POLYGYNY IN CHRISTIANITY ✝️ Polygamy is a marriage which includes…

POLYGYNY IN CHRISTIANITY ✝️

Polygamy is a marriage which includes more than two partners.

[1] There are numerous examples of polygamy in the Old Testament, but it is generally not accepted by modern Christianity. Some Christians actively debate whether the New Testament or Christian ethics allows or forbids polygamy. This debate focuses almost exclusively on POLYGYNY (one man having more than one wife) and not polyandry (one woman having more than one husband)

Old Testament

See also: Polygamy#Judaism and Pilegesh

Multiple marriage was considered a realistic alternative in the case of famine, widowhood, or female infertility.
[2] The practice of levirate marriage makes it an obligation for a man whose brother has left a widow without heir to marry her. [Deut 25:5–10] No allowance is given for a man who already had a wife.
The Torah includes specific regulations on the practice of polygamy,
[3] such as Exodus 21:10 , “If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.” Deuteronomy 21:15–17 , says that a man must award the inheritance due to a first-born son to the son who was actually born first, even if he hates that son’s mother and likes another wife more and Deuteronomy 17:17 states that the king shall not have too many wives.
[4] The first polygamist
mentioned in the Bible is Lamech, whose two wives were Adah and Zillah (Genesis 4:19 ). Many important figures had more than one wife, such as Esau (Genesis 26:34 ; Genesis 28:6-9

Abraham (Genesis 16:3 , Genesis 21:1-13 , Genesis 25:1

Genesis 25:6 ), Moses (Exodus 2:21

Exodus 18:1-6 , Numbers 12:1

(Genesis 29:15-28 ),
Gideon (Judges 8:29-32 ),

Elkanah (1 Samuel 1:1-8 ),

David (1 Samuel 25:39-
; 2 Samuel 3:2-5 ; 2 Samuel 5:13-16)

Solomon (1 Kings 11:1-3 ).

Intertestamental period

Polygamy was an exception (although not rare) in post-exilic Israel.
[5] The practice began to be criticized and declined during the intertestamental period
[6] but there is some extant evidence of polygamy being practiced in the New Testament period. [6][7]

The Dead Sea Scrolls show that several smaller Jewish sects forbade polygamy before and during the time of Christ. [8][9][10] The Temple Scroll (11QT LVII 17–18) seems to prohibit polygamy. [9][11]

However, polygamy was a tolerated practice in Jewish society during the patriarchal[12]

Three passages in the pastoral epistles (1Timothy 3:2, 1Timothy 3:12 and Titus 1:6 ) state that church leaders should be the “husband of but ONE wife.” This has been read by some Christian sects as a prohibition of polygamy, others argue that polygamy is allowed, but not for church leaders, still others argue that the passage refers only to church leaders not divorcing their first wives. Walter Lock in his 1990 book argues it may simply refer to marital unfaithfulness
[13] since “no Christian, whether an overseer or not, would have been allowed to practice polygamy.” [14]

But the truth of matter is the GREEK word for “ONE” in this passage is FIRST, which would show a leader of a church must have a FIRST WIFE that would be over the rest if that leader had multiple wives.

One flesh

Although the New Testament is largely silent on the issue, some point to Jesus’ repetition of the earlier scriptures, noting that a man and a wife “shall become one flesh.”
[15] However, some look to Paul’s writings to the Corinthians: “Do you not know that he who is joined to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For, as it is written, ‘The two will become one flesh.'” Supporters of polygamy claim this indicates that the term refers to a physical, rather than spiritual, union. [16]

Cleave to wife

Most Christian theologians argue that in Matthew 19:3-9 and referring to Genesis 2:24 Jesus explicitly states a man should have only one wife:

Polygynists do not dispute that in marriage “two shall be one flesh”, they only disagree with the idea that a married man can only be “one flesh” with one woman. -Assuming- the man is married, the fact that a man can even be “one flesh” with a harlot apparently does not negate his being “one flesh” with his wife. [17]

Husband of one wife

Many critics of polygamy also point to the Pauline epistles that state that church officials should be respectable, above reproach, and the husband of a single wife. [18] Hermeneutically, the Greek phrase mias gunaikos andra, is an unusual Greek construction, and capable of being translated in three possible ways:
1) “one wife man,” (prohibiting plural marriage) or
2) “a wife man” (requiring elders to be married) or
3) “first wife man” (prohibiting divorcees from ordination).
[19] Some claim that if these verses refer directly to polygamy (definition 1 above) it supports the acceptance of polygamy because if polygamy were outlawed there would be no need to have laws prohibiting leaders from being polygamists. One would only need a law prohibiting polygamy by leaders if polygamy was accepted among lay persons. (Definition possibilities 2 and 3 above are, of course, already polygamy friendly.)

In the time around Jesus’ birth, polygyny (also called bigamy or digamy in texts) was understood to have had several spouses consecutively, as evidenced for example by Tertullian’s work De Exhortatione Castitatis (chapt. VII.).

[20] Saint Paul answered this problem by allowing widows to remarry (1 Cor. vii. 39. and 1 Tim 5:11–16). Paul says that only one man women older than 60 years can make the list of Christian widows, but that younger widows should remarry to hinder sin. By demanding that leaders of the Church be a one woman man, Saint Paul excluded remarried widowers from having influence. This was a more strict understanding of monogamy than Roman law codified, and it was new and unusual that the demand was made on men. “One man women” or mias andros güne was the name for widows who had only had one husband in their lives. This expression is the mirror of mias günaikos andra and highlights how that expression is to be understood. [21]

New Testament

Three passages in the pastoral epistles (1Timothy 3:2 , 1Timothy 3:12

Titus 1:6 ) state that church leaders should be the “husband of but one wife.” This has been read by some Christian sects as a prohibition of polygamy, others argue that polygamy is allowed, but not for church leaders, still others argue that the passage refers only to church leaders not divorcing their first wives. Walter Lock in his 1990 book argues it may simply refer to marital unfaithfulness [13] since “no Christian, whether an overseer or not, would have been allowed to practice polygamy.” [14]

One flesh

Although the New Testament is largely silent on the issue, some point to Jesus’ repetition of the earlier scriptures, noting that a man and a wife “shall become one flesh.”
[15] However, some look to Paul’s writings to the Corinthians: “Do you not know that he who is joined to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For, as it is written, ‘The two will become one flesh.'” Supporters of polygamy claim this indicates that the term refers to a physical, rather than spiritual, union. [16]

Cleave to wife

Most Christian theologians argue that in Matthew 19:3-9 and referring to Genesis 2:24 Jesus explicitly states a man should have only one wife:

Polygamists do not dispute that in marriage “two shall be one flesh”, they only disagree with the idea that a married man can only be “one flesh” with one woman. Assuming the man is married, the fact that a man can even be “one flesh” with a harlot apparently does not negate his being “one flesh” with his wife. [17]

Husband of one wife

Many critics of polygamy also point to the Pauline epistles that state that church officials should be respectable, above reproach, and the husband of a single wife. [18] Hermeneutically, the Greek phrase mias gunaikos andra, is an unusual Greek construction, and capable of being translated in three possible ways: 1) “one wife man,” (prohibiting plural marriage) or 2) “a wife man” (requiring elders to be married) or 3) “first wife man” (prohibiting divorcees from ordination). [19] Some claim that if these verses refer directly to polygamy (definition 1 above) it supports the acceptance of polygamy because if polygamy were outlawed there would be no need to have laws prohibiting leaders from being polygamists. One would only need a law prohibiting polygamy by leaders if polygamy was accepted among lay persons. (Definition possibilities 2 and 3 above are, of course, already polygamy friendly.)

In the time around Jesus’ birth, polygamy (also called bigamy or digamy in texts) was understood to have had several spouses consecutively, as evidenced for example by Tertullian’s work De Exhortatione Castitatis (chapt. VII.).
[20] Saint Paul answered this problem by allowing widows to remarry (1 Cor. vii. 39. and 1 Tim 5:11–16). Paul says that only one man women older than 60 years can make the list of Christian widows, but that younger widows should remarry to hinder sin. By demanding that leaders of the Church be a one woman man, Saint Paul excluded remarried widowers from having influence. This was a more strict understanding of monogamy than Roman law codified, and it was new and unusual that the demand was made on men. “One man women” or mias andros güne was the name for widows who had only had one husband in their lives. This expression is the mirror of mias günaikos andra and highlights how that expression is to be understood. [21]

On this subject William Luck writes:

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Old Testament

Intertestamental period

New Testament

Have you all not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?

Thus it is most probable that the qualifications list sees the “husband of one wife” as a condemnation of porneia —sex with an unmarried woman, though doubtless the clause also prohibited adultery—sex with someone else’s wife, polygyny was out of sight and mind. The issue is not the number of covenant relations the man had—he would only have had one at a time, since the empire was monogamous—but his womanizing. This of course does not eliminate the grievous sin of marrying and divorcing in order to have sexual relations with a number of women. But that too is not the issue in polygyny. [22]

Early Church period

See also: Marriage in ancient Rome

Jewish polygyny clashed with Roman monogamy at the time of the early church:

When the Christian Church came into being, polygyny was still practiced by the Jews. It is true that we find no references to it in the New Testament; and from this some have inferred that it must have fallen into disuse, and that at the time of our Lord the Jewish people had become monogamous. But the conclusion appears to be unwarranted.

JOSEPHUS in two places speaks of polygyny as a recognized institution: and Justin Martyr makes it a matter of reproach to Trypho that the Jewish teachers permitted a man to have several wives.

Indeed when in 212 A.D. the lex Antoniana de civitate gave the rights of Roman Citizenship to great numbers of Jews, it was found necessary to tolerate polygyny among them, even when though it was against Roman law for a citizen to have more than one wife.
In 285 A.D. a constitution of Diocletian and Maximian interdicted polygyny to all subjects of the empire without exception. But with the Jews, at least, the enactment failed of its effect; and in 393 A.D. a special law was issued by Theodosius to compel the Jews to relinquish this national custom. Even so they were not induced to conform.” [23]

Tertullian, who lived at the turn of the 2nd and 3rd centuries, wrote that marriage is lawful, but polygamy is not:

“We do not indeed forbid the union of man and woman, blest by God as the seminary of the human race, and devised for the replenishment of the earth and the furnishing of the world and therefore permitted, yet singly. For Adam was the one husband of Eve, and Eve his one wife, one woman, one rib.” [24]

The 3rd century Eusebius of Caesarea wrote the lost work “On the Numerous Progeny of the Ancients”.
Eusebius references this twice, in the “Præparatio Evangelica”, VII, 8, and in the “Demonstratio Evangelica”.

[25] Although his work has been given as an example of plural marriage being reconciled with the ascetic life, the problem dealt with was the contrast presented by the desire of the Patriarchs for a numerous offspring and the honour in which continence was held by Christians. [26]

Basil of Caesarea wrote in the 4th century of plural marriage that “such a state is no longer called marriage but polygamy or, indeed, a moderate fornication.”

[27] He ordered that those who are engaged in it should be excommunicated for up to five years, and “only after they have shown some fruitful repentance” were they to be allowed back into the church. Moreover, he stated that the teachings against plural marriage are “accepted as our usual practice, not from the canons but in conformity with our predecessors.” [27]

Augustine wrote in the second half of the 4th century that:

“That the good purpose of marriage, however, is better promoted by one husband with one wife, than by a husband with several wives, is shown plainly enough by the very first union of a married pair, which was made by the Divine Being Himself.” [28]

and “The Sacrament of marriage of our time has been so reduced to one man and one wife, as that it is not lawful to ordain any as a steward of the Church, save the husband of one wife.” [29]

Socrates of Constantinople wrote in the 5th century that the Roman Emperor Valentinian I took two wives and authorized his subjects to take two wives, supporting that Christians were then practicing plural marriage. [30] There is no trace of such an edict in any of the extant Roman Laws. Valentinian I divorced his first wife according to John Malalas, the Chronicon Paschale and John of Nikiu, before marrying his mistress, which was viewed as bigamy by Socrates, since the Church did not accept divorce.

Justin Martyr, Irenaeus and Tertullian all spoke against polygamy, condemning it. Tertullian explicitly tackled the objection that polygamy was allowed for the patriarchs. He wrote, “each pronouncement and arrangement is (the act) of one and the same God; who did then indeed, in the beginning, send forth a sowing of the race by an indulgent laxity granted to the reins of connubial alliances, until the world should be replenished, until the material of the new discipline should attain to forwardness: now, however, at the extreme boundaries of the times, has checked (the command) which He had sent out, and recalled the indulgence which He had granted”. (De Monogamia chapt. VI.) According to chapter XVI of De Monogamia, Hermogenes thought it was allowed for a man to take several wives. [31] Tertullian also made a direct attack on the polygamous practice of some cults in his work Adversus Hermogenem. This is the same Hermogenes mentioned above. Tertullian writes that he was a sect leader, who mixed Stoic, Gnostic and Christian views to create a new religion.

Middle Ages

The Church held a synod in Hertford, England, in 673 that was supervised by Archbishop Theodore. Chapter 10 issued by the synod declared that marriage is allowed between one man and one woman, and separation (but not divorce) is only granted in the case of adultery, but even then remarriage is not allowed. [32]

In the medieval period, multiple wives were often obtained through kidnapping. It is with this in view that we must interpret the following laws: The Frankish Laws of 818-9 strictly forbade kidnapping of women. [33]

The XXVII. law issued by King Stephen I of Hungary (1000–1030) declares that the kidnapper must return the woman to her parents even if he has had sexual intercourse with her, and must pay a penalty to the parents. According to the Hungarian law, the kidnapped girl was then free to marry whomever. [33]

The Roman councils of 1052 and 1063 suspended from communion those laymen who had a wife and a concubine at the same time.
[34] Divorce was also forbidden, and remarriage after a divorce counted as polygamy. Nicholas the Great (858-67) forbade Lothair II of Lotharingia to divorce his barren wife Teutberga and marry his concubine Waldrada, with whom he had several children. After a council of the Lotharingian bishops, as well as the archbishop of Köln and Trier had annulled his marriage to Theutberga, the pope voided this decision, and made him take his wife back. [35][36]

In Scandinavia, the word for an official concubine was “frille”. Norwegian Bishop Øystein Erlendsson (ca. 1120-1188) declared that concubines were not allowed to accept the sacraments unless they married, and men were forced to promise marriage to women they had lain with outside of wedlock. In 1280, the Norwegian king Eirik Magnusson (1280–99) declared that men were exempted from having to promise marriage to the frille, if they went to confession and did penance. The Church answered by making several declarations in the 14th century, urging men to marry their concubines. In 1305, King Håkon V (1299–1319) issued a law that declared marriage to be the only lawful way of cohabitation, and declared that only women in wedlock were allowed to dress as they pleased, while the dress of concubines was restricted

The REFORMATION period

While monogamy was the norm among Christians, [38][39] in the 16th century there was a Christian re-examination of plural marriages.

The founder of the Protestant Reformation, MARTIN LUTHER wrote: “I confess that I cannot forbid a person to marry several wives, for it DOES NOT contradict the Scripture. If a man wishes to marry more than one wife he should be asked whether he is satisfied in his conscience that he may do so in accordance WITH the word of God. In such a case the civil authority has nothing to do in the matter.” [40]

However, the context was a situation in which the sickness of a wife prevented matrimonial intercourse,
[41] and when asked for an opinion on polygamy in 1526, Luther wrote, “It is my earnest warning and counsel that Christians especially shall have no more than one wife, not only because it is a scandal, which a Christian should avoid most diligently, but also because there is no word of God here to show that God approves it in Christians…. I must oppose it, especially in Christians, unless there be need, as for instance if the wife be a leper, or be taken away from the husband in some other way.”

Arthur Cushman McGiffert also states,

“Some of the radical Anabaptists undertook to introduce polygyny, appealing to the patriarchal order of society in justification of their position. Even among Luther’s followers and associates there was no little uncertainty about the matter, as was not altogether surprising when the old order of things was undergoing revision at so many points, including the marriage of monks, priests, and near relatives. But Luther himself was unalterably opposed to any such revolution. Monogamy he considered, under ordinary circumstances, alone tolerable in a Christian community, and held that no Christian ruler has any moral right to legalize polygamy. At the same time, finding no explicit prohibition in the Bible, he believed exceptions might be allowed in certain extreme cases such as are now generally recognized in Protestant countries as justifying divorce.” [42]

Lutheran theologians approved of Philip of Hesse’s polygamous marriages to Christine of Saxony and Margarethe von der Saale for this purpose, as well as initial disapproval of divorce and adultery. As well as Phillip, there was much experimentation with marital duration within early German Lutheranism amongst clergy and their erstwhile wives [43]

The theologian Philipp Melanchthon likewise counseled that Henry VIII need not risk schism by dissolving his union with the established churches to grant himself divorces in order to replace his barren wives, but reluctantly, and with remorse afterward, consented that polygyny was an allowable alternative. This had been considered by Pope Clement VIII as an option but in the end was disallowed. [44]

Anabaptist leader Bernhard Rothmann initially opposed the idea of plural marriage.
However, he later wrote a theological DEFENSE of plural marriage, and took 9 wives himself, saying “God has restored the true practice of HOLY matrimony amongst us.”
[45]

[46] Franz von Waldeck and the other enemies of Anabaptist leader John of Leiden accused him of keeping 16 wives, and publicly beheading one when she disobeyed him. This was used as the basis for their conquest of Münster in 1535. [47]

The 16th-century Italian Capuchin monk, Bernardino Ochino, 77 years old and NEVER MARRIED, wrote the “Thirty Dialogues”, wherein
Dialog XXI was considered a DEFENSE of plural marriage. Evidently, he borrowed some of his strongest arguments from a Lutheran dialogue written in 1541 in favor of plural marriage which was written under the fictitious name Huldericus Necobulus in the interest of justifying Philip of Hesse. [48]

A different position was taken by the Council of Trent in 1563, which was opposed to polygyny [49] and concubinage.
[50] The polemicist JOHN MILTON expressed support for polygyny in his -DE DOCTRINA CHRISTIANA-. [51]

The Lutheran pastor Johann Lyser strongly defended plural marriage in a work entitled
“Polygamia Triumphatrix”. [52]

[53] As a result, he was imprisoned, beaten and exiled from Italy to Holland. His book was burned by the public executioner.
[54] He never married nor desired wedlock. [54]

Samuel Friedrich Willenberg, a doctor of law at the University of Cracow wrote the pro-plural marriage book
De finibus polygamiae licitae. In 1715, his book was ordered to be burned. Friedrich escaped with his life, but was fined one hundred thousand gold pieces. [54]

One of the more notable published works regarding the modern concept of Christian Plural Marriage dates from the 18th century.
The book Thelyphthora [55] was written by Martin Madan, a significant writer of hymns and a contemporary of John Wesley and Charles Wesley. Although Madan was an adherent only of polygyny in a Christian context, this particular volume set the foundation of what is considered the modern Christian Plural Marriage movement.

19th century views

John Colenso was the Anglican bishop of Natal, South Africa, in 1853. He was the first to write down the Zulu language. He championed the Zulu way of life, to include plural marriage. [56][57]

A significant work, published in 1869 by James Campbell (pseudonym) entitled “The History and Philosophy of Marriage (or Polygamy and Monogamy Compared)”,
[58][unreliable source?] establishes a thorough development of the sourcing behind the modern movement of Christian Plural Marriage.

Mormonism

Main article: Mormonism and polygamy

Interviewed by Time magazine about his book, Michael Coogan said that, from a strict literalist view, fundamentalist Mormons are right about polygamy.

Modern views

The Nigerian Celestial Church of Christ allows clergy and laymen to keep multiple wives, and the Lutheran Church of Liberia began allowing plural marriage in the 1970s. [60][61]

Several other denominations permit those already in polygamous marriages to convert and join their church without having to renounce their multiple marriages. These include the African instituted Harrist Church, started in 1913. [60]

The Anglican church made a decision at the 1988 Lambeth Conference to admit those who were polygamists at the time they converted to Christianity, subject to certain restrictions. [61] Polygamy was first discussed during the Lambeth Conference of 1888:

“That it is the opinion of this Conference that persons living in polygamy be not admitted to baptism, but they may be accepted as candidates and kept under Christian instruction until such time as they shall be in a position to accept the law of Christ. That the wives of polygamists may, in the opinion of this Conference, be admitted in some cases to baptism, but that it must be left to the local authorities of the Church to decide under what circumstances they may be baptized.” (Resolution 5). A resolution dated 1958 and numbered 120 states that:

“(a) The Conference bears witness to the truth that monogamy is the divine will, testified by the teaching of Christ himself, and therefore true for every race of men,” but adds:

“(d) The Conference, recognising that the problem of polygamy is bound up with the limitations of opportunities for women in society, urges that the Church should make every effort to advance the status of women in every possible way, especially in the sphere of education.” [62]

In 1988, Resolution 26 declared:

“This Conference upholds monogamy as God’s plan, and as the ideal relationship of love between husband and wife; nevertheless recommends that a polygamist who responds to the Gospel and wishes to join the Anglican Church may be baptized and confirmed with his believing wives and children on the following conditions:(1) that the polygamist shall promise not to marry again as long as any of his wives at the time of his conversion are alive;(2) that the receiving of such a polygamist has the consent of the local Anglican community;(3) that such a polygamist shall not be compelled to put away any of his wives, on account of the social deprivation they would suffer;(4) and recommends that provinces where the Churches face problems of polygamy are encouraged to share information of their pastoral approach to Christians who become polygamists so that the most appropriate way of disciplining and pastoring them can be found, and that the ACC be requested to facilitate the sharing of that information.” [63]

In 2008, the 114. Resolution of the Lambeth Conference said:

“In the case of polygamy, there is a universal standard – it is understood to be a sin, therefore polygamists are not admitted to positions of leadership including Holy Orders, nor after acceptance of the Gospel can a convert take another wife, nor, in some areas, are they admitted to Holy Communion.” [64]

There are some modern Biblical scholars who believe that the Bible advocates polygyny, such as Blaine Robinson. William Luck states that polygyny is not prohibited by the Bible and that it would have been required of a married man who seduced (Ex. 22) or raped (Deut. 22) a virgin, where her father did not veto a marriage.

This Is The End Of My Study..
Because Of This Study I’m More For And Am Fully Convinced Of Biblical Polygamy….
Dr. Joseph Phelps

IN JESUS NAME…….AMEN !!!

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20 thoughts on “POLYGYNY IN CHRISTIANITY ✝️ Polygamy is a marriage which includes…

  1. Robin Infante says:

    Simply because there are examples of men with multiple wives, or concubines, does not mean it was permissible by God. The Bible is filled with examples of how we ought NOT to live. Having multiple partners is only one of those examples.

  2. Robin Infante says:

    It’s truly amazing how people can twist Holy scripture to fit their immoral lifestyle or worldly beliefs. The scriptures are about repentance from sins, not acceptance of them.

  3. Todd Carpentier says:

    This is a massive post with a ton of detail. Normally I wouldn’t comment without reading the entirety of the post – but I’m not going to invest that much time on this subject. It’s obviously an important topic to you – as you wouldn’t have spent this much time on it; so that is why I want to add a quick 2 cents. In all of the stories of polygamy in the Bible, you will also read about tension and conflict between the various spouses. Sarah and Hagar; Rachael and Leah are prime examples of this. Robin Infante’s point is extremely accurate. Just because a topic is touched on in the Bible does not mean that this is how God expects us to live. I think it’s pretty clear in scripture that the proper family unit is one husband, one wife and children. That is the proper family structure. Now – if you ask me if a government should write laws making polygamy illegal, I would say that they should not. I don’t think it should be outlawed. I also do not think you would be banished to hell for being in a polygamous relationship. BUT… I think the stories in the Bible should be a warning to anyone looking to have a polygamous relationship with multiple wives. Marriage between ONE man and ONE woman is hard enough. Having multiple wives must be extremely difficult – and you will, absolutely 100% encounter tension and conflict between the multiple wives as they jockey for your attention and favor. Anyone with several children must realize how difficult it is to spread your time evenly between everyone.

  4. Alex Wong says:

    in all the cases in the bible where there was multiple wives, there was jealousy, back stabbing, discord, led astray, etc…. they are descriptive accounts of what happened and what can go wrong… not prescriptive passages

  5. Johnathon Morris says:

    God made us man and woman, not man and women. It is sin because it is in the lust of the flesh. There will always be trouble in this kind of relationship and there is no Biblical evidence that permits it or says it is ok. Just because someone else does it does nit mean tou should do it too. Also if you have to ask, the answer is likely NO!

  6. Joseph Trinitheous says:

    BIBLICAL POLYGYNY
    ——————————-

    There’s A Misconception here in America, where we as Americans WERE RAISED to be Monogamous, when BIBLICAL Polygyny IS an acceptable lifestyle to God (which alot of the world embraces).

    Some men can only handle ONE WOMAN, and that’s Completely fine, but some men aren’t built that way, they can handle more than one woman (Spiritually, Mentally, And Physically), and in many cases aren’t content with just one woman, they want More love, More of a family, More emotional support, I’m for both, and have done Deep Complete study on this for 2 Years and am still always receiving more knowledge & wisdom on this subject. Some are for it, some Demonize it (Polygyny).

    I’ve personally come to the conclusion that it’s where your personal Faith And Will is at (Meaning either 1, or multiple).
    There has to be an agreed confirmation either way.

    Also, It’s BIBLICAL, YES, BIBLICAL, Actually Polygyny Was And IS More Biblical Than THE WAY We Do “Roman Catholic” Brought Pagan Monogamy.

    Historical Christian Books Defending Polygyny.

    1. Thirty Dialogues – By Bernardino Ochino

    The 16th-century Italian Capuchin monk, 77 years old and never married, wrote the “Thirty Dialogues”, wherein Dialog XXI was considered a defense of plural marriage.

    2. Huldericus Necobulus – By MARTIN LUTHER (One Of The Fathers Of The Christian Reformation)

    A Lutheran dialogue written in 1541 in favor of plural marriage which was written in the interest of justifying Philip of Hesse.

    3. De Doctrina Christiana – By John Milton

    4. And Of Course THE HOLY BIBLE.

    Check It:

    What the Bible Says About BIBLICAL Polygamy/Polygyny..
    References Taken From:
    (NAVE’S Topical Bible)

    Polygamy: Mosaic law respecting the firstborn in – Deuteronomy 21:15-17

    Polygamy: WOMEN IN

    – The wise woman of Abel who saved the city through diplomacy – 2 Samuel 20:16-22

    – Bath-sheba, in securing the crown for Solomon – 1 Kings 1:15-21

    – Herodias, in influencing the administration of Herod –
    Matthew 14:3-11; Mark 6:17-28

    – Mother of Zebedee’ s children, in seeking favor for her sons – Matthew 20:20-23

    – Forbidden -FOR- influence -IN-
    – INFLUENCE, POLITICAL, DIPLOMACY, & GOVERNMENT
    See TAX Forbidden – Deuteronomy 17:17; Leviticus 18:18; Malachi 2:14,15; Matthew 19:4,5; Mark 10:2-8; 1Timothy 3:2,12; Titus 1:6

    Polygamy: -AUTHORIZED-
    2 Samuel 12:8

    Polygamy: Ahab – 2 Kings 10

    Polygamy: Belshazzar – Daniel 5:2

    Polygamy: -TOLERATED- – Exodus 21:10; 1 Samuel 1:2; 2 Chronicles 24:3

    Polygyny: GOD DECLARING Husbandhood Over —US—
    – Isaiah – 54:5-6

    Polygyny: -GOD DECLARES HIMSELF- A Polygynist – Jeremiah – 3:1, 8, & 14-20; 31:31-32; Hosea – 2:2, 7, 16, & 19-20; Isaiah – 54:1, 5-6
    Leviticus – 21:14

    Polygamy: Abijah – 2 Chronicles 13:21

    Polygamy: Esau – Genesis 26:34; 28:9

    Polygamy: Domestic unhappiness

    – In Abraham’ s family – Genesis 16; 21:9-16

    – In Jacob’ s family – Genesis 29:30-34; 30:1-23

    – In Elkanah’ s family – 1 Samuel – 1:4-7

    Polygamy: Jehoiachin – 2 Kings – 24:15

    Polygamy: -SOUGHT- BY WOMEN –
    Isaiah – 4:1

    Polygamy: Abraham – Genesis – 16

    Polygamy: Hosea – Hosea 3:1,2

    Polygamy: Jacob – Genesis – 29:30

    Polygamy: Elkanah – 1 Samuel – 1:2

    Polygamy: Gideon – Judges – 8:30

    Polygamy: Rehoboam – 2 Chronicles – 11:18-23

    Polygamy: Joash – 2 Chronicles – 24:3

    Polygamy: With Solomon – 1 Kings – 11:4-8

    Polygamy: Solomon – 1 Kings – 11:1-8

    Polygamy: The evil effects of:

    – Husband’ s favoritism in – Deuteronomy 21:15-17
    – Jacob’ s – Genesis – 29:30; 30:15
    – Elkanah’ s – 1 Samuel 1:5
    – Rehoboam’ s – 2 Chronicles – 11:21

    Polygamy: Jehoram – 2 Chronicles – 21:14

    Polygamy: Ashur – 1Ch 4:5

    Polygamy: Practiced BY -JOB- – Job 27:15

    Polygamy: David – 1 Samuel 25:39-44; 2 Samuel 3:2-5; 5:13; 1 Chronicles 14:3

    Polygamy: See – 1 Chronicles 2:8

    Polygamy: Lamech Genesis – 4:19

    Even -CONCUBINES- Were Accepted As (Women Of The Household which helped the Wives, And Men Could Have Sex With, And Some BECAME Wives)

    LAWS CONCERNING
    Exodus 21:7-11; Leviticus 19:20-22; Deuteronomy 21:10-14
    Concubines might be dismissed
    Genesis 21:9-14
    Called WIVES
    Genesis 37:2; Judges 19:3-5
    Children of, NOT HEIRS
    Genesis 15:4; 21:10

    PRACTICED BY

    Abraham
    Genesis 16:3; 25:6; 1 Chronicles 1:32

    Nahor
    Genesis 22:23,24

    Jacob
    Genesis 30:4

    Eliphaz
    Genesis 36:12

    Gideon
    Judges 8:31

    A LEVITE
    Judges 19:1

    Caleb
    1 Chronicles 2:46-48

    Manasseh
    1 Chronicles 7:14

    Saul
    2 Samuel 3:7

    David
    2 Samuel 5:13; 15:16

    Solomon
    1 Kings 11:3

    Rehoboam
    2 Chronicles 11:21

    Abijah
    2 Chronicles 13:21

    Belshazzar
    Daniel 5:2

    It’s Scary Cause TODAY, MEN, Are Becoming Possessions…
    That’s Never What Was Intended.

    IN JESUS NAME…….AMEN !!!

  7. Johnathon Morris says:

    There is no evidence that God accepts this. God said in the beginning man and woman not women. Jesus confirmed with the pharisees man and woman not woman. PERIOD. Just because someone did it does not mean it is ok to do. Daniel commited murder, does that mean it is ok? No. The prodigal son ate with pigs, you going to do that too? No! If you want permission to do something, know first if it is of the Lord, not of the world or of your flesh or what YOU want, but know that God’s Word doesn’t change because you want it to. Nowehere in any of your verses, or anywhere in the Bible does God permit more than one wife. It actually condemns getting remarried because this is adultry. It is because of the hardness of our hearts that moses said to get a divorce, but it was not so in the beginning because God made them Man (singular) and woman( not women). You can do what you want, you have that right (that alone being debatable and detestable) but having that right is not the same as it being right. It will never be right no matter how much you defend it because God’s nature and character NEVER changes. Neither does His Word.

  8. James C Prinkey III says:

    I often argue that the old testament is a history of a civilization that could not follow God’s pure law. That Mosaic law is written by men constantly addressing this wickedness. On that point, most Christians disagree with me, and sometimes even claim I’m hellhound and antichrist.
    Then comes this very concise argument that demonstrates that polygamy is biblical, and that monogamy was never commanded by God.
    And out of thin air the argument is well just because the Bible supports polygamy, doesn’t mean that’s what God approves.
    Just thought I’d point out the hypocrisy.

  9. Jared Hamilton says:

    All those words are oblivious to the fact we are under a different covenant.

    And that the Old Testament had different eras, two covenants, and a pre-existing acceptance.

  10. Johnathon Morris says:

    God bless you as well. Nothing you have shared is proof of the foolishness in the post. The response I gave wasn’t an answer to a question, but rebuking against adultery and foolishness.

  11. Bob Acres says:

    You have posted an interesting article about Old Testament ways of life. The same way the Old Testament “condoned” slavery.
    God never condoned polygamy or slavery, but that was life in the Old Testament. All sin in the Old Testament was dealt with and most ended badly.
    But what I would like to know is your personal opinon on polygamy?
    You have posted many facts and opinions of historical figures, but you didn’t make your beliefs known.
    How do you view polygamy?

  12. Joseph Trinitheous says:

    All Of You Need To Quit The Whole OT Argument, Jesus Said I’m The Same Yesterday, Today, And FOREVER I Change Not, OT, NT, Law, Or Covenants, Makes No Difference On This Issue…

    Because The Problem You’re Faced With Is Abraham – Joseph THERE WAS NO LAW, And Paul In The NT Claims & Proclaims That WE (As CHRISTIANS) Are Of The Faith Of Abraham ??
    Secondly GENTILE Christians (Not Just Jewish) IN THE NT COVENANT Were Doing POLYGYNY..!
    There’s No Way Around That..??‍♂️
    Also The WAAAYYY We Do Monogamy Was Brought On By Roman Catholic Pagan Customs..
    SO, Maybe You All Need To Reexamine Something’s YOU Might Have Overlooked…
    God Bless.

  13. Johnathon Morris says:

    Jesus said it is because of the hardness of your heart and that HE never changes yesterday today or tomorrow. If we lust after a woman we commit adultery, but we are to be married lest we burn in our desires. God commands us to repent, (to turn away from sin and agree with Him, not traditions of men). I pray you repent and put your trust wholly on Christ and not partially.

  14. Jared Hamilton says:

    This is man’s teaching. There is no scripture. The fact that churches allow it are no different than allowing Sodomite Queers who were married at the time of joining.
    Again, your faith is in man’s doctrine, not Gods.

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