief Rabbi was sentenced to a ten month prison term. (As reported by JTA)

2014: Police said today that a 24 year old teacher of Islam at high in Kafr Kanna “was arrested on suspicion of ‘being associated’ with the Islamic State.”

2014: In Portland, OR, the Oregon Historical Society and the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education are scheduled to host a brown bag lecture “Preaching Politics in the Progressive Era: Rabbi Stephen S. Wise in Portland, Oregon, 1900-1906.”

2015: Word has been received that America’s favorite kosher couple will be returning next month in Faye Kellerman’s latest work, The Theory of Death.

2015: An exhibition co-sponsored by the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education featuring “art from the Sala Kryszek Art & Writing Competition” and “a travelling exhibit from Hiroshima, Japan’s Ground Zero Museum” is scheduled to come to an end.

2015: Hard Love by Israeli playwright Motti Lerner is scheduled to open tonight at the Actors Company Theatre (TACT)

2015: “Batsheva – The Young Ensemble” is scheduled to open at the Joyce Theatre.

2015: The Shai Maestro Trio is scheduled to perform at the Jazz Standard in NYC

2015: Two missiles were fired at Ashdod this evening one of which was “intercepted by an Iron Dome missile over nearby Ashkelon.”

2015(16th of Tishrei, 5776): Second Day of Sukkoth

2015: It was reported today that Ralph Lauren “is stepping down from his post as chief executive of the company that put horses on everybody’s shirts.

2016: Adam Montefiore is scheduled to discuss Israel’s modern wine industry at an Israeli Wine Symposium and Tasting sponsored by the Skirball Center.

2016: In Cedar Rapids, the funeral of Alan Goldstein, the son of Gary Goldstein and Kathe Goldstein of blessed memory and the brother of Chava Rosenbaum is scheduled to take place at Eben Ezra Cemetery.

2016: In Memphis, TN, Temple Israel is scheduled to begin hosting The Art of the Yad and the Surviving Remnants – Photography by Elizabeth Collings of Damaged Crimean Torah Scrolls exhibits.”

2016: The Center for Jewish History, American Sephardi Federation, and YIVO are scheduled to host a lecture entitled “Jewish Salonica: Between the Ottoman Empire and Modern Greece” presented by Devin E. Naar the author of Jewish Salonica: Between the Ottoman Empire and Modern Greece.

2016: The body of Shimon Perez is scheduled to “lie in state at the Knesset” starting this morning prior to his funeral tomorrow in accord with his wishes.

2017: For the first time since WW II, “The Danish military deployed troops in Copenhagen so they could guard the city’s synagogue and the Israeli embassy, hours ahead of the start of Yom Kippur.

2017: Charles Philip “Chuck” Rosenberg is scheduled to complete his service as “acting Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration” after having “said he had become convinced that President Trump had little respect for the law.”

2017(9th of Tishrei, 5778): Erev Yom Kippur; Kol NIdre

2017: The Bronfman Center for Jewish Student Life a NYU is scheduled to host Conservative, Orthodox and Reform Kol Nidre Servcies.

G'mar Chatimah Tovah

2018: This afternoon, the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center is scheduled to host Sharon Pitluk Silver as part of the “Survivor Talk” program.

2018(20th of Tishrei, 5779): Shabbat Chol Ha Moed Sukkoth; Traditionally, Kohelet or Ecclesiastes is read on Shabbat Chol Moed in keeping with the practice of reading one of the five on each of the Three Harvest Festivals.

2018: “Gwyneth Paltrow tied the knot with TV producer Brad Falchuk today in a wedding the star considers her first.” (As reported by Alexia Fernandez)

2018(20th of Tishrei, 5779): On the Jewish Calendar, 74th anniversary of the uprising at Auschwitz 

2019: “Rosh Hashanah for Kids” featuring apples and honey, challah, crafts, stories and songs” is scheduled to take place this morning at Briones Park in Palo Alto, CA

2019: A week-long fair featuring “cookware, textile, cosmetics, perfumes, sweet box sets and more gifts for the holidays” is scheduled to come to an end at the Jerusalem Azrieli Mall.

2019: The New York Times features reviews of books by Jewish authors and/or of special interest to Jewish readers including How To Fight Anti-Semitism by Bari Weiss

2019: In Little Rock, AR, Chabad is scheduled to host a Rosh Hashanah Community Dinner

2019: End of the Shloshim for Deb Levin

2019 (29th of Elul, 5779): Erev Rosh Hashanah

2020: The Illinois Holocaust Museum is scheduled to host a moderated community event today to discuss the 2020 New York Times bestselling book, Tightrope: Americans Reaching for Hope.

2020: In New Orleans, the Council of Jewish Women is scheduled to hold its Executive Committee Meeting.

2020: In Bexley, OH, at Teferith Israel, Rabbi Skolnik is scheduled to conduct “Perek Yomi”

2020: New England Yachad is scheduled to present an online “Torah Talk.”

2020: As they emerge from yesterday’s Yom Kippur observance Israelis are confronted with the reality “that during Yom Kippur 3,922 people received fines for violating the government orders as part of the nationwide lockdown and that based on reports published yesterday evening Israel's coronavirus death toll has reached 1,499. 

2021: The Jewish Climate Network is scheduled to present “Dig Deep,” a webinar where attendees “work on simple techniques to write an emotional from their authentic selves.”

2021: The JCC of San Francisco is scheduled to present a “virtual concert by musician, vocalist, composer and KLEZMANIA! founder Ben Brussel, featuring love songs from the Great American Songbook, musicals, film soundtracks and more.”

2021(23rd of Tishrei, 5782): Simchat Torah

2022: VIA Zoom, YIVO archivist Hallel Yadin is scheduled to provide an overview on how to do research at YIVO whose Archives and Library represent the single largest and most comprehensive collection of materials on Eastern European Jewish civilization in the world.

2022: The JDC Archives and the Boston Jewish Film Festival are scheduled to present a screening of “The Children of Chabannes,” the Emmy Award winning film that tells “the story of how people in the tiny French village of Chabannes chose action over indifference, and risked their lives and livelihoods, to save more than 400 Jewish refugee children during World War II.”

2022: The Museum at Eldridge Street is scheduled to host “Why Did Jonah Run? Exploring the Yom Kippur Reading,” a learning session with Rabbi Aviad Bodner.

2022: Final screening of “Four Winter” a film about Jewish partisans fighting the Nazis and their allies in Eastern Europe is scheduled to take place at the Film Forum in NYC.

2022: Via Zoom, The Schusterman Center for Israel Studies at Brandeis University is scheduled to host  “Digitizing Jerusalem’s Archives: Urban Heritage in the age of Digital Culture,” a seminar with Dr. Noah Hysler Rubin, Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design.

2023(14th of Tishrei, 5784): Erev Sukkoth

2023: Habbina Habbina, The Israeli/ Brooklyn based Mediterranean trio is scheduled make their Stav Fest debut today with their new single and video - Habbina Habbin.

2023: The Haifa Film Festival is scheduled to Screenings of several movies including “The Draughtsman’s Contract” and “Bad Behavior.”

2023: In Palo Alto, CA Congregation Kol Emeth is scheduled to a host a “Sukkot Harvest Festival which “includes horse-drawn carriage rides, petting zoo, line dancing, mechanical bull riding, pumpkin-gourd games, sukkah decoration, fall-themed dinner in the sukkah and Erev Sukkot services.”

2023: In Roxbury, Temple Hillel B’nai Torah is scheduled to host a  “Shakin’ Shabbat and Community Sukkot Potluck Dinner.”

2023(14th of Tishrei, 5783): On the Jewish calendar, Yahrzeit William F. “Bill” Scheuller, the husband of Eleanor Schueller and the father of Deb Levin Z”L, Steven Schueller, Elizabeth “Liz” Scheuller  and Paul Schueller.

2023: Opening of the Stanford Medicine Sukkah at the Stanford Medical Center in Stanford, CA.